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Subject Librarian:

Gordon Anderson

This subject covers: the study of the Nordic (Scandinavian) countries, their cultures, languages and literatures: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Included are all humanities and social science disciplines as applied to the study of those countries. Also included is the history of Scandinavian immigration to the U.S.

Article Databases and Indexes

Academic or Scholarly Articles Subject Indexes

AHCI covers arts, humanities, and area studies scholarship. Titles of foreign-language works are translated into English, and abstracts are given in English, thereby simplifying and standardizing searching across languages.

ATLA lists journal articles, book reviews, and collections of essays in all fields of religion. Some listings link to full text of articles. More about ATLA

Covers the world's scholarship in history from 1450 to the present.

The IMB is an interdisciplinary guide to the study of the Middle Ages, the period 476-1500. Geographic coverage extends across Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, covering resources in over 25 languages. Note: The IMB provides downloadable software to view and print non-English diacritics and special characters.
Also available in print in Wilson Reference D111 .I56x

LLBA covers all aspects of the study of language including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Complete coverage is also given to various fields of linguistics including descriptive, historical, comparative, theoretical and geographical linguistics.

The MLA International Bibliography is a classified listing and subject index of scholarly books and articles on modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics which has been compiled by the Modern Language Association of America since 1926.

This index provides broad coverage of social science issues worldwide; it includes articles, books, conference proceedings, government documents, and book chapters published since 1972.

This core database provides world-wide coverage of scholarly works in the fields of sociology and social policy. 1952 - present.

Worldwide Political Science Abstracts provides citations, abstracts, and indexing of the international serials literature in political science and its complementary fields, including international relations, law, and public administration & public policy.

General Indexes to Magazine, Journal & Newspaper Articles

The world's largest academic multi-disciplinary database. Includes full text access to over 4,000 scholarly (peer-reviewed) publications back to 1975. A great place to start your research on any topic. Find search tips on their help page.

Offers balanced coverage on a wide-range of topics including social sciences, humanities, education, science and technology. Comprised of more than 3,500 indexed and full-text titles "” of which 2,100 are peer-reviewed "” in all disciplines with more than 20 years of backfile coverage.

Indexes, Other

The BGMI contains biographical entries from more than 1,000 current and retrospective biographical reference sources. This figure translates into some 15 million biographies on nearly 5 million people, living and deceased, from all time periods, geographical locations, and fields of endeavor.

Catalogs and Bibliographies


This University of Minnesota Libraries Page-Scribe page provides a list of noted and upcoming living writers of literature and fiction in the five countries of Scandinavia / Norden. Arranged by country, each entry links the searcher to the Libraries' holdings of works by and about the author.

Developed by Gordon Anderson and Eeva Kariniemi, Wilson Library, Spring semester 2006, this site is periodically and regularly revised and expanded.


Search with the Library Catalog to find books, journals, etc. owned by the library. Search by keyword, subject, title, or author for materials on your topic.

The gateway to the world's library web sites.

Find books, journals, articles, maps, music scores, sound recordings, films, theses/dissertations, machine-readable data files, and any other materials available in libraries worldwide. This covers all subject areas. Request items through Interlibrary Loan using the ILLiad link on each item's record. WorldCat is produced by OCLC (Online Computer Library Center, Inc.)

General Reference Sources

Biographical Sources

Since 1910, this is the standard Danish biography annual. A basic online index to Kraks blå bog is found at the publisher's website.

Norway's most important biographical reference work, the Norsk biografisk leksikon, NBL, last appeared in print in the 1999-2005 edition. The heading contains a link to the web version, which is freely searchable. It is, however, not updated.
The CD-ROM in vol. 10 contains FamilyTreeMaker 2006 and genealogical information for selected Norwegian families.

WBIS Online is a comprehensive biographical database, providing short biographical information on over 6 Million people from the 8th century B.C. to the present.
WBIS provides an index to the entire archive; we have full-text access to these language-area archives:
1) Baltic Biographical Archive
2) Czech & Slovak Biographical Archive
3) German Biographical Archive
4) Polish Biographical Archive
5) Russian & Soviet Biographical Archive,
6) Scandinavian Biographical Archive

Country Studies

Europa World is the online version of the Europa World Year Book, a source of country profiles, statistics, and directories for all countries worldwide. Find facts, history, political, economic and other information including geography, media outlets, education, government agencies, trade and industry, tourism and other organizations. A major bibliography is included for each country and survey articles on various issues are listed for each major region.


English-Swedish / Swedish-English online dictionary.
"This ... dictionary belongs to the people and is expanded and improved by us all. Anyone can look up in the People's dictionary on the web, and this service will always be free.
"If you would like to see all information about a word, just click Expand all. Instead of doing this every time you may use the Settings and mark that you would like the lookup results to be expanded automatically. Another setting gives a virtual keyboard with the Swedish letters å, ä, ö.
"The People's dictionary is free. Both the whole English-Swedish dictionary and the Swedish-English dictionary can be downloaded for use under the Distributed Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license."

"LEXIN-ordbøkene er laget spesielt for minoritetsspråklige elever i grunnopplæringen. Oppslagsordene er valgt ut spesielt for denne målgruppen. I tillegg til hverdagslige ord finner du ord og uttrykk som er nyttige å kunne når man bor i Norge. Ordbøkene passer også for andre som ønsker å lære norsk — bokmål eller nynorsk."

From the English-language introduction:
"This is Project Runeberg's digital facsimile edition of Nordisk familjebok, Sweden's most comprehensive encyclopedia of all times. We have scanned facsimile images of the two first editions, which appeared in 20 and 38 volumes, respectively, between 1876 and 1926, a total of 45,000 pages."

For more titles in Project Runeberg, go to

General Reference Works

Internet Resources

Gateways & Megasites

Created by Scandinavian-studies librarians in the Western European Studies Section of the American Library Association. This web site provides links to scholarly web sites, Nordic library catalogs, publishers, book dealers, reference tools, and other web gateways for the study of Northern Europe.

Internet Directory

Open Access Resources

The Department's Perseus Collection of Digital Texts. The section Germanic Languages [] contains numerous Old Norse texts that are fully searchable.

Statistics and Data

Statistical Resources

A monthly publication with statistical tables showing general trends in the Danish economy. It includes an economic-political calendar in Danish only) with events important for the evaluation of Danish economic trends in recent years. This online version, available in both Danish and English, is issued by the central statistical office in Denmark.

Style Manuals and Writing Guides

Style Manuals

A selected list of sources available in Wilson Reference Services.

Library Information

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