06C Writings About the Writings -- Sherlock Holmes (205)

1. "The evidence on Holmes." The Guardian (London), October 16, 1999: 21.

Five letters to the editor in response to an earlier article, ("The Plot Thickens," October 13) on Holmes.

2. Sherlock Holmes et le signe de la fiction. (Signes). Fontenay-aux-Roses: ENS, 1999.

21 cm. Includes bibliographical references. Textes réunis par Denis Mellier.;

3. "Sherlock Holmes, Geometry Proofs, and Backward Reasoning." Mathematics Teacher 96, no. 8 (2003): 544-546.

Presents information on backward reasoning developed by Sherlock Holmes for searching knowledge and solving geometric proofs. Example of a problem on geometry; Benefit obtained from backward thinking skills; Application of backward reasoning on product development.

4. "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography." Publishers Weekly 253, no. 35 (2006): 38-38.

The article reviews the book "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography," by Nick Rennison.

5. Accardo, Pasquale. "Yes, Virginia, There Is a Mrs. Sherlock Holmes." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 50, no. 1 (2000): 31-34.

6. Alberstat, Mark. "Sherlock Holmes and Rugby." Canadian Holmes 18, no. 3 (1995): 16-18.

7. André, Didierjean, and Gobet Fernand. "Sherlock Holmes -- an expert's view of expertise." British Journal of Psychology 99, no. 1 (2008): 109-125.

In recent years, there has been an intense research effort to understand the cognitive processes and structures underlying expert behaviour. Work in different fields, including scientific domains, sports, games and mnemonics, has shown that there are vast differences in perceptual abilities between experts and novices, and that these differences may underpin other cognitive differences in learning, memory and problem solving. In this article, we evaluate the progress made in the last years through the eyes of an outstanding, albeit fictional, expert: Sherlock Holmes. We first use the Sherlock Holmes character to illustrate expert processes as described by current research and theories. In particular, the role of perception, as well as the nature and influence of expert knowledge, are all present in the description of Conan Doyle's hero. In the second part of the article, we discuss a number of issues that current research on expertise has barely addressed. These gaps include, for example, several forms of reasoning, the influence of emotions on cognition, and the effect of age on experts' knowledge and cognitive processes. Thus, although nearly 120-year-old, Conan Doyle's books show remarkable illustrations of expert behaviour, including the coverage of themes that have mostly been overlooked by current research. [Abstract from author]

8. Andrews, Crispin. "Starter Holmes." The Times Educational Supplement, no. 4566 (2004): 14-15.

A unit of work on observation and logical deduction that invites students to emulate Sherlock Holmes, the fictional detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is provided.

9. Andros, Phil. A century of gay erotica. 1st ed. New York: Masquerade Books, 1998.

22 cm. Includes "The sexual adventures of Sherlock Holmes" by Larry Townsend. Also issued online.;

10. Armstrong, Walter P., Jr. "The Literary Holmes." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 3 (1994): 135-140.

Presents evidence that Watson revised his opinion of Holmes literary knowledge from his original "nil" to something more comprehensive.

11. Ashworth, Peter. "Review--The Somnambulist and the Detective, Vincent Starrett and Sherlock Holmes Musgrave Monograph Number Ten by Susan Rice." The Ritual, no. 27 (2001): 56-57.

12. Austin, John M. "Letter to the Editor ('Holmes and Prime Ministers')." Shoso-In Bulletin 6, no. (1996): 157.

13. Aykroyd, Clarissa. "Did Sherlock Holmes have a Canadian Background?" Canadian Holmes 20, no. 3 (1997): 5-9.

14. Baker, Simon. "The Character Who Refused to Die." Spectator 299, no. 9254/9255 (2005): 64-64.

The article reviews books "The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes, Volume III: The Novels," by Arthur Conan Doyle and "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography," by Nick Rennison.

15. Ballew, Hunter. "Sherlock Holmes, master problem solver." Mathematics Teacher 87, no. (1994): 596-601.

"The writer discusses the connections between Sherlock Holmes's methods and mathematical problem solving. Holmes investigated deductively, reasoned mathematically, used many different strategies, liked to solve mathematics problems, and often used a type of indirect proof. Like Holmes, students need to make observations and then test to see if these observations lead toward a solution. They should consider a problem, but they should take a break if they cannot see a solution after some time; they should gather data and look for patterns; they should question obvious facts; they should learn from errors by taking the time to look for them and correct them; and they should use indirect proofs. The writer suggests that mathematics teachers need to promote imagination, observation, and curiosity in students."

16. Barnhardt, Randall. "The Detective & the Zoologist: Sherlock Holmes and George Edward Challenger." Canadian Holmes 24, no. 4 (2001): 5-7.

17. Barrett, Mike. "Review--My Dear Holmes: A Study in Sherlock by Gavin Brend." The Ritual, no. 14 (1994): 55-57.

18. Bell, Hazel K. Indexers and indexes in fact and fiction. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.

22 cm. Includes index. Edited by Hazel K. Bell ; with a foreword by A.S. Byatt. Scuttlebutt Nov 2002.; "The contents include an interesting essay on 'Indexing in Baker Street' by Margaret D. Anderson, who concludes that 'Holmes was a successful indexer. He was industrious and painstaking, as all indexers must be, and, aided by his remarkable memory, his filing system never failed him. A modern practitioner would no doubt have made a master card-index for all the encyclopaedic volumes, but Holmes did very well without."

19. ———. Indexers and indexes in fact and fiction. London: British Library, 2001.

22 cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Edited by Hazel K. Bell ; with a foreword by A.S. Byatt.;

20. Bell, Joseph. "Mr. Sherlock Holmes (reprint)." The Musgrave Papers, no. 7 (1994): 83-87.

21. Benstock, Bernard. "The 'Art' of Sherlock Holmes Elementary, My dear Watson." Baker Street Miscellanea, no. 75 (1994): 14-20.

22. Berdan, Marshall S. "The Signs of the Two: What Chinese Astrology Tells us About the Characters of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, With Some Observations on the Dynamics of Their Binomial Relationship." Shoso-In Bulletin 10, no. (2000): 75-84.

23. ———. "Two years in Tibet? Dear Me, Mr. Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 11, no. (2001): 63-73.

24. Bergquist, John. "50 Years Ago." Friends of the Sherlock Holmes Collections Newsletter 5, no. 3 (2001): 3.

Some notes and observations on Gavin Brend and the 1951 publication of his My Dear Holmes, "the most complete 'biography' of Holmes to date."

25. Betzner, Ray. "Sherlock Holmes-Coward? The Great Hiatus Reconsidered." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 50, no. 4 (2000): 28-30.

26. ———. "Three Telegrams and a Funeral: Speculation on the Events Following the 'Death' of Sherlock Holmes." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 49, no. 4 (1999): 36-41.

27. Bin Adam, Aziz. "Sherlock Holmes and the Tibetan Healing: Tibet Revisited." Shoso-In Bulletin 9, no. (1999): 10-12.

28. Black, Edward. "Holmes's Formula for a Fellowship." The Scotsman, October 17, 2002: 3.

"For Sherlock Holmes, the use of chemistry to help him catch his Victorian adversaries was elementary, but now the master sleuth has become the first fictional character to be awarded a scientific honorary fellowship for his pioneering efforts. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's creation has been honoured by the Royal Society of Chemistry for his use of forensic science that was way ahead of its time and prefigured such modern techniques as DNA fingerprinting...."

29. Blake, Robin. "Hutton-le-Moors." TLS, no. (2005): 15-15.

Presents a letter to the editor about the birthplace and ancestral manor accorded to Sherlock Holmes by his latest biographer.

30. Bogomoletz, Wladimir V. "Who Was François le Villard? Sherlock Holmes and the Paris Detective Service." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 51, no. 3 (2001): 14-23.

31. Booth, Matthew. "Review--The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes by Michael and Mollie Hardwick." The Ritual, no. 11 (1993): 51.

32. Boyer, Skip. "The Masonic Game is Afoot: Was Sherlock Holmes a Brother?" Shoso-In Bulletin 12, no. (2002): 98-101.

33. Bradway, Jeffry Alan. "Upon the True Provenance of Sherlock Holmes's Stradivarius." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 46, no. 3 (1996): 30-33.

34. Brady, Michael J. "Sherlock Holmes The Father of Modern Critical Thinking." Shoso-In Bulletin 11, no. (2001): 121-126.

35. Brend, Gavin. My dear Holmes a study in Sherlock, (Otto Penzler's Sherlock Holmes library). New York: O. Penzler Books, 1994.

LC Control Number: 93042878;

36. Bruxner, Pamela. "Review -- Aspects of Holmes II: Scrutinizing Holmes, York 11-13 June 1993." The Musgrave Papers, no. 6 (1993): 98-103.

37. Burns, Jeffrey. "Sherlock Holmes and Psychological Types." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 51, no. 1 (2001): 15-22.

38. Burns, Timothy. "The Rationalism of Father Brown." Perspectives on Political Science 34, no. 1 (2005): 37-45.

Presents information on a study about the Father Brown stories by G. K. Chesterton with multiple references to Holmes.

39. Butler, Allen. "Sherlock Holmes and Euclid's Fifth Postulate." Canadian Holmes 22, no. 2 (1998): 24-25.

40. Campbell, Mark. Sherlock Holmes, (Pocket essentials). Harpenden: Pocket Essentials, 2001.

41. Campbell, Mary. "Sherlock Holmes and Scotland Yard." Canadian Holmes 26, no. 4 (2003): 28-32.

42. ———. "Sherlock Holmes and Scotland Yard." Canadian Holmes 27, no. 1 (2003): 23-29.

43. ———. "Sherlock Holmes: Diabetic." Canadian Holmes 21, no. 3 (1998): 4-19.

44. Campbell, Paul J. "Reviews." Mathematics Magazine 69, no. 1 (1996): 76.

Reviews the article "Sherlock Holmes: Master Problem Solver," by Hunter Ballew in the November 1994 edition of the Mathematics Teacher.

45. Cary, Alice. "Midnight Missions, Abducted Authors & Super Sleuths." Biography 5, no. 12 (2001): 26.

Presents a question-and-answer advisory relating to celebrities. Includes one Q & A dealing with Doyle and Holmes. "Q: Is the character Sherlock Holmes based on a real detective? A: Not a detective, but he is based on a real person--a Scottish surgeon named Joseph Bell. The young Arthur Conan Doyle studied with Dr. Bell at the University of Edinburgh Medical School in 1877 and later worked as his assistant. Whenever Bell met a patient, he would use his powers of observation and deduction to determine the person's medical problem before examination or questioning. Often Dr. Bell would startle patients by correctly guessing their habits, occupation, nationality, and sometimes even their name. Conan Doyle noted: 'Dr. Bell would sit in his receiving room... and diagnose the people as they came in, before they even opened their mouths. He would tell them details of their past life; and hardly would he ever make a mistake.' Conan Doyle dedicated The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes to his mentor and literary inspiration."

46. Caudell, Marcia. "Sherlock Holmes and Women of the '90s: A Feminist Perspective." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 50, no. 4 (2000): 37-43.

47. Chabot, Bruce G. "Was Sherlock Holmes a Mason?" Shoso-In Bulletin 8, no. (1998): 117-120.

48. Cheng, Henry P. "Chinese Articles on Sherlock Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 14, no. (2004): 50-52.

49. ———. "P.I.: Sherlock Holmes' Profession." Shoso-In Bulletin 11, no. (2001): 112-117.

50. Cobern-Kullman, Dana. "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography." School Library Journal 53, no. 2 (2007): 149-149.

Reviews "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography," by Nicholas Rennison.

51. Convoy, Scott. "Elementary." The Guardian (London), October 14, 1999: 23.

Letter to the editor. "'Was Sherlock Holmes French?' asks John Henley (The plot thickens, G2 October 13) because he refuses a knighthood and accepts the Legion d'Honneur - 'would a true Englishman do that?' No, but a Scotsman would. He speaks perfect French, always the most-favoured foreign language of educated Scots. His grandmother was French - it doesn't take much to picture his grandfather, a Jacobean Scot perhaps (remember the auld alliance). He wears a deerstalker and a macfarlane coat. Oh, and his creator was a Scotsman. You are left with the not at all improbable likelihood that Holmes was Scottish. N'est-ce pas?"

52. Coppola, Joseph A. "Optics and Sherlock Holmes: A Detective's Tool." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 45, no. 2 (1995): 106-113.

53. Couchman, Jason. "Sherlock Holmes and Opium Use: Detecting Holmes's Mystery Narcotic." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 3 (1994): 149-51.

A discussion of Holmes use of the drug as related in some of the tales.

54. Crelling, Jack. "Sherlock Holmes: The Roommate From Hell?" The Camden House Journal 16, no. 4 (1994): 2-3.

55. ———. "Sherlock Holmes: The Roommate From Hell? Part II." The Camden House Journal 16, no. 5 (1994): 2-3.

56. Crom, Scott. "Holmes as Thinker versus Holmes as Logician." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 2 (1994): 91-96.

Offers some clarifications on deductive and inductive reasoning, logic, and Holmes views on his own methods.

57. Curchin, L. A. "Sherlock Holmes: Classicist." Canadian Holmes 22, no. 2 (1998): 9-10.

58. Dahlinger, Susan E. "The Sherlock Holmes We Never Knew." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 49, no. 3 (1999): 7-27.

59. Dale, Doris. "What is Sherlock Holmes's Favorite Color? A Preliminary Study." The Camden House Journal 16, no. 10 (1994): 2-5.

60. Darak, Greg. "Grit in a Sensitive Instrument." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 2 (1994): 98-107.

Some thoughts on Holmes' attitude toward the world of emotions, countering the stereotypical view of Holmes as a cold and rational machine.

61. Davies, David Stuart. "Keeping up appearances: an investigation into Sherlock Holmes' use of disguise." The Musgrave Papers, no. 7 (1994): 49-60.

62. Diamond, Susan Z. "The Noblest Bachelor: An Interview with Mr. Sherlock Holmes." Varieties of Ash 2, no. 1 (1994): 25-31.

63. Dilts, Robert. Vinci et Homes, (Les Stratégies du génie). Paris: La Méridienne : Desclée de Brouwer, 1997.

ill. ; 22 cm. Robert Dilts ; traduit de l'américain par Gérard Bénéjean et Marie-Cécile Baland. / Uniform Title: Strategies of genius. French.;

64. Dirda, Michael. "'On Glancing Over My Notes': Some Reflections on Sherlock Holmes and the Baker Street Irregulars." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 50, no. 2 (2000): 6-17.

65. Donegall, Edward Arthur Donald St. George Hamilton Chichester. Baker Street and beyond: essays on Sherlock Holmes. London: Westminster Libraries. Sherlock Holmes Society of London, 1993.

LC Control Number: gb 94013716;

66. Dorler, Susan. "Analysis of Sherlock Holmes's handwriting." Varieties of Ash 2, no. 1 (1994): 56-58.

67. Dorn, William S., Nancy Beiman, Philip Cornell, J. F. Christ, and Ernest Bloomfield Zeisler. A day-by-day chronology of Mr. Sherlock Holmes according to Zeisler and Christ. Denver, CO: Pencil Productions, Ltd, 2002.

LC Control Number: 2002094349. Includes bibliographical references (p. 49) and indexes;

68. Doyle, Michael. "Sherlock Holmes and the Legacy of Rachel Howells." Canadian Holmes 19, no. 1 (1995): 17-41.

69. Edington, Shane R. "Sherlock Holmes and Criminal Procedure." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 49, no. 3 (1999): 45-51.

70. Fell, Christine. "Review--'Back to Baker Street: An Appreciation of Sherlock Holmes and London' edited by Roger Johnson and Jean Upton." The Musgrave Papers, no. 7 (1994): 116.

71. ———. "Review--'The Baker Street Irregular: The Unauthorized Biography of Sherlock Holmes' by Austin Mitchelson." The Musgrave Papers, no. 7 (1994): 120-121.

72. Fish, Ronald E. "Sherlock Holmes--Freemason?" The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 5 (1999): 27-34.

73. Fouassier, E. "Sherlock Holmes, Watson and cocaine. A literary contribution to the history of drug addiction." Rev Hist Pharm (Paris) 41, no. 300 (1994): 65-70.

From 1887 to 1927, Conan Doyle devoted fifty-six short stories and four novels to the extraordinary investigations of Sherlock Holmes. Special passages from these works, gathered here in the form of long extracts, evoke the passion of the celebrated detective for cocaine and constitute rather generally an original sort of evidence on the emergence of drug addicts in Europe at the end of the 19th century.

74. France, F. Dennis. "Sherlock Holmes's Deductive Reasoning and the Medical Profession." Shoso-In Bulletin 9, no. (1999): 6-9.

75. Fry, Samuel Edwin. "The Influence of Mr. Sherlock Holmes on 20th Century Arctic Exploration." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 46, no. 3 (1996): 22-29.

76. Gibson, Brian Neil. "The Ploys of Sherlock Holmes." Canadian Holmes 21, no. 1 (1997): 6-17.

77. Goodrich, William D. "Sherlock Holmes: Shakespeare Scholar or The Game's Afoot." Baker Street Miscellanea, no. 76 (1994): 12-18.

78. Green, Joseph, and Peter Ridgway Watt. Alas, poor Sherlock the imperfections of the world's greatest detective (to say nothing of his medical friend). Beckenham, Kent, England: Chancery House Press, 2007.

LC Control Number: 2007390971. Includes bibliographical references (p. 355-370);

79. Hacker, Richard Carleton. The adventures of the singular pipes of Sherlock Holmes. S.l: s.n, 2004.

80. Hall, John. "Holmes and Lestrade." The Ritual, no. 22 (1998): 6-8.

81. ———. "Sherlock Holmes & A. J. Raffles." The Musgrave Papers, no. 12 (1999): 100-114.

82. ———. "The Sporting Achievements of Mr.Sherlock Holmes." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 46, no. 1 (1996): 43-51.

83. Hall, John, and Yuichi Hirayama. "Questions on Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 11, no. (2001): 25-31.

84. Hammer, David L. A dangerous game: being a travel guide to the Europe of Sherlock Holmes. 1st ed. Indianapolis, IN: Gasogene Books, 1997.

Scuttlebutt Jun 1997; "Is as delightful as his four earlier travel books (three devoted to Britain, and one to North America), and like the others it is a reasonable substitute for having the author himself as one's guide. But only reasonable, since he so obviously enjoys his journeys and his research, and it is easy enough to imagine how much fun it would be to join one of his expeditions. The book is written with style and humor, and recommended."

85. Harding, Terry. "The Development of Detective Policing in Victorian Times (and Sherlock Holmes' Contribution Thereto)." The Ritual, no. 22 (1998): 9-12.

86. Harrington, Hugh T. "The Birthplace of Sherlock Holmes." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 1 (1999): 17-19.

87. ———. "Sherlock Holmes's Mother." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 2 (1999): 4-5.

88. Healey, Tim. "'You Know My Methods' Musing on the Master: Some Correlations and Critical Comments." The Ritual, no. 21 (1998): 19-26.

89. Hedberg, Lloyd R., Jr. "The Decline and Demise of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson." Shoso-In Bulletin 14, no. (2004): 34-49.

90. Henley, Jon. "The Plot Thickens." The Guardian (Manchester), Oct 13, 1999.

"He was a wine connoisseur, spoke fluent, accentless French and was awarded the Legion d'Honneur. Then there's his marked resemblance to the French painter Horace Vernet. Could it be? Sherlock Holmes a Frenchman! Jon Henley takes on the case."

91. Higgins, W. W. "Henry the Fifth and Holmes: A Case of Affinity." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 45, no. 4 (1995): 215-220.

92. Hirayama, Yuichi. "Dental Aspects of Sherlock Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 10, no. (2000): 121-127.

93. ———. "The Master and 'Baritsu'." Shoso-In Bulletin 3, no. (1993): 61-62.

94. Hirayama, Yuichi, and John Hall. "Questions on Holmes." The Ritual, no. 28 (2001): 23-26.

95. ———. "Questions on Holmes." The Ritual, no. 26 (2000): 23-33.

96. Hobbs, Don. "The Birthplace of Sherlock Holmes." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 1 (1999): 27-30.

97. ———. "The Father of Sherlock Holmes." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 5 (1999): 41-42.

98. ———. "Who Was Sherlock Holmes's Mother?" The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 2 (1999): 26-27.

99. Hughes, Mel. "SH." Shoso-In Bulletin 8, no. (1998): 239-240.

100. Hunt, A. Godfrey. "Did Holmes Have a Family?" Shoso-In Bulletin 10, no. (2000): 63-65.

101. ———. "Holmes Is Arrested." Shoso-In Bulletin 10, no. (2000): 113-115.

102. ———. "How Did Holmes Use the Telegram?" Shoso-In Bulletin 13, no. (2003): 44-46.

103. Huret, Gaston Corday, III. "The Laughter of Sherlock Holmes (translated by Don Hardenbrook)." Shoso-In Bulletin 7, no. (2007): 182-187.

104. Hyder, William. "Holmes Away from Home: The Ins and Outs of Baker Street." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 54, no. 3 (2004): 16-22.

105. Iwamoto, Tsutomo. "Art in the Blood: A Portrait Gallery of Sherlock Holmes." The Nezire Zanmai International 1, no. (1991): 12-20.

106. J.C. "NB." TLS, no. 5352 (2005): 16.

Reviews several books. "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography," by Nick Rennison; "The Real Life of Anthony Burgess," by Andrew Biswell; "C U Next Tuesday: A Good Look at Bad Language," by Ruth Wajnryb.

107. Jain, Pragya. "Sherlock Holmes and Hercule Poirot: Two Faces of the Same Coin." Shoso-In Bulletin 6, no. (1996): 13-14.

108. Jewell, Donald Girard. The botanical Holmes a monograph on plants in the time of Sherlock Holmes, (The Sherlock Holmes natural history series). Westminster: Pinchin Lane Press, 1995.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 65-67) and index;

109. Johnson, Roger. "Review--'Holmes and Watson: a Study in Friendship' by June Thomson." The Ritual, no. 15 (1995): 47-49.

110. Jones, Watkin. The Case of the Scarlet Woman: Sherlock Holmes and the occult. London: Greenwich Exchange, 1999.

Scuttlebutt Mar 2000; "Involves Holmes and Watson with members of Aleister Crowley's Order of the Golden Dawn, and in an investigation of the occult and of a murder mystery."

111. Jordan, Anne. "Review--'Sherlock Holmes: Fact or Fiction' by T. S. Blakeney; '221B: Studies in Sherlock Holmes' by Vincent Starrett." The Ritual, no. 13 (1994): 47-48.

112. ———. "Was Holmes a Cab Driver?" The Ritual, no. 11 (1993): 8-12.

113. Kendrick, Stephen. "Zen in art of Sherlock Holmes." Utne Reader, no. (2000): 5p.

Focuses on the spiritual teachings of Sherlock Holmes, the fictitious [sic] investigator created by Arthur Conan Doyle. Holmes' ability to focus on details as a form of Zen; Spiritual principles used by Holmes in his work as an investigator.

114. Key, Jack D., Marc A. Shampo, and Robert A. Kyle. "Doyle, Holmes, and Watson--a 'Special' Trinity." Mayo Clinic proceedings 80, no. 6 (2005): 722-722.

"This article focuses on physicians Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, John Watson and William Sherlock Holmes. Arthur Conan Doyle was both a physician and a versatile author of historical novels, short stories, volumes of poems, plays, histories, science fiction, and publications on occult science. Holmes and Watson are 2 of the most immediately recognizable figures in popular culture. Their images have been adapted countless times for innumerable purposes. Biographical data concerning them can be drawn from the research efforts of Holmesian authorities. Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes, and John Watson were honored on a set of 4 stamps showing scenes from the adventures of Sherlock Holmes."

115. Klinger, Leslie S. "The Crimes of Sherlock Holmes." The Sherlock Holmes Review 5, no. 1 (1997): 27-30.

116. ———, ed. Life and Times of Mr. Sherlock Holmes, John H. Watson, M.D., Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and Other Notable Personages: A Table of Significant Events. Beverly Hills: Daypark Press, 1996.

117. ———. "On Sherlock Holmes's Money." New Baker Street Pillar Box 22, no. (1995): 26-28.

118. ———. Surveying the Missing Years: Studies of the Great Hiatus. Beverly Hills: Daypark Press, 1998.

119. ———. "What Do We Really Know About Sherlock Holmes and John H. Watson?" Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 54, no. 3 (2004): 6-15.

120. ———. "The Writings of Sherlock Holmes." Baker Street West 1 10, no. 2 (2004): 29-32.

121. ———. "The Writings of Sherlock Holmes." Baker Street West 1 3, no. 1 (1997): 23-26.

122. Knapp, Ronald. "The Religion of Sherlock Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 7, no. (1997): 62-69.

123. Kolodrubec, Alex. "Sherlock Holmes in Non-Scandalous Bohemia." Shoso-In Bulletin 14, no. (2004): 144-148.

124. Landis, David. "Holmes the Marksman: A Man and his Mettle." Shoso-In Bulletin 5, no. (1995): 94-96.

125. ———. "The Missing Years Revealed." Shoso-In Bulletin 4, no. (1994): 76-83.

126. ———. "The Political Faith and Practical Politics of Mr. Sherlock Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 3, no. (1993): 29-34.

127. ———. "Sherlock Holmes, the World's First Cognition Scientist." Shoso-In Bulletin 7, no. (1997): 170-176.

128. Leckie, Ross. "Sherlock Holmes : The Unauthorized Biography." The Times (London), May 20, 2006: 17.

Review of the book by Nick Rennison. "...What makes this book very good, though, is that Dennison (sic) sets his biography in its historical context. He explains the facts about the Irish Republican Brotherhood or Fenians, for example, and so helps us understand why Doyle's fictional Irish nationalist Moriarty was so difficult a problem. Weaving fact and fiction about fictional fact, this is ingenious, charming, informative and full of delight."

129. Leitch, Thomas. "Neither Fish nor Fowl." Kirkus Reviews 74, no. 18 (2006): 918-918.

The article reviews the book "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography," by Nick Rennison.

130. Lennon, Peter. "A French Hound on the tales of Holmes; Sherlock Holmes has been branded a failure by a French professor. This attack is bound to cause offence to all fans of the great detective." The Guardian (London), August 13, 1994: 23.

"A French academic has just published a merciless study of Sherlock Holmes, exposing the great sleuth's educational, social and politically incorrect failings, which is bound to cause deep offence among Holmes's touchy idolisers. Pierre Nordon, an editor of the Livre de Poche, scornfully lists Holmes's educational achievements. Knowledge of literature: none; of philosophy: none; of astronomy: none (he does not know the theory of Copernicus). While he admits the Baker Street private eye's knowledge of chemistry is 'profound', his anatomy is 'exact but spotty'. In politics he is 'feeble'...."

131. Levin, Alfred A. "Sherlock Holmes: The Chicago Connection." Shoso-In Bulletin 8, no. (1998): 13-18.

132. Lord, Graham. "Begorra, c'est elementaire, Miss Watson." The Sunday Times (London), May 19, 1996: 6.

"Sherlock Holmes has been claimed by the French, but could have been Irish - and what about the doctor? Sherlock Holmes was not only partly French he probably came from Ireland. Pukka chaps who believe the great Baker Street detective was 100% British were appalled to learn on Thursday that a new Paris exhibition claims Holmes as French and says his grandmother, Emilie Vernet, died on the guillotine during the French revolution. Now the secretary of the Sherlock Holmes Society of London, Commander Geoffrey Stavert, suggests the detective was an Irishman...."

133. Mason, Bill. "The Automation of Baker Street: Sherlock Holmes as Robot in Canon and Comics." The Holmes & Watson Report 5, no. 4 (2001): 25-30.

134. ———. "Between the Lines: Thoughts on Sherlock Holmes and Two Remarkable Women." The Holmes & Watson Report 1, no. 5 (1997): 28-32.

135. ———. Deeper shades the dressing-gowns of Sherlock Holmes and the psychology of color. 1st ed. Centreville, Va: B. Mason, 1998.

LC Control Number: 99180592. Includes bibliographical references;

136. Mason, Emma. "Dogs, detectives and the famous Sherlock Holmes." International Journal of Cultural Studies 11, no. 3 (2008): 289-300.

The celebrity of Sherlock Holmes is almost universally signified through the iconic silhouetted image of a deerstalker hat and smoking pipe, one that secures his fame as a popular detective from the Victorian period to our own. Despite his aloof and sometimes prickly behaviour on the page, Holmes remains a favourite with a diverse group of audiences, instantly likeable to his contemporary readers. This article will connect the fond regard in which Holmes' character was held in the nineteenth century to the detective's relationship with dogs. Using Donna Haraway's recent theorization of dogs as 'companion species' in her manifesto on otherness, the article will suggest that the Victorians regarded Holmes' sleuthing fame as inseparable from his respect for animal otherness, one with which he is identified throughout Conan Doyle's stories. In this respect, I argue, Holmes is a hudographical detective, his crimesolving powers rooted in his relationship with and to dogs. [Abstract from author]

137. Masters, Rosalind. "Review--'Some Knowledge of Baritsu' by Hirayama Yuichi and John Hall." The Ritual, no. 19 (1997): 64-65.

138. ———. "Review--'The Life and Times of Sherlock Holmes' by Phillip Weller and Christopher Roden." The Musgrave Papers, no. 6 (1993): 109.

139. McPhee, John A. Irons in the fire. 1st ed. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997.

LC Control Number: 96032358; Scuttlebutt Apr 1997. Contents: Irons in the fire -- Release -- In virgin forest -- The gravel page -- Duty of care -- Rinard at Manheim -- Travels of the rock; "John McPhee's essay 'The Gravel Page' (the title was taken from the Canon and included in this volume) originally appeared in The New Yorker, with a fine explanation of forensic geology, and acknowledgement of Sherlock Holmes' contributions to the science he invented."

140. Michaud, Rosemary. "Sherlock Holmes: Born in the USA." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 1 (1999): 25-27.

141. Mighall, Robert. "Sherlock Holmes." TLS, no. 5354 (2005): 26.

Reviews the book "Sherlock Holmes: The Biography," by Nick Rennison.

142. Mitchell, Andrea L. "New Books." Addiction 103, no. 2 (2008): 339-342.

The article presents a list of books published during the month of February 2008, including "Bacchus at Baker Street: Sherlock Holmes and Victorian Drinking Lore" by Patricia Guy. iUniverse, Inc. 2007, 150 pp, $13.95, ISBN-10: 0595455751, ISBN-13: 978-0595455751 (paperback)

143. Mitchelson, Austin. The Baker Street irregular: the unauthorised biography of Sherlock Holmes. Romford: Ian Henry, 1994.

Includes bibliographical references and index;

144. Morstein, Mona. "Sherlock Holmes and Homeopathy." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 52, no. 4 (2002): 46-54.

145. Moss, Robert A. "Sherlock Holmes, Paul Ehrlich, and Salvarsan." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 1 (1994): 20-24.

Observations and speculations on what Holmes did, in the nature of chemical research, during his retirement years on the Sussex Downs.

146. Narasimhana, Balajii. "Holmes and the Fair Sex." Shoso-In Bulletin 14, no. (2004): 61-62.

147. Nordon, Pierre. Tout ce que vous avez voulu savoir sur Sherlock Holmes ... sans l'avoir jamais rencontré. Paris: Le Livre de poche, 1994.

18 cm. Cover title: Tout ce que vous avez voulu savoir sur Sherlock Holmes sans jamais l'avoir rencontré. Spine title: Tout savoir sur Sherlock Holmes. Full-colour cover illustration of Holmes. Rozier-Gaudriault. Includes bibliography.;

148. Nossintchouk, Ronald. Sherlock Holmes : enquête privée, (Collection Criminales). Paris: E-dite, 2002.

21 cm. Includes bibliographical references.;

149. Nydell, Margaret. "Sherlock Holmes in Khartoum." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 51, no. 3 (2001): 5-13.

150. ———. "Sherlock Holmes Was an Arab." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 46, no. 2 (1996): 34-38.

151. O'Brien, James. "What kind of chemist was Sherlock Holmes?" Chemistry & industry, no. 11 (1993): 394-8.

Sherlock Holmes, one of the best-known and highly rated of all fictional detectives, appears to have been an avid, analytical chemist. His devotion to, together with the use of, the scientific method in his profession has a special appeal to scientists. Careful reading reveals that the detective referred to theory on 64 separate occasions and to hypothesis on 29 occasions. Abundant evidence exists to indicate that Holmes conducted studies in such varied fields as acetones, coal tar derivatives, barium compounds, blood testing, and gemstones. Holmes was probably an amateur chemist, rather than a real user of the science, and he never solved a case by chemical means. His knowledge of chemistry, his use of chemicals, and his entire lifestyle are the very factors that create the eccentricity that has kept the character of Sherlock Holmes alive for so long. .

152. Olding, Alan C. "Holmes and the Violin." Shoso-In Bulletin 12, no. (2002): 69.

153. ———. "Where Did Holmes Spend the Dark Days of World War Two?" Shoso-In Bulletin 14, no. (2004): 67-68.

154. Owen, Tim. "Aspics of Holmes." The Musgrave Papers, no. 8 (1995): 45-50.

155. Pai, Shraddha. "Holmes and India: More Than a Casual Connection." Shoso-In Bulletin 8, no. (1998): 84-92.

156. Parry, Rosemary C. "Always a Chivalrous Opponent: A Brief Study of Sherlock Holmes and Women." The Musgrave Papers, no. 6 (1993): 6-16.

157. Pearce, D. N. "Sherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle and cocaine." J Hist Neurosci 3, no. 4 (1994): 227-32.

158. Peters, Susan L. "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography." Library Journal 131, no. 15 (2006): 61-61.

This article reviews the book "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography," by Nick Rennison.

159. Petersen, Svend, Arthur Conan Doyle, Carl William Thiel, Karen Murdock, Frank Darlington, Edwin Christenson, and George A. Vanderburgh. Sherlock Holmes almanac. Shelburne, Ont: Battered Silicon Dispatch Box, 2002.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 371-374) and index;

160. Phelps, Percy. "Was Sherlock Holmes's Mother Indian?" Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 49, no. 1 (1999): 21-24.

161. Press, Charles. "On the Birthday of the Master." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 53, no. 4 (2003): 11-14.

162. Radford, John. "The Intelligence of Sherlock Holmes." The Musgrave Papers, no. 7 (1994): 43-48.

163. Rawlings, Ray. "Sherlock Holmes: Lawbreaker." Canadian Holmes 19, no. 3 (1996): 6-10.

164. Rennison, Nick. Sherlock Holmes: the unauthorized biography. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2006.

LC Control Number: 2006047665;

165. ———. Sherlock Holmes: the unauthorized biography. London: Atlantic Books, 2005.

LC Control Number: 2006361193. Includes bibliographical references (p. [253]-257) and index. Scuttlebutt Nov. 2005; "Rennison does not attempt to create a detailed chronology for all of Holmes' cases, and he dismisses some of the more fantastic Sherlockian scholarship as nonsensical; he also places Conan Doyle firmly in Holmes' world, which may be useful at a time when the general reader might be expected to know more about Conan Doyle than was true more than 40 years ago."

166. Rhea, Tina. "Sherlock's Mum, with Some Sidelights on His Sex Life." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 2 (1999): 8-10.

167. Rice, Susan. "Sherlock Holmes: Possessor or Possessed?" Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 49, no. 2 (1999): 19-25.

168. Richards, Antony J., Bryson Gore, Royal Institution of Great Britain, and Sherlock Holmes Society of London. Holmes, chemistry and the Royal Institution. Linton, Cambridgeshire: E. & E. Plumridge, Ltd, 1998.

Includes bibliographical references. Contents: Foreword / Antony J. Richards -- Acknowledgements / Bryson Gore, Antony J. Richards -- The Royal Institution of Great Britain : place of tradition and chemical genius / Antony J. Richards -- Sherlock Holmes : a study in chemistry / Antony J. Richards -- Chemistry is ... elementary / Bryson Gore -- Faraday and Holmes : two chemists, one character / Antony J. Richards -- Where did Holmes learn his chemistry? / Antony J. Richards -- Appendix A, Selected Royal Institution of Great Britain discourses of a Holmesian nature / Antony J. Richards -- Appendix B, South Foreland : more than just a lighthouse / Antony J. Richards;

169. Richards, Dana. "Science and Sherlock Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 9, no. (1999): 63-73.

170. Richardson, David. "Was Holmes an Apostle?" The Holmes & Watson Report 6, no. 1 (2002): 5-9.

171. Roden, Barbara. "Canonical Misconceptions Number Three: Holmes and the Ladies." The Ritual, no. 18 (1996): 32-37.

172. Ross, Billy E. "Sherlock Holmes: World Traveler or Master of Illusion (There Was Something Very Strange in all this)." Shoso-In Bulletin 4, no. (1994): 33-37.

173. Sayers, Dorothy L., and Richard Lancelyn Green. Studies in Sherlock Holmes. 1st separate ed. [London]: Privately printed for The Sherlock Holmes Society of London, 1996.

19 cm. Foreword / by R. L. Green -- Holmes' college career -- Dr. Watson's christian name -- Dr. Watson, widower -- The dates in The Red-headed League.;

174. Scott, Alison M. "Organizing the Brain Attic: Indexing the Commonplace Books of Sherlock Holmes." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 4 (1994): 199-203.

Presents some observations and thoughts on Holmes memory and his memory aids--his commonplace books and indexes--and how these might have been arranged or structured.

175. Seifert, Steven A. "Sherlock Holmes: Academic Toxicologist." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 51, no. 1 (2001): 23-27.

176. Senter, R. Joel. "Silver Blaze or Mr. Sherlock Holmes' Greatest Joke." Shoso-In Bulletin 5, no. (1995): 33.

177. Shreffler, Philip A. "Sherlock Holmes from Esthete to Icon." Baker Street Miscellanea, no. 75 (1994): 1-9.

178. Smith, Edward S., Jr. "Sherlock Holmes--Born May 4, 1854 'The Reichenbach Plan'." The Holmes & Watson Report 3, no. 5 (1999): 43-48.

179. Smith, Jonathan. Fact and feeling Baconian science and the nineteenth-Century literary imagination, (Science and literature). Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994.

LC Control Number: 94014014. Includes bibliographical references and index; "A scholarly discussion of the perceived (misperceived, in Smith's opinion) conflict between the scientific method and the arts. He finds interesting parallels (between Hutton's geological uniformitarianism and Eliot's The Mill on the Floss, for example), and the book ends with a chapter on Sherlock Holmes as a scientific detective. Smith explores the influence of Huxley, Tyndall, and Darwin on Conan Doyle and Holmes, and notes Albert Einstein's tribute to 'the admirable stories of Conan Doyle.'"

180. Snyder, Laura J. "Sherlock Holmes: scientific detective." Endeavour 28, no. 3 (2004): 104-108.

"Sherlock Holmes was intended by his creator, Arthur Conan Doyle, to be a 'scientific detective'. Conan Doyle criticized his predecessor Edgar Allan Poe for giving his creation -- Inspector Dupin -- only the 'illusion' of scientific method. Conan Doyle believed that he had succeeded where Poe had failed; thus, he has Watson remark that Holmes has 'brought detection as near an exact science as it will ever be brought into the world.' By examining Holmes' methods, it becomes clear that Conan Doyle modelled them on certain images of science that were popular in mid- to late-19th century Britain. Contrary to a common view, it is also evident that rather than being responsible for the invention of forensic science, the creation of Holmes was influenced by the early development of it." [Abstract from author]

181. Sobottke, Thomas M. "The Creative Sherlock Holmes: or, Was Holmes Really Right-Brain Dominant?" Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 45, no. 3 (1995): 167-173.

182. Solberg, Andrew L. "Prisoner of His Profession (Or an Anachronistic Socratic Dialogue on Holmes's Conservatism)." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 49, no. 4 (1999): 42-49.

183. ———. "Sherlock Holmes: Anti-Semite?" Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 51, no. 1 (2001): 35-41.

184. Spiegl, Fritz. Fritz Spiegl's Book of musical blunders and other musical curiosities. Parkwest, N.Y: Robson Books, 1998.

LC Control Number: 97066448; Scuttlebutt Jun 1997; "Includes a 8-page discussion titled 'Sherlock Holmes mistreats his mahogany violin' in which Spiegl concludes that Holmes was far less a musician than Watson made him out to be. Spiegl also notes that Holmes' violin must have been the most remarkable instrument ever to come out of the Cremona workshops: when (in 'The Norwood Builder'), 'during a fit of exasperation, Holmes 'flung down the instrument' into a corner, it came to no harm. It was 'made of mahogany'. Solid, no doubt.' But there's no mention of a mahogany violin in my copy of the Canon."

185. Stampe, Mia. "Vernet and Thorvaldsen: A Discussion of the Vernet Relation and an Artistic Connection with Danish Roots." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 52, no. 3 (2002): 42-49.

186. Stern, Madeleine B. "Sherlock Holmes, Bibliophile: Reconstructing Sherlock Holmes's Library." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 51, no. 2 (2001): 5-12.

187. Sveum, Richard J. "50 Years Ago." Friends of the Sherlock Holmes Collections Newsletter 5, no. 1 (2001): 3.

Discusses the 1951 book The Crowded Box-Room; the author, Theodore Blegen; and the printer, Emerson Wulling. "In 1951 there appeared a small book in blue wrapper with a silhouette of Sherlock Holmes on the cover. It was titled The Crowded Box-Room, Sherlock Holmes as Poet by Theodore C. Blegen, Charter Member of the Norwegian Explorers: Minneapolis and Saint Paul Chapter of the Baker Street Irregulars....This book was the first of many fine press publications written by the members of the Norwegian Explorers and printed by Emerson G. Wulling and his Sumac Press...." Includes a photograph of Blegen, Harry Truman, and Hubert Humphrey.

188. Takata, Gi-icharo. "The Model of Sherlock Holmes (translated and edited by Hirayama Yuichi)." Shoso-In Bulletin 13, no. (2003): 130-132.

189. Taylor, Charles. "Baker Street Regular." New York Times, Nov 12, 2006: 59.

"Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography. By Nick Rennison. 280 pp. Atlantic Monthly Press. $24. One of the more charming details in Nick Rennison's 'Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography' is that, until recently, a secretary at the Abbey National Building Society, located on London's Baker Street, was engaged to answer the letters written to Holmes. Letters to a fictional character? You can think of that as a mark of the gullible, or as the kind of thing people did in the bygone past. But Janet Maslin's recent New York Times review of Michael Connelly's latest thriller revealed that there exists today a number in Los Angeles where you can leave messages for Connelly's serialized detective, Harry Bosch. [Abstract from publisher].

190. Taylor-Ide, Jesse Oak. "Ritual and the Liminatily of Sherlock Holmes in The Sign of Four and The Hound of the Baskervilles." English Literature in Transition (1880-1920) 48, no. 1 (2005): 55-70.

191. Thomson, June. Holmes and Watson. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2001.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 286-288); "Scrupulously searching out the clues and uncovering all the shreds of evidence in the works of Arthur Conan Doyle, Holmesian scholar and crime writer June Thomson explores and illuminates one of English literature's most celebrated friendships in this fictional biography of the inscrutable sleuth Sherlock Holmes and his redoubtable companion, Doctor Watson. Speculative only when precise data is wanting, Thomson examines in striking detail the personalities of Watson and Holmes, traces the development of their partnership in crime detection, and addresses such long disputed issues as the possible homosexual implications of their relationship, Holmes's disappearance for three years, and the identity of the second Mrs. Watson.". "With theories as to the location of 221B Baker Street, the actual person of the King of Bohemia, the dating of The Hound of the Baskervilles, and other matters much debated by Sherlock Holmes experts, Thomson offers fans of the Great Detective a fascinating companion volume to Conan Doyle's tales. And for anyone who has enjoyed the Holmes stories in print or in their adaptations for film, television, and radio, she provides an engaging biographical account of the immortal literary friendship born of a bond between a sleuth and a physician that thrived for forty-six years."--Book jacket

192. ———. Holmes and Watson a study in friendship, (A & B crime). London: Allison & Busby, 2000.

Includes bibliographical references (p. 286-288);

193. ———. Holmes and Watson a study in friendship. London: Constable, 1995.

LC Control Number: 95203381. Includes bibliographical references (p. 286-288);

194. Took, Barry. "Some Thoughts on the Humour of Sherlock Holmes." The Musgrave Papers, no. 8 (1995): 12-18.

195. Ueda, Hirotaka. "Holmes and Bacon." The Nezire Zanmai International 2, no. (1992): 66-67.

196. ———. "Holmes and Newton." Shoso-In Bulletin 3, no. (1993): 59-60.

197. Vaught, Richard L. "Polytheism, Monotheism and Sherlock Holmes." Shoso-In Bulletin 6, no. (1996): 37-39.

198. Webster, Paul. "Sherlock's Own French Connection; France has claimed the top British sleuth as its own, reports Paul Webster." The Guardian (London), May 17, 1996: 15.

"The clues are so thick on the ground that even Dr Watson would have to exclaim: 'Elementary, mon cher Holmes, you have the blood, the brains and the flair of a Frenchman.' For the next three months, the French Sherlock Holmes Society will provide evidence from a dozen adventures to prove that the Baker Street sleuth would be several volumes short of an opus without his French ancestry and a fascination for Gallic art and science. At the opening of an exhibition in Paris devoted to Holmes's split loyalty, members of the society even made the bizarre claim that they had discovered a grave in the French capital where they believe the fictional character was secretly buried in 1957...."

199. White, Kathryn. "Sherlock Holmes was a Yorkshireman." The Musgrave Papers, no. 8 (1995): 23-28.

200. Wood, Peter H. "Sherlock Holmes, Arthur Conan Doyle and H. P. Lovecraft: Three Attitudes to the Spiritual World." Canadian Holmes 29, no. 1 (2005): 14-23.

201. Woods, Carol P. "Escott, the Peculiar Plumber or Holmes and the Housemaid." Shoso-In Bulletin 4, no. (1994): 96-98.

202. Wright, Henry James. "Sherlock Holmes: The Man, the Myth, the Magic." The Ritual, no. 25 (2000): 13-22.

203. ———. "Sherlock Holmes: The Man, the Myth, the Magic, Part II." The Ritual, no. 26 (2000): 5-13.

204. Wurl, Otto A. "Sherlock Holmes -- His Service to the Royalty of Great Britain." Shoso-In Bulletin 5, no. (1995): 81-86.

205. ———. "Sherlock Holmes -- The Other Side." Shoso-In Bulletin 4, no. (1994): 38-40.

06C Writings About the Writings -- Sherlock Holmes -- Knowledge of Bee culture (1)

1. Moss, Robert A. "Some Observations Upon the Segregation of the Queen." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 4 (1994): 226-232.

The author explores the "numerous intersections of organic chemistry and apian husbandry" in the work of Holmes during his time on the Sussex Downs, that "a significant portion of Holmes's Practical Handbook was devoted to apian chemistry," and speculation "upon the possible content and import of Holmes's observations upon the segregation of the queen."

06C Writings About the Writings -- Sherlock Holmes -- Knowledge of Music (1)

1. Staubach, Edward R. "The Polyphonic Motets of Lassus." Baker Street Journal: An Irregular Quarterly of Sherlockiana 44, no. 3 (1994): 169-172.

Some observations on Roland de Lassus, better known by his Italian name, Orlando di Lasso, and Holmes' interest in his music.

06C Writings About the Writings -- Sherlock Holmes -- Prototypes -- Dr. Joseph Bell and Others (20)

1. "Did Conan Doyle play Dr Watson, on the case with a real Sherlock Holmes?". Daily Mail (London), January 3, 2000: 27.

"Shortly before the black flag above the jail let the crowds swarming over Calton Hill know justice had been done, the condemned man made a remarkable request. Turning to Dr Henry Littlejohn, Edinburgh's chief medical officer who had come to witness the hanging, wife murderer Eugene Chantrelle said coolly: 'Give my compliments to Joe Bell. He did a good job in bringing me to the scaffold.' In 1878 the remark was widely reported, yet it remains a mystery. Joseph Bell was an eminent Victorian surgeon at Edinburgh's Royal Infirmary, who would amuse medical students by deducing the occupation of his patients from small clues in their appearance. This habit would later inspire a certain student called Arthur Conan Doyle to create the world's most famous detective in Sherlock Holmes. But could there have been more to it than that? Chantrelle's remark suggests Bell solved the murder, not those who took credit at the trial for proving the womanising alcoholic had disposed of his wife with a large dose of opium. If Bell was a real-life Sherlock Holmes, solving crimes that baffled the police, who was the real Doctor Watson who assisted in his secret detective work? The creator of a new BBC drama claims the model for Watson was Doyle himself, and that he and Bell were actively involved in solving crimes. In uncovering the evidence, screen writer David Pirie had to wrestle with mysteries that would have taxed even Holmes. Bell and Doyle were very private men and would in any case have been sworn to secrecy if they did special detective work for the Crown Office...."

2. "Relations of Literature and Science, 1991-1992." Configurations 2, no. 2 (1994): 373-431.

Includes references to Doyle and Holmes. Roden, A. E., et al. "Humanism and Values in the Medical Short Stories of Arthur Conan Doyle." South Med J 85 (May 1992): 528-537; Westmoreland, B.F. "Arthur Conan Doyle, Joseph Bell, and Sherlock Holmes: A Neurologic Connection." Arch Neurol 48 (1991): 325-329.; Oderwald, A. K. "The Physician and Sherlock Holmes." J R Soc Med 84 (1991): 151-152; Roszell, Calvert. "The Devil's Foot and the Dweller at the Threshold." BSJ 41 (1991): 100-103.

3. Addy, John. "Joseph Bell -- The Original Good Doctor." The Musgrave Papers, no. 7 (1994): 72-82.

4. Appleby, Louis. "Doctoring the evidence: Famed physician was model for Sherlock Holmes." The Ottawa Citizen, August 20, 1995: C2.

"...Our chief at that moment resembled no one more than Sherlock Holmes. No one, that is, except Joseph Bell. Bell was the most brilliant of Edinburgh's teachers of medicine in the second half of the 19th century, when that city's medicine led the world. Arthur Conan Doyle was among his students...."

5. Berry, John. "Program picks & pans." Library Journal 120, no. 10 (1995): 46.

Previews the American Library Association's 114th Annual Conference in Chicago, June 22-28, 1995, with reference to Doyle and Holmes. Ely M. Liebow (Dr. Joe Bell: Model for Sherlock Holmes); Let a Woman in Your Life: The Women in Conan Doyle's Life and Fiction. Sublibrarians Scion of the Baker Street Irregulars.

6. Cameron, Lucinda. "Sherlock Holmes and Amazing Case of the Doctor Who Inspired Him; Conan Doyle Archive Material to Go on show for First Time." Daily Mail (London), April 17, 2006: 28.

Discusses new exhibit in Edinburgh. "'A fantastically observant man' , he was a doctor rather than a detective, though he did wear a deerstalker hat and cloak. Dr Joseph Bell even used a magnifying glass, although it is not clear whether he ever smoked a pipe. Now, fascinating archive material about to go on public display for the first time has revealed just how much of an inspiration he was for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's famous detective...."

7. Cary, Alice. "Midnight Missions, Abducted Authors & Super Sleuths." Biography 5, no. 12 (2001): 26.

Presents a question-and-answer advisory relating to celebrities. Includes one Q & A dealing with Doyle and Holmes. "Q: Is the character Sherlock Holmes based on a real detective? A: Not a detective, but he is based on a real person--a Scottish surgeon named Joseph Bell. The young Arthur Conan Doyle studied with Dr. Bell at the University of Edinburgh Medical School in 1877 and later worked as his assistant. Whenever Bell met a patient, he would use his powers of observation and deduction to determine the person's medical problem before examination or questioning. Often Dr. Bell would startle patients by correctly guessing their habits, occupation, nationality, and sometimes even their name. Conan Doyle noted: 'Dr. Bell would sit in his receiving room... and diagnose the people as they came in, before they even opened their mouths. He would tell them details of their past life; and hardly would he ever make a mistake.' Conan Doyle dedicated The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes to his mentor and literary inspiration."

8. Chalmers, John. "You write the festival reviews." The Independent (London), August 7, 2006: 20.

Review of the exhibit in Edinburgh, "Conan Doyle and Joseph Bell: The Real Sherlock Holmes," Surgeons' Hall Museums. "This is a small but fascinating exhibition on Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his teacher, the surgeon Joseph Bell, who was his inspiration for Sherlock Holmes. Bell's ability to learn much about his patients simply from his powers of observation is legendary, and several examples are given in this show...."

9. Champkin, Julian. "Elementary! This is the real Sherlock Holmes." Daily Mail (London), May 20, 1999: 13.

"...And if that sounds like Sherlock Holmes, it is because the young medical student was Arthur Conan Doyle and his teacher was Dr Joseph Bell - the man who inspired the creation of the great fictional detective. But new research seems to show that Bell was rather more than just an Edinburgh doctor - he may have been a real-life detective....But now the BBC would have us believe otherwise. David Pirie, script editor for a BBC series on Bell to be shown in the autumn, claims to have evidence that Bell was not only a doctor when Conan Doyle met him - he was a consulting detective as well...."

10. Cohen, George. "Dr. Joe Bell: Model for Sherlock Holmes." Booklist 103, no. 16 (2007): 17.

Reviews the book 'Dr. Joe Bell: Model for Sherlock Holmes,' by Ely M. Liebow.

11. Donnelly, Brian. "Doors open free for St Andrew's Day." The Herald (Glasgow), November 14, 2007: 7.

"More than 60 of Scotland's top visitor attractions will open their doors free of charge on St Andrew's Day, it was announced yesterday. Castles, museums, gardens and abbeys from Orkney to Dumfries and Galloway will all take part in the initiative designed to encourage Scots and tourists to celebrate Scotland's heritage and culture. Culture Minister Linda Fabiani, announcing the joint initiative by the National Trust for Scotland, Historic Scotland and the Association of Visitor Attractions, said: 'St Andrews Day is a day to celebrate Scotland.'...Ms. Fabiani made the announcement at the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh which is hosting the Real Sherlock Holmes exhibition, one of the free attractions on St Andrew's Day....

12. Gibb, Eddie. "Alimentary." The Sunday Herald, January 2, 2000: 12.

"...The parallels between Bell and Holmes have been milked for all they are worth in a new two-part drama called Murder Rooms: The Dark Beginnings of Sherlock Holmes, which the BBC has high hopes it will be able to turn into a series. Think of a Victorian Inspector Morse with a heavy dollop of Edinburgh Gothic and you will get an idea of how this show looks. Much of the drama was shot in the narrow wynds of Edinburgh's Old Town and has a grim, claustrophobic feel that producer Ian Madden likens to the contemporary horror movie, Seven...."

13. Gordon, Greg. "The game's afoot." The Sunday Times (London), April 6, 2008: 4.

"With deer wandering by their windows and nothing but wild bird song to disturb them, Stephen and Carol Anne Brown thought they'd found their perfect rural idyll when they bought Mauricewood House 12 years ago. Little did they know that they had also purchased a piece of literary history. Selling agents may covet it on account of its accessibility, aspect and top notch amenities, but, for literary scholars, Mauricewood is better known as the home of Dr Joseph Bell, the Victorian physician credited with inspiring Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. Now for sale at offers over Pounds 1.1m, Mauricewood is a grand Victorian mansion set in wooded grounds of 3 acres at Milton Bridge, just nine miles from central Edinburgh. The house lies at the foot of the Pentland Hills, with woodland to either side of the approach road and open countryside beyond...."

14. Horne, Marc. "Letter makes real Holmes elementary." The Sunday Times (London), April 16, 2006: 13.

"He wore a deerstalker hat and cloak, frequently gazed through a magnifying glass and boasted a razor-sharp mind, but, as far as history can tell, he never smoked a pipe or uttered the immortal words: 'Elementary, my dear Watson.' A new archive to be displayed in Edinburgh this summer shows the remarkable extent to which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle drew inspiration for Sherlock Holmes from his cerebral university tutor...."

15. Kelleher, Terry. "Picks & Pans: Tube." People 53, no. 20 (2000): 31.

Reviews a number of television programs, including one with a Holmes and Doyle connection. Murder Rooms: The Dark Origins of Sherlock Holmes, PBS (Thurs., May 18 and 25, 9 p.m. ET) "To avoid frustration at the end, bear in mind that this intriguing two-part Mystery! is less a conventional whodunit than a piece of literary detective work. The mix of fact and fiction teams young Arthur Conan Doyle (Robin Laing)--the future creator of Sherlock Holmes--and his medical-school mentor Dr. Joseph Bell (Ian Richardson) in an investigation involving gore, mutilation, religious zealotry and an immoral philanthropist (Charles Dance). Though the murder plot has more than its share of complications, concentrate on Doyle's love for a fellow student (Dolly Wells) and his deepening relationship with the masterful Bell, an apparent Holmes prototype who believes in a rigorously rational approach to crime-solving."

16. Liebow, Ely M. Dr. Joe Bell model for Sherlock Holmes. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press/Popular Press, 2007.

LC Control Number: 81085520. Includes bibliographical references (p. 242-246) and index;

17. Mazzeno, Laurence W. "The Dark Water: The Strange Beginnings of Sherlock Holmes." Magill Book Reviews, no. (2007).

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is the hero of this fictionalized tale about his work with his mentor Dr. Joseph Bell to prevent a notorious serial killer from stealing a family's treasure in a remote English village.

18. McKuras, Julie. "100 Years Ago." Friends of the Sherlock Holmes Collections Newsletter 4, no. 3 (2000): 2, 8.

Provides information on 'The Making of Sherlock Holmes' by A.M. in the 1900 issue of The Young Man. Information is also given on Dr. Joseph Bell, one of Doyle's medical school professors in Edinburgh and a model for Sherlock Holmes.

19. Medow, Norma B. "Medical contributions of the Bell families span 2 centuries." Ophthalmology Times 28, no. 16 (2003): 16.

Focuses on the contributions of Benjamin Bell, a surgeon and his family to the field of medical practice in Scotland. Family history; Achievements in their medical professions; Recognition given in the field of medicine. Includes a passing reference to Doyle, Holmes and Joseph Bell. "...Benjamin had two sons, George and Joseph; a grandson, Benjamin; and a great grandson, Joseph, who carried the illustrious name of Bell well into the 20th century. Joseph Bell (1837-1911) was the teacher of Conan Doyle, who reportedly portrayed him as Sherlock Holmes...."

20. Rampton, James. "The Case of the Real Sherlock Holmes." Scotland on Sunday, December 19, 1999: 8.

"A woman and her young child were visiting an Edinburgh surgery in the 1870s. She was mortified when, within seconds, the doctor had deduced that she came from Fife, had travelled a certain route to the capital, worked in a linoleum factory and had dropped off an older child on the way. Does this supersleuthing sound familiar? It should do. This real-life incident involved Dr Joseph Bell, who is widely seen as the role model for the greatest fictional detective of them all, Sherlock Holmes. Bell was a dazzling lecturer and trailblazing forensic pathologist at Edinburgh University in the latter part of the last century. In 1878, he began teaching a young medical student named Arthur Conan Doyle. Doyle saw Bell as his mentor and became his clerk....Not much more is known about Bell's actual relationship with Doyle - many of the relevant papers have been locked away in an interminable legal battle that has been raging since the Forties. However, these skeletal facts have now been fleshed out by writer David Pirie to create Murder Rooms, a new two-part drama for BBC2...."



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