The EASIEST OPTION - Don't Make Any Copies
Copyright issues with course materials usually arise because you're -making copies-. So, make life easy on yourself and your students by not making copies.
- If the readings are publicly available online, -link- to them, or even just share the website address on paper or via email.
- If the readings are available online via a University subscription, link to them. There are instructions on our website for doing this, or you can contact the Libraries Course Reserves Office - given enough lead time, staff members can create a linked list for you, that can even automatically show up in your Moodle site.
- Have students buy a book that already contains the relevant readings.
- Put books or journal issues containing the readings on reserve (physically) in the Libraries
- Share citations for the readings with the students
Please note, students may have trouble finding readings from citations; a subject specialist librarian may be able to come to your class to help students develop these skills.
How can you share course materials without making copies?
If you have to make copies to share course materials with your students, you will have to think about whether such copies are already permitted by law, or whether you will need permission from (and usually payment to) the copyright holder.
Fair use is a provision in the law that allows some copying without permission or payment. It is undoubtedly sometimes legal to make fair use copies of materials for students in a non-profit instructional environment - the text of the relevant statute mentions "multiple copies for classroom use." But is also undoubtedly true that not all non-profit instructional copies are fair uses.
At the University of Minnesota, instructors are trusted to make their own reasonable and informed choices about fair use. Which requires knowing something about how fair use works. You can learn more elsewhere on our website, or at a workshop.
Sometimes, there is no way to get students to a reading without making copies, and fair use doesn't seem to apply to the copying. Then, you may need permission to make the copies. (Or you may choose to find alternative course materials.
The Copyright Permissions Center can help University of Minnesota instructors process permissions for course materials. There is usually a fee involved for the students.