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Subject Librarian:

Jennie Burroughs

This subject covers: the spiritual history and practices of human beings from mythological times to the present. Other related subjects are Philosophy, and Middle East Studies.

Article Databases and Indexes

* Premier Resources *

The standard, highly recommended research database in the fields of religion and theology. Produced by the American Theological Library Association.

An index on Jewish history, activity and thought. This database provides a comprehensive guide to English-language articles, book reviews, and feature stories in more than 160 journals devoted to Jewish affairs. Most references are not found in standard periodical literature guides. Index to Jewish Periodicals is intended for students of Jewish thought and others interested in contemporary Jewish and Middle Eastern affairs.

Includes the full content of four key scholarly works, 180 entries from the six-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, two essential English-language interpretations of the Qur'an, the first electronic version of the standard Concordance used by English-speaking scholars around the world, and primary source documents.

Search within a book
A Dictionary of the Bible
The Oxford Companion to the Bible
The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible
A Dictionary of Buddhism
The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
A Dictionary of Hinduism
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam
A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion
Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages
The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy
The Oxford Dictionary of Popes
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation
The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Religion Compass guides students, researchers and non-specialist scholars through the accumulating body of literature, and navigates the field by laying out the territory, describing divisions and subdivisions of Religious Studies and identifying the major issues within those sections - ISSN: 1749-8171

Starting point for discipline-based research

Academic or Scholarly Articles Subject Indexes

Analytical Bibliography of Deuteronomy (AnaBiDeut) is an analytical internet bibliography of the book of Deuteronomy, designed for quick searches and title downloads. AnaBiDeut provides an annotated, organized, bibliographical database for scholarship on Deuteronomy, prepared by Professors Norbert Lohfink (Sankt Georgen/Frankfurt) and Georg Braulik (Vienna). There is nothing available anywhere that is as complete and analytical as this resource.

This is the catalog for the Ecole Biblique's library. It contains comprehensive bibliographic information relating to Biblical and ancient Near Eastern studies, archaeology, and related disciplines. The collection consists of more than 140,000 volumes and 400 active journals specializing in biblical studies, Near Eastern archaeology and ancient Middle Eastern languages and literature. The home page for the Ecole Biblique et Archeologie Francaise. The site includes a search engine of the library's catalogue on the Web. Catalogue De L'Ecole Biblique Et Archeologique Francaise De Jerusalem [computer file] GUIDES are in PDF format that will download from menu at

Humanities & Social Sciences Retrospective searches nearly 1200 of the most important journals in these subject areas. Useful for interdisciplinary and historical research.

This Brill database is an international bibliography of publications in European languages on all aspects of Islam and the Muslim world. It covers their history, beliefs, societies, cultures, languages and literature. The file contains indexing for over 3,400 titles with coverage dating back to 1906

To search records included in this index, from the home page of 19th Century Masterfile, click on the Advanced box next to the Search button and select Index to Periodical Articles in Religion, 1890-1899 from the SOURCE drop-down list before entering search terms.

Iter is a bibliography of over 230,000 articles and reviews drawn from over 475 medieval and renaissance journal titles.

The product of a partnership between ATLA and the Weston Jesuit School of Theology, this database is a research and bibliographic aid for scholars, librarians, clergy and students of the New Testament and its historical milieu.

The product of a partnership between ATLA and the Catholic Biblical Association, this database features indexing and abstracts for journal articles, monographs, multi-author works, and software related to Old Testament studies. Content from over 450 journals is covered.

RAMBI - The Index of Articles on Jewish Studies - is a selective bibliography of articles in the various fields of Jewish studies and in the study of Eretz Israel. Articles are in English in Hebrew, Yiddish, and European languages, and are based scientific research, or contain important information for such research. Coverage is from 1966 to the present.

Summaries of articles appearing in scholarly journals, covering a wide variety of periodical literature including Christian, Jewish, and other World religions. Provides English language abstracts of articles in English, Hebrew, Afrikaans, and major European languages.

General Indexes to Magazine, Journal & Newspaper Articles

An Alphabetical Subject Index and Index Encyclopedia to Periodical Articles on Religion, 1890-1899. (ed. Ernest Cushing Richardson).

81,000 citations from 21,000 writers covering 600 periodicals and encyclopedia. Of particular interest are the heading definitions, often with references to encyclopedia articles for continued research.

To search records included in this index, from the home page of 19th Century Masterfile, click on the Advanced box next to the Search button and select Index to Periodical Articles in Religion, 1890-1899 from the SOURCE drop-down list before entering search terms.

Catalogs and Bibliographies


Oxford Bibliographies offers exclusive, authoritative research guides. Combining the best features of an annotated bibliography and a high-level encyclopedia, this resource guides researchers to the best available scholarship across a wide variety of subjects.

General Reference Sources

Atlases & Maps


Access to the "Gale Student Resources in Context" is provided through ELM (Electronic Library for Minnesota) arranged by Minitex.

This online resource is an updated edition of this lauded work on Judaism features more than 21,000 entries on Jewish life, culture, history, and religion, written by Israeli, American and European subject specialists. This is the online version; (a 2007 print version is also available, located in Wilson Library Reference Quarto DS102.8 .E496 2007)

The Encyclopaedia of Islam Online covers Middle Eastern and Islamic studies, bringing scholars and researchers access to over 13,000 articles (number or articles in volumes I-XI, excluding supplements on every aspect of Islam. The online edition offers access to Volumes I-XI of the English edition, plus the Index of Subjects to Volumes I-XI, Index of Proper Names to volumes I-X, and supplements. New data will be added to the online edition as they become available in the print edition.

Encyclopedia of African Religion explores such topics as deities and divinities, the nature of humanity, the end of life, the conquest of fear, and the quest for attainment of harmony with nature and other humans.

The second edition of a resource that is considered a standard reference in the field. Presents a cross-cultural approach that emphasizes religion's role within everyday life and as a unique experience from culture to culture. The original 2,750 entries have been retained, many heavily updated, and approximately 600 entirely new articles have been added by an international team of scholars and contributors. See also print copy at Wilson Library Reference Quarto BL31 .E46 2005

Covers the significant religious denominations and movements that have originated or flourished in North America, from the beginning of European settlement to the present day.

IEQ draws on a wide range of traditional Muslim sources, including exegeses, Hadith collections and commentaries, classical lexicons, biographical dictionaries, universal histories, works of jurisprudence, Prophetic biographies, and treatises on spiritual and moral psychology "” some of which have never before been presented in any encyclopedic work in a Western language.

The Interdisciplinary Documentation on Religion and Science website seeks to help scientists frame their work within a philosophical and humanistic context. It also seeks to aid people trained in theology to approach, through the humanistic reflections of scientists, the rationale of scientific activity. The website presents an ample anthology of selected documents and also offers, in a separate section, the Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (ISSN: 2037-2329), a dynamic, online-only database. The Interdisciplinary Documentation on Religion and Science website is edited by the Advanced School for Interdisciplinary Research (ADSIR), operating at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome. provides an "anthology of documents" and an interdisciplinary encyclopedia on religion and science, including:
- more than 80 anthological texts, from classical and contemporary authors
- about 60 articles from the Intedisciplinary Encyclopaedia of Religion and Science
-Teachings from the Vatican

Prepared by an editorial staff at the Catholic University of America. Selected articles from the earlier Catholic Encyclopedia are available on the World Wide Web.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation is a definitive source for information about the entire range of religious and social changes that altered the face of Europe in the sixteenth century, encompassing not only issues of church polity and theology but also developments in politics, economics, demographics, art and literature. This broadly cast, interdisciplinary definition allows for a comprehensive social and intellectual history of early modern Europe.

Access to the "Gale Student Resources in Context" is provided through ELM (Electronic Library for Minnesota) arranged by Minitex.

General Reference Works

ARTstor is a cross-disciplinary image database. It offers collections of approximately 300,000 art images and descriptive information covering art, architecture and archeology. ARTstor's accompanying software tools will support a wide range of pedagogical and research uses including: viewing and analyzing images through features such as zooming and panning, saving groups of images online for personal or shared uses, and creating and delivering presentations both online and offline. How to use ARTstor:

Provides full text online access to over 360 volumes of Cambridge Histories reference series published since 1960. Coverage of political, economic and social history, philosophy and literature of selected countries and subjects.

Search for books, conference proceedings, journals, maps, videos, and other items in our collection.

Oxford Bible atlas. online based on print edition.
Wilson Library Quarto BS630 .O96 2007

Access to 4 titles only:
The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies
The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls
The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology
The [Oxford] Handbook of Religious Diversity.

Internet Resources

Electronic Texts

2007-2013. Brill Online Books and Journals includes full text of over 175,000 book chapters and journal articles, covering humanities and international law . Brill is a major publisher in biblical and religious studies. Guide to printing and downloading is

Reference titles from various publishers in many subjects, including art, biography, business, cultural studies, education, the environment, history, religion, science, and social science.

series: Brain, behavior, and evolution

Library Web Sites

Quick text FAQ explains how you can access the full text of an article in Google Scholar.

Web Sites

CONTENTS: Graduate Programs - Survey of Graduate Religion and Theology Programs Provides the results of the 2002-2003 Survey of Graduate Programs. - Finding List An online database of academic doctoral programs in the United States and Canada. Undergraduate Programs - Survey of Undergraduate Religion and Theology Programs Provides information about the field for strategic decision-making and other sources of data on schools, departments, and programs. - Finding List An online finding list for information on undergraduate departments, programs, and schools in the United States and Canada.

The Scholarly Databases currently holds over 100,000 bibliographies and provides over 2,600 full texts on various subjects for free access and download.

The CDRI database provides access to digital images of woodcuts, photographs, slides, papyri, coins, maps, postcards, manuscripts, lithographs, sermons, shape-note tune books, and various forms of Christian art, architecture, and iconography. The CDRI is a joint project of the American Theological Library Association and the Association of Theological Schools, with funding from the Henry Luce Foundation.

compiled by Yale University Divinity School Library

The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, constructed from available public domain and copy-permitted texts, is organized as three main index pages (selected sources, full-text sources and saints' lives), with a number of supplementary documents.

"Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to research at the intersection of religion, values, and public life. PRRI's mission is to help journalists, opinion leaders, scholars, clergy, and the general public better understand debates on public policy issues and the role of religion and values in American public life by conducting high quality public opinion surveys and qualitative research. As members of the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR), the American Political Science Association (APSA), and the American Academy of Religion (AAR), our research team follows the highest research standards of independence and academic excellence." (from the source) Comments: good source for charts/graphs etc. to use in teaching.

compiled by the Wabash Center

Multimedia Materials

Image Resources

See especially Foundations of Faith and Science, a subsection of the site, at
Many items within the Library’s collections deserve to be highlighted. This may be because of their historical importance, uniqueness, beauty, fascinating content, or perhaps their personal associations. In this special collection within the Cambridge Digital Library we will draw together books, manuscripts and other items from across our collections that are especially significant. Many of them have been displayed in Library exhibitions in the past – now they can be accessed at any time, from anywhere in the world, and browsed cover to cover.

A curated bibliography of quality image collections listed by subject. These resources include local collections, licensed content, and select open online collections of images.

Primary Source Materials

Archival Materials

The Acta Sanctorum Database is an electronic version of the complete printed text of Acta sanctorum quotquot toto orbe coluntur (Antwerp; Brussels: Society des Bollandistes, 1863- (68 vols.) and found in Wilson Library Annex Folio 270 Ac8). It is a collection of documents examining the lives of saints, organised according to each saint's feast day, and runs from the two January volumes published in 1643 to the Propylaeum to December published in 1940. The Database contains the entire Acta Sanctorum, including all prefatory material, original texts, critical apparatus and indices. Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina reference numbers are also included.

This website provides access to some of the remarkable materials digitized as part of the ongoing, multi-year Colonial North American Project at Harvard University. When complete, the project will make available to the world digitized images of all known archival and manuscript materials in the Harvard Library that relate to 17th and 18th century North America. Scattered through twelve repositories, these documents reveal a great deal about topics such as social life, education, trade, finance, politics, revolution, war, women, Native American life, slavery, science, medicine, and religion. In addition to reflecting the origins of the United States, the digitized materials also document aspects of life and work in Great Britain, France, Canada, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The ‘Essays’ on this website are the work of a Summer 2015 Arcadia Fellow, Alicia DeMaio, who was one of the first researchers to connect thematically related material from among the images digitized to date.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online captures the essence of the Enlightenment in Great Britain between 1701 and 1800. ECCO allows full-text searching of every significant English-language and foreign-language title printed in the United Kingdom, along with thousands of important works from the Americas. It includes books, pamphlets, essays, broadsides and more. Search opens with the Overview highlighted. Scroll down to the section on Philosophy and Religion to learn more about the contents of this database.

Search some 3,400 finding aids to collections of archival material at the University of Minnesota Archives and Special Collections. A finding aid is a guide and inventory list to a collection of archival materials, personal papers, or manuscripts. For more information about this resource, please see the Finding Aid FAQ or contact the Libraries.

The Patrologia Latina Database contains 221 volumes and represents a complete electronic version of the first edition of Jacques-Paul Migne's Patrologia Latina (1844-1855 and 1862-1865). "The Patrologia Latina (Latin for The Latin Patrology) is an enormous collection of the writings of the Church Fathers and other ecclesiastical writers published by Jacques-Paul Migne between 1841 and 1855, with indices published between 1862 and 1865. It is also known as the Latin series as it formed one half of Migne's Patrologiae Cursus Completus, the other part being the Patrologia Graeco-Latina of patristic and medieval Greek works with their (sometimes non-matching) medieval Latin translations." Description source: Wikipedia

Basic how-to information on searching for primary sources available online, primarily via subscription databases available to U of M community and campus library visitors. Links to a list of resources A-Z.

Sacred Texts

High-resolution images of the scrolls, plus short explanatory videos and background information on the texts and their history. Five complete scrolls from the Israel Museum have been digitized for the project at this stage and are now accessible online." Language of the Scrolls: Hebrew is the most common language, though a small number of scrolls are written in Aramaic, and a few in Greek. The most common script is the Jewish script, also called the "Assyrian" or "square" script, which was widely used from the sixth century BCE on. However, about 14 biblical scrolls are written in the ancient Hebrew script, and many texts use a cryptographic script, combining mirror writing and a mixture of Jewish, ancient Hebrew, and Greek scripts. Description and commentary are in English.

Societies, Agencies, and Organizations

Official Agency & Organization Websites

The Office of Religion and Global Affairs (S/RGA) works to implement the National Strategy on Religious Leader and Faith Community Engagement through three overarching roles for the Department. The office advises the Secretary on policy matters as they relate to religion; supports our posts and bureaus in their efforts to assess religious dynamics and engage religious actors; and serves as a first point of entry for individuals, both religious and secular, who would like to engage the State Department in Washington on matters of religion and global affairs.

Statistics and Data

Statistical Resources is a growing collection of over 43,870 adherent statistics and religious geography citations: references to published membership/adherent statistics and congregation statistics for over 4,200 religions, churches, denominations, religious bodies, faith groups, tribes, cultures, movements, ultimate concerns, etc. The religions of the world are enumerated here. [ Make sure you can verify its contents. - Harvard guide to Religious Statistics]

The targeted audience and the data collection include American and international collections and developing features for educators, journalists, religious congregations, and researchers. Data are submitted by the foremost religion scholars and research centers in the world. Currently housed in the Social Science Research Institute at the Pennsylvania State University, the ARDA is funded by the Lilly Endowment, the John Templeton Foundation, and the Pennsylvania State University.

Hartford Seminary's Hartford Institute for Religion Research has a thirty-four year record of rigorous, policy-relevant research, anticipation of emerging issues and commitment to the creative dissemination of learning. This record has earned the Institute an international reputation as an important bridge between the scholarly community and the practice of faith. - From the Who We Are section

"The World Religion Database (WRD) contains detailed statistics on religious affiliation for every country of the world. It provides source material, including censuses and surveys, as well as best estimates for every religion to offer a definitive picture of international religious demography. It offers best estimates at multiple dates for each of the world's religions for the period 1900 to 2050."--Home page, Brill site.

Style Manuals and Writing Guides

Research Guides

Making sense... religious studies

short version at Turabian Quick Guide (8th ed.) Eighth Edition:
TC Walter Library Sci/Eng Ref (Desk, Rm 206) LB2369 .T8 2013
TC Music Library Reference LB2369 .T8 2013
TC Journalism Library General Collection LB2369 .T8 2013
Earlier edition:
TC Andersen Library Children's Lit (Reference) LB2369 .T8 2007
TC Bio-Medical Library Reference LB2369 T929ma 2007
TC Law Library Reference LB2369 .T8 2007
TC Magrath Library Reference LB2369 .T8 2007
TC Music Library Reference (Desk) LB2369 .T8 2007
TC Plant Pathology Library Reference LB2369 .T8 2007
TC Veterinary Medical Library Reference LB2369 T8 2007
TC Walter Library Sci/Eng Reference (Rm 206) LB2369 .T8 2007

Writing Guides

Contents Research, researchers, and readers -- Prologue: Becoming a researcher -- Thinking in print: Uses of research, public and private -- Connecting with your reader: (Re-)creating yourself and your audience -- Asking questions, finding answers -- Prologue: Planning your project - an overview -- From topics to questions -- From questions to a problem -- From problems to sources -- Engaging sources -- Making a claim and supporting it -- Prologue: Assembling a research argument -- Making good arguments: Overview -- Making claims -- Assembling reasons and evidence -- Acknowledgments and responses -- Warrants -- Planning, drafting, and revising -- Prologue: Planning again -- Planning -- Drafting your report -- Revising your organization and argument -- Communicating evidence visually -- Introductions and conclusions-- Revising style: Telling your story clearly -- Some last considerations.

University of Minnesota

Related U of M Web Sites

Appointments are recommended to ensure that staff can have all relevant materials available. Please contact the archival unit of specific interest to you to make an appointment.

Citation managers are software packages used to create personalized databases of citation information and notes. They allow you to: import and organize citation information from article indexes and other sources save links to pdfs and other documents, and in some cases save the document itself format citations for your papers and bibliographies using APA and many other styles include your own notes

for use in searching in MNCAT and other library book catalogs

compiled by the Religious Studies librarian, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

earlier content is at and will be available through December 2014

Library Information

Wilson Library

309 19th Ave. S.
West Bank, Minneapolis Campus
Service Desk: 612-624-3321