United States Resources
- Bureau of Justice Statistics Publications
The Bureau of Justice Statistics' index page to all of the BJS publications that are in electronic formats. Most include spreadsheet downloading options and online codebooks. There is a link at the site to access "survey questionnaires" as well.
- Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook
"Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) Databook contains a large set of pre-defined tables detailing the characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, offense, type of facility, and placement status) of juvenile offenders in residential placement facilities. Tables are available for 1997, 1999, 2001, and 2003." The data can be downloaded for further manipulation. You are able to create state comparisons or US and state profiles from the data.
"CrimeReports works with thousands of law-enforcement agencies to help reduce, prevent and solve crime by enabling officials to easily open and manage a controlled dialog with citizens. We offer an online family of crime fighting tools including a public crime map, alert messaging, anonymous tipping and data analytics." Data from 800 police agencies are mapped to a GIS platform. The site links to "a new suite of affordable web-based crime analytics tools."
- Death Penalty Statistics
This site provides useful links to various sources on data and analysis on this subject, maintained by the Justcie Center at the University of Alaska, Anchorage.
- Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center
"The Federal Criminal Case Processing Statistics (FCCPS) tool is an interface that can be used to analyze federal case processing data. Users can generate various statistics in the areas of federal law enforcement, prosecution/courts and incarcerations, and based on title and section of the U.S. Criminal Code. Data are available for the years 1998-2009."
More than 70 agencies in the United States Federal Government produce statistics of interest to the public. This site provides easy access to the full range of statistics and information produced by these agencies for public use. Not all data is available for downloading, but this is a useful way to locate sources of needed data.
The geodata.gov portal, also known as the Geospatial One-Stop, serves as a public gateway for improving access to geospatial information and data under the Geospatial One-Stop e-government initiative. The geodata.gov portal is designed to facilitate communication and sharing of geographic data and resources to enhance government efficiency and improve citizen services. Geospatial One-Stop is one of 24 e-government initiatives sponsored by the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to enhance government efficiency and to improve citizen services. This portal will make it easier, faster and less expensive for all levels of government and the public to access geospatial information.
- Hall of Justice - Starlight Foundation
Based on local/national data, this resource is " a robust, searchable data inventory of nearly 10,000 datasets and research documents from across all 50 states, the District of Columbia and the federal government. Hall of Justice is the culmination of 18 months of work gathering data and refining technology.”
You can search by topic or mouse over a map of the U.S. to see all datasets by location. Links directly to sources of data from public and some additional sources.
- Historical Crime Statistics Link Guide
Maintained by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, "this link guide is designed to provide you with both HTML and Microsoft Excel versions of historical crime data. The data provided was downloaded from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data [NACJD]. This archive is currently funded by the National Institute of Justice and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The site sponsors are the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and the U.S. Department of Justice."
- Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
Located within the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, is a membership-based, ICPSR provides access to the world's largest archive of computerized social science data. This includes data sets for countries world wide that cover demographics and census, opinion polls, urban studies, education, economics, geography, legal systems, governments and elections, political behavior and attitudes, health care and other social indicators. See the New User Tutorial .
- Justice Research and Statistics Association
A good set of links from JRSA, "a national organization of state Statistical Analysis Center directors as well as analysts, researchers and practitioners throughout the justice system."
- Juvenile Justice Evaluation Center
This Justice Research and Statistics Association site provides links to internet resources, program evaluation tools, publications, grant information, and a glossary of selected evaluation terms.
- National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
NACJD "routinely acquires, archives and processes data from BJS, NIJ, OJJDP and the FBI'data from individual scholars and researchers in the criminal justice field, US governmental agencies and a variety of international sources." Also available through ICPSR. Includes a good set of links to additional sources of data.
- National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The search option from the home page for this federal agency allows quick access to information, data and reports by subject. An A-Z listing option is also available. Not all data is available for downloading, but this is an excellent site to identify and locate information.
- ProQuest Statistical Insight
Index to statistical publications from US and state government agencies, international intergovernmental organizations, professional and trade organizations, business organizations, commercial publishers, independent research organizations, and universities.
- Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics (Online)
"The Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics brings together data from more than 100 sources about many spects of criminal justice in the United States. These data are displayed in over 600 tables. Currently this site presents Sourcebook 2003, the 31st edition. The site is updated regularly as new statistics become available. The Sourcebook is supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Data tables are organized into six topical sections. Access information of interest by browsing the content lists of these sections, the index, or by searching the website. You will be directed to individual tables displayed separately in Adobe Acrobat and spreadsheet formats." The print edition of this work is also available in the University Libraries.
SAMHDA (Substance Abuse & Mental health Data Archive) provides free, ready access to comprehensive research data in a variety of formats and promotes the sharing of these data among researchers, academics, policymakers, service providers, and others. The goal is to increase the use of the data to most accurately understand and assess substance abuse and mental health problems and the impact of related treatment systems. Data include the U.S. general and special populations, annual series, and designs that produce nationally representative estimates. Some of the data acquired and archived under SAMHDA have never before been publicly distributed.
Minnesota & Regional Data
- U.S. Department of Justice Uniform Crime Reports
An excellent resource for recent crime statistics for the U.S. For information on the availability of the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports data in downloadable formats, you must contact the FBI at the contact information given at the site. Sites such as the Diaster Center (http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/) offer tabulated data by state, but doesn't offer downloading options.
- Crime and Criminals - Minnesota Office of Geographic and Demographic Analysis
A series of databases, reports and other information from state agencies is presented on this page. Aggregated data and reports are available and many of the studies are available for downloading for further data manipulation. Many of the more recent statistics are now covered by the state's Criminal Justice Statistics Center (see separate entry).
- Criminal Justice Statistics Center (Minnesota)
"The Criminal Justice Statistics Center at Minnesota Planning is one of 52 Statistical Analysis Centers across the United States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Mariana Islands funded by the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics. The center's mission is to collect and analyze data relating to crime and the justice system, provide accurate information and analysis on emerging and critical issues, and support informed policy decisions through long-range planning.
For more than 20 years, the center has worked with many criminal justice professionals, organizations and agencies to accomplish these tasks. The center disseminates vital justice system data that is used by national, state and local policy-makers and citizens for a variety of purposes. Past and current research projects include examinations of adult and juvenile offender characteristics, sentencing trends, correctional facility overcrowding, justice system expenditures, treatment programs, minorities in the juvenile justice system, juvenile court cases, criminal history records, multistate data analyses and various justice-related data sets." The site also includes a good set of links for other statistical resources.
International Sources of Crime Data
- State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics (BJS)
The sites linked from this Bureau of Justice Statistics covered aggregated data from various states, tribal nations, cities and other political units throughout the United States. Most include codebooks and downloading features.
- Centre for International Crime Prevention (United Nations)
The "Statistics and Resources" page is an excellent set of links to UN, Interpol and other multinational agencies that gather and summarize crime data worldwide. Not all is available in downloadable formats, but this is an excellent megasite to begin your research in this area.
- Transparency International
"Transparency International, the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption, brings people together in a powerful worldwide coalition to end the devastating impact of corruption on men, women and children around the world. TI's mission is to create change towards a world free of corruption." The site provides useful information and reports. The Tools section includes an interesting section on Corruption Measurement, which includes their annual Corruption Perceptions Index which "ranks more than 150 countries in terms of perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys," Bribe Payers Index, which evaluates "the supply side of corruption - the propensity of firms from industrialised countries to bribe abroad," and the Global Corruption Barometer, "a survey that assesses general public attitudes toward and experience of corruption in dozens of countries around the world." The Policy and Research section also includes many useful tools and information. Some of the data is available as zip XML files from the site.
Other Library Guides & Information
- World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems
"This factbook, developed under BJS grants, provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world. The original 42 descriptions were completed in 1993. The latest 5 entries including two updated country profiles were prepared in 2002." The data is available for downloading and the site includes a link to the CIA's World Factbook for more relevant information.
- Social Indicators
Social indicators -- whether statistics, statistical series, or other form of evidence -- enable researchers to assess where we stand and where we are going with respect to our values and goals as well as to evaluate specific programs and determine their impact. This guide helps you locate some of the key resources to help you locate the best data for your projects.
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