Frequently Asked Questions
Where can I find data on Minnesota's newer populations like the Hmong, Somalis and Hispanic/Latino residents?
Data on Minnesota's newer populations is limited and not all in one place. Below are notes on data availability for population groups about the Libraries get the most questions.
Minnesota's Somali Population
In Census terms, there are three possibilities: race, ethnicity and ancestry. According to the Census Bureau, to identify as Somali, or indeed with any particular African nation, is to identify one's ancestry.
Overall, ancestry data is available starting with the 1980 Census. For Somalis, data begins with the 2002 American Community Survey (ACS) and remains available.
To get the data:
- Go to American Community Survey.
- Select your dataset for years 2005-present:
- ACS 5 year estimates which are valid down to tracts
- ACS 3 year estimates which are valid for 20k or more
- ACS single year estimates which are valid for 65k or more
- Tables that start with "B" will have the most detail, but the most detailed data isn't published for all geographic areas in the ACS.
African Ancestries Published in 1990 and 2000 (African ancestries not specified in 1980)
- Subsaharan African
- Cape Verdean
- South African
African Ancestries added since 2000 via the ACS:
- Sierra Leonean
- Other Subsaharan African
Minnesota's Hmong Population
In Census terms, there are three possibilities: race, ethnicity and ancestry. According to the Census Bureau, to identify as Hmong is to specify one's race.
Data for Hmong Minnesotans is available in 1990-present data, including the ACS.
Minnesota's Hispanic/Latino Population
In Census terms, there are three possibilities: race, ethnicity and ancestry. According to the Census Bureau, to be Hispanic/Latino is to be of an ethnic group. In fact, this is the only ethnic group in Census terms.
Data for Hispanic/Latino Minnesotans is available from 1970-present (including ACS).