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xxScience & Engineering: General Reference Resources
Table of Contents:

Ask-an-Expert
  • Ask-A-Geologist
    http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/ask-a-geologist/
    Ask the USGS general questions on earth sciences.
  • Ask An Expert Page
    http://www.k12science.org/askanexpert.html
    Links to a variety of "ask an expert" in all subject areas.
  • Ask Dr. Math
    http://mathforum.org/dr.math/abt.drmath.html
    Ask mathematics-related questions.
Biographical & Bio-Bibliographical Resources
  • Nobel Prize Internet Archive
    http://www.almaz.com/nobel/
    Information about all past winners in the fields of physics, chemistry, literature, peace, economics, and physiology and medicine; includes links to other information sources when available.
  • 4000 Years of Women in Science
    http://www.astr.ua.edu/4000ws/
    Emphasis is on women of the past, with emphasis on pre-20th Century. Brief biographies, portraits and references.
Bookstores & Out-Of-Print Book Dealers Companies
  • SEC: Corporate filings from the US Securities and Exchange Commission
    http://www.sec.gov/edgar.shtml
    The SEC requires all public companies (except foreign companies and companies with less than $10 million in assets and 500 shareholders) to file registration statements, periodic reports, and other forms electronically through this site (formerly called EDGAR). Anyone can access and download this information for free. Here you'll find links to a complete list of filings available from the SEC and instructions for searching the SEC database.
  • Fisher Scientific
    http://www.fisherscientific.com/
    Fisher has put its catalog of chemicals online. It is an alphabetic listing of chemicals and includes information on prices, molecular weight, CAS registry number, and materials safety data sheets.
  • Hoover's Online
    http://www.hoovers.com/
    Search (by company name, ticker symbol /or keyword) the "Corporate Directory" of over 10,000 companies.
  • Thomas Net
    http://www.thomasnet.com/
    The world's largest online industrial product and service directory. Over 155,000 companies are represented using 57,000 product and service headings.
Data
  • Data Powers of Ten
    http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info/datapowers.html
  • eFunda
    http://www.efunda.com/home.cfm
    eFunda stands for engineering fundamentals. It includes a variety of information and data in areas such as materials, processes, units/constants, and formulas.
  • Standard Reference Data Online Databases(from NIST)
    http://www.nist.gov/srd/online.htm
    NIST has made available a number of free databases linked from this page including, Physical Reference Data, Atomic Spectra Database, NIST Chemistry WebBook and the NIST Ceramics WebBook.
  • Statistics
    • Science and Engineering Indicators 2006
      http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind06/
      Provides a broad base of quantitative information and analysis regarding science, engineering, research, and education in the United States; also offers comparative information on science and technology in other countries.
    • Statistical Abstract of the United States
      http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/
      The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Use the Abstract as a convenient volume for statistical reference, and as a guide to sources of more information both in print and on the Web. Sources of data include the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and many other Federal agencies and private organizations. The online version has full text from 1995-, although the series as a whole starts in 1878.
      • Check MNCAT Record for Location and Availability http://prime2.oit.umn.edu:1701/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?fn=display&vid=TWINCITIES&doc=umn_aleph003343985
    • World Factbook
      https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
      Published annually, this brief guide profiles the economy, government, land, demographics, communications, and national defense establishments of 191 nations and other political entities. Prior years may be accessed via Countries of the World. Tables of data items in each country's profile can be viewed from the Notes and Definitions link. Click on the term being defined and a table for all countries will appear.
      • Location(s): Widely available in the University Libraries in print and on CD-ROM; see U of M Catalog for specifics.
      • Check MNCAT Record for Location and Availability http://prime2.oit.umn.edu:1701/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?fn=display&vid=TWINCITIES&doc=umn_aleph000774176
  • Miscellaneous Numbers
    • Kelley Blue Book
      http://www.kbb.com/
      Official guide to new and used car prices.
    • NAICS - North American Industry Classification System
      http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html
      Hosted by the Census Bureau, this web site not only tells users about NAICS, its history and future, but provides handy tools such as the NAICS-SIC Bridge and links to statistics sorted by NAICS code.
    • What time is it?
      http://tycho.usno.navy.mil/what.html
      Current time from the US Naval Observatory Master Clock.
Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Handbooks, & Other Reference Sources
  • Conversion Factors
    • Conversion Factors
      http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Metrics/factors.htm
      (from Washington State Department of Transportation)
      "The following list provides the conversion relationship between U.S. customary units and SI (International System) units."
  • Dictionaries
    • Index of Dictionaries
      • OneLook
        http://www.onelook.com/index.html
        This site searches 675 online dictionaries in a multitude of languages and subjects.
      • YourDictionary.com
        http://www.yourdictionary.com/
        A compendium of language, specialty, multilingual, translation, and other dictionaries, YourDictionary.com provides links to more than 1800 dictionaries in 250 languages. You can also search thesauri, grammars, acronyms, synonyms and more using this language portal.
    • Acronyms
      • Acronym Finder
        http://www.acronymfinder.com/
        A "searchable database of more than 253,000 abbreviations and acronyms about computers, technology, telecommunications, and military acronyms and abbreviations."  From Mountain Data Systems.
      • Scientific and Technical Acronyms, Symbols, and Abbreviations
        http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/mrwhome/104554766/HOME
        A searchable and browsable database of "over 200,000 entries covering the abbreviations, symbols and acronyms used in science and technology."  Defines short-hand terms for chemical symbols, scientific associations and societies, units of measure, and professional credentials.  From John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    • English
      • WordNet WWW Interface
        http://www.cogsci.princeton.edu/%7Ewn/w3wn.html
        Search for synonyms, antonyms, hyponyms, troponyms, familiarity, and other relationships.
    • Foreign Languages
      • Babel Fish Translator
        http://babelfish.yahoo.com/
        Translate a block of text (up to 150 words), or translate a web page into one of 19 different languages. Use this to get the essential meaning of a paragraph or a web page.
      • ECHO--EuroDicautom
        http://europa.eu.int/eurodicautom/login.jsp
        Translates words or abbreviations from one language into another; includes English and several European languages.
      • WordReference
        http://wordreference.com/
        This useful dictionary will translate from English to Spanish, Italian, French as well as from those languages to English.
  • Subject
    • Chemistry
      • CHEMnetBASE
        http://www.lib.umn.edu/get/2689
        CHEMnetBASE is a reference source for locating chemical facts, properties, literature references, and for performing structure searching. All dictionaries are sub-structure searchable as is Properties of Organic Compounds. CHEMnetBASE includes the following: The CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics; Polymers: A Property Database; Properties of Organic Compounds; Dictionary of Commonly Cited Compounds; Dictionary of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds; Dictionary of Organic Compounds; Dictionary of Natural Products; and Dictionary of Drugs.
    • Computer
      • Webopedia
        http://www.pcwebopedia.com/
        An online dictionary of computer and internet technology.
    • Scientific/ Technical
      • NASA Thesaurus
        http://www.sti.nasa.gov/thesfrm1.htm
        An exhaustive compilation of aeronautical and astronautical terms, and their relationships to other terms. Particularly useful for identifying keywords to be used in comprehensive database searches of the aeronautical and astronautical literature.
  • Encyclopedias
    • Encyclopaedia Britannica Online
      http://www.lib.umn.edu/get/2371
      Concise as well as scholarly articles on a wide range of subjects. Also includes links to related Internet resources, and the Britannica Book of the Year. Search tip: When combining words in search, capitalize AND. For example: revolution AND 1848
    • World Factbook
      https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
      Published annually, this brief guide profiles the economy, government, land, demographics, communications, and national defense establishments of 191 nations and other political entities. Prior years may be accessed via Countries of the World. Tables of data items in each country's profile can be viewed from the Notes and Definitions link. Click on the term being defined and a table for all countries will appear.
      • Location(s): Widely available in the University Libraries in print and on CD-ROM; see U of M Catalog for specifics.
      • Check MNCAT Record for Location and Availability http://prime2.oit.umn.edu:1701/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?fn=display&vid=TWINCITIES&doc=umn_aleph000774176
  • Handbooks
    • Calculators Online
      http://www.martindalecenter.com/Calculators.html
      Conversion factors and calculations for just about everything, fun and serious (finance, distance, sunrises, sunsets, tides, insurance, math, music, and much, much more).
    • CHEMnetBASE
      http://www.lib.umn.edu/get/2689
      CHEMnetBASE is a reference source for locating chemical facts, properties, literature references, and for performing structure searching. All dictionaries are sub-structure searchable as is Properties of Organic Compounds. CHEMnetBASE includes the following: The CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics; Polymers: A Property Database; Properties of Organic Compounds; Dictionary of Commonly Cited Compounds; Dictionary of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds; Dictionary of Organic Compounds; Dictionary of Natural Products; and Dictionary of Drugs.
    • Computer Almanac
      http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/bam/www/numbers.html
      This is a collection of numbers relevant to computers, along with references.
    • ENGnetBASE
      ENGnetBASE is an online reference source providing access to over 600 handbooks published by CRC Press. The handbooks include a wide variety of titles on engineering specialties, including Civil Engineering, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Computer Engineering, HVAC, Nanotechnology, and more. Users can either browse the table of contents of each individual handbook or use keyword searching to retrieve and display related full-text information. Full- text results are displayed in .pdf format.
      [Resource no longer available]
    • eFunda
      http://www.efunda.com/home.cfm
      A great source for engineering constants, equations and property information.
  • Journal Abbreviations
    • Journal Abbreviation Sources
      http://www.public.iastate.edu/%7ECYBERSTACKS/JAS.htm
      All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources is a registry of Web resources that list or provide access to the full title of journal abbreviations. Scientific Constants
  • Scientific Constants
    • Fundamental Physical Constants
      http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Constants/index.html
      Provides "the values of the basic constants and conversion factors of physics and chemistry..." From the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
    • The Constants and Equations Pages
      http://www.scenta.co.uk/tcaep/
      Within this site, you will be able to look at over 600 scientific equations and constants, many with descriptions of symbols.
    • Measure 4 Measure
      http://www.wolinskyweb.net/measure.htm
      A collection of sites that measure, evaluate, and translate.
Grants, Fellowships, & Scholarships
  • EPA Grant-Writing Tutorial
    http://www.epa.gov/seahome/grants.html
    The tutorial includes writing tips, program specifics, examples, forms, references, and resources. Users may access information on current funding opportunities at the EPA.
  • Fastweb.com
    http://www.fastweb.com/
    Free access to a database of financial aids. Includes specific application information and requirements for each funding source.
  • FinAid: Financial Aid Information Page
    http://www.finaid.org/
    Covers sources of aid and loans, aid for special interest groups, study abroad and exchange programs, government and school sources, mailing lists, publications. Offers free access to the FastWEB database of 180,000 scholarships, fellowships, and loans.
  • SPIN - Sponsored Programs Information Network
    http://www.lib.umn.edu/get/5042
    Sponsored Programs Information Network (SPIN) is a computer database with detailed information about thousands of federal, nonfederal, and international funding opportunities. There is no charge to University of Minnesota faculty and staff for using the system. SPIN requires users to have a University of Minnesota IP address.
Jobs & Career Opportunities
  • Employment/Resume Services
  • Job Listings
    • Network for the Chronicle of Higher Education
      http://chronicle.com/section/Jobs/61/
      Online version of the job listings for the Chronicle of Higher Education, the weekly new source for higher education. Current job listings for positions available in post-secondary institutions and some non-profit organizations.
    • EARTHWORKS
      http://www.earthworks-jobs.com/
      "Lists international career opportunities especially for geoscientists, hydrologists, marine scientists, archaeologists, ecologists, and soil scientists, but includes other science fields as well."
    • Employment -- from Crystallography World Wide
      http://iucr.sdsc.edu/cww-top/job.index.html
      "The International Union of Crystallography and the Crystallography World Wide Web compiles this list of available jobs, both academic and non-academic, in the area of crystallography."
    • FedWorld Information Network
      http://www.fedworld.gov/
      In 1992, FedWorld was established by The National Technical Information Service(NTIS), an agency of the U.S Department of Commerce, to serve as the online locator service for a comprehensive inventory of information disseminated by the Federal Government.
    • Nature's International Science Jobs
      http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/
      "Contains listings for science-related employment opportunities in the international arena. Jobs listed are indexed and searchable by subject, country, position, or organization."
    • Physics Jobs
      http://physicsweb.org/jobs/
      All the jobs, studentships and courses advertised in Physics World magazine are automatically placed on this server.
    • ScienceCareers.org
      https://www.lib.umn.edu/slog.phtml?url=http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/
      Produced by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, ScienceCareers.org (formerly NextWave) is a career guide for scientists. It includes salary surveys, job listings, and articles of interest to the job seeker in a broad range of scientific disciplines.
    • UMAA Career Connections
      http://www.alumni.umn.edu/index.asp?Type=NONE&SEC=%7BC2DF8C8D-F61A-11D4-85D9-005004AD2AC8%7D
      The University of Minnesota Alumni Association (UMAA) offers you tools, resources, and services for managing your career growth.
  • Salary Surveys
    • JobSmart Salary Survey
      http://jobstar.org/
      Provides links of national salary surveys and cost of living comparisons for major metro areas in the US
    • Yahoo! Careers Salary Wizard
      http://swz-hotjobs.salary.com/
      Determine what salary someone in your field might expect to receive in places across the country.
  • Career Information
    • College and University Rankings
      http://www.library.illinois.edu/edx/rankings/index.html
      Links to various sites that profess to rank schools, programs, etc.
    • Occupational Outlook Quarterly
      http://www.bls.gov/opub/ooq/home.htm
      The Occupational Outlook Quarterly is published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and describes working conditions, training, earnings, and prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    • Peterson's Education Center
      Contains information on thousands of colleges, private secondary schools, day schools, and boarding schools.
      [Resource no longer available]
    • ScienceCareers.org
      https://www.lib.umn.edu/slog.phtml?url=http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/
      Produced by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, ScienceCareers.org (formerly NextWave) is a career guide for scientists. It includes salary surveys, job listings, and articles of interest to the job seeker in a broad range of scientific disciplines.
    • Useful Web Sites for Professional Engineering Exams
      http://ppi2pass.com/catalog/servlet/MyPpi_pg_Support-support.html
      This site is published by Professional Publications, Inc., an independent publisher of professional licensing exam review material. It contains a wealth of useful information for those studying for professional licensing exams.
Libraries
  • Center for Research Libraries
    http://www.lib.umn.edu/get/9590
    CRL holds over four million newspapers, journals, dissertations, archives, government publications and other traditional and digital resources for research and teaching. Holdings include such diverse materials as 800,000 doctoral dissertations (including those of Albert Einstein, Dag Hammarskjold and other Nobel laureates), some of the earliest African-American newspapers and the 100,000-plus-page archive of Cambodia's Khmer Rouge security force. Emphasis is on materials produced outside the United States, and the Center has special strength in publications and archives from many developing nations. Detailed information on areas of the CRL collection is available from http://www.crl.edu/content.asp?l1=5&l2=23
  • Internet Public Library
    http://www.ipl.org/
    The Internet Public Library is a project from the University of Michican School of Information, and offers a staggering amount of well-organized information sources, including reference materials (dictionaries, encyclopedias), subject collections from all areas of knowledge, and special collections (including literary criticism, Presidents of the United States, Native American authors and more).
  • LibWeb
    http://www.lib-web.org/
    The gateway to the world's library web sites.
Museums
  • WWW Virtual Library Museums
    http://icom.museum/vlmp/
    An eclectic worldwide collection of sites representing museums, galleries and archives listed by country, and by museum- or exhibition-type.
News
  • ScienceDaily
    http://www.sciencedaily.com/index.htm
    This service brings you breaking news about the latest discoveries and hottest research projects in everything from astrophysics to zoology.
Organizations, Associations & Professional Societies
  • Associations on the Net
    http://www.ipl.org/div/aon/
    An annotated, subject categorized guide to the home pages of prominent organizations and associations.
  • USA.gov
    http://www.usa.gov/
    FirstGov is the world wide web information portal for the United States Federal Government. FirstGov is intended to be your first resource to find any government information on the Internet.
  • GPO Access
    http://www.gpoaccess.gov
    GPO Access is a service of the US Government Printing Office that provides free electronic access to a wealth of important information products produced by the Federal Government. The information provided on this site is the official, published version and the information retrieved from GPO Access can be used without restriction, unless specifically noted.
  • National Science Foundation
    http://www.nsf.gov/
    The NSF funds research and education in science and engineering, through grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements. The Foundation accounts for about 20 percent of federal support to academic institutions for basic research.
  • Science.gov
    http://www.science.gov/
    Searchable database of federal government reports, data and web sites; limited in scope, but a good starting point for government-produced information.
Patents
  • Canadian Patent Database
    http://patents1.ic.gc.ca/intro-e.html
    This database lets you access over 75 years of patent descriptions and images. You can search, retrieve and study more than 1,400,000 patent documents.
  • Esp@cenet
    http://gb.espacenet.com/
    This service provides an interface to the published patent application databases of the European Patent Office and European national patent offices.
  • Free Patents Online
    FreePatentsOnline provides full text of US patents from number 4000000 to the present. This site offers free PDF downloads. RSS feeds are also available.
    [Resource no longer available]
  • Patents (United States)
    http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html
    The USPTO Web Patent Database offers the full text of all US patents issued since January 1, 1976 and full-page images of each page of every US patent issued since 1790 through the most recent weekly issue date. Publisher/Producer is the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
Product Catalogs & Suppliers
  • Fisher Scientific
    http://www.fisherscientific.com/
    Fisher has put its catalog of chemicals online. It is an alphabetic listing of chemicals and includes information on prices, molecular weight, CAS registry number, and materials safety data sheets.
  • Hoover's Online
    http://www.hoovers.com/
    Search (by company name, ticker symbol /or keyword) the "Corporate Directory" of over 10,000 companies.
  • Thomas Net
    http://www.thomasnet.com/
    This is a large online industrial product directory. Use it to find information on companies that manufacture products.
Standards
  • Custom Standards Services, Inc.
    http://www.cssinfo.com/
    Techstreet has over 70,000 documents available for instant download in PDF format, including industry standards, journal articles, and more.
  • Document Center Inc.
    http://www.document-center.com/searchfm.cfm/sid=44253459
    Commercial document supplier.
  • DoD Index of Specifications and Standards
    http://assistdocs.com/search/search_basic.cfm
    DoD Index of Specifications and Standards (DODISS) lists the unclassified Federal and Military specifications, standards, and related standardization documents, and those non-government standards adopted for DoD use.
  • ESTIS
    The Engineering, Science and Technology Information Service (ESTIS) provides scientific and business information to those outside the academic community as part of the public service mission of the University of Minnesota, a land grant institution.
    [Service no longer available]
  • IHS Standards Expert
    https://login.ihserc.com/login/erc?
    On the homepage click "IHS Standards Expert" to search for standards. Includes ASTM standards in the full text.
  • IEEE Xplore
    http://www.lib.umn.edu/get/2657
    Full-text access to the transactions, journals, magazines and conference proceedings of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Includes all current IEEE Standards.
    Remote access available for University of Minnesota -- Twin Cities students, staff and faculty
  • NSSN
    http://www.nssn.org/
    Database from ANSI of over 100,000 standards sponsored by 600+ developers.
    Provides Title and document number indexing for over 300,000 standards from over 600 developers world wide. Basic service includes industry, international (ISO) and U.S. Government Standards. The basic service does not include industry, international, or U.S. Government Standards under development.
Style Manuals
  • Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students
    http://www.writing.eng.vt.edu/
    (From Virginia Tech) "These guidelines are designed to help you, the engineering or science student, perform writing assignments in your laboratory classes, design classes, and technical communication classes."
Other Universities
  • American Universities
    http://www.clas.ufl.edu/CLAS/american-universities.html
    Links to home pages of American Universities granting bachelor or advanced degrees.
  • MIT Theses
    http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582
    A collection of selected MIT master's and doctoral theses available online at the DSpace@MIT site.
  • Peterson's Education Center
    Contains information on thousands of colleges, private secondary schools, day schools, and boarding schools.
    [Resource no longer available]
  • Princeton Review
    http://www.princetonreview.com/cte/default.asp
    Career planning and job hunting aimed at the recent college graduate. Includes book reviews.


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