University of Minnesota Entrance GateThe Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays (JOIE) is a new, open access, electronic journal sponsored by the University of Minnesota Retirees Association (UMRA). Its purpose is to provide a digital venue for a wide variety of articles submitted by retired or active faculty, staff and civil service colleagues from the Twin Cities and Coordinate Campuses of the University. Articles may be intended for a broad, general audience or for a more specific readership. Examples might be biographical, historical, or literary essays; matters of curricular interest; comments on University issues or issues in higher education; pedagogical essays; short stories or poetry; book reviews; speculative scientific hypotheses; or comments having to do with scientific, legal or agricultural ideas. As an electronic journal, JOIE can accommodate graphics and illustrations and is well-suited for photographic essays or other artistic presentations.


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Editorial Board

All inquiries regarding the Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays should be directed to the Editor-in-Chief, C. C. "Bud" Clawson, at

C. C. "Bud" Clawson, Medicine -- (

Editorial Committee
John Adams, Geography
Joanne Eicher, Apparel, Fashion, and Design Studies
Ed Griffin, Literature
Jan Hogan, Social Science and Human Development
John Howe, History
Pete Magee, Biology

Managing Editor
Scott Marsalis, University of Minnesota Libraries -- (

Origins of the Journal 

In 2013 Professor Martin Dworkin called a group of University colleagues together to discuss the creation of an online, refereed journal titled the Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays; (JOIE) to be sponsored by the University of Minnesota Retirees Association (UMRA). The journal was to publish articles examining a variety of scholarly, artistic, educational, and civic issues and written by faculty, P&A staff, and civil service colleagues, both retired and still employed, from the Twin Cities and coordinate campuses of the University. At about the same time, the University Libraries launched a new, online archival project named the University Digital Conservancy (UDC). In short order, a working agreement was reached between the two parties, whereupon Professor Dworkin and his JOIE colleagues set about the task of recruiting an initial set of authors to launch the new electronic journal. Within a year's time, more than a dozen documents had been submitted, reviewed and approved for publication. Momentum, however, ground to a halt upon Professor Dworkin's untimely death.

Persuaded of JOIE's value to the University community and determined to see Professor Dworkin's initiative succeed, several colleagues instrumental in JOIE's creation determined to press ahead. The moment was fortuitous, because the University Libraries was establishing a new Publishing Services initiative. Agreements between the JOIE Editorial Board and the University Libraries were reached in short order and the newly defined JOIE program came into being. By early October of 2015, the new JOIE program had been launched and sixteen initial submissions had been published.


General Submission Rules
The submission process is begun when the author submits his or her article following the protocols described on the JOIE website. Articles should be lively and well written, and should not be ad hominem, politically partisan, libelous, or pornographic. JOIE can accept illustrations and other visual features. Accepted material will be published intermittently as it is approved rather than according to a set interval, and will be arranged in not less than annual volumes. There are no limitations concerning article length or illustrations for submission. Submissions must not have been previously published in either print or online format. Once published in JOIE, articles may not be removed, though they may subsequently be published by the author elsewhere in either print or electronic form without the consent of the JOIE editor. Accepted articles will be searchable via the University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing home page as well as through Google and other search engines. Submissions to JOIE or questions concerning the program should be directed to the Editor-in-Chief.

Process of Editorial Review and Decision
Submissions will be reviewed by the JOIE Editor and members of the JOIE Editorial Board whose expertise most closely relates to the article's content, or by other appropriate members of the University community. Recommendation may be for: immediate publication without revisions, publication with specified revisions, or non-publication. Authors should expect a decision within four weeks of submission. Following a final decision to publish, the Editor will advise the author any formatting changes (see below) that are required. This accomplished, the article will be published on the JOIE site and the author notified that this has been completed.

Formatting Requirements
The Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays has no general rules concerning formatting articles upon initial submission. There are, however, rules governing the formatting of the final submission for electronic publication. It is ultimately the responsibility of the author to produce an electronic version of the article as either a high-quality PDF (Adobe's Portable Document Format) file, or a Microsoft Word file that can be converted to a PDF file.

Do not include a title page or abstract. (Begin the document with the introduction; the title page, including the abstract, will be added to your paper before publication.)
Do not include page numbers, headers, or footers. These will be added by the system.
Write your article in English unless the Editor-in-Chief has expressly approved your non-English submission.
Submit your manuscript, including tables, figures, appendices, etc., as a single file (Word, WordPerfect, RTF, or PDF files are accepted).
Page size should be 8.5 x 11-inches.
All margins (left, right, top and bottom) should be 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), including your tables and figures.
Single space your text.
Use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified.

Main Body—12 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
Footnotes—10 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
If figures are included, use high-resolution figures, preferably encoded as encapsulated PostScript (eps).
Copyedit your manuscript.
When possible, there should be no pages where more than a quarter of the page is empty space.

Article Length
Because this journal publishes electronically, page limits are not as relevant as they are in the world of print publications. We are happy, therefore, to let authors take advantage of this greater "bandwidth" to include material that they might otherwise have to cut to get into a print journal. This said, authors should exercise some discretion with respect to length.

Foreign terms
Whenever possible, foreign terms should be set in italics.

Whenever possible, titles of books, movies, etc., should be set in italics rather than underlined.

Tables and Figures
To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text. Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves. Avoid the use of overly small type in tables. In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1.5" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.

References and Citations
Citations should follow current MLA bibliographic format. For details on MLA formatting, please visit

Rights for Authors and the Journal
As described in our submission agreement (see the Submission Agreement), in consideration for publication, authors agree to the following: Authors will grant a nonexclusive license in their work to the Journal of Opinions, Ideas, & Essays and the University of Minnesota Libraries. Such a license gives JOIE and the Libraries the necessary rights to publish, distribute, archive, and preserve the work. However, since the license is non-exclusive, all of the rights will still also belong to the creator, who may make any use they wish, and may grant other licenses as desired. The result of this license agreement is that the author, the Journal, and the Libraries will each have broad rights to the work.