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Guide to Demographic Statistics
Table of Contents:

Population Counts
Additional resources can be located using MNCAT, the University Libraries' Catalog.
  • American FactFinder
    This is a data distribution system from the Bureau of the Census that will be the primary distribution locale for Census data. American FactFinder offers the capability to browse, search, and map data from many Census Bureau sources.
    • Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts
      This web page brings together tables of historical data now online. It also links to digitized versions of original Census volumes. The digitized volumes are of varying quality, limited years and not searchable.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States
    The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Use the Abstract as a convenient volume for statistical reference, and as a guide to sources of more information both in print and on the Web. Sources of data include the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and many other Federal agencies and private organizations. The online version has full text from 1995-, although the series as a whole starts in 1878.
    • Check MNCAT Record for Location and Availability
  • Eurostat
    The Eurostat website contains a mix of statistical information in PDF pages, pre-defined tables and interactive databases. The coverage varies by topic, but some data goes back at least to 1929. All content is freely available.
  • International Data Base (IDB) - Census Bureau
    The International Data Base (IDB) is a source of demographic and socio-economic statistics for 227 countries and areas of the world. The IDB combines data from individual countries with U.S. Census Bureau estimates and projections to provide information from 1950 to 2050.
  • UNdata
    This database provides international statistics on all major social and economic subjects. It replaces the older database "UN Common Database" which will be discontinued in mid-2008.
    • United Nations Social Indicators
      The statistical tables on this web site cover general population, youth and elderly populations, human settlements, water supply and sanitation, housing, health, child-bearing, education, literacy, income and economic activity, and unemployment for as many countries as possible in the most current year possible.
  • WDI Online
    WDI (World Development Indicators) Online contains statistics for over 550 indicators from 1960 for over 200 countries and 18 country groups. Subjects include: social welfare, economies, natural resources, and the environment. Data may not be available for all years for all countries.
  • World Factbook
    Published annually, this brief guide profiles the economy, government, land, demographics, communications, and national defense establishments of 191 nations and other political entities. Prior years may be accessed via Countries of the World. Tables of data items in each country's profile can be viewed from the Notes and Definitions link. Click on the term being defined and a table for all countries will appear.
    • Location(s): Widely available in the University Libraries in print and on CD-ROM; see U of M Catalog for specifics.
    • Check MNCAT Record for Location and Availability
  • ProQuest Statistical Insight
    Index to statistical publications from US and state government agencies, international intergovernmental organizations, professional and trade organizations, business organizations, commercial publishers, independent research organizations, and universities.
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Vital Statistics
In addition to the resources above, these also cover this topic.
  • Fastats: Health Statistics A-Z
    Quick access to health statistics such as: births, deaths and fertility from the National Center for Health Statistics.
    • Vital Statistics of the U. S., 1850-Present
      Until 1945, statistics of birth, mortality (death), marriage and divorce were not published in a single publication. Nor do they all go back to the same starting date. This bibliography lists, by year, the volumes in which they appear and their locations.
  • Health, United States
    Health, United States is an annual report on trends in health statistics. The report consists of two main sections: a chartbook containing text and figures that illustrates major trends in the health of Americans; and a trend tables section that contains 153 detailed data tables. The two main components are supplemented by an executive summary, a highlights section, an extensive appendix and reference section, and an index.
  • Data 2010
    DATA2010 is an interactive database system developed which contains mostly national statistics for all the objectives and subgroups identified in the "Healthy People 2010 Objectives for Improving Health". Its content covers health issues that often go hand in hand with aging such as arthritis.
  • Minnesota County Health Tables
    The Minnesota County Health Tables is a compilation of public health data for Minnesota and its 87 counties. These tables replace the County Health Profiles on the Minnesota Planning Web site (Datanet).
  • World Health Report
    The World Health Report, first published in 1995, combines an expert assessment of global health, including statistics relating to all countries, with a focus on a specific subject.
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In addition to the resources under Population and Vital Statistics, these also cover this topic.
  • Older Americans 2010: Updated Detailed Tables
    These updated tables are part of the report Older Americans 2010: Key Indicators of Well-Being. This report covers 37 key indicators selected by the Forum to portray aspects of the lives of older Americans and their families. The report is divided into five subject areas: population, economics, health status, health risks and behaviors, and health care.
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In addition to the resources under Population and Vital Statistics, these also cover this topic.
    This web site offers access to federal and state statistics and reports on children and their families, including: population and family characteristics, economic security, health, behavior and social environment,and education.
  • Children's Report Card
    This site includes Minnesota state, county and school district data over several years for each of the 31 indicators. Features include maps and county rankings.
  • KIDS COUNT Census Data Online
    While not from a government source, this tool derives its statistics from the 2000 Census results.
  • The State of the World’s Children
    This database is developed from each year's State of the World's Children that UNICEF publishes. Time coverage varies by table.
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In addition to the resources under Population and Children, these also cover this topic.
  • National Center for Education Statistics
    The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the United States and other nations.
    • Quick Tables and Figures
      This browsing tool from the National Center for Education Statistics allows searching of tables by variable, survey and general topic area.
  • The Nation's Report Card: State Profiles
    State Profiles present key data about each state's student and school population and its NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress) testing history and results. The profiles provide easy access to all NAEP data for participating states and links to the most recent state report cards for all available subjects.
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Income and Poverty
In addition to the resources under Population, these also cover this topic.
  • Economic Indicators
    Easy access to the major current economic indicators for the United States.
  • Historical Poverty Tables
    The Current Population Survey provides statistics on the poverty of individuals since 1959.
  • Social Security Online - Data
    The Office of Policy is the Social Security Administration's source for statistics on the impact and operations of the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income programs and on the earnings of the working and beneficiary populations. Statistics are sorted by subject, date, type and alphabetically.
    • Minnesota Income Statistics
      Links to statistical analyses and databases covering income in Minnesota.
  • Laborsta
    LABORSTA provides free access to yearly statistics of employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer price indices, occupational injuries, strikes and lockouts from 1969-2000; monthly statistics of employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, consumer price indices from 1976-2002 and "October Inquiry" statistics of wages and hours of work in 159 occupations from 1983-2000 and retail prices of 93 food items from 1985-2000.
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In addition to the resources under Population, these also cover this topic.
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
    The IOM has become the leading international organization working with migrants and governments to provide humane responses to migration challenges.

    Established in 1951 as an intergovernmental organization to resettle European displaced persons, refugees and migrants, IOM has now grown to encompass a variety of migration management activities throughout the world.
  • OECD iLibrary
    OECD iLibrary is the online publications portal of the 34-country Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. OECD iLibrary is OECD's Online Library for Books, Papers and Statistics and the gateway to OECD's analysis and data. It replaces SourceOECD, and hosts all content so users can find - and cite - tables and databases as easily as articles or chapters. Video User Guide.
  • Office of Immigration Statistics
    This web site will help you locate information about foreign nationals who enter or attempt to enter the United States for temporary or permanent residence through a variety of status categories, as well as subsequent actions such as apprehension, removal, or naturalization.

    This office was part of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) until the INS was moved to the Department of Homeland Security and renamed the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service.

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