Many funding agencies have implemented policies requiring sharing of articles and/or data resulting from research they fund.

Federal funders

In 2013 the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) directed most U.S. grant-funding agencies to develop policy requirements on sharing federally grant-funded research publications and data. Requirements for research publications and data do differ. This page seeks to provide information on publication requirements; for data requirements, see funding agency requirements for access to research data.

U of M researchers are responsible for knowing their relevant agency’s requirements for making grant-funded publications publicly accessible. Some commonalities in policies include:

  • Allowance of a 12 month embargo period from publication to public access
  • A mechanism to submit an evidence-based request for embargo extension
  • Article metadata (e.g., citation information) is required upon publication even if the full text will be embargoed

Some funders specifically scope their responses to only peer-reviewed journal articles. Others more broadly say peer-reviewed articles (which may or may not include peer-reviewed conference papers).

Compliance with these policies is the responsibility of the author. Authors should read publishing agreements and negotiate as required.The Libraries can provide support in a number of ways, including negotiation supports such as the CIC Author’s Rights Addendum, or our services to help you make best use of the U of M Open Access Policy.

For more detailed information, including compliance mechanisms, please see our matrix of Federal Funding Agencies Public Access Plans for Publications.

Please contact the Libraries for assistance.

 

Agency/Directorate Effective Date Embargo Allowed ORCID Required? Sharing Venue
DOD

Fiscal Year 2015 (estimate)

  Yes Defense Technical Information Center
DOE

October, 2014

    Article hosting choices: 1st) Publisher, 2nd) local repository, 3rd) OSTI Pages.
DoED/IES

October 2012

    ERIC
DOT

December 31, 2015

  Yes National Transportation Library
HHS/AHRQ

February 2015

 

Yes

PubMed Central

HHS/ASPR

October 2015

 

Yes

PubMed Central

HHS/CDC

July 2013

 

Yes

CDC Stacks and PubMed Central

HHS/FDA

October 2015

 

Yes

PubMed Central

HHS/NIH

2008

 

Yes

PubMed Central

NASA

October 2015

  Yes PubSpace
NIST

October 2015

    PubMed Central
NOAA

January 2016

    NOAA Institutional Repository
NSF

January 2016

    NSF Public Access Repository
Smithsonian

October 2015

    Smithsonian Research Online
USDA

January 2016

    PubAg
VA

December 31, 2015

    PubMed Central

 

Foundation funders

Organization Articles Data

MacArthur Foundation

Encourages OA publishing and OA archiving Encourages archiving

Simons Foundation

Encourages OA publishing and OA archiving

Requires archiving

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Requires OA publishing and OA archiving

Requires archiving

Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Requires OA publishing and OA archiving

Requires archiving

Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Requires OA archiving and Encourages OA publishing

Requires archiving

American Heart Association   Requires archiving

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

  Requires archiving

Sloan Foundation

 

Reviewed case by case

Wellcome Trust

 

Requires archiving