Introduction to The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 1 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 2 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 3 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 4 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes

 The Adventure of the Abbey Grange


C6133. -- A2265. Starr, H. W. "The Abbey Grange, or Who Used Eustace?" BSJ, 21, No. 4 (December 1971), 215-220, 223.

Mary Fraser deliberately married Sir Eustace Brackenstall for his money and then, with the connivance of her maid Theresa, decided to get rid of him and keep the money. For the killing, they protected themselves by working the love-sick Crocker into such a rage and into such a situation that he killed Eustace himself without the slightest notion that he was merely a tool. Holmes was at first taken in, then realized he could never convict the women, but by prosecution would merely ruin the fundamentally innocent Crocker. Thus he had been outwitted for the second time by a woman.


C6134. Brown, David. "Mary Fraser of Adelaide," NFTD, 4, No. 1 (March 1983), 1-4.

----------. ----------, BSJ, 35, No. 3 (September 1985), 147-152.

Mary Fraser missed "the freer, less conventional atmosphere of South Australia." This brief history of South Australia from 1850-1890 shows how truly conventional her homeland really was. At the same time it shows how South Australia shaped the remarkable character of the Adelaide girl, who became Lady Brackenstall.


C6135. Cochran, William R. "The Magic Wine Bottle," WW, 9, No. 2 (September 1986), 21-23.

In an article in P&D, Brad Keefauver notes that the level of the contents of the wine bottle in Abbe changes without any mention by Watson as to why. On one page Watson notes that the bottle is two-thirds full, and two pages later it is only one-half full. Is it possible that while Holmes and Watson were discussing the facts concerning Abbe, they were celebrating the publication of SixN? if so, maybe they used Brandy instead of wine. One-half from two-thirds leaves exactly one-sixth, a fitting tribute to Watson's effort in SixN.


C6136. Holly, Raymond L. "Picturesque Address," CHJ, 3, No. 9 (September 1981), 2-3.

"Some comments on the name `Abbey Grange.'"


C6137. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Chronology of `The Abbey Grange,'" WW, 10, No. 1 (May 1987), 19-21.

Reviews the dating of Abbe by the major chronologists.


C6138. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Mystery of Camden Place," CHJ, 5, No. 4 (April 1983), 2-7. illus.

Doyle must have read the account of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Bonar, who were murdered at Camden Place, Chislehurst, by their footman, Philip Nicolson, on May 31, 1810, and absorbed much of it, for the coincidences between this case and Abbe are too many to be dismissed lightly. The true account of the murder at Abbey Grange suggests that we accept Camden Place as the Canonical original.


C6139. Redmond, Chris. "`A Real Good Night's Work': Sherlock Holmes Meets the Divorce Laws," Q£$, 3, No. 2 (May 1982), 18-21, 25.

An interesting juxtaposition is brought to light in this article: the 1904 publication of Abbe and the early 1900's induction of Doyle as president of the Divorce Reform Union. According to the author, it is through Abbe and, in particular, the character of Lady Mary (Fraser) Brackenstall that Doyle expresses his personal thoughts and feelings about the public issue of England's archaic divorce laws. Further, Redmond asserts that the Australian Lady Brackenstall gives this story its real importance among the many works of Doyle. Through the terse dialogue of her character, a specific message is presented, and presented at a time when Doyle himself was caught between his responsibilities and loyalty to his invalid wife and his love for another woman.


C6140. Varriano, Sue. "Abbey Grange," TW, 2, No. 2 (1980), 3-5.

Mary Fraser committed the perfect crime and, in so doing, became the second woman to defeat Holmes.


 The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet


C6141. -- A2266. Shalet, Henry A. "An Apology Ode," Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Narberth, Pa.: Livingston Pub. Co., 1959. p. 55-56.

A tale in verse.


C6142. -- A2267. Simpson, A. Carson. "Whose Was It? Conjectures on a Coronet," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 2 (1957), 9-17.

The borrower of the Beryl Coronet is identified as H. R. H. Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.


C6143. -- B934. Fistell, Ira. "Some Notes on the Use of the Names Encountered in `The Beryl Coronet,'" NCTM, 1, No. 4 (Fall 1975), 10-11.

Examples of Watson's skill in the use of proper names.


C6144. -- B935. Fréchette, V. D., and J. R. Varner. "The Beryl Coronet -- Genuine or Counterfeit?" BSJ, 22, No. 1 (March 1972), 26-28, 42.

Fractological considerations are believed to have led Holmes to the conclusion that the coronet was not of gold and that the gems were synthetic beryls. Mary's symptoms of berylliosis are consistent with this interpretation and with Holmes's quick perception of her guilt.


C6145. Babur, Agha. "A Word to the Wisest," PP (NS), No. 8 (December 1990), 9-11.

In a letter to the Literary Agent, a "new Irregular" asks some pointed questions about irregularities in Bery and offers suggestions.


C6146. Brown, John. "In the Footsteps of Sherlock in Streatham," BSG, No. 7 (Summer 1993), 34.

The author of Sherlock Holmes in Streatham traces the possible location of Fairbank, and suggests that the senior partner of Holder & Stevenson may have been William Coulthurst.


C6147. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet,'" NS, No. 12 (September 28, 1982), 5-9.

A summary of the author's research on Bery. The case is dated February 22, 1884.


C6148. Eckrich, Joseph H. "BERY," The Parallelogram, 1, No. 2 (November 1991), 9-10.

An introduction to the Higher Criticism by the Commis-sionaire of PCofSTL.


C6149. Jenkins, William D. "The Beryl Coronet: Who Wore It?" BSM, No. 59 (Fall 1989), 24-25.

It is suggested that the beryl coronet was made for George Villiers, created Duke of Buckingham by James I in 1623. As narrated by Alexandre Dumas in The Three Musketeers, an amorous entanglement with Queen Anne, wife of Louis XIII of France, placed Buckingham in a difficult situation similar to that experienced by Alexander Holder, the banker and Holmes's client. In each case the situation was created by the reckless act of a woman in love. Each man had to repair an incomplete article of jewelry and restore it to a royal owner in less than a week. In each case the deadline was the following Monday. As Holmes commented in Vall: "Everything comes in circles ... The old wheel turns and the same spoke comes up. It's all been done before and will be again."


C6150. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Prince and the Coronet," WW, 10, No. 3 (January 1988), 21-24.

Holmes's illustrious client is identified as Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales, and the case took place in February 1886.


C6151. Kozinn, Sandy. "The Beryl Questions," PP (NS), No. 5 (March 1990), 17-20.

The Literary Agent makes a number of suggestions to Watson on making the true nature of the Beryl Coronet mystery even more obscure.


C6152. Martin, Tina. "The Weather in The Beryl Coronet," The Ritual, No. 4 (Winter 1989 , 5-6.

"Beyond the twists of the plot, Bery includes some points of interest -- both strengths and weaknesses -- connected with the weather. The strengths are in the descriptive passages, and in the use Holmes makes of the snow for his deductions."


C6153. McGee, Tom. "Reflections on The Beryl Coronet," BSJ, 39, No. 4 (December 1989 , 214-217.

Reflections is a jaundiced view of Watson's literary license. It is contended that Bery is fictional no matter what its inspiration. That is, if ever there were a set of circumstances roughly approximating those described, the description of Bery fantasizes such circumstances.


C6154. Oldberg, Richard. "A Fundamentalist View of the Canon," BSJ, 30, No. 1 (March 1980), 31, 34.

The author investigates two relatively minor points in Bery from a fundamentalist point of view.


C6155. Redmond, Kate Karlson. "The Literary and Factual Origins of The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet," BSJ, 39, No. 4 (December 1989),

This article examines the literary and factual origins that probably influenced Doyle in the writing of Bery. It owes considerable credit to the early 19th-century Gothic tradition in its overdramatic and heavily-charged emotional outpourings by the main characters, especially Alexander Holder. A true theft of a royal ring by the household's son, as recorded in the memoirs of former Chief-Inspector J.G. Littlechild, contributes to the distinctive details Sherlockians know this adventure by.


C6156. Speck, Gordon R. "What's in a Name in BERY?" The Parallelogram, 1, No. 2 (November 1991), 10-11.

Names in this and other cases "suggest understated or obscure aspects of character, provide clues to relationships otherwise undetectable, hint of the true identities of aliases, or add a subdued note of humor to surface seriousness."


 The Adventure of Black Peter


C6157. -- A2268. Daniels, Thomas L. "A Follow-Up Report on Black Peter," BSJ, 11, No. 3 (September 1961), 167.

During a trip to Norway the author hired a crew to operate three small whaling ships. Among the seamen was the grandson of the harpooner Patrick Cairns!


C6158. -- A2269. Swanson, Martin J. "Daniel Defoe, Deptford, and Doctor Watson," BSJ, 15, No. 4 (December 1965), 206-207.

Watson's literary style in this tale may have been influenced by Defoe's Journal of the Plague Year.


C6159. -- B936. Brody, Howard. "That Trip to Norway," BSM, No. 6 (June 1976), 15-17.

Holmes and Watson's trip to Norway, mentioned at the conclusion of Blac, may have been made in order to trace Neligan's yacht and, while in the same vicinity, view the famous Maelstrom, a gigantic whirlpool described by Edgar Allan Poe in "The Descent Into the Maelstrom."


C6160. Cochran, William R. "Erebus," WW, 11, No. 3 (January 1989), 10-14.

The article points out the similarities between the capture of Moran (Empt), Jefferson Hope (Stud), and the capture of Patrick Cairns (Blac). In all three cases the method of capture was, in a word, elementary. However, as is often the case with Conan Doyle, the tales which have the simplest of solutions often prove to be the most entertaining.


C6161. Coffin, James A. "The Adventure of Black Peter: A Murder, a Killing, or a Suicide?" BSJ, 43, No. 1 (March 1993), 20-24.

An alternative to the question posed in the original story -- whether it was a murder or a killing. The article creates a complete life for Peter Carey and also puts forth the thesis that it was a carefully planned suicide.


C6162. Holmes, Bruce. "C.P.R." [Dollard des Ormeaux, Quebec: Privately Printed, January 11, 1991.] 1 folded card (5 1/2 x 4-1/8 in.)

Illustration of a Paget drawing for Blac, with caption, "Holmes laid it on the table and examined it in his minute way...," and a postage stamp with the perforated letters "C.P.R." (Canadian Pacific Railway).


C6163. Huber, Christine. "The Legend of Black Peter," BSJ, 42, No. 4 (December 1992), 233-234.

The Canonical tale of Black Peter is, of course, a Sherlock Holmes detective adventure. But the historical legend of Black Peter is also a Christmas story. The tale begins with another individual, St. Nicholas. Nicholas was an early Christian bishop who lived during the fourth century. He became the patron saint of those who navigated the seas, as well as the bearer of presents for good children on feast day, December 6. His companion and counterpart was Black Peter, Zwarte Piet.


C6164. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Date of Black Peter," CHJ, 9, No. 8 (August 1987), 2-3.

The case occurred between July 10 and July 19, 1895 -- from the murder of Peter Carey to the arrest of Patrick Cairns.


C6165. Redmond, Chris. "Somewhere in Norway," SHR, 2, No. 2 (1989), 87-89.

Holmes says at the end of Blac that he is off to Norway. The reason is obscure, but may have something to do with the recovery of the missing securities.


C6166. Redmond, Donald A. "Another Look at the Names in `Black Peter,'" WW, 12, No. 2 (September 1989), 5-8.

Multiple possibilities of persons whose names were used for characters in Blac.


C6167. Senn, Fritz. "Carey Was His Name," James Joyce Quarterly, 24, No. 2 (Winter 1987), 214-216.

----------. ----------, BC, 4, No. 4 (May 1987), 2-3.


C6168. Speck, Gordon R. "`Black Peter' and a Cast of Stones," CHJ, 10, No. 3 (March 1988), 2-3.

A cluster of names meaning stone or rock enlarge and enhance the meaning in the case.


C6169. Thomalen, Robert E. ["Black Peter"], PP, 2, No. 3 (1979), 5. (Poet's Page)

"Poor Neligan, he nearly swooned / When he first saw Black Peter's wound."


C6170. Wesson, Sheldon. "The Crimes of The Adventure of Black Peter," BSJ, 32, No. 3 (September 1982), 153-155.

A discussion of the principal characters and crimes in Blac, which contains more crimes than any other Canonical short story. "It is the veritable vortex of a sinkhole of crime, the absolute peak of an abyss of crime, the positive nadir of the ascendancy of crime -- in short, a catalogue of criminal activity."


 The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier


C6171. -- A2270. Clum, Florence. "Prithee Why So Pale?" BSJ, 5, No. 4 (October 1955), 226-229.

A tale in verse.


C6172. -- B937. Beerman, Herman. "A Few Remarks About the Blanched Soldier," BSJ, 23, No. 3 (September 1973), 148-151, 155.

It is contended that Godfrey Emsworth, the Blanched Soldier, was suffering not from leprosy, not from ichthyosis (fish skin) but from vitiligo or leukoderma or pieblad skin. This thesis is predicated on the basis of dermatologic knowledge available to medical practitioners at the time of the incident and fortified by information developed since then.


C6173. -- B938. Hanson, C. W., Jr. "Some Remarks Upon Watson's Absence from `The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier,' or Hansen's Disease Revisited," More Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Lititz, Pa.: Sutter House, 1976. p. 151-160.

An instructive monograph on leprosy and its benign mimic ichthyosis (hansonitis) introduces the piece. Then the true reason why Holmes was forced to write his own account of Emsworth's terrible ordeal is disclosed. An entirely new side of Watson is presented, reaffirming our conviction that "here is a man indeed worthy of the affection and admiration we eagerly bestow."


C6174. -- B939. Silberman, Carl M. "A Short Monograph on The Blanched Soldier," BSJ, 23, No. 3 (September 1973), 152-155.

Godfrey Emsworth fears that he has contracted leprosy and hides from all visitors. Sir James Saunders, however, makes the diagnosis of ichthyosis and saves the day. But after considering the situation and the various diagnoses, including xeroderma, ichthyosiform erthroderma, pityriasis alba, and vitiligo, Dr. Silberman concludes that Saunders was mistaken. The disease that most closely matches the history and symptoms is a superficial fungal infection known as tinea versicolour.


C6175. Beam, Thelma. "Emsworth's Illness Was Conversion Hysteria," CH, 9, No. 1 (Autumn 1985), 7-9.

Godfrey Emsworth did not suffer from a physical disease but from an hysterical reaction to an earlier trauma, through which he developed symptoms of a disease that he most dreaded -- leprosy. Also discussed are several other cases of mental illness and nervous disorders in the Canon.


C6176. Eckrich, Joseph J. "Holmes and The Blanched Soldier." WW, 11, No. 3 (January 1989), 25-26.

A consideration of the many questions raised by this story, including why Holmes wrote it. The author concludes that it was Holmes's way of apologizing to Watson for his previous criticism.


C6177. Holly, Raymond L. "A Pythagorean Theory," BSJ, 37, No. 2 (June 1987), 81-86.

The facts and especially the figures presented by the Master lead to the discovery of a tune that may have been one of those favorite airs of Watson's which Holmes would play as a slight compensation for Watson's patience through an evening of careless scraping on the fiddle.


C6178. Holly, Raymond L. "Windows, Doors, and the Bridge of Fools," CHJ, 12, No. 9 (September 1990), 2-3.

A hidden reference in Blan, indicating a reference to Pythagoras, argues for the truth of the note in the Strand: "This is the first Adventure ever related by Sherlock Holmes himself."


C6179. Jackson, Robert. "A Case of Identity," Medition [University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine] (March 1978), 7.

Identifies Sir James Saunders as Sir Jonathan Hutchinson, a prominent British physician. With a photo of Sir Jonathan and a caricature by Spy (Sir Leslie Ward) from Vanity Fair/Men of the Day, No. 483, September 27, 1890.


C6180. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Date of `The Blanched Soldier,'" MPapers, No. 1 (1988), 28-29.

The case began on Wednesday, January 7, 1903. "Holmes cleared up the case at the 'beginning of next week' which, both Zeisler and Baring-Gould agree, would be Monday, January 12."


C6181. Redmond, Chris. "Disease Grips Him After Night in Strange Bed," CH, 8, No. 3 (Spring 1985), 15-17.

"Notes on `The Blanched Soldier.'"


C6182. Redmond, Donald A. "Something More of the Blanched Soldier," WW, 12, No. 3 (January 1990), 12-14.

Sources of names and other details in Blan.


C6183. Speck, Gordon R. "Holmes: The Man in His Humour," Q£$, 8, No. 3 (August 1987), 40-41.

Holmes elects to narrate dialogue and events of a humorous nature that reveal dimensions of his character often overlooked.


C6184. Thomsen, Robert J. "Holmes's Service for Sir James Saunders," BSJ, 41, No. 4 (December 1991), 230-234.

Sir James Saunders, who also practiced dermatology and published profusely under the name of Sir Jonathan Hutchinson, returned a favor to Sherlock Holmes. A study of the writings of Sir James Saunders reveals many reasons for a close friendship between Saunders and Holmes. It is concluded that Holmes's favor to Saunders had involved the intriguing case report of an American sea captain who was "accidentally" shot in the stomach, developed a usually fatal peritonitis, and miraculously recovered (Archives of Surgery II, 14, 1891).


 The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle


See also Holmes -- Eyesight


C6185. -- A2271. Arenfalk, Poul. "`...The Second Morning After Christmas...,'" IR, 2, No. 6 (December 1962), 1-3.

An explanation of why Watson delayed wishing his old friend "the compliments of the season" until after Christmas.


C6186. -- A2272. Beckemeyer, Doyle W. "Valuable Sherlockian Hunting-Ground," Illustrious Client's Third Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1953.] p. 135-140.

"By the process of elimination, the only blue gem that can qualify is a sapphire, which miraculously satisfies the `blue carbuncle' on all accounts."


C6187. -- A2273. Bergman, Ted. "A Most Valuable Institution," BSCL, No. 6 (1968), 17-22.

"Which daily paper did Henry Baker read?"


C6188. -- A2274. Bigelow, S. Tupper. "Barred-Tailed Geese," SHJ, 6, No. 4 (Spring 1964), 108-109.

A report on the author's correspondence with the Research Staff of Encyclopaedia Britannica and with Peter Scott, a world renowned ornithologist, concerning the existence of this species of geese.


C6189. -- A2275. Bigelow, S. Tupper. "The Blue Enigma," BSJ, 11, No. 4 (December 1961), 203-214.

A detailed examination of the errors committed by Watson and Holmes in "one of the best stories in the Sherlockian Saga."


C6190. -- A2276. Brend, Gavin. "The Route of the Blue Carbuncle," SHJ, 2, No. 4 (Winter 1955), 2-6.

----------. ----------, Seventeen Steps to 221b. [Edited by] James Edward Holroyd. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., [1967]. p. 100-105.


C6191. -- A2277. Christ, Jay Finley. "Henry Baker's Scotch Bonnet," BSJ, 13, No. 2 (June 1963), 86.


C6192. -- A2278. Christ, Jay Finley. "Sherlock Backs a Turkey," Sherlockian Studies. Edited by Robert A. Cutter. [Jackson Heights, N.Y.: The Baker Street Press, 1947.] p. 23.

"There was something askew with the carbuncle, blue, / Found in the crop of a goose!"


C6193. -- A2279. Dickensheet, Dean and Shirley. "The Profession of Henry Baker: A Minor Exercise in Application of Method," Illustrated by William Dixon. PD Annual, 1, No. 1 (1970), 36-40. (The Master's Corner)

A meticulous analysis of Henry Baker and his attire reveals that he was a uniformed guard or attendant at the British Museum and that Holmes did not bother to speculate on Baker's occupation because he had already seen him in the Libraries or Reading Room of the Museum.


C6194. -- A2280. Donegall, Lord. "`The Compliments of the Season,'" The New Strand, 1, No. 2 (January 1962), 155-158. (Baker Street and Beyond, No. 2)

A summary and discussion of the Holmesian Christmas story.


C6195. -- A2281. Iraldi, James C. "The Other Geese," BSJ, 4, No. 3 (July 1954), 156-159.

An accusing finger is pointed at Holmes for his failure to share the thousand-pound reward, offered for the return of the Blue Carbuncle, with Henry Baker and Peterson, who contributed to its recovery.


C6196. -- A2282. Judson, Ralph. "The Chemistry of `The Blue Carbuncle,'" BSJ, 9, No. 4 (October 1959), 243-244. (Two Critiques)

"Our famous detective appears to trip badly in his dissertation upon the nature of the Carbuncle."


C6197. -- A2283. Kasson, Philip. "The True Blue: A Case of Identification," BSJ, 11, No. 4 (December 1961), 200-202.

The precious stone Holmes referred to was not a blue carbuncle but the famous Hope Diamond.


C6198. -- A2284. Kimball, Elliot. "Chronology of The Blue Carbuncle," BSJ, 11, No. 4 (December 1961), 215-217.

Even though five scholars have dated this adventure 1889, the author insists it occurred on December 27, 1890.


C6199. -- A2285. Morley, Christopher. "The Blue Carbuncle, or The Season of Forgiveness," The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle. New York: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1948. p. 9-16.

----------. A Christmas Story Without Slush," The Ironing Board. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1949. p. 95-101.

C6200. -- A2286. Robertson, Allen, and E. J. C. "`Commuting a Felony': An Opinion from British Counsel," by E. J. C. "An Opinion from American Counsel," by Allen Robertson. BSJ [OS], 3, No. 3 (July 1948), 309-316.

Legal opinions on Holmes's intended meaning of "commuting," "committing," or "compounding" a felony in this tale.


C6201. -- A2287. Rosenberger, Edgar S. "`Twas the Second Morning After Christmas," BSJ, 21, No. 4 (December 1971), 196-199.

A tale in verse.

C6202. -- A2288. Smith, Edgar W. "The Story of the Blue Carbuncle," The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle. New York: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1948. p. 59-64.

"A chronology of the seventh short story, in the light of secular and canonical history."


C6203. -- A2289. Stix, Thomas L. "Un-Christmaslike Thoughts on The Blue Carbuncle," BSJ, 11, No. 4 (December 1961), 218-221.

The author takes issue with Christopher Morley and Edgar Smith for maintaining that this is the best of all Christmas stories.


C6204. -- A2290. Wells, Arlene S. "Christmas in Baker Street," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 3 (1958), 6.

"So, on this festive gala Day, / I hope your Christmas goose will lay, / As did that one so long ago, / A bright blue gem for you."


C6205. -- A2291. Zeisler, Ernest Bloomfield. "A Pigment of the Imagination," SHJ, 5, No. 2 (Spring 1961), 50-52.

A delightful article on the controversy which developed over a statement by "Mildred Sammons" in "A Line o' Type or Two" (Chicago Tribune [December 26, 1946], 10) that the blue carbuncle could not have been found in the goose's crop because a goose has no crop.


C6206. -- B940. Arenfalk, Poul. "From Dr. Watson's Literary Curiosity Shop: The Blue Carbuncle." BSCL, Nr. 11 (1973), 10-15.

Text in Swedish.


C6207. -- B941. Blau, Peter E. "`The Matter Is a Perfectly Trivial One...,'" More Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Lititz, Pa.: Sutter House, 1976. p. 167-173.

A detailed examination of the identity of the Blue Carbuncle, with a suggestion as to the irrelevance of discussion on whether geese have crops, and passing mention of Sherlockian humor.


C6208. -- B5930. Lellenberg, Jon L. "The Alpha Inn," BSM, No. 16 (December 1978), 19-22. illus. (The Sherlockian Baedeker, 9)

After reviewing the theories on the identification of the Alpha Inn -- the Museum Tavern (Christopher Morley and Charles O. Merriman), or The Plough (Gavin Brend and Anthony Howlett) -- Lellenberg makes out his own case for the Museum Tavern.


C6209. -- B942. Sohl, John P. "Sherlock Holmes's Knowledge of the Goose," The Honker, 1, No. 2 (December 1977), 3-8.

Holmes became an authority on geese through practical observation and by reading books, particularly Winwood Reade's novel, in three volumes, entitled Liberty Hall, Oxon: A Story of Colleges (London: Skeet, 1860). Chap. 3, entitled "Goose," is reprinted therein. It is also suggested that Reade and Holmes attended the same college; namely, Magdalen Hall (now Hertford College), Oxford University.


C6210. Ballinger, James R. "The Blue Carbuncle." Words and music by James R. Ballinger. Illustration by Kathleen Gabriel. Toronto, Ontario: Information Research Publishing/for David and Ann Skene-Melvin, January 6, 1982.

Produced in a limited edition of 500 numbered copies for distribution at the 1982 dinners of the ASH and BSI, January 8, and The Bootmakers of Toronto, January 30.

"The Blue Carbuncle disappeared from Countess Morcar's room / John Horner, a young plumber, was arrested very soon / The witnesses were a hotel clerk and the Lady's maid / 'Innocent I am!' said Horner, and the Blue Carbuncle missing stayed."


C6211. Bliss, John. "The Night Before Christmas," MSB, 4, No. 3 (December 1980), 2.

----------. ----------, MSB, 5, No. 8 (December 1982), 4.

A tale in verse.

"'Twas the night before Christmas / And down Baker Street / Could be heard the Commissionaire / And his irregular feet."


C6212. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle,'" NS, No. 6 (December 9, 1980), 13-14.

December 27, 1889, is biorhythmically consistent with the internal chronological evidence and must be accepted as the date of the case.


C6213. Dalton, Susan. "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle: `Merry Christmas, Sherlock Holmes,'" DC, 4, No. 2 (April 1991), 3-5.

In this case Holmes shows a spirit that is uncommon in his other cases. He shows the true meaning of the holiday season by giving a gift of some kind to almost every person involved.


C6214. Eckrich, Joseph J. "`Tis the Season?" WW, 11, No. 1 (May 1988), 20-22.

Christopher Morley was wrong in believing A Christmas Carol and "The Blue Carbuncle" are both Christmas stories, and thus comparable on that basis. "We should enjoy A Christmas Carol for the beautiful and sentimental Christmas story it is, and we should enjoy Blue for what it is -- an excellent Sherlock Holmes story."


C6215. Galbo, Thomas S. "The First Adventure of The Blue Carbuncle," BSJ, 36, No. 4 (December 1986), 203-256-.

Using the conversations and details contained in the recorded adventure of Blue, the author proposes the theory that Holmes had been involved in an earlier professional inquiry concerning the Blue Carbuncle some time before it was found inside Henry Baker's goose by Peterson, the commissionaire.


C6216. Green, Benny. "And Did Those Feet ... ?" What's On in London (August 28, 1981), 14. (My Kind of Town)

"I sometimes wonder if Conan Doyle ever took a look at that `labyrinth' behind Tottenham Court Road."


C6217. Knoblauch, Roberta. "`This Is Treasure Trove Indeed,'" SHJ, 18, No. 3 (Winter 1987), 86-87.

"An examination of the precious stone."


C6218. Lachtman, Howard. "Rose Red, Carbuncle Blue," BSJ, 31, No. 4 (December 1981), 238.

"From steamy Amoy to frosty London, the devil's pet bait / weds Father Christmas and Mother Goose in whimsical fate ..."


C6219. Logan, Carole. "The Poor Little Matchmaker," CH, 14, No. 2 (Winter 1990), 19.

A song parody to be sung to the tune of "Matchmaker, Matchmaker" from Fiddler on the Roof.

"Sherlock Holmes, Sherlock Holmes, / Find me a clue -- / Countess Morcar's / Carbuncle blue."


C6220. Loos, William H. "For Want of a Comma; or, Pitfalls of Punctuation in the Canon. CN (NS), 5, No. 2 (July-December 1982), 4-7.

Both The Annotated Sherlock Holmes and The Encyclopaedia Sherlockiana list the seven newspapers mentioned by Holmes in Blue. However, because of a missing comma between Evening News and Standard (Evening News Standard [sic]) in Doubleday's The Complete Sherlock Holmes, there appear to be only six newspapers.


C6221. McQueen, Ian. "Holmes the Felon?" SHJ, 14, No. 3-4 (Summer 1980), 88-90.

Examines the use or misuse of the word "committing" ("I suppose I am committing a felony") in the Murray-Cape edition of Adventures, 1974; John Horner's unjust incarceration; the overcooked and cold woodstock Watson had for supper; and the substitution of "apartment" for "compartment" that first occurs in the John Murray omnibus collection of short stories (1928).


C6222. Meyer, Charles A. "Some Thoughts Out of the `Blue,'" NS, No. 23 (July 16, 1985), 4-6; 8-10.

A double attempt to identify the chemical composition of the blue carbuncle. It is suggested that (1) the blue carbuncle was a garnet containing neodymium impurities resulting in a blue color, or (2) that it was a diamond originally in the shape of a castor bean part -- a "caruncle."


C6223. Morley, Christopher. "A Christmas Story Without Slush," Reminiscences of the Fall Gathering of The Pleasant Places of Florida. Parrish, Fla.: Ben Wood, December 1988. p. 7-12.

First published as an introduction to the BSI's first publication The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle in 1948.


C6224. Morley, Christopher. "A Christmas Story Without Slush," ND (October 1992), 6-8.

Reprinted from The Standard Doyle Company, by Christopher Morley.


C6225. Payne, Malcolm. "Was Sherlock Holmes That Brilliant?" DC, 4, No. 2 (April 1991), 6-9.

Mycroft finds flaws in his brother's deductions about Henry Baker's hat.


C6226. Pratte, Pierre. "The Blue Carbuncle: A Question of Identity," WW, 12, No. 3 (January 1990), 31-32.

This article proposes that the blue carbuncle was in reality a polished carbuncle-shaped piece of blue jade. Although only recently discovered in Utah, it is conceivable that the Mormon's discovered a cache of blue jade, and thinking the gem was heaven-sent, presented bits of it to various foreign dignitaries such as to an Oriental monarch. In any event, a story arose about the stone's origin and it eventually became the property of the Countess of Mocar. Perhaps Enoch Drebber (Stud) made his wealth by selling such a rare gem. The value of the gem indicates that it is priceless, which blue jade certainly is.


C6227. Pratte, Pierre. "A Question of Anatomy," WW, 12, No. 3 (January 1990), 29-30.

There is some confusion concerning a goose's anatomy. After dissecting a goose, Pratte, a veterinarian, discovered that it does not have a crop. Dr. McKune of the University of Missouri Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, confirmed Pratte's findings. The oesophagus of a goose is a candidate. A goose, therefore, has a physiological crop rather than an anatomical one. The gem was probably found in the proventriculus. Peterson's wife may have called this organ a crop. Her husband repeated the term, which Watson recorded.


C6228. Redmond, Donald A. "After-Christmas Blues: A Further Goose-Chase?" WW, 13, No. 3 (January 1991), 8-12.

Possible sources for the names of Henry Baker, John Horner, John Robinson, James Ryder, Breckinridge, Cusack, Morcar, and Oakshott, and a source for the goose's crop.


C6229. Rice, Susan. "Compliments of the Season," BSJ,, 35, No. 4 (December 1985), 237.

"The two men settle deeper in their chairs / As cold and dark stand on the windowsill. / The tall man draws in smoke and then declares, / `I've missed you, Watson'; then the room is still. / It seems so little for a friend to say. / It was the greatest gift that holiday."


C6230. Risley, Randall K. "Dating `The Blue Carbuncle,'" CHJ, 3, No. 12 (December 1981), 2-4.

Items published in issues of The Times during 1887 appear to support Baring-Gould's claim that the story took place in 1887, not 1889 (Christopher Morley et al) or 1890 (Elliot Kimball et al).


C6231. Risley, Randall K. "Fowl Thoughts on `The Blue Carbuncle,'" CHJ, 4, No. 12 (December 1982), 2-4.

The author is now convinced that the story occurred in 1890. He also identifies Henry Baker as Henry Barker and quotes an account of Barker's arrest (The Times, February 4, 1887).


C6232. Speck, Gordon R. "Carbuncle, Christmas, and the Bloomsbury Tales: Holmes as Wise Man," BSJ, 35, No. 4 (December 1985), 228.

The religious-Christmas motifs -- star and Canterbury Tales allusions -- are examined in this seasonal case that concludes with a "near miracle": Holmes allows a felon to escape.


C6233. Speck, Gordon R. "The Case of the Commissionaire: The Commissionaire in the Case," CHJ, 8, No. 1 (January 1986), 2-3.

"Commissionaire Peterson stands several rungs above his nominal peers on the ratings ladder. Not only does he attempt to assist the beleaguered Henry Baker, but he also promptly brings Baker's hat and goose to Holmes."


C6234. Speck, Gordon R. "God Rest Ye, Merry Gentlemen," WW, 12, No. 1 (May 1989), 22-23.

The effect of late Christmas revels on the family life of Henry Baker, and Commissionaire Peterson reconsidered.


C6235. Speck, Gordon R. "Mother Goose and the Blue Carbuncle," Q£$, 8, No. 4 November 1987), 56-57.

Echoes of Mother Goose rhymes in Blue.


C6236. Swift, Wayne and Francine. "The Bay Carbuncle," BSJ, 43, No. 2 (June 1993), 91-95.

A reference to a horse called "Carbuncle," purchased by W. C. Whitney as a mount for "Sydney" [sic] Paget (Harper's Weekly, August 31, 1901), has no Sherlockian significance. The horse was not named for "The Blue Carbuncle" and the rider is not the misspelled illustrator.


C6237. Williams, Newton M. "There Were So Many Newspapers in London," CHJ, 7, No. 3 (March 1985), 3-4.

Three variations in the list of newspapers in which Holmes asked Peterson to place advertisements in Blue are found in various editions of the Canon.


 The Boscombe Valley Mystery


C6238. -- A2292. Baxter, Alfred W. "The Incident of the Grey Cloth," VH, 3, No. 2 (April 1969), 2-7.

The gray object James McCarthy reported seeing in the ground as he ran toward his dying father was not a coat but the giant rat of Sumatra; and Charles McCarthy died, not by the hand of his son, but from the head wounds he received when leaping back against a tree at the sight of this huge gray rat.


C6239. -- A2293. Bigelow, S. Tupper. "Was It Baxter?" SHJ, 7, No. 4 (Spring 1966), 125-126.

An attempt to identify the Baxter whom Holmes was thinking of when he uttered his famous sentence, "There, but for the grace of God, goes Sherlock Holmes." (A commentary by Nathan Bengis appears in Vol. 8, p. 67.)


C6240. -- B943. Hearn, Otis. "Undertones of Boscombe Valley," BSJ, 28, No. 1 (March 1978), 36-40.

How Watson interwove references to Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) and George Meredith with the story.


C6241. -- A2294. Jaffee, Irving L. "`The Boscombe Valley Mystery,'" Elementary My Dear Watson. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Theo. Gaus' Sons, [1965]. p. 55-56.


C6242. -- B944. Jaffee, Mary Lindsley. "The Hundred Percent Solution," SM, 3, No. 4 (August 1975), 4-5.

"Oh, this is the ballad of Patience Moran, / The lodge keeper's daughter, who early began / To fight to secure James McCarthy, her man, / Who never deserved this remarkable kid."


C6243. -- B945. Jaffee, Mary Lindsley. "Patience Moran Meets Jack the Nipper," PD (NS), 3, No. 1 (1975-1976), 34-36.

"A hitherto unknown episode in the life of Patience Moran, the actual killer of Charles McCarthy, as proved in the Moriarty Papers, discovered under the Arco Building. After the murder, Patience went to India as a missionary, and married a fabulously wealthy Rajah."


C6244. -- B947. McCormick, Kevin. "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," CH, 2, No. 2-3 (September 1978), 8-9.

Questions whether Holmes's techniques in examining footprints and a rock were valid or an exaggeration on the part of Watson.


C6245. [Avery, Delos.] "Anstruther," by Jinks. Chicago Tribune (October 2, 1948), 10. (Rhymes and Remnants)

----------. ----------, BSM, No. 34 (Summer 1983), 18.

"Tho Sherlock's incredible legend / Is written in letters of flame, / I'm telling you, brother, except for Anstruther / You'd never have heard of his name."


C6246. Burr, Robert C. "But What About the Blood, Holmes?" BSJ, 39, No. 2 (June 1989), 75, 78.

Sherlock Holmes errs egregiously in Bosc when he fails to ascertain the presence or absence of blood on the two possible murder weapons -- James McCarthy's gun and the stone found near Boscombe Pool.


C6247. Cochran, William R. "Reflections on Boscombe Pool," CHJ, 1, No. 8 (August 1979), 2-3.

The implausible story of James McCarthy provides another opportunity for Lestrade to overlook minute details. The same account prompts Holmes to consider his innocence.


C6248. Coghill, Bob. "A Boscombian Rhyme," CH, 10, No. 4 (Summer 1987), 15-17.

Tries to make some sense of this sad tale in rhyme.


C6249. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of The Boscombe Valley Mystery," NS, No. 7 (March 31, 1981), 6-8.

A summary of the author's research on Bosc. The case is dated June 8-9, 1889.


C6250. Dandrew, Thomas. "Silas Marner in the Boscombe Valley," BSM, No. 42 (Summer 1985), 1-5.

Because of several similarities in theme and plot between Bosc and George Eliot's Silas Marner, the author suggests that Doyle was influenced -- knowingly or otherwise -- in writing Bosc by this earlier classic novel.


C6251. Eckrich, Joseph J. "The Mystery in Boscombe Valley," CHJ, 10, No. 12 (December 1988), 2-3.

There is trouble in Watson's home. He is pale and dishevelled and his marriage is only one month old. Is it because his wife has discovered that Violet Hunter is, in fact, her husband's daughter?


C6252. Epstein, Marvin P. Sherlock Holmes. [Montclair, N.J.: Privately Printed, Christmas 1981.] 1 folded card.

Limited to 221 signed copies.

Reproduction of an original sketch of Holmes and the beginning of a versification of Bosc by Edgar W. Smith, with an introductory note by Dr. Epstein.


C6253. The Franco-Midland Hardware Company. Annual Report 1993: The Boscombe Valley Contract. Edited by Philip Weller. Fareham, Hampshire: Sherlock Publications, March 1993. 42 p.

Contents: 1. The Managing Director's Report, by Philip Weller. -- 2. Bosciology: Some Considerations of the Bibliography of BOSC, by Philip Weller. -- 3. Some Literary Aspects of BOSC, by John Hall. -- 4. The Characters of BOSC, by Mark Hunter-Purvis -- 5. The Boscombe Valley History, by Carol Whitlam. -- 6. Rambles Round-Ross: Some Geographical Considerations, by Philip Weller. -- 7. Boscfactual Quiz, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 8. A Brief History of Ballarat, by Alan C. Olding. -- 9. The Official Forces in BOSC, by Martin Milburn. -- 10. Boscfactual Quiz Answers, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 11. Was John Turner Right? by Jane Hinckley- -- 12. The Appealing Character of Alice Turner, by Elizabeth Quinn. -- 13. Attempted Parricide, by Artem Lozynsky. -- 14. The Annual Quiz 1993: Water, Water, Everywhere, by John Shields. -- 15. Down in the Valley, by Philip Weller. -- Drawing by Sidney Paget.


C6254. The Franco-Midland Hardware Company. Interim Report 1993: The Boscombe Valley Contract Reviewed. Edited by Philip Weller. Fareham, Hampshire: Sherlock Publications, November 1993. 50 p.

Contents: The Managing Director's Report, by Philip Weller. -- On the Need for Cabs and Helpful Neighbours, by Antonio Iriarte. -- Boscombe Byways, by Philip Weller. -- Black Jack of Ballarat, by Peter White. -- Ballarat Revisited, by Alan C. Olding. -- And Now?--Ballarat, by John Hall. -- Modus Boscandus, by Philip Weller. -- Blind Date, by John Weber. -- Watsoniana--A Stroke of Bad Fortune, by Peter White. -- A Good Forage, by Tabatha Reed. -- Some Questions of Timing, by Antony Richards. -- Some Answers on Timing, by Philip Weller. -- The Case for the Defence, by Paul Spilsbury. -- A Boscombe Ballad, by Catherine Saunders. -- Happily Ever After? by Teresa Doheney and Brian Scrivener. -- Sherlock Holmes--Linguist, or How Do You Say "Yoohoo" in Aborigenes? by Robert J. Bousquet. -- And Now Let Us Talk About George Meredith, by Philip Weller. -- The Annual Quiz 1993--The Answers: Water, Water, Everywhere, by John Shields.


C6255. Galerstein, David H. "Turner-McCarthy," BSJ, 34, No. 4 (December 1984), 244. (Letters to Baker Street)

On further analysis of Bosc it is shown that Alice Turner had to be aware of the fact that it was only her father who could have had an appointment with McCarthy senior,and she realized that her father was the only person who could have committed the murder. She insisted that Lestrade call in Holmes because she believed that the Master was the only one who could manage to prove young McCarthy innocent and at the same time direct attention away from her guilty father.


C6256. Mendelson, Abby. "Mycroft's Musings," ND (July 1979), 4.

----------. ----------, ND (June 1992), 7.

Ten reasons why Bosc is one of the best Canonical tales.


C6257. Olding, Alan C. "Ballarat Revisited," NFTD, 9, No. 2 (June 1988), 5-6.

----------. ----------, MSB, 11, No. 4 (Mid-Summer 1988), 4-5.

Holmes's distaste for blackmailers seems to have clouded his judgement in dealing with the murderer of Charles McCarthy. Turner was in fact a multiple murderer and thief, by his own admission, who glossed over his years as a bushranger. The author believes that Holmes's sympathy, expressed at the conclusion, is sadly misplaced.


C6258. Redmond, Chris. "In Praise of The Boscombe Valley Mystery," BSJ, 31, No. 3 (September 1981), 170-174.

Bosc is one of the best of all the Canonical tales and, as Redmond admirably demonstrates, it is also one that more than almost any of the others is responsible for our picture or mental model of Holmes.


C6259. Redmond, Donald A. "A Little Less Mystery in The Boscombe Valley," WW, 13, No. 2 (September 1990), 10-14.

Sources are suggested of personal names, including Anstruther and Willows, the cry of "Cooee," and the barometer reading of 29.


C6260. Schreiber, W.E. "`The Boscombe Valley Mystery,'" CHJ, 1, No. 9 (September 1979), 2-3.

A brief paper concerning the "more mundane points" in this adventure; e.g., after wadding newspapers into a ball, Holmes quickly finds a specific article.


C6261. Schweickert, William P. "A Question of Barometric Pressure," BSJ, 30, No. 4 (December 1980), 243-244.

The author points out Holmes's misinterpretations of barometric readings, his rude treatment of Watson and Lestrade in Bosc, and suggests that his actions were caused by the effects of low atmospheric pressure upon Holmes's cocaine sensitized system.


C6262. Sisson, David M. "Boscombe Valley -- A Prosaic Commentary," CN (NS), 4, No. 1 (January-June 1981), 14-16.

"Westward heading, Sherlock read as the train / sped. Reading past Reading, old McCarthy / was dead. Young Jimmy had his dad, / or so the papers said. / He killed this bossy / Aussy -- bashed him in the head."


C6263. Speck, Gordon R. "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," DC, 5, No. 3 (July 1992), 3-4.

"Into the Boscombe Valley of Solemn Promises: Allusions and Illusions."


 The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans


C6264. -- A2295. Arenfalk, Poul. "Where Is the Key of the Key-Mystery of `The Bruce-Partington Plans?'" IR, 1, No. 4 (September 1961), 1-4.

C6265. -- A2296. Brend, Gavin. "The Man from Campden Mansions," BSJ, 2, No. 3 (July 1952), 136-137. (Baker Street Doggerel)

"O gone are the days when I used to dine / With Eduardo Lucas and Oberstein." Monsieur Louis La Rothiére.


C6266. -- A2297. "The Bruce-Partington Keys," SHJ, 2, No. 2 (December 1954), 14-15.

An exchange of letters between R. Kelf-Cohen and Paul Gore-Booth and a comment from Felix Morley on the mystery of the keys.


C6267. -- A2298. Callaway, J. S. "An Enquiry Into the Identity of the Bruce-Partington Submarine," BSJ, 21, No. 3 (September 1971), 151-153. illus.


C6268. -- A2299. Crump, Norman. "Inner or Outer Rail?" SHJ, 1, No. 1 (May 1952), 16-23.

A consideration of whether the body of Arthur Cadogan West was placed on the roof of an inner- or outer-rail circle train.


C6269. -- A2300. Morrow, Daniel. "What Were the Technical Papers, Mycroft?" SS, 1, No. 1 (January 1971), 2-4.

A discussion of the B-P plans and the state of submarine development in England during the 1880's and 1890's.


C6270. -- B5931. Schweickert, William P. "Aldgate, a Victorian Watergate," BSJ, 29, No. 1 (March 1979), 31-34.

The author develops the striking similarity between the illegal break-in by Holmes and Watson as told in Bruc and the Ellsberg break-in of the Watergate scandal, including the purloining of top secret documents and the involvement of the highest levels of government.


C6271. Buck, Jeremy. "The Underground Detective," Underground News [London Underground Railway Society], No. 238 (October 1981), 232-233.

----------. ----------, SM, 10, No. 4 (1986), 12-13.

In all of the sixty accounts of Holmes's published cases, the Underground is only mentioned four times -- in Stud, RedH, Bery, and, most important, in Bruc, which is discussed in some detail.


C6272. Butler, Andrew. "A Favourite Story -- Bruc," SR, No. 13 (Summer Term 1993), 6.

"All-in-all, the combination of an outré mystery and a number of familiar elements make this a quintessential Sherlock Holmes short case."


C6273. Crelling, Jack. "The Mystery of the Bruce-Partington Plans," CHJ, 10, No. 6 (June 1988), 2-3.

The plans were actually for a steam turbine driven PT boat.


C6274. Garbutt, Paul E. "When Sherlock Holmes Investigated...The Great Underground Mystery!" London Transport Magazine (August 1964), 10, 30-31. illus.

----------. ----------, SM, 10, No. 4 (1986), 14-16.

London Transport's assistant secretary and works officer has written an informative account of the vital part the Underground played in one of Holmes's most successful cases.


C6275. Ludwig, James. "Who Is Cadogan West and What Is He to Mycroft?" BSJ, 39, No. 2 (June 1989), 102-107.

This article demonstrates the Master's compulsion for the letter "M" in the story, applies mathematical manipulations to resolve proper names to "M" and its derivative, and proposes an anagram of Cadogan West based upon the post-Sherlockian discovery of the planet Jupiter.


C6276. Warner, Richard. St. Patrick's Lament," BSJ, 39, No. 1 (March 1989), 17-21, 56.

An account of the theft of the Irish Crown Jewels in 1907 and the parallels with the incidents in Bruc.


C6277. Wood, Peter H. "An Automatic Self-Adjusting Solution: Bruce-Partington Dives Again," BSJ, 34, No. 3 (September 1984), 166-172.

Bruc has one word -- "torpedo" -- missing in Watson's account. When we replace it, the full story emerges of how an Old Master's brush stroke swept two men into prison, two more into their graves, and 30,000 pounds into the pocket of "Bruce-Partington"; and solves a long-standing riddle: why were the plans at Woolwich Arsenal?


 The Adventure of the Cardboard Box


C6278. -- A2301. Bell, H. W. "On the Variant Readings of `The Resident Patient,'" Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson. London: Constable & Co., 1932. p. 40-45.

----------. ----------, BSJ [OS], 1, No. 3 (July 1946), 312-314, 317. (Incunabulum)

The first study devoted to the problem of the duplicate mind-reading episode in Card and Resi.


C6279. -- A2302. Clum, Florence. "So He Boxed Their Ears," BSJ, 2, No. 4 (October 1952), 210-213.

A tale in verse.


C6280. -- A2303. Dardess, John. "`It Will Just Cover That Bare Space on the Wall,'" BSJ, 20, No. 2 (June 1970), 103-109.

Based on the supposition that in 1887 mention of the American clergyman would be more apt to recall the Tilton-Beecher trial of 1874 than Beecher's trip to England on behalf of the North at the time of the Civil War, the mind-reading scene which opens Resi is given a different interpretation. A reason is offered for the duplication of this passage in Card.


C6281. -- A2304. Hall, Trevor H. "The Documents in the Case," Sherlock Holmes: Ten Literary Studies. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., [1969]. Chap. 8, p. 109-122.

A scholarly reexamination of the suppression of Card from The Memoirs and the transposition of the mind-reading incident from this adventure to Resi.


C6282. -- A2305. Leavitt, Robert Keith. "The Preposterously Paired Performances of the Preacher's Portrait," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 4 (October 1948), 404-417.

A careful examination of the mind-reading passages concerning the portrait of Henry Ward Beecher in Card and Watson's watch in Resi, together with the records of the Tilton-Beecher trial of 1874, reveals that Watson was the natural son of the Reverend Beecher -- a truly remarkable discovery!


C6283. -- A2306. Potter, H. C. "The Case of the Blatant Duplication," BSJ, 20, No. 2 (June 1970), 86-90.

"In which of the cases does the anecdote rightfully belong? Why? What precedents and reasons had Baring-Gould for including it in Box and excising it from Patient? [The Annotated Sherlock Holmes] How could his editing run counter to that of the A. Conan Doyle Memorial ... Edition?"


C6284. -- A2307. Smith, Edgar W. "The Curious Incident of the Tour de Force," The Saturday Review of Literature, 18, No. 17 (August 20, 1938), 11-12.

----------. ----------, Illustrious Client's Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1948.] p. 40-44.

A further commentary on the duplicate passage in Card and Resi in which Holmes deduces Watson's train of thought.


C6285. -- B948. Walbridge, Earle F. "An Additional Note on `The Card-board Box,'" The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 47, Third Quarter (1953), 75-76.

Corrects some inaccuracies in David A. Randall's "Bibliographical Note" regarding the omission of this case from the Memoirs.


C6286. Ballew, William. "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box: A Prototypical Sherlock Holmes Adventure," DC, 6, No. 2 (April 1993), 14-17.

"`The Cardboard Box' is hardly Holmes at his best. Yet even in its lowliest manifestation, the Canon contains fodder [for] the enquiring mind, and as long as enquiring minds want to know more than what can be learned in the supermarket tabloids, the Grand Game will still be afoot."


C6287. Bergquist, John E. "Musings on `The Cardboard Box' and `The Resident Patient,'" Explorations, No. 17 (March 1992), 9-10.

The mind-reading passage in Card is duplicated in Resi because it left such an unforgettable impression on Watson that he unconsciously included the episode again.


C6288. Brell, Joe. "General Charles George Gordon," SP, 4, No. 2 (January 1982), 6-7.

Watson kept a portrait of General Gordon because he obviously admired him. The British soldier was the type of hero who did everything that Watson only dreamed of doing. The portrait served to keep such memories and dreams alive.


C6289. Brell, Joe. "Henry Ward Beecher -- A New Theory," SP, 3, No. 3 (April 1981), 10-11.

Watson's adoration of the noted American preacher may have been partly due to a personal meeting with him when Watson was a young boy.


C6290. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Cardboard Box,'" NS, No. 20 (September 25, 1984), 11-16.

A brief summary of the author's research on Card. The case is dated August 23, 1884.


C6291. Dandrew, Thomas A. "Minor Symbolic Elements in `The Cardboard Box,'" NS, No. 20 (September 25, 1984), 2-4.

A symbolic interpretation of some references in this tale.


C6292. Drazen, Patrick E. "The Cardboard Box: The Watsons," CHJ, 1, No. 12 (December 1979), 2-7.

Watson's reticence about the dissolution of his marriage to Mary Morstan is understandable but puzzling. The author infers the decline and fall of that marriage from the cases Watson chose to document in what became the Memoirs.


C6293. Feldman, Larry. "A Scandal in Canonia," MB (NS), No. 5 (Winter 1993), 9-11. (The Three Canons, 4)

Textual variants between the English, American, and Strand versions of the mind reading sequence in Card and Resi.


C6294. Hahn, Robert W. "Notes on the New Forest," BSM, No. 69 (Spring 1992), 14-17.

Research on the forest in Hampshire reveals why Watson yearned to visit here.


C6295. Harrison, Michael. "Baker Street Harrisonia #5," BSM, No. 64 (Winter 1990), 13-20.

Considers the mystery of Watson's admiration for the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher and Gen. Charles George Gordon.

Letters: BSM, No. 66 (Summer 1991), 36-37 (Greg Darak; Donald K. Pollock); No. 68 (Winter 1991), 41-43 (Paul D. Herbert).


C6296. Messineo, Frank. "A Short Study Into the Link Between Dr. John H. Watson and Charles George Gordon," DB, 8 (April 1, 1985), 6-7.

----------. ----------, SM, 11, No. 1 (1986), 17-18.

Watson knew General Gordon.


C6297. Owen, Tim. "The Mystery of the May Day," MPapers, No. 5 (1992), 80-89.

Reconstructs the circumstances surrounding Card and concludes that the voyage taken by Jim Browner on the steamship May Day was quite impossible.


C6298. Southworth, Bruce. "An Introduction to `The Adventure of the Cardboard Box,'" Explorations, No. 17 (March 1992), 12-13.

A valuable introduction for the reader and scholar.


C6299. Suszynski, James. "Pahsa Gordon," BSM, No. 53 (Spring 1988), 29.

General Charles "Pasha" Gordon is mentioned in the Canon because of his similarities to Holmes and his close friendship with Watson. "Watson gave him a framed picture and a place in the Canon."


C6300. Thomalen, Robert E. ["Miss Cushing's Lament"], PP, 1, No. 2 (1978), 41.

"I've realized the worst of my fears, / Miss Cushing did wail through her tears, / Jim Browner did go, / To my sis and her beau, / And really did box both their ears."


 The Adventure of
Charles Augustus Milverton


C6301. -- A2308. Bailey, L. W. "The Dark Lady of Appledore Towers," SHJ, 4, No. 4 (Spring 1960), 113-115.

The unnamed lady may have been of Jewish extraction and her correspondent was the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII.


C6302. -- A2309. Brend, Gavin. "Charles Augustus Milverton: The Date," SHJ, 6, No. 3 (Winter 1963), 74-76.

An unfinished article in which the late author attempts to establish that this adventure belongs in the post-Reichenbach period.


C6303. -- A2310. Dakin, D. Martin. "Some Milvertonian Doubts," SHJ, 7, No. 2 (Spring 1965), 46-48.

Dakin calls attention to certain problems in this case and suggests that Holmes's engagement to Agatha, Milverton's housemaid, was a hoax.


C6304. -- A2311. Donegall, Lord. "`The Worst Man in London,'" The New Strand, 1, No. 4 (March 1962), 424-426. (Baker Street and Beyond, No. 4)

After dating the adventure February 1899, the author is somewhat critical of Holmes and Watson for their housebreaking activities during the Milverton episode.


C6305. -- A2312. Fenton, Irving M. "An Analysis of the Crimes and Near-Crimes at Appledore Towers in the Light of the English Criminal Law," BSJ, 6, No. 2 (April 1956), 69-74.

A calendar of crimes chargeable to both Holmes and Watson.


C6306. -- A2313. Holstein, Leon S. "`But Be Very Careful...,'" BSJ, 14, No. 1 (March 1964), 22-23.

A tale in verse.


C6307. -- A2314. Kimball, Elliot. "The Milverton Mess," SHJ, 5, No. 4 (Summer 1962), 100-102.

"Recourse to factual evidence in the Canonical Text, and to sound analysis of all circumstances, establishes the Milverton case as an adventure occurring in January of the year 1886."


C6308. -- A2315. Lauterbach, Charles E. "The Plumber and His Fiancée," BSJ, 6, No. 4 (October 1956), 201-202.

----------. ----------, Baker Street Ballads. [Culver City, Calif.: Luther Norris, March 1971.] p. 9-10.

"A plumber and his love were strolling / A-down a moonlit lane ..."

"The plumber was Sherlock Holmes in disguise, alias Gerald Escott. ... His companion was the charming Miss Agatha Fizzlewit."

C6309. -- A2316. Merritt, Russell L. "Re: The Adventure of the Worst Man in London," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 4 (1959), 296-301.

Holmes commits three acts which seem either stupid, crude, or outrageous: drawing a gun on Milverton, engaging himself to Milverton's maid, and safe breaking. His actions are entirely justified, however, when it is understood that he anticipated Milverton's murder -- probably through recognizing the coat-of-arms on the blackmail note shown to him by Milverton, the most objectionable of Holmes's opponents.


C6310. -- A2317. Morton, Humphrey. "`A Long Drive to Hampstead,'" SHJ, 5, No. 1 (Winter 1960), 22-23.

A detailed tracing of the probable route taken by Holmes and Watson from Oxford Street to Heath Row.


C6311. -- A2318. Morton, Humphrey. "A Milvertonian Identification," SHJ, 6, No. 1 (Winter 1962), 14-15.

"Milverton moved to The Logs in 1896, changed its name to Appledore Towers, and was in residence until his timely and unlamented death a year or two later."


C6312. -- A2319. [Richard, Peter, comp.] The Milverton Manuscript: An Analysis Together with Other Milvertoniana. London: The Milvertonians of Hampstead, 1963. [24] p.

Contents: Introduction by Peter Richard. -- The Milverton Manuscript: An Analysis. -- Stories by Other Authors with Plots That Resemble "Charles Augustus Milverton." -- A Note on Dust-Jackets. -- Notes on the Milverton Evening of the Sherlock Holmes Society. -- A Note on the Original Illustrations. -- The Catalogue of a Milvertonian Collection: Some Additional Items. -- A Note on the Milvertonians of Hampstead.


C6313. -- A2320. [Richard, Peter, comp.] A Milvertonian Miscellany. London: The Milvertonians of Hampstead, 1962. [18] p.

Contents: Introduction, by Peter Richard. -- The Catalogue of a Milvertonian Collection. -- Occasionally They Were Milverton. -- Milverton -- Stage Productions in America and Holland. -- Re: C. A. Milverton, by T. S. Blakeney. -- "Give Me Data" -- The Milverton Extracts, by Alan Wilson.


C6314. -- A2321. [Richard, Peter, comp.] Some Notes for the Information of the Milvertonians of Hampstead. [London: The Milvertonians of Hampstead, March 1959.] 4 p.

Contents: The Manuscript. -- Original Appearance. -- First Book Appearance. -- The Illustrators. -- The People of the Drama. -- At the Cinema. -- On the Stage. -- Wireless Broadcasts. -- Gramophone Records. -- The Place: An Identification. -- The Date.


C6315. -- A2322. Rosenberger, Edgar S. "A Study in Blackmail," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 3 (July 1948), 361-364.

A tale in verse.


C6316. -- A2323. Von Krebs, Maria. "Agatha Is Her Name," SHJ, 4, No. 2 (Spring 1959), 41-42.

----------. ----------, The Saint Mystery Magazine, 12, No. 2 (August 1959), 126-128.

"Irene" of the Briony Lodgers suggests that the exalted title of "The Woman" does not belong to Irene Adler but to Holmes's ex-fiancée, Agatha.


C6317. -- A2324. Wilson, Alan. "`Son of Escott': A Milverton Story for Which the World Will Never Be Prepared," BSJ, 10, No. 3 (July 1960), 161-163.

A truly remarkable discovery that Escott (Sherlock Holmes) fathered a son while engaged to Agatha!


C6318. -- B949. Allen, Frank A. D. "Witchcraft in Baker Street," Beyond Baker Street: A Sherlockian Anthology,. Edited and annotated by Michael Harrison. Indianapolis/New York: The Bobbs-Merrill Co., [1976]. p. 1-11.

Lady Eva Brackwell, not Milverton, was the real evil genius in this case. Holmes and Watson's uncharacteristic behaviour can be attributed to the "fact" that they were bewitched -- Lady Eva was a witch!


C6319. -- B950. Dodd, Patricia. "The Mistress and the Maidservant," SMuse, 4, No. 1 (Spring 1978), 13-16, 20.

Milverton's murderess is revealed to be Agatha, an actress who posed as the housemaid and also succeeded in duping Holmes.


C6320. -- B5932. Holly, Raymond L. and Joy. "Dr. James Mortimer's Smarter Brother," CHJ, 1, No. 5 (May 1979), 2-3.

The remarkable similarity between the descriptions of Mortimer and Milverton suggest a connection: the blackmailer's name was really Charles Augustus Mortimer, the brother of James Mortimer.


C6321. -- B951. Malloy, Michael P. "Notes on the Identity of Milverton's Murderer," BSJ, 27, No. 4 (December 1977), 198-200.

Disputes Roche's conclusion that Milverton's murderer was Lady Hilda. The murderer might well have been the victim of the blackmailing case mentioned in Houn.


C6322. -- B952. Roche, Robert F. "The Worst Man in London: Who Shot Him? and When?" BSJ, 25, No. 1 (March 1975), 25-27.

Charles Augustus Milverton was shot by Lady Hilda Trelawney Hope (Seco) on Thursday, January 13, 1887.


C6323. -- B5933. Sherrod, Floyd. "My Favorite Villain," BSR, 1, No. 5 (January 1979), 4.

The author's nominee is the iniquitous venomous Charles Augustus Milverton, described by Holmes as "the worst man in London."


C6324. -- B5934. Skornickel, George. "The Adventure of C. A. Milverton," SP, 1, No. 2 (January 1979), 18-19.

"Holmes was being set up as the victim in a plot to have him appear as the murderer of Milverton!"


C6325. Alder, Barbara. "Mr. Pickwick and Mr. Milverton," CH, 13, No. 4 (Summer 1990), 13-15.

According to Watson, Milverton resembled Samuel Pickwick, but in other respects they were just the opposite. Milverton was "the worst man in London" while Pickwick "is loved and respected by all who know him, and his name is a byword of charity and kindness."


C6326. Ballinger, Jim. "The Plumber and the Maid," SMuse, 7, No. 2 (Winter 1986), 12-13.

"Oh Agatha, Agatha, say that you love me / And that you'll stay with me always / Oh Agatha, tell me that you're thinking of me / Each moment, each hour, each day / Oh Agatha, I know I'm only a plumber / A trade none too highly esteemed / But when you are with me my winter is summer / Such happiness I only dreamed."


C6327. Buddle, Judy L. "Playing Your Cards As Best You Can," BSJ, 41, No. 2 (June 1991), 97-99.

The brief affair between "Escott" and Agatha is discussed as a physical involvement in which both parties were obviously using one another for very unrelated gains.


C6328. Collins, William P. "Two Theater-Goers Homeward Bound," MB, 7, No. 3 (September 1981), 15-18.

----------. ----------, BSM, No. 44 (Winter 1985), 30-32.

In Chas we are led to believe that Holmes and Watson wore tennis shoes with evening dress. Possible explanations are that they wore tennis shoes which were hidden by their coats, that they carried their tennis shoes and put them on later, or that Holmes was pulling Watson's leg.


C6329. Galerstein, David H. "Holmes the Heartbreaker?" SNOB, Nr. 3 (November 1989), 20-21.

Holmes is taken to task for making Milverton's maid -- a poor girl -- fall in love with him in order that he may save an upper class girl from blackmail. The author also wonders how Holmes had the time to meet Agatha and become engaged.


C6330. Galerstein, David H. "A Man with a Maid in Appledore Towers," CH, 7, No. 4 (Summer 1984), 21-22.

Did Holmes ever have sexual relations with a woman? In this article the author claims that the exigencies of the Milverton case necessitated that Holmes have intercourse with Agatha, his fiancée.


C6331. Galerstein, David H. "Who Killed the Villain? Not Lady X, Anyway," CH, 4, No. 2 (Christmas 1980), 11.

"Lady Time Honoured never existed. She was created by Holmes and Watson, working together, to throw the guilt off themselves. There is no statute of limitations on murder."


C6332. Greengold, Al. "That Green and Gold Monster," BSJ, 40, No. 3 (September 1990), 161-162.

Holmes called Milverton "the worst man in London." But Milverton was a blackmailer, not a murderer, white slaver, or child pornographer. So, why such a strongly pejorative characterization of Milverton by Holmes? The answer is that Milverton was not just a garden variety blackmailer. His main business was supplying compromising documents to international spies like Edwardo Lucas (Seco). In doing this he was threatening the very foundations of the British Empire. Precisely this subversive activity on Milverton's part justifies Holmes's depiction of him as "the worst man in London."


C6333. Harris, Bruce. "Did Sherlock Holmes Kill Charles Augustus Milverton?" BSJ, 32, No. 1 (March 1982), 45-47.

The author presents a preposterous theory that Holmes may have had a homosexual affair with Milverton and then was forced to murder Milverton in order to save his own reputation. What lunacy!


C6334. Healey, R.M. "The Man Who Was Milverton -- A Possible Identification," SHJ, 15, No. 4 (Summer 1982), 116-117.

Charles Molloy Westmacott, author of The English Spy (1825) and editor of The Age, may well have been the model for Charles Augustus Milverton. Both were ruthless, unscrupulous blackmailers and also were similar in appearance.


C6335. Hickey, Susan. "Yes, It Was Lady X," CH, 4, No. 3 (Spring 1981), 9.

Contradicts Galerstein's thesis.


C6336. Keefauver, Brad. "Concerning the Later Life of the Maid Agatha." [Morton, Ill.: Privately Produced, December 1981.]

The post-Chas life of Milverton's maid is told, including her marriage to James Phillimore, a brush with Moriarty, and another encounter with Holmes.


C6337. McCallister, David R. "Another Look at Agatha," SMuse, 9, No. 1 (Fall 1990), 16-19.

Considers various possibilities as to just who was Escott's (Holmes's) fiancée: a confederate or mistress of Milverton's, a spy for the Mysterious Lady or the Lady herself, a plant or "mole" for Scotland Yard, a Moriarty "family" member, or Milverton's illegitimate daughter.


C6338. Meyer, Charles A. "Lady Eva's Secret Revealed," BSJ, 38, No. 3 (September 1988), 168-170.

Holmes was engaged by "an illustrious client" to protect the reputation of Lady Eva Blackwell from the infamous Charles Augustus Milverton. That client was Prince Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales, the man with whom "the most beautiful debutante of last season" had her first affair.


C6339. Pollack, Dorothy Belle. "Introducing Charles Augustus," SMuse, 12, No. 2 (Autumn 1993), inside front cover.

"`The worst man in London' is he: / He's truly an homme sans merci."


C6340. Robinson, Robert E. "A Postumous Memoir," BSM, No. 41 (Spring 1985), 33-34.

Milverton speaks from beyond the grave to correct the record regarding his encounter with Holmes, whom he considered to be a blackmailer. Milverton represents himself as a benevolent individual whose life was devoted to protecting innocent persons from such criminals. Holmes seduced and abandoned Milverton's maid and abetted by his beefy and dim-witted lackey Watson, broke into Milverton's study in an effort to steal a document with which he could blackmail a fine lady. Milverton unexpectedly arrived on the scene, however, and was shot by the trigger-happy Watson. His last act on earth was to burn his papers.


C6341. Schweickert, Bill. "Holmes' Hypocrisy," PP, 4, No. 1 (January 1982), 37-43.

Although Holmes is so outraged and indignant by James Windibank's shameful treatment of Mary Sutherland (Iden), he himself becomes involved in the same type of cruel and heartless deception of a young woman (Chas). Sherlockian readers can only grieve at his hypocrisy and yet try to continue to revere him as the best and wisest man whom we have ever known.


C6342. Shreffler, Philip A. "The Function of Humor in `Charles Augustus Milverton,'" CNFB, No. 6 (November 1985), 4-5.

Chas is one of the more humorous Canonical tales, its levity counterpointing the horror of the story to suggest Milverton's low moral status.


C6343. Simak, Ernest J. "The Most Nefarious Villain in the Canon," SP, 2, No. 1 (October 1979), 15.

Third-place winner in The Reigate Squires' Most Nefarious Villain of the Canon contest.


C6344. Simms, Bartlett D. "Charles Augustus Milverton: The Worst of the Lot," CNFB, No. 6 (November 1985), 1-2.

----------. ----------, BCA, No. 7 (1992), 19-20.


C6345. Speck, Gordon R. "Agatha's Agon," SNOB, Nr. 4 (February 1990), 21-22.

Holmes employs Milverton's tactics in order to best him, the difference between the two being the intention behind the methods and the short term negative effect upon Holmes's "victim."


C6346. Speck, Gordon R. "Poe, Milverton, and the Woman Scorned: Law, Morality, and Justice," CNFB, No. 6 (November 1985), 2-4.

The actions of the principals in Chas are determined by the relative values each places on the concepts of law, morality, and justice. Allusions to Poe's "The Raven" expand and clarify the meaning of the action.


C6347. Thomas, Donald. Mad Hatter Summer. New York: The Viking Press, [1983]. 310 p.

----------. Belladonna: A Lewis Carroll Nightmare. London: Macmillan, [1984]. 310 p.

A well-written mystery novel dealing with a murder connected with the attempted blackmail of the Rev. Charles L. Dodgson. Many of the characters are invented, and so is the attempted blackmail, but both Dodgson and the blackmailer, Charles Augustus Howell, were real. The novel is Sherlockian only by association, but the association is an important one: a most persuasive case can be made for the identification of the blackmailer as the man whose name appears in the Canon as Charles Augustus Milverton.

Review: BSM, No. 41 (Spring 1985), 55-56 (Peter E. Blau).


C6348. Todd, Christopher. "Charles Augustus Milverton: The Untold Story," CNFB, No. 7 (February 1986), 3-5.

Holmes is not himself in Chas: he is emotionally overwrought, mentally dense, and an eager lawbreaker. The story is nevertheless dramatically and morally satisfying, due in part to the wealth of Biblical imagery.


C6349. Vargas, Delia. "Charles Augustus Milverton -- A Case of Unjustified Revenge," SMuse, 10, No. 4 (Summer 1992), 14-19.

A fascinating view of the author's titular character -- "The Countess d'Albert."


C6350. Whitlam, Carol. "Holmes & Agatha," 221b, No. 3 (April 1990), 9-10.

" ... she forced Holmes into an engagement in a desperate attempt to get some response from her real love [the `hated rival']."


C6351. Whorlow, Colin R. "The Worst Man in London," BSN, 3, No. 3 (Michaelmas Term 1986), 3.

On some recently discovered documents relating to a very nasty blackmail case in Hempstead.


 The Adventure of the Copper Beeches


C6352. -- A2325. George, Isaac S. "Violet the Hunter," BSJ, [OS], 4, No. 1 (January 1949), 29-37.

"Purporting to be the tale of a hoax perpetrated on a persistent lover which ends in success for the lover but tragedy for others, the story within the story, written with tongue very much in cheek, tells of the deliberate, studied and persistent effort of one Violet Hunter to attract Holmes sentimentally with the purpose of reducing him to a state of matrimonial bliss. It is the story of a woman who was out to get her man."


C6353. -- A2326. Schutz, Robert. "Half Sister; No Mystery," BSG, 1, No. 2 (1961), 14-15.

The author agrees with H. B. Williams's conclusion that Violet Hunter was Sherlock's half sister, but does not agree that she had changed her name from Thulio Vernet or that Watson was aware of the relationship of Violet to Sherlock.


C6354. -- A2327. Williams, H. B. "Half Sister; Half Mystery," BSJ, 8, No. 12 (April 1958), 100-103.

"Thulio Vernet [Violet Hunter] and Sherlock Holmes chose to become as strangers and deny the ties of family relationship."


C6355. -- B953. Herzog, Evelyn A. "The Case of the Superfluous Sleuth," BSM, No. 10 (June 1977), 1-3.

"Who solved the case? No one; the case solved itself. Who was the hero of the adventure? Holmes. Always Holmes."


C6356. -- B954. Howland, Charles Berry. "The Sense of Humor of Violet Hunter," More Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Lititz, Pa.: Sutter House, 1976. p. 109-114.

The author reveals the true and shocking nature of the amusing stories that Jephro Rucastle told to Violet Hunter and why Violet enjoyed them but Mrs. Rucastle did not.


C6357. -- B955. Lauterbach, Edward. "Behind Those Lovely Copper Trees," BSJ, 24, No. 4 (December 1974), 199.

"But Holmes and Watson save the night, / Save dastardly Rucastle, / Destroy poor Carlo with a shot / And end Death's dogged hassle!"


C6358. Betzner, Ray. "What Ever Happened to Baby Rucastle?" AC, No. 2 (April 1986), 4. (Thesis No. 4)

----------. "Whatever Happened to Baby Rucastle? A Tale in Canonical Lycanthropy," The Sherlockian, 1 , No. 2 (1987) , 7-11.

Edward Rucastle was a boy werewolf (Carlo).


C6359. Burr, Robert C. "The Long Consultation," WW, 8, No. 2 (September 1985), 26-28.

A point unnoticed by many Sherlockians is the mysterious time lag in Copp. Violet Hunter arrives in Baker Street at 10:30 a.m. for her consultation with Holmes, but when she leaves she bids Holmes and Watson a "good-night." What has been going on for some seven to eight hours? An affaire du coeur is suggested as an explanation in keeping with other commentators.


C6360. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Adventure of the Copper Beeches,'" NS, No. 8 (June 9, 1981), 7-9.

A summary of the author's research on Copp. The beginning of the case is dated April 13, 1891.


C6361. Eckrich, Joseph J. "The Adventure of the Copper Beeches," The Parallelogram, 1, No. 3 (January 1992), 19-20.

An introduction to the Higher Criticism by the Commissionaire of PCofSTL.


C6362. Hammer, David L. "Then I Thought of You, Mr. Holmes," BSM, No. 66 (Summer 1991), 7-11.

Speculates on the unchronicled and missing eight hours that Violet Hunter spent with Holmes in the Baker Street quarters.


C6363. Harrington, Hugh T. "`A Quite Exceptional Woman,'" CH, 15, No. 3 (Spring 1992), 9-10.

"Sherlock Holmes refers to Violet Hunter as `a quite exceptional woman.' Not only does she have two of the three qualities for the ideal detective, she also shows great courage and initiative. When Watson tells us that `she is now the head of a private school at Walsall,' perhaps what he really means is that she is the head of a school of private detectives at Walsall."


C6364. Herzog, Evelyn. "Crystallised Violet," SMuse, 6, No. 2 (Spring 1982), 4-8.

A tale in verse.


C6365. Maginn, Diane. "Skulduggery at Copper Beeches," CNFB, No. 2 (November 1983), 3.

Violet Hunter skilfully manipulated Holmes into freeing Alice Rucastle from captivity -- possibly with sinister motives.


C6366. Mahoney, MaryKay. "Three Heroines and a Double Plot: The Adventure of the Copper Beeches," BSJ, 42, No. 1 (March 1992), 42-45.


C6367. McClure, Michael W. "The Copper Beeches," DC, 5, No. 3 (July 1992), 10-17.

"The Hound of the Rucastles, or What Happened at Charlotte's While She Was Away?"


C6368. Oglesbee, Frank W. "Unanswered Questions on The Copper Beeches," CHJ, 8, No. 10 (October 1986), 2-3.

Contents: Pants, Sand, or Trees. -- Some Matters Are Not Yet Clear.


C6369. Shackleford, Lee. "The Hunter and the Hunted," CHJ, 8, No. 11 (November 1986), 2-3.

Violet Hunter had matrimonial designs on Watson and not Holmes as suggested by Isaac S. George in "Violet the Hunter."


C6370. Speck, Gordon R. "Sherlock Holmes: An Augustan in a Romantic World," BSM, No. 30 (Summer 1982), 29-31.

The article contrasts philosophical romanticism and neoclassicism and argues that Watson's romantic view of the rural scene prompts Holmes's rational (neo-classical) rebuttal, which in turn clarifies Holmes's proper relation to his client.


C6371. White, Kathryn. "Literary Antecedents in the Canon: A Consideration of The Copper Beeches," The Ritual, No. 10 (Autumn 1992), 6-8.

Links between Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre (1847) and Copp (1892).


 The Adventure of the Creeping Man


C6372. -- A2328. Egan, Joseph J. "Conan Doyle's The Adventure of the Creeping Man as Stevensonian Analogue," Studies in Scottish Literature, 7, No. 3 (January 1970), 180-183. (Notes and Documents)

It is suggested that in writing this tale Doyle was influenced by Robert Louis Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886).


C6373. -- A2329. Levine, Arthur L. "Lowenstein's Other Creeper," BSJ, 6, No. 1 (January 1956), 30-33.

"The whole picture of the Creeping Man smacks so of the picture of the Abominable Snowman that there is a strong probability that they are of the same origin -- that Lowenstein's other creeper is the Abominable Snowman of the Himalayas!"


C6374. -- A2330. Simms, Bartlett D. "Dr. Watson: An Adventure in Orthopaedics," The ACA Journal of Chiropractic, 7, No. 2 (February 1970), 44-45.

A discussion of Professor Presbury's back syndrome and Watson's wound.


C6375. -- A2331. Van Liere, Edward J. "Doctor Watson, Endocrinologist," A Doctor Enjoys Sherlock Holmes. New York: Vantage Press, [1959]. p. 83-87.

"It is possible that people who are not familiar with the science of endocrinology might gain the impression that the administration of ape serum could produce the effects so vividly described in The Adventure of the Creeping Man. The concept that such a serum exists is, of course, rank nonsense."


C6376. -- A2332. Wellman, Manly Wade. "The Professor Was a Creep," BSJ, 3, No. 1 (January 1953), 29-30.

A tale in verse.


C6377. -- B956. Prager, J. C., and Albert Silverstein. "Lowenstein of Prague: The Most Maligned Man in the Canon," BSJ, 23, No. 4 (December 1973), 220-227.

Winner of the 16th annual Morley-Montgomery Memorial Award for the best contribution to BSJ in 1973.

"Lowenstein of Prague," the alleged villain of Cree, is identified as Eugen Steinach, the father of the science of endocrinology. The identification is based upon research into the details of Steinach's career, particularly published accounts of the stormy controversy surrounding his research on the biochemistry of sexual motivation and aging. The authors demonstrate that Lowenstein was guilty of no villainy but was duped into believing his serum of youth was to be used for purely scientific research.


C6378. Bird, Margaret. "The Chequers, Camford," SHJ, 18, No. 2 (Summer 1987), 47-49. illus.

The Chequers in Oxford fits Watson's description of the inn where Holmes and Watson stayed on two occasions in 1903 during their investigation of the Presbury case.


C6379. Brown, Richard E. "Rejuvenation Therapy: Historical Background to `The Creeping Man,'" CH, 9, No. 2 (Winter 1985), 9-15.

This article gives a brief history of rejuvenation therapy and discusses the work of Brown-Sequard, Steinach, and Voronoff on sexual rejuvenation as related to the case of Professor Presbury. It is concluded that Cree is based on a combination of the methods of Brown-Sequard and Voronoff. Holmes's condemnation of the use of "monkey-gland therapy" puts him in sympathy with the anti-monkey gland crusade of the early 1920's, when monkey-gland hysteria reached its peak. Examples of early American advertisements for "extracts of animal organs" are given.


C6380. Dandrew, Thomas A. "The Love Life of That Creep Professor Presbury," NS, No. 31 (June 5, 1993), 2-5.

The professor had his eye not only on Miss Alice Morphy but also on his own daughter as well!


C6381. Inman, Charles G. "Roy: Russian or Irish?" BSJ, 43, No. 1 (March 1993), 7-8.

Commentators, without citing any justification, have generally assumed Professor Presbury's wolfhound, Roy, was of the Russian breed. Although examination of the Canon leaves this question unresolved, it is likely that Watson misunderstood the dog's name, which was actually Rory, thus indicating that it was an Irish wolfhound.


C6382. Kobayashi, Tsukasa, and Akare Higashiyama. "The Original Holmes," Tr. by H. Yamada. BSJ, 38, No. 3 (September 1988), 135-143.

"The purpose of this essay is a `deconstruction' (whose chief exponent is Jacques Derrida) of one of the Holmes stories by which we may reconstruct the `prototype' or `original.' As Roman Ingarden and Wolfgang Iser point out, it is one of the most important roles of the reader to reveal the hidden intent and concealed pattern of a work .... Furthermore, in so doing, Holmes's readers can re-create other various, possible texts that may have existed at different levels of Conan Doyle's mind. Also, referring to the role of the reader, Roland Barthes says, `The chief object of literature is to make readers not the consumers of a text, but the producers of a new text.'"


C6383. Lai, Rick. "Lowenstein's Other Client," WW, 7, No. 3 (January 1985), 10-14.

Lowenstein's other client in England was the title character in three tales by Lord Dunsany: "The Invention of Dr. Caber," "The Strange Drug of Dr. Caber," and "The Cleverness of Dr. Caber." From langur fluid, Caber fashioned an elixir that accelerated aging and a drug that altered a human being's scent. Moriarty's The Dynamics of an Asteroid inspired Caber to build a machine that controlled the movements of the moon.


C6384. Meyer, Charles A. "The Real Creeps in `The Adventure of the Creeping Man,'" NS, No. 30 (March 20, 1993), 3-8.

Edith Presbury and "Jack" Bennett poisoned Professor Presbury with a dopamine rich serum. Their success in fooling the Master indicated that Holmes had reached the point where jelly fish and vainglorious Prussians were the only adversaries against whom he could still exert mastery.


C6385. Meyer, Charles A. "The Rehabilitation of The Creeping Man," BSM, No. 69 (Spring 1992), 23-26.

"'The Adventure of the Creeping Man' was really a tragedy of errors. Watson, from whom one might have expected a clearer medical insight, missed the diagnosis completely. Holmes, whose deductions were colored by rumor and misogyny, failed to reach the more probable solution to the case. And finally, Presbury, whose work promised to revolutionize neurology, failed to communicate the nature of his research properly. While this tale should be considered Canonical, it was clearly not one that showed Holmes (or Watson!) at his best."


C6386. Robichaux, Ken. "The Wisteria/Wistaria Controversy: An Answer and a Question," Canonfire, 4, No. 2 (April-June 1986), 5-6.

In Cree, the wisteria (or wistaria plant is referred to as the "purple wistaria"; that is, in full bloom. This description is used despite the fact that the story takes place in September. "How could this beautiful plant which produces its flowers in the spring, and occasionally in the early summer, still have been in bloom in the fall? It is simply not possible. Does the `wistaria reference' cast even further doubt upon this strange case?"


C6387. Singleton, Paul. "Notes on The Creeping Man," PP (NS), No. 11 September 1991), 10-11.

The author posits a causal relationship between Holmes's opinion of the dangers inherent in the serum Prof. Presbury subjected himself to and Holmes's earlier use of cocaine.


C6388. Van Zanten, Robert, and Liz Evans. "A Foregone Conclusion," NFTD, 9, No. 4 (December 1988), 4.

The real author behind Cree is identified as Jack the Ripper!


 The Crooked Man


C6389. -- A2333. Foss, Thomas Frederick. "Colonel James Barclay," BSJ, 20, No. 4 (December 1970), 231-233.

Lt. Col. Foss, who has been awarded the Irregular Shilling with the Titular Investiture of "Colonel James Barclay," attempts to show that Barclay's character has been much maligned: that he was an unusually able, just, and honest soldier who had risen from the ranks to command his regiment; that Corporal Wood's story of the Colonel's being responsible for his betrayal into the insurgent's hands was based on such flimsy evidence as to be quite unreliable; that the row he observed through the window between Col. and Mrs. Barclay was a husband-and-wife quarrel, which inevitably occur from time to time, even in the best regulated households. The sudden appearance of Wood's horribly deformed figure caused Barclay to have a heart attack, fall and crack his skull on the fender.


C6390. -- A2334. Hinrich, D. "The Royal Mallows 1854-1888," SHJ, 6, No. l(Winter 1962), 20-22.

The first battalion of the Royal Mallows (the old 117th) is identified as the second battalion of the Royal Irish Fusiliers (late 89th Foot).


C6391. -- A2335. Stix, Thomas L. "Casual Comments on The Crooked Man," BSJ, 12, No. 2 (June 1962), 99-100.

In spite of the defects in this tale, it is quite possibly the most important of the sixty tales because it explains the whole theory on which the detective story is based.


C6392. -- A2336. Wilkinson-Latham, C. "Royal Mallows (Princess Victoria's, Royal Irish Fusiliers) 1888," SHJ, 9, No. 4 (Summer 1970), 137. illus.

Additional information on the famous Irish regiment whose first battalion was commanded by Col. Barclay.


C6393. -- B957. Wilson, Evan M. "Sherlock Holmes and the Indian Mutiny, or Where and What Was Bhurtee? -- An Identification," BSJ, 28, No. 1 (March 1978), 22-23.

Two Canonical tales feature the Indian Mutiny: Sign and Croo. In both, there is a fort where a group of Europeans and loyal Indians withstand a siege from a large number of rebels and are eventually rescued. In Sign, the locale is identified as Agra; in Croo, it is given the fictitious name of Bhurtee. After consulting several accounts of the Mutiny, the author concludes that Bhurtee must be Agra.


C6394. Barnes, E.J. "Excursions to Aldershot Was a Bootless Errand," CH, 4, No. 3 (Spring 1981), 12-14.

Doyle, not Watson, was the real author of this tale.


C6395. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Crooked Man,'" NS, No. 16 (September 28, 1983), 6-10.

A brief summary of the author's research on Croo. The most probable date for the case is July 17, 1889.


C6396. Harris, Bruce. "The Real Crook in The Crooked Man," BSJ, 43, No. 2 (June 1993), 96.

The proposition is made that Henry Wood witnessed Nancy Barclay murder her husband.


C6397. Jones, Kelvin I. "A Villa Called Lachine," WW, 7, No. 3 (January 1985), 5-9.

An investigation into the exact location of Barclay's house in Aldershot. The article paints a picture of this important garrison town in the last years of the 19th century. Doyle's portrait of Aldershot proves to be remarkably accurate in light of the known evidence.


C6398. Lachtman, Howard. "Straightening Out the Crooked Man," BSJ, 31, No. 1 (March 1981), 39.

"What struck the treacherous colonel? What turned Nancy's nerves unsteady? The rival he shoved? The man she loved? No, 'twas the curtain-clinging terror of Teddy!"


C6399. Maxfield, David K. "Was Teddy an Ichneumon?" BSJ, 29, No. 3 (September 1979), 167-168. (Two Zoological Enquiries, Pt. 1)

The Ichneumon of the Arcadia Mixture draws upon the resources of the science libraries of the University of Michigan to show that Teddy, the mongoose belonging to Henry Wood, was an Indian Brown Mongoose (Herpestes Fuscus) and not an Egyptian gray Ichneumon (Herpestes Ichneumon).


C6400. McClure, Michael C., and William P. Schweickert. "A Crooked Story," PP (NS), No. 11 (September 1991), 11-14, 23.

An analysis of the anomalies in Croo leads the authors to conclude that the narrative was not written by Watson but by some unknown imposter.

Also features a quiz on Croo.


C6401. Meyer, Charles A. "On the Identification of the `Royal Mallows,'" NS, No. 17 (December 13, 1983), 6-10.

Until further data become available, the best evidence seems to support the contention that the "old 117th" is really the "old 90th," and the "1st Battalion Royal Mallows" is indeed the "2nd Battalion, the Cameronians."


C6402. Thomalen, Robert E. ["Henry Wood"], PP, 3, No. 1 (1980), 33.

"Henry Wood (with his bloomin' Ichneumon), / Wasn't famous, of late, for good groomin'. / With hair that was matted And clothes that were tattered, / He looked positively sub-human."


C6403. Williamson, Clifford. "Tracking the Elusive Mongoose," CNFB, No. 4 (November 1934), 5-6.

A brief study of Viverridae Herpistes, focusing on its appearance, agility and voracious, indiscriminate gastronomic habits -- with references to Teddy, the ichneumon of Croo.


 The Adventure of the Dancing Men


C6404. -- A2337. Andrew, Clifton R. "The Closed Window Mystery in The Dancing Men," BSJ, 11, No. 3 (September 1961), 178-179.

An examination of "the odd incident of Mrs. Cubitt (née Elsie Patrick) closing and fastening the window in the study through which her husband had just been shot and killed."


C6405. -- A2338. Christ, Jay Finley. "The Dancing Men," SHJ, 1, No. 4 (December 1953), 24-25.

Similarities are noted between G. J. Cubitt's "Restless Imps" and Doyle's "Dancing Men."


C6406. -- A2339. Davis, Norman M. "The Case of the Finished Alphabet," BSJ, 19, No. 2 (June 1969), 85-90.

Holmes and Watson discuss the dancing men cipher.


C6407. -- A2340. Hearn, Otis. "Some Further Speculations Upon the Dancing Men," BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 196-202.

Abe Slaney and Elsie are unmasked as Chicago Anarchists (Nihilists) sending messages in symbols adapted from the Union Army's Manual of Signals (1865) and using the Nihilist Transposition method of concealing one enciphered message inside another. Behind them lurks the real wire-puller, Moriarty, who has infiltrated the Anarchist organization to use it for his own ends.


C6408. -- A2341. Helling, Cornelis. "Thurston, the Billiard-Player (-Maker)," BSJ, 13, No. 1 (March 1963), 48-49.

An advertisement in The Strand Magazine for December 1910 concerning home billiard tables made by Thurston & Co. Ltd., is proof enough that Watson's friend was both a billiard-player and a billiard-maker.


C6409. -- A2342. Helling, Cornelis. "The True Story of the Dancing Men," BSJ, 4, No. 3 (July 1954), 160-163.

The author quotes a letter from G. J. Cubitt denying that he invented the dancing men cipher, as reported by Gavin Brend (DA4224), According to Mr. Helling it was most likely worked out jointly by Drs. Watson and Doyle.


C6410. -- A2343. Kahn, David. ["The Codebreaking Holmes"], The Codebreakers: The Story of Secret Writing. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1967. Chap. 21, p. 794-798.

----------. ----------, SHJ, 8, No. 4 (Summer 1968), 128-131.

A penetrating analysis of Holmes's method of solving the dancing men cryptograms.

C6411. -- A2344. Kasner, Edward, and James Newman. "Chance and Chanceability," Mathematics and the Imagination. With drawings and diagrams by Rufus Isaacs. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1940. Chap. 9, p. 223-235.

The introductory part of Danc is quoted and then the cryptogram is presented as an excellent example of "reasoning by probable inference."


C6412. -- A2345. Koelle, John B. "Random Thoughts on The Dancing Men," BSJ, 16, No. 1 (March 1966), 18-20.

"The sad fact emerges that while Sherlock was dividing his energies between chemical endeavours and a rather casual approach to cryptographic analysis, Abe Slaney, `the most dangerous crook in Chicago,' was quietly erasing the Cubitt family."


C6413. -- A2346. Link, Gordden. "On Watson's Discovery of the Words `ETAOIN SHRDL' on a Study-Table in Baker Street," BSJ, 2, No. 1 (January 1952), 30.

"These were the magic words I found / Hear how their Celtic letters sound -- / ETAOIN SHRDL!"


C6414. -- A2347. Mather, Philip R. "The Dance of Death," BSJ, 5, No. 3 (July 1955), 157-159.

A tale in verse.


C6415. -- A2348. Orr, Lyndon. "A Case of Coincidence," The Bookman, 31, No. 2 (April 1910), 178-180.

----------. ----------, BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 203-205.

A suggestion (denied by Doyle) that the dancing men cryptogram was borrowed from a puzzle entitled "The Language of the Restless Imps" (St. Nicholas [May 1874], 439).


C6416. -- A2349. Pattrick, Robert R. "A Study in Crypto-Choreography," BSJ, 5, No. 4 (October 1955), 205-209.

"Messrs. Pratt and Schenck speak of both leg `positions' and leg `combinations.' This is a completely unwarranted supposition. There are no leg `combinations.' There are leg `positions' only...." Includes three charts: Family Groupings; Known Figures, with Five New Mirror Images; and Complete Alphabet with Numerals.


C6417. -- A2350. Pattrick, Robert R. ["Letter"], BSJ, 6, No. 4 (October 1956), 245-246. (From the Editor's Commonplace Book)

An answer to Prof. Schenck's comments on the author's Dancing Men Code.


C6418. -- A2351. Pratt, Fletcher. "The Secret Message of the Dancing Men," Profile by Gaslight. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944. p. 274-282.

A parallel is drawn between the cipher of the Dancing Men and the Great Cipher of Rossignol-- coincidentally each employs 1,568 different symbols!


C6419. -- A2352. Prestige, Colin. "Agents to Evil," BSJ, 5, No. 3 (July 1955), 144-147.

A catalog of thirty words, with commentary, that are additional possibilities to the three five-letter words sever, lever, and never which were mentioned by Holmes.


C6420. -- A2353. Sanderson, Shirley. "Another Case of Identity," SHJ, 6, No. 3 (Winter 1963), 86-87.

The author and her brother visit what their research leads them to believe is Ridling Thorpe Manor in Norfolk--Walcott House, the main house in the village of Walcott.


C6421. -- A2354. Schenck, Remsen Ten Eyck. "Holmes, Cryptanalysis and the Dancing Men," BSJ, 5, No. 2 (April 1955), 80-91.

Includes two tables on the leg and arm positions and one on the symbol equivalents for the complete alphabet.


C6422. -- A2355. Schenck, Remsen Ten Eyck. ["Letter"], BSJ, 6, No. 2 (April 1956), 123-125. (From the Editor's Commonplace Book)

A rejoinder to Robert Pattrick's "A Study in Crypto-Choreography."


C6423. -- A2356. Smith, William. "Studies on the Dancing Men: Being a Survey of the Subject as Treated by Many and Diverse Hands," BSJ, 19, No. 2 (June 1969), 79-84.

Contents: 1. A Brief History of Cryptography. -- 2. Textual Variants of the Cipher. -- 3. The Cipher Analysed -- the Master Criticised -- the Cipher Completed. -- 4. Possible Origins of the Cipher.


C6424. -- B958. "The Adventure of the Dancing Men by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle," A Teacher's Guide to Selected Literary Works. Compiled by Webb Ellis. [New York: Dell Pub. Co., 1965.] p. 104-106. (Laurel-Leaf Library) (Dell 8539)


C6425. -- B959. Bond, Raymond T. ["The Error of the Dancing Men"], Famous Stories of Code and Cipher. Edited by Raymond T. Bond. New York; Toronto: Rinehart and Co., 1947. p. 136-137.

----------. ----------, Clue, 1, No. 1 (May 1948), 15.

Points out an error and other imperfections in the dancing men cipher in American editions. The code is correct in The Strand Magazine.


C6426. -- B960. Dresner, Simon. "Codes and Ciphers," Scholastic Teacher/Science World, 14, No. 11 (April 21, 1967), 8-10.

Illustrated with stick figures from Danc.


C6427. -- B961. Evans, Constantine. "The American as Villain in The Adventure of the Dancing Men: Watson's Distortions and Omissions," BSJ, 22, No. 3 (September 1972), 153-157.

There is considerable textual evidence supporting the thesis that Watson suppressed and distorted certain details involving Hilton Cubitt's murder. The purpose of the tampering was to maintain the integrity of Watson's model of rectitude, the English gentleman (and implicity, the English gentlewoman). And this end was accomplished by making Elsie Patrick an American and hence, recalling the Victorian euphemism, being no better than she should be.


C6428. -- B962. "Five Quick Steps Toward `The Dancing Men,'" The Fourth Cab. Boston: Stoke Moran Publishers, 1976. p. 50-58.

Contents: 1. Where the Dance Was Held, by James M. Dunning. -- 2. Setting the Scene for This Evening, by James Keddie, Jr. -- 3. The Adventure of the Dancing Men Reduced to Verse in the Manner of Edgar W. Smith, by Philip R. Mather. -- 4. Comments on Watson's "The Adventure of the Dancing Men," by Harry Ober. -- 5. Confused Steps by the Dancing Men, by Richard Wait.


C6429. -- B963. Gardner, Martin. Codes, Ciphers and Secret Writing. New York: Simon and Schuster, [1972]. 96 p. illus.

----------. ----------. New York: Pocket Books, [January 1974]. 114 p. illus.

"An Archway Paperback."

Page 32 (paperback, p. 30) contains "a message in the dancing men cipher, solved by Sherlock Holmes."


C6430. -- B964. George, Donald L. "What Killed Cubitt," ND (July 1977), 11.

Examines the type of revolver used by Abe Slaney to kill Hilton Cubitt.


C6431. -- B965. Kahn, David. ["The Codebreaking Holmes"], DCC, 10, No. 1 (December 1973), 7-9.

----------. ----------, NNCC, 1, No. 2 (1976), 7-10; 1, No. 3 (1976), 8-9.

Reprinted from The Codebreakers, 1967 (DA2343).


C6432. -- B966. "Room Where `Holmes' Tale Was Written to Be Sold," Eastern Evening News [Norwich] (April 15, 1976). illus.

The Hill House Hotel at Happisburgh, once kept by the Cubitt family, will be auctioned on May 21. (A second article entitled "Sherlock Holmes House up for Sale," May 22, 1976, notes that the house was withdrawn when the bidding failed to reach the reserve price.)


C6433. -- B967. Shulman, David. "The Origin of the Dancing Men," BSJ, 23, No. 1 (March 1973), 19-21. illus.

----------. ----------, MM, No. 8 (August 1978), 3-4.

Refutes the theories advanced by Lyndor Orr (DA2348) and David Kahn (DA2343), and reveals a similarity between the dancing men and a signal alphabet described in United Service Magazine, 1832, p. 383.


C6434. -- B968. Sørensen, Aage Rieck. "Bemaerkninger til `The Dancing Men,'" Sherlockiana, 17, Nr. 1 (1972), 2-5.

----------. Some Observations on "The Dancing Men." Tr. by Peter E. Blau. [Washington, D.C., Privately Produced, April 1973.] 6 p.

Review: Aalborg Stiftstidende (March 21, 1972), 22.


C6435. -- B969. Warshauer, Richard. "`My Friend, Wilson Hargreave,'" BSJ, 23, No. 2 (June 1973), 113-115.

Wilson Hargreave, whom Holmes refers to as "my friend ... of the New York Police Bureau," was actually Thomas Byrnes, one of the most celebrated superintendents of the New York Police Department. It seems perfectly logical that Holmes knew Byrnes, who was head of the department's Detective Bureau for twelve years (1880 1892) and solved many famous cases. In addition, Byrnes was the author of Professional Criminals of America, a compendium of lawbreakers that is surely "one of the most remarkable books ever penned."


C6436. Albany, Ray. "`Every Problem Becomes Very Childish When Once It Is Explained to You' (Danc)," DH, 3, Nos. 1-2 (September 2, 1985), 10-13.

It was once said that "what one man can invent another can discover." This is certainly true of Danc, a most interesting tale. Behind the secretive talk and the detailed codes lie a wealth of information concerning the use and derivation of names; but only for those who analyze and scrutinize each page. The Literary Agent exceeds himself in his use of names that for the most part have a Norfolkian, Australian, and American origin.


C6437. Chambers, Robert S. "The Dancing Men Retold," BSJ, 29, No. 4 (December 1979), 214.

A verse in cipher.


C6438. Cochran, William R. "A Few Trivial Reflections on Danc," CHJ, 3, No. 11 (November 1981), 2.

Cryptology in the Canon and in "The Gold Bug," with special attention to the letters "N," "V" and "R" and the way that they have changed their shapes in various editions of the adventure.


C6439. Epstein, Sam and Beryl. The First Book of Codes and Ciphers. Pictures by Lászlo Roth. [New York: Franklin Watts, 1956.] 62 p. (No. 29)

Contains Sherlockian illustrations and a page about the "dancing men" cipher.


C6440. Gordon, Hanya. "The Dancing House Notes," SR, No. 12 (Spring Term 1993), 6-7.

Notes in preparation of recreating the floor plan of Ridling Thorpe Manor, with a ground floor plan of the house.


C6441. Halm, Michael. "So Absurdly Simple," DT, No. 6 (Autumn 1988), 1-8.

An explanation of how Holmes decoded the "dancing men" messages.


C6442. Kamil, Irving. "Sherlock Holmes and the Easter Island Script," BSJ, 30, No. 1 (March 1980), 39-42.

The code of the Dancing Men bears a striking resemblance to the Easter Island-Indus Valley scripts which Holmes certainly studied during his two years in Tibet, breaking the code in 1893. Thus, he could read the code of the Dancing Men directly when it was first presented to him. That he hid his prior knowledge is further evidence of his humanity, causing us to identify with and admire him all more.


C6443. Orr, Lyndon. "A Case of Coincidence," NS, No. 10 (March 16, 1982), 14-16. (Baker Street Incunabula).

----------. ----------, GT&RP, No. 4 (Winter 1992), 10.

Reprinted from The Bookman, April 1910 (DA2348).


C6444. Sare, Michael J. "The Compleat Recovery of the Cipher of Abe Slaney," NFTD, 9, No. 3 (September 1988), 1-6. illus.

----------. ----------, SHJ, 19, No. 3 (Winter 1989), 76-80. illus.

The author proffers that an underlying system or methodology exists which governs the creation of the various dancing men stances, refuting previous theories by David Kahn that the choice of the dancing men figures was "purely arbitrary." He concludes that the "Playfair Cipher" techniques form the framework for the "Dancing Men" system, with English language letter frequency distribution and four stance categorical "rules" governing specific character generation. In conclusion, an illustration of the proposed "Compleat Recovery" is provided.


C6445. Speck, Gordon R. "The Case of Hilton Cubitt," CNFB, No. 5 (May 1985), 6-7.

"It is ironic that Cubitt should perish just as he rose not only to defend the family honor but to enhance it. Protecting his home and wife against trespassing, home invasion, and forcible abduction, he exemplified the finest qualities of the family tradition. In fairness to Cubitt we must point out that Elsie, knowingly or not, is responsible for her husband's death. The Master again is correct: no woman can be completely trusted."


C6446. Sutherland-Bruce, Douglas. "The Riddle of the `Dancing Men,'" MM, Nos. 27-28 (October-December 1981), 15-17.

----------. ----------, WF, 3, No. 2 (Spring 1985), 4-6.


C6447. Torrese, Dante M. "Firearms in the Canon: The Adventure of the Dancing Men," BSJ, 41, No. 1 (March 1991), 39-43. illus.

"The purpose of this paper is to discuss certain difficulties associated with the descriptions of the firearms used in the murder of Mr. Hilton Cubitt of Ridling Thorpe Manor and the grave wounding of his wife, Elsie."


C6448. Vanderburgh, George A. "The Dancing Men of HAL," CH, 14, No. 2 (Winter 1990), 7-12.

"Some pleasant, delightfully ludicrous, fleetingly erudite confabulations regarding the origins of the Dancing Men with a somewhat technical explanation of the substitution cipher written for a micro-computer using graphics symbols which are entered and sized at the keyboard and reproduced in hard copy using a dot matrix or laser printer and word processing software."


C6449. Warner, Richard S. "Letter to Baker Street," BSJ, 30, No. 1 (March 1980), 44.

Identifies the "American" stamp on the letter received by Elsie Cubitt in Danc.


C6450. Weller, Philip. "A Case of Coincidence," SR, No. 9 (Summer Term 1992), 3.

A consideration of coincidence in connection with the secret code.


C6451. Weller, Philip. "The Dancing Men: Some Bibliographical Considerations, SR, No. 8 (Winter Term 1991), para. 49-55.

An examination of variations between different editions of Danc.


C6452. Wortman, Camille B., Elizabeth F. Loftus, and Mary Marshall. Psychology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, [1981]. xv, 656 p. illus.

The dancing men cipher is used to demonstrate heuristic strategy (p. 218, 232).


C6453. Yates, Donald A. "On the Dating of The Dancing Men," BSJ, 42, No. 4 (December 1992), 221-223.

Opinion is divided on whether the events of this tale occur in 1888 or 1898. Indisputably, one or the other is correct. The fact that Holmes had an inexplicably difficult time deciphering the simple "dancing men" code suggests that he must have been distracted. Nothing in August of 1898 that we can discern would have preoccupied him. However, "on the Sunday evening before Hilton Cubitt's second visit to Baker Street, if the year was 1888, a prostitute named Martha Turner was found murdered in the Whitechapel district of London -- the first murder of the maniacal and sadistic killer who came to be known as "Jack the Ripper." Ergo, 1888.


 The Adventure of the Devil's Foot


C6454. -- A2357. Andersen, Verner. "Alrunes Rod: Radix pedis diaboli," Medicinsk Forum [København] 23, Nr. 1 (1970), 7-12.

----------. ----------, Sherlockiana, 15, Nr. 1-2 (1970), 5-7.


C6455. -- A2358. Bonn, Ronald S. "Radix Pedis Diaboli," BSJ, 18, No. 2 (June 1968), 90-93.

"Concerning the chemical identification of the Devil's Foot Root, with some remarks upon certain common slurs against Watson's credibility, and one proposal for an alteration in the generally accepted body of scholarship surrounding the Canon."


C6456. -- A2359. Clum, Florence. "The Blame's a Foot," BSJ, 4, No. 4 (October 1954), 214-217.

A tale in verse.


C6457. -- A2360. Cooper, Peter. "The Devil's Foot: An Excursion into Holmesian Toxicology," The Pharmaceutical Journal, 197 (December 24, 1966), 657-658.

----------. ----------, SHJ, 8, No. 2 (Spring 1967), 59-61.

----------. ----------, BSJ, 18, No. 2 (June 1968), 94-96.

The "reddish-brown, snuff-like powder" that killed or drove insane the Tregennis family is identified as muavi (erythropleum guineense), an ordeal drug of the Congo region.


C6458. -- A2361. Redmond, Chris. "Moore Mystery," BSP, No. 43 (January 1969), 2.

On the mystery and fate of Dr. Moore Agar, who advised Holmes to rest or suffer the consequences of a complete breakdown.


C6459. -- B970. Andersen, Verner. "Radix Pedis Diaboli," SHJ, 12, No. 2 (Winter 1975), 54-55. illus.

A speculative identification of the Calabar bean as the devil's foot root.


C6460. -- B3935. Fish, Robert L. "The Solution to The Devil's Foot," BSJ, 28, No. 4 (December 1978), 224.

Although Holmes might have noted that Leon Stern-Dale's initials were L.S.D., and thereby hastened his solution, Schlock Homes saw at once the initials stood for Lox, Strawberry ice cream, and Dill pickles, a combination guaranteed to horrify if not poison.


C6461. -- B971. Redmond, Donald A. "The Smoke of the Devil's Foot," BSJ, 23, No. 1 (March 1973), 44-45, 47.

Examines the nature and possible results of the Holmes-Watson experiment with Radix pedis diaboli.


C6462. -- B972. Tinning, Herbert P. "The Game Is Sometimes a Foot," BSJ, 26, No. 3 (September 1976), 168-169. illus.

The author presents the possibility that the lone remaining supply of Radix pedis diaboli is now in the hands of Dr. Leon Sterndale who may have completed his work in darkest Africa. Also announced is the discovery of a sculpture of the Devil's foot root.


C6463. -- B973. Tracy, Jack. "Nota Pedis Diaboli," BSJ, 25, No. 2 (June 1975), 101-104. illus.

A careful review of the geographical references in Devi, identifying "Poldhu Bay" and leading to the conclusion that the adventure occurred upon Cornwall's Lizard Peninsula, on the eastern shore of Mounts Bay, rather than upon the western extremity as formerly supposed. The article concludes with a remarkable discovery about the identity of the historical owners of this property.


C6464. Arbagi, Martin. "Radix Linguae Cornubiensis: Holmes and the Chaldean Roots of Cornish," BSJ, 32, No. 1 (March 1982), 11-14.

At the time of Devi, Holmes was supposedly vacationing with Watson on the Cornish coast. This explanation is unacceptable for a number of reasons. The real motive for Holmes's presence in this isolated area is that the British government feared a landing of German secret agents there. Recall that March 1897 was at the peak of the crisis over the Kruger Telegram. Publication of the case in late 1910 came at another time of high Anglo-German tensions. Holmes's typically British sense of fair play caused him to request that Watson publish Devi as a warning that he was once again at work. This time, Holmes's activity would lead to the arrest of Von Bork and his gang in 1914.


C6465. Bruxner, Pamela. "Some Devilish Locations," SHJ, 18, No. 4 (Summer 1988), 114-118. illus.

The identification of most of the locations in Devi, with four photographs.


C6466. Daniels, Les. "To Cornwall's Secluded Coast," BSJ, 31, No. 3 (September 1981), 169.

"Black cliffs and ancient ruins mark the place / Where the Master solved his strangest case / And found a drug more menacing than most / Imported to Cornwall's secluded coast."


C6467. Ennis, Robert S. "Devil's Foot or Angel Dust?" BSJ, 42, No. 2 (June 1992), 89-92.

A young man's near fatal encounter with PCP, or "angel dust," results in prolonged psychosis. The incident recalls the 1887 case of The Devil's Foot in which Holmes and Watson's experiment with Dr. Sterndale's African powder confirms the murder weapon as radix pedis diaboli. One sample, however, was missing. Shortly after World War I, a new anaesthetic agent, phencyclidene, was introduced in Germany, but quickly fell into disrepute due to its high toxicity and frequent occurrence of temporary psychosis. PCP is the only hallucinogen with potentially fatal side effects, and symptoms identical to those described by Watson.


C6468. Helik, Patricia. "On the Trail of the Devil's Foot," BSJ, 29, No. 3 (September 1979), 171-172.

Doyle often reworked patterns of names and images and used them in more than one story. Devi is a second presentation of some of the more striking ideas from Houn.


C6469. Holly, Raymond L. "Two Falsely-Named Doctors," CHJ, 3, No. 10 (October 1981), 2-3.

"Some comments on the names `Leon Sterndale' and `Moore Agar.'"


C6470. Jones, Bob. "A Missed Clue in The Devil's Foot," BSJ, 41, No. 4 (December 1991 , 215-217.

The author reveals a clue missed by Holmes that might have sent Mortimer Tregennis to the gallows and saved Dr. Leon Sterndale from becoming a murderer. Until this article, the clue had escaped detection, both by Holmes and several generations of Sherlockians.


C6471. Key, Jack D. "A Devil Visits Arabela: An Unusual Encounter with Radix Pedis Diaboli," The Greater Llano Estacado Southwest Heritage, 9, No. 2-3 (Summer-Fall 1979), 21, 25-31. illus.

----------. ----------. Rochester, Minn.: Davies Printing Co., 1980. 12 p. illus.

Note: Minor changes in the text have been made and a frontispiece added.

Recall of Holmes's experiences in a strange case involving the Devil's Foot Root leads a medical librarian, visiting New Mexico to address a Moriarty society meeting, to the solution of the mystery for the deaths of "The Arabela Five" and to the discovery of the first use of that obscure African drug in the United States. Incidentally, it is learned that Sherrinford Holmes, brother of Sherlock, settled in New Mexico, raised a family, and has a still living third generation descendant there, a rancher named Sherrinford Holméz.


C6472. Lithner, Klas. "Dr. Sterndales bröder," Sherlockiana, 36, Nr. 2-3 (1991), 19-20. illus.

Text in Danish.


C6473. Maxwell, Robert J. "On the Use of Radix Pedis Diaboli," BSJ, 29, No. 4 (December 1979), 198-199.

A world survey of autonomic ordeals indicates that the use of substances like Devil's Foot Root is limited to Africa, where such drugs are used to resolve personal disputes in societies of intermediate complexity: too complex to permit family fueds, too simple to have a codified legal system and enforcement agencies.


C6474. Mr. Holmes in Cornwall, by Percy Trevelyan, M.D. Inverness: Robt. Carruthers & Sons, 1927. 20 p. illus.

"c. The Estate of the late Mycroft Holmes, and Penwith Books. Privately published, 1932. Republished, 1980 by Penwith Books, Trevenson House, Pool, Redruth, Cornwall. ... "

"A critical explanation of the late Dr. Watson's narrative entitled `The Devil's Foot.'" (Subtitle)


C6475. Ravin, James G. "The Devil's-Foot Root Identified: Eserine," BSJ, 32, No. 2 (December 1982), 199-202.

A review of the literature on the devil's-foot root reveals only one article that mentions eserine as the drug mostly likely to have been the poison (DB970). Dr. Ravin then presents further evidence that the poison is, in fact, eserine, a drug obtained from the ordeal or Calabar bean, a plant native to tropical West Africa.


C6476. Speck, Gordon R. "Do I Contradict Myself?" Q£$, 8, No. 2 (May 1987), 30-31.

The Canon abounds with evidence that Holmes shuns publicity, especially sensational publicity, but in Devi he contradicts himself by seeking it.


C6477. [Tinning, Herbert P.] A Devilish Exegesis. Pt. 1. The Eyes Have It, by "Dr. Leon Sterndale." [Weehawken, N.J.: Privately Produced, 1981. [4] p. (Limited Edition Christmas Cards, No. 11)

Limited to 100 numbered copies.

Examines the extraordinary number of references to eyes in the manuscript and published version of Devi.


C6478. [Tinning, Herbert P. A Devilish Exegesis. Pt. 2. An Upbeat Case, by "Dr. Leon Sterndale." [Weehawken, N.J.: Privately Produced, 1982.] [81 P. (Limited Edition Christmas Cards, No. 12).

Limited to 100 numbered copies.

A statistical analysis of the positive and negative words used by the characters in Devi. The use of positive words is nearly double the use of negative words, thereby making this an "upbeat case."


C6479. [Tinning, Herbert P.] A Devilish Exegesis. Pt. 3. An Open and Shut Case, by "Dr. Leon Sterndale." [Weehawken, N.J.: Privately Produced, 1983.] [81 P. (Limited Edition Christmas Cards, No. 13).

Limited to 100 numbered copies.

A review of the holograph and comparison with the published version of Devi to examine the indicated procedures for employing the Devil's Foot Root. The significance of doors and windows being open or shut is critical to this explication.


C6480. Tinning, Herbert P. "A Devilish Exegesis: Pt. 5," NZI, 2, No. 1 (August 1992), 73-75.

Suggests that when Mortimer Tregennis left his brothers George and Owen and his sister Brenda seated around the card table, the game was changed from Whist, which requires four or more players, to the ancient Cornish game of Tre-Out, which requires from two to five players.


C6481. Tinning, Herbert P. "Ratzegger Revisited," PP (NS), No. 1 (March 1989), 30-34.

A detailed analysis of Devi based on the method developed by the German scholar Ratzegger and used by Ronald Knox in his famous essay entitled "Studies in the Literature of Sherlock Holmes."


C6482. Tyler, Varro E., Jr. "The Physiological Properties and Chemical Constituents of Some Habit-Forming Plants: Devil's Foot Root, Radix Pedis Diaboli," Lloydia, 29, No. 4 (December 1966), 291-292. illus.


C6483. Wilson, Evan M. "With Sherlock Holmes and Karl Baedeker in Farthest Cornwall," BSJ, 32, No. 1 (March 1982), 7-10. illus.

The author, a collector of Baedeker's guidebooks for travellers, takes the reader through Devi with the aid of Baedeker's Great Britain. The two accounts contain so many similar descriptions of the locale (the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall) that it seems likely Holmes and Watson had a Baedeker guidebook with them on their visit to the area. It is suggested that the origin of the name "Devil's Foot Root" can be traced to certain place names appearing in Baedeker's text.


 The Adventure of the Dying Detective


C6484. -- A2362. Asher, Richard. "Malingering," SHJ, 4, No. 2 (Spring 1959), 54-58. illus.

In this interesting paper on the methods and techniques employed in feigning an illness, Dr. Asher briefly discusses Holmes's malingering in Dyin.


C6485. -- A2363. Jenkins, Walter S. "Tsutsugamushi to You, Dr. Ober," BSJ, 18, No. 2 (June 1968), 84.

The author disagrees with Dr. Ober on the tsutsugamushi fever theory.


C6486. -- A2364. L'Etang, Hugh. "Some Observations on the Black Formosa Corruption and Tapanuli Fever," SHJ, 4, No. 2 (Spring 1959), 58-60.

Contents: Tsutsugamushi Disease or Scrub Typhus. -- Tapanuli Fever. -- The Black and White Ivory Box.


C6487. -- A2365. Ober, William B. "Conan Doyle's Dying Detective: Problem in Differential Diagnosis," New York State Journal of Medicine, 67, No. 15 (August 1, 1967), 2141-2145.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 3, No. 12 (Spring 1967), 232-235.

The Director of Laboratories at Knickerbocker Hospital believes that Holmes was feigning a rickettsial infection called tsutsugamushi disease.


C6488. -- A2366. Rosenberger, Edgar S. "Half-Crowns and Oysters," BSJ, 1, No. 4 (October 1951), 132-135.

A tale in verse.


C6489. -- B974. Beerman, Herman. "Malingering: What Hath Man Wrought!" More Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Lititz, Pa.: Sutter House, 1976. p. 181-192.

Since Holmes considered writing a monograph on malingering (Dyin), Beerman attempts a partial reconstruction of the monograph, illustrating it with examples from the Canon and stressing motivation, method, types, occupational marks, delusions, detection, and the Munchausen Syndrome. He concludes by quoting William Bennett Bean's poem on the Syndrome.


C6490. -- B975. Hayes, Stephen. "There Was More Than One Rat in Sumatra," BSJ, 24, No. 3 (September 1974), 154-157.

The famed "Giant Rat of Sumatra" may have been an experimental animal used by Culverton Smith of Sumatra in his experimentation with bacteria and the plague bacillus used to kill Victor Savage; it was Holmes's investigation of the plague-stricken ship "Matilda Briggs," which carried the rat from Sumatra to London, that led him to discover Smith's nefarious crime.


C6491. -- B976. "The Insidious Dr. Conan of Baker Street," Amra [Chicago], 2, No. 35 (July 1965), 20.

Comments on Smith's poison-trap box.


C6492. -- B977. L'Etang, Hugh. "Some Observations on the Black Formosa Corruption and Tapanuli Fever," MB, 2, No. 1 (March 1976), 8-10.

Reprinted from SHJ, Spring 1959 (DA2364).


C6493. "An Offer They Just Couldn't Refuse," SHG, No. 3 (November 1991-February 1992), 10-11. illus.

An interview with Keith Miller, Catherine Cooke, and Christopher Roden concerning the facsimile edition of Dyin.


C6494. Ehrenkranz, N. Joel. "A. Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes, and Murder by Tropical Infection," Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 9, No. 1 (January-February 1987), 222-225.

"The scientific insights with which A. Conan Doyle endowed his creation, the master detective Sherlock Holmes, continue to attract scholarly interest. Indeed, the clinical and/or scientific aspects of Doyle's fiction hold appeal for those interested in the epidemiology of tropical infectious diseases. The origins and routes of transmission of tropical infections were subjects of fruitful investigation in the latter half of the nineteenth century. In `The Adventure of the Dying Detective,' Sherlock Holmes investigates a murder that he suspects to have resulted from a fatal Asiatic disease associated with a short incubation period: the indications point to primary septicemic plague as the murder weapon."


C6495. "Exotic Diseases," The Practitioner, 222 (April 1979), 442.

"Tapanuli fever and the Black Formosa corruption are clearly regional terms for a mite-borne rickettsial disease known as tsutsugamushi disease -- a neologism formed from the Japanese words for disease (tsutsuga) and mite (mushi)."


C6496. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Chronology of `The Dying Detective,'" WW, 10, No. 2 (September 1987), 21-24.

The internal evidence points to November 1904 as the date for this case, and, quite possibly, it was Holmes's last case before his retirement.


C6497. Katz, Robert S. "`It Is Horribly Contagious,'" BSM, No. 59 (Fall 1989), 21-23.

Dr. Katz analyzes the signs and symptoms of the illness feigned by Holmes and concludes that it was Acute Septicemic Melioidosis (ASM), a very unusual tropical disorder.


C6498. Kluge, Mary Ann. "Looking Back at the `Dying Detective,'" CHJ, 7, No. 7 (July 1985), 2.

Culverton Smith is tentatively identified as the Giant Rat of Sumatra.


C6499. Lai, Rick. "The Savage Reversion," Golden Perils, 6, No. 4 (May 1986), 22-25.

Victor Savage was the great-uncle of pulp hero Doc Savage. Victor was named after Victor Frankenstein, the scientist from Mary Shelley's novel. Culverton Smith murdered his nephew in order to inherit the Frankenstein notebooks that had been discovered by Victor's father.


C6500. Ober, William B. "Doctoring the Evidence," MD Magazine, 33, No. 2 (February 1989), 47-50, 57, 60. illus.

"How a `coolie disease from Sumatra' didn't kill Sherlock Holmes."


C6501. Ober, William B. "What Disease Had Sherlock Holmes at Death's Door?" Diagnosis, 4, No. 3 (March 1982), 87-88.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 5, No. 2 (June 1982), 441.

A discussion of Dyin and a suggestion that the disease Holmes simulated was tsutsugamushi fever, also known as scrub typhus and inundation fever, transmitted by the bite of a mite.


C6502. Redmond, Chris. "The Crime of Culverton Smith," WW, 11, No. 1 (May 1988), 9-12.

The dramatic story of Holmes's malingering leaves no room in Dyin for the narrative of Victor Savage's death at the hands of his uncle. But shrewd guesses can be made about the motive and many other aspects of the case.


C6503. Smith, Denis. "The Dying Detective Re-examined," SHJ, 18, No. 1 (Winter 1986), 20-22.

All the internal evidence in Dyin points to Saturday, November 1, 1902, as the date of this case.


C6504. Speck, Gordon R. "The Dying Detective," DC, 4, No. 2 (April 1991), 12-14.

"From Bed to Worse: The Case of the Lying Detective."


 The Adventure of the Empty House


See also Colonel Sebastian Moran

and Professor Moriarty


C6505. -- A2367. Ashton, Ralph A. "Colonel Moran's Infamous Air Rifles," BSJ, 10, No. 3 (July 1960), 155-159.

Contents: Biographical Note [on von Herder]. -- The Specifications. -- The Bolzenbüchse. -- Development. The Illustrations. -- Post Hoc.

The Colonel's weapon was designed by modifying the 18th-century Bolzenbüchse air rifle.


C6506. -- A2368. Bigelow, S. Tupper. "Was It Attempted Murder?" BSJ, 14, No. 2 (June 1964), 99-107.

"The law of England in 1894, even as it has been construed since then, was of such a nebulous and uncertain character that no one, whether barrister, solicitor or legal textbook writer, can say with perfect assurance whether Sebastian Moran would have been convicted of the attempted murder of Sherlock Holmes in 1894 or someone else who tried the same thing today would be convicted."


C6507. -- A2369. Davies, Bernard. "The Mews of Marylebone," SHJ, 6, No. 1 (Winter 1962), 6-10.

The author retraces the route Holmes and Watson took to the Empty House.


C6508. -- A2370. Earle, Ralph. "The Curious Incident of the Avoidance of Probate, With Some Reflections on the Premature Senility of Colonel Sebastian Moran," BSJ, 17, No. 3 (September 1967), 144-147.


C6509. -- A2371. Elie, Rudolph. "The Battle of Charing Cross," The Third Cab. [Boston: The Speckled Band, 1960.] p. 17-25.

The author examines the fight Holmes had with Thomas Mathews, the ruffian who knocked out Holmes's left canine in the waiting room at Charing Cross, and concludes that Mathews and Moriarty were the same person.


C6510. -- A2372. Helling, Cornelis. "Parker's Jew's Harp," BSJ, 19, No. 3 (September 1969), 178.

A note on Col. Moran's sentinel Parker and his harp, mentioned by Holmes in Empt.


C6511. -- A2373. Kimball, Elliot. "The Pseudo-Crucial Crocus," BSJ, 16, No. 1 (March 1966), 3-5.

Mr. Kimball sharply disagrees with Gavin Brend (My Dear Holmes, p. 129) for assuming the events in this case took place in February rather than in early April of 1894 as stated by Watson.


C6512. -- A2374. McLauchlin, Russell. "Ballade on a Daring Theme," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 1 (January 1947), 16-17.

"Great benefactor of the race, / This question troubles me a lot. / >From Sussex send the word apace. / Where was the Colonel when he shot?"


C6513. -- A2375. Rosenberger, Edgar S. "Welcome Holmes!" BSJ, 3, No. 4 (October 1953), 236-240.

A tale in verse.


C6514. -- A2376. Schultz, Robert S. "The Ballistics of the Empty House," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 4 (October 1947), 373-379.

A detailed study of the attempted murder of Holmes by Moran reveals the fallaciousness of Percival Wilde's contention (Design for Murder, chap. 4) that the events as described by Watson could not have happened.


C6515. -- A2377. Stix, Thomas L. "A Little Dirt on The Empty House," BSJ, 14, No. 2 (June 1964), 93-95.


C6516. -- A2378. Wallace, Vincent. "How Adair Met Moran," BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 240.

The bibliography in Col. A. E. Stewart's Tiger and Other Game: The Practical Experiences of a Soldier Shikari in India (London: 1927) lists A Summer in High Asia, by F. E. S. Adair--possibly a relative of Ronald Adair, through whom the latter met Col. Moran.


C6517. -- A2379. Wilde, Percival. "The Bust in the Window," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 3 (July 1948), 300-305.

A rebuttal of Mr. Schultz's article in which the author ends by challenging Schultz to "a duel to the death" with slide rules as the weapons.


C6518. -- A2380. Williams, H. B. "A Non-Canonical Clue," Illustrious Client's Third Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1953.1 p. 94-99.

"It may well be that much future light on certain obscurities of the Canon must come from without its pages as has this non-canonical clue of `The Adventure of the Empty House' come from the `Gourmet's Guide to London.'"


C6519. -- B978. Clarkson, Steven. "`Sir Huxtable's' Sidelights on The Empty House," HO Annual, No. 2 (1975), 9-11.


C6520. -- B979. Cochran, Leonard. "The Adventure of the Empty Boast, or What Was the Real Motive for the Murder of Ronald Adair?" BSJ, 22, No. 3 (September 1972), 168-171.

Contrary to Watson's rendition of Holmes's prowess as recorded in Empt, it was not Holmes who laid a trap for Col. Sebastian Moran, but Moran who baited one for the master sleuth. From this fact arise two questions, the answers to which constitute the contents and import of this article: What was the real motive for Moran's murder of young Ronald Adair? What caused Holmes to overlook that motive, obvious as it was?


C6521. -- B980. Evans, John W. "The Relevance of the Blind Mechanic," BSJ, 25, No. 1 (March 1975), 43-46.

Holmes's alleged reference to Von Herder as a "blind German mechanic" has aroused continued scepticism among students of the Canon. This article reinforces Watson's credibility through a brief study of Russian firearms inventor Mikhail Margolin, who designed a championship target pistol when he had been totally blind for twenty-three years.


C6522. -- B981. King, Daniel P. "Notes on the Bagatelle Card Club," NNCC, 1, No. 1 (1976), 5-6.

As there never was a club by the name of Bagatelle, Watson must have concealed the real name of Ronald Adair's club.


C6523. -- B5936. Picker, Lenny. "Who Killed Ronald Adair?" FTM, No. 2 (December 1978),4-6.

The old shikari did not murder Adair but was framed by another criminal, who, hungry for power, desired the elimination of Moran. "Anyone could have used the Von Herder airgun to kill Ronald Adair."


C6524. -- B982. Utechin, Nicholas. "The Tree That Wasn't," BSJ, 22, No. 4 (December 1972), 245-249.

A study of the layout of Park Lane and Hyde Park indicates that Moran was able to murder Adair merely by standing upon the pavement opposite Adair's residence. A theory is also put forward that Holmes was in "great danger" when first accosted by Watson because the tall thin man with colored glasses who Watson thought was a private detective was, in fact, Col. James Moriarty.


C6525. -- B983. Zens, Paul. "Fresh Air and Fair Play," BSJ, 27, No. 1 (March 1977), 4-5.

"It's crystal clear he [Watson] meant to soak us / In symbols like the blooming crocus, / Bravely blowing late in March. / That's only Watson being arch / About a love left unrequited / (Under guise of troth de-plighted) -- / The virgin life of young Adair's / With Edith Woodley of Carstairs."


C6526. Andersen, Verner. "Of Air-Guns," Sherlockiana, 34, Nr. 3-4 (1989), 27.

With a diagram of an air gun.

Text in Danish.


C6527. Ballinger, Jim, and Margaret Murray. "Sherlockian Silhouettes," SMuse, 11, No. 3 (Birthday 1993), inside front cover.

A song concerning the attempted murder of Holmes, whose silhouette appeared on the window shade of 221b.


C6528. Bishop, Owen. "The Holmes Machine," Practical Electronics (January 1989), 12-17. illus.

Based on the wax bust of Holmes, which was used as a decoy to lure Moran into a carefully laid trap, the author has devised a project that is designed to throw moving shadows on the curtains of a room at night. "Its aim is to give an observer the impression that the room is occupied. An intending intruder, believing that there is someone at home, will decide to try elsewhere .... Holmes was right (as always!). There must be signs of activity within. Moving shadows are required. Holmes did not have the benefit of modern technology to help him, but his housekeeper did the job reasonably well."


C6529. Brusic, Robert. "Synopsis of Discussion of `The Adventure of the Empty House,'" Explorations, No. 21 (May 1993), 2-3.

Summary of a discussion by The Norwegian Explorers of Minnesota.


C6530. Cochran, William R. "The Disappearance of the First Mrs. Watson," WW, 9, No. 1 (May 1986), 22-24.

In spite of the danger, Holmes returned to London in order to console Watson during his bereavement over the loss of his wife, who most likely died in childbirth.


C6531. Cochran, William R. "Re: Murray," BSJ, 39, No. 2 (June 1989), 76-78.

Upon receiving the BSI investiture of "Murray," the author reflects upon the fact that there are two Murrays in the Canon -- one saved Watson's life (Stud), and the other was playing cards with Ronald Adair (Empt). They were the same man, which explains why Watson attempted to solve the murder of Adair.


C6532. Cochran, William R. "Rummaging Through the Empty House," BSJ, 30, No. 4 (December 1980), 212-215.

Similarities between Empt and Poe's "The Murders in the Rue Morgue."


C6533. Dandrew, Thomas A. "The Multifarious Lovelife of Sherlock Holmes: `The Empty House,'" NS, No. 26 (March 25, 1986), 6-8.

The author follows his earlier articles on possible hidden sexual meanings in Glor and Twis with a sexual interpretation of events chronicled by Watson in Empt.


C6534. Drazen, Patrick E. "Who Was That Private Detective I Saw You With?" CHJ, 2, No. 5 (May 1980), 2-4.

The tall, thin man with tinted glasses who Watson thought might be a plainclothes detective in Empt (April 1894) is identified as Barker, a London private detective in Reti (1898).


C6535. Eckrich, Joseph J. "The Death and Resurrection of Sherlock Holmes," CHJ, 8, No. 12 (December 1986), 2-3.

A discussion of the improbable events surrounding Holmes's "death" and reappearance. Holmes actually surprised Watson shortly after his disappearance, not three years later.


C6536. Eckrich, Joseph J. "The Red-Headed League: Key to The Empty House," WW, 12, No. 1 (May 1989), 10-12.

From evidence in RedH and other stories, Holmes is a card player. With this in mind, a new interpretation is placed on events in Empt.


C6537. Fleissner, Robert F. "`No Ghosts Need Apply?' or, The Adventure of the Empty House's Empty House," Studies in Weird Fiction, No. 6 (Fall 1989), 28-30.

Although the original date of Blackwood's composition is uncertain, his story "The Empty House" appears to owe much to Empt. Comparable is E.T.A. Hoffmann's "Das öde Haus." Julia Briggs, in her Night Visitors, finds that "the shadow of Baker Street seems to fall heavily over" Blackwood's works. The main figure's name, Shorthouse, may be resonant of Sherlock. Is Blackwood's story not haunted also by the spirit of Doyle's prior tale?


C6538. Holly, Raymond L. "A Mysterious Promise," DT, No. 5 (Summer 1988), 1-8.

The evidence suggests that Holmes's return from his encounter with Moriarty, as reported in Empt, was known to hundreds of people, but that courtesy to Watson and Doyle kept the literary world from mentioning it directly.


C6539. Holly, Raymond L. and Joy. "Hurlsone Revisited," CHJ, 4, No. 5 (May 1982), 5.

An adaptation of the Musgrave Ritual.


C6540. Hyder, William. "The Root of the Matter," BSM, No. 72 (Winter 1992), 33-34.

Several Sherlockians, including two dentists, have wondered in print at Holmes's reference in Empt to "Mathews, who knocked out my left canine in the waiting room at Charing Cross," pointing out that the canine teeth are more securely rooted in the jaw than any of the others. A hypothetical episode from Holmes's early career, involving a visit to old Sherman the bird-stuffer, is offered as an explanation.


C6541. Jaeck, Kathrin. "Turn Around, Turn Around," WW, 11, No. 3 (January 1989), 15-17.

Musings about the question of how exactly did Mrs. Hudson turn the bust of the Master in Empt. Clockwise or counterclockwise? Always for these same numbers of degrees?


C6542. Jones, Kelvin I. "The Return," CHJ, 8, No. 4 (April 1986), 2-3.

"Stand with me here in Baker Street, / Peer through the dusty glass, / Recalling the thrill of bygone times / And the roar of the Reichenbach pass."


C6543. Kamil, Irving. "The Search for Oscar Meunier," BSJ, 38, No. 4 (December 1988), 209-214.

Starting with the few clues available in Empt, this article traces the name "Oscar Meunier" through the French art world of the late nineteenth century, not only identifying the actual sculptor of the wax bust of Holmes as Auguste Rodin, but also explaining the synthesis of allusions that led Holmes to attribute the bust to one Oscar Meunier of Grenoble.


C6544. Kamil, Irving. "Sherlock Holmes and the Locked-Room Mystery," BSJ, 32, No. 3 (September 19, 1962), 143-145.

Like Spec and Thor, Empt also qualifies as a locked-room mystery. Because the reader is overwhelmed by the rich texture and drama in Watson's account, the locked-room crime has been submerged and given less than its due. It is the purpose of this paper to raise the story to its proper place in the Canon and to recognize that in solving the murder of Adair, Holmes has once again demonstrated his genius.


C6545. Keefauver, Brad. "The Second Sherlock Holmes: A New Theory," Q£$, 7, No. 4 (November 1986), 52-57.

A new examination of the deutero-Holmes theory points not to a physical replacement of the detective in Fina and Empt, but to a spiritual replacement in Devi.


C6546. Lai, Rick. "Mathews Unmasked," WW, 11, No. 2 (September 1988), 13-16.

The Mathews who knocked out Holmes's left canine tooth in the waiting room at Charing Cross could have been the same individual as Victor Matthews, a master criminal encountered by Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond in H.C. "Sapper" McNeile's Temple Tower (1929).


C6547. Lithner, Klas. "`A Garrotter by Trade,'" Sherlockiana, 37, Nr. 1 (1992), 10.

Text in Danish.


C6548. Martin, Fran. "The Empty House," CH, 16, No. 1 (Autumn 1992), 31.

"No hansom cabs stop at the curb, / The bell has lost its peal ... / ... The darkness looms, the thick fog falls / Upon the Empty House."


C6549. Needleman, Lionel. "Parker the Garrotter: Why Was He Harmless?" CH, 7, No. 2 (December 1983), 21-23.

An examination of an episode in the history of Victorian crime sheds new light on Parker's career and reveals why he was no longer dangerous.


C6550. The Occupants of the Empty House. "Toasts," CHJ, 9, No. 5 (May 1987), 2-3.

Contents: A Decade in the Empty House, by William R. Cochran. -- To Colonel Sebastian Moran, by Gordon R. Speck. -- A Toast to Mrs. Hudson, by Fr. Raymond L. Holly. -- To the Blind German Mechanic, by Frank Oglesbee.


C6551. Randall, Warren. "A Silliness at the Empty House," PP (NS) (December 1988), 8-10.

Col. Moran reminisces on the true story of the Empty House and how he disposed of Holmes and Watson.


C6552. Rea, Tina. "A More Commanding Figure," WW, 9, No. 3 (January 1987), 13-14.

Holmes did not return to London on April 5, 1894, because of the death of Mary Morstan, as suggested by Cochran, or because of the death of Adair, but in order to trap Moran.


C6553. Redmond, Donald A. "So Full an Empty House: Three Problems of Plot," CHJ, 4, No. 4 (April 1982), 2-6.

Contents: 1. The Reversible Boots and the Duel. -- 2. The Wax Bust. -- 3. The Old Shikari and the Wounded Tiger.


C6554. Silverstein, Albert. "The Return of Sherlock Holmes," PP, 4, No. 3 (September 1982), 24-29.

"Holmes's return to the living is in the form of a classic Resurrection Myth, like that of Abraham's son Isaac or the rebirth of Osiris each spring. It is more naturalistically accomplished. It opens up for us visions of redemption, release from pain, the ability to make oneself clean and powerful anew, and the promise that good friends will always be reunited. For Watson, this renewal of hope was especially important. Like most of us in this dreary, workaday world, he had been bereft of hope and was living without that moral courage which the belief in a Resurrection Myth provides. ... Today we can see clearly a moral purpose served by the Return of Sherlock Holmes. For that 'end' meant a new beginning."


C6555. Speck, Gordon R. "Key(s) to Empt: Having Pun in the Empty House," CHJ, 4, No. 5 (May 1982), 2-4.

Three distinct "stories" overlap in Empt, each necessarily concerned with the same facts but differing in tone: (1) the ostensibly "main" story of Adair's murder; (2) the genuinely main story of Moran's capture; and (3) the artificially subdued but persistent high jinks of Holmes and Watson in telling the first two, which is the major focus of this essay.


C6556. Speck, Gordon R. "The Provenance of Parker, the Garroter," CHJ, 10, No. 5 (May 1988), 2-3.

Parker and Moran met and joined in unlawful schemes in India where they were influenced by stories of the Thugee followers of the goddess Kali, who garroted their victims.


C6557. Speck, Gordon R. "Why the Waxen Image Was Wrought," Q£$, 7, No. 1 (February 1986), 12-13.

Holmes read Houn while in France during the Hiatus and, reminded of Mortimer's praise of his physiognomy, in his vanity commissioned both a death mask and a waxen bust. Upon returning to London to console the bereaved Watson, Holmes used the bust to trap Moran.


C6558. Sutherland-Bruce, Douglas. "The Von Herder Air-Rifle," MM, No. 18 (April 1980), 11.

----------. "De luchtbuks van Von Herder," GR (June 1981), 7-9.

----------. "The Von Herder Air-Rifle," NFTD, 3, No. 3 (September 1982), 1-2.

A brief article about the blind German mechanic and his air-gun.


C6559. Tolins, Steve. "The Colonel Man," PP (NS), No. 16 (December 1992), 4. (The Ritual Toast)

"With apologies to Lewis Carroll."

"'Twas autumn and the Hansom cabs did flit and ghost it through the fog. / All shinesy was the Bobby's badge, and Moran's wrath outflog." Col. Moran meets the Jabberwocky.


C6560. Umansky, Harlan L. "I'll Drink to That: To Sir Ronald Adair," PP, 3, No. 4 (1981), 24-25. illus.

"So lift up your glasses to Ronald Adair / Who was slain by a man who was not anywhere / Or who walked through the air / With two storeys to spare."


C6561. Vatza, Edward J. "... We Were Bound for Baker Street." [Hellertown, Pa.: Privately Printed, 1989.] [4] p.

Prepared for The Baker Street Irregulars' Dinner, January 6, 1989.

Limited to 200 numbered copies.


C6562. Williams, Newt. "Vacant Pad Caper," BCA (1990), 31.

A condensed and humorous version of the society's titular story.


 The Great Hiatus


C6563. -- A2381. Armstrong, Walter P. "The Truth About Sherlock Holmes," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 4 (October 1946), 391-401.

"Holmes did not return. He did not return because he had never been away.... Not only was Holmes in London, but he was living in the same house with Watson all the time. Watson has deceived us. But we cannot blame him, for the deception was necessary in order to trap the wily members of the Moriarty gang who remained."


C6564. -- A2382. Ball, John. "The Path of the Master," BSJ, 21, No. 1 (March 1971), 26-32.

In the company of his Sherlockian son, the author revisits certain historical locations in London, makes a pilgrimage to the Reichenbach Falls in Switzerland, and then breaks what he believes to be new Irregular ground by being granted an extraordinary private audience (in Northern India) with His Holiness, the Dalai Lama of Tibet. From this rare and privileged visit, new evidence concerning Holmes's sojourn in the Land of Snows is uncovered.


C6565. -- A2383. Baring-Gould, William S. "`You May Have Heard of the Remarkable Explorations of a Norwegian Named Sigerson...,'" BSJ, 17, No. 3 (September 1967), 152-160.

----------. ----------, The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, [1967]. Vol. 2, chap. 48, p. 320-328.

A critical examination of the three schools of Sherlockian commentary (the Apologistic or Fundamental School, the Interpretive School, and the Sensationalist School) on the Great Hiatus--the three years between May 1891 and May 1894 when "all the world, except his brother Mycroft, thought Sherlock Holmes dead."


C6566. -- A2384. Boucher, Anthony. "Ballade of the Later Holmes," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 1 (January 1946), 44.

A reply in verse to Jay F. Christ's denial that the Holmes who returned was, as Mr. Boucher contends, an imposter. "A master did return indeed!"


C6567. -- A2385. Boucher, Anthony. "Was the Later Holmes an Impostor?" Profile by Gaslight. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944. p. 60-70.

The author argues that Holmes did, in fact, fall over the cliff at the Reichenbach and that the man who in 1894 returned to London was in reality his cousin Sherrinford.


C6568. -- A2386. Christ, Jay Finley. "The Later Holmes an Imposter: A Sequel," BSG, 1, No. 1 (1961), 21-33.

A refutation of Anthony Boucher's dualistic hypothesis that there were "two Holmeses."


C6569. -- A2387. Christie, Winifred M. "On the Remarkable Explorations of Sigerson," SHJ, 1, No. 2 (September 1952), 39-44.

Mrs. Christie believes the Master's visit to the chief lama had far more behind it than simple curiosity.


C6570. -- A2388. Donegall, Lord. "April 1891-April 1894," The New Strand, 1, No. 6 (May 1962), 678-680. (Baker Street and Beyond, No. 6)

----------. ----------, Seventeen Steps to 221b. [Edited by] James Edward Holroyd. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., [1967]. p. 161-166.

The author traces Holmes's activities during the Great Hiatus.

C6571. -- A2389. Fage-Pedersen, Anders. A Case of Identity. Bilag til [Supplement to] Sherlockiana, 8, Nr. 1-2 (1963). 7 p.

Text in Danish.

An attempt to show that Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Nikola, a mystical doctor who travelled in Tibet during the Hiatus, are the same person.


C6572. -- A2390. Foss, T. F. "The Missing Years," SHJ, 9, No. 3 (Winter 1969), 86-87.

Holmes did not spend two years in Tibet posing as a Norwegian explorer named Sigerson, but, instead, assisted his country by ferreting out information on Russian intrigues in India.


C6573. -- A2391. Grosbayne, Benjamin. "Sherlock Holmes's Honeymoon," BSJ, 21, No. 3 (September 1971), 143-150.

"The most famous consulting detective of his age was not the stranger to the grand passion that he was made out to be; he married and left a son to carry on his own contribution to the world; and, most intriguing of all, he became a distinguished operatic conductor and toured the musical centres of the world with his wife, the famous contralto, Irene Adler."


C6574. -- A2392. King, Martin J. "Holmes in Hoboken?" SS, 1, No. 2 (September 1971), 3-5.

The Meyers Hotel is identified as the place where Sherlock and Irene were reunited for the birth of their son, Nero Wolfe.


C6575. -- A2393. M., J. "Notes of a Bookman," Harper's Weekly, 45 (August 31, 1901), 881.

Documents and correspondence from various sources, including Holmes, Watson, and Doyle, on the resuscitation of Sherlock Holmes.


C6576. -- A2394. Martin, Alastair. "Finding the Better Half," BSJ, 20, No. 2 (June 1970), 74-78.

A clever but farfetched attempt to identify Moriarty as a woman (namely the widow of Count Dracula) whom Holmes encountered at the Reichenbach, wed, and spent three years with during the Great Hiatus.


C6577. -- A2395. McComas, Stanley. "Lhove at Lhassa," BSJ, 1, No. 2 (April 1951), 43-51.

Evidence is presented to support the contention that after the Reichenbach affair, Holmes and Irene Adler (by then divorced from Godfrey Norton) were married in Florence and then spent the next three years travelling about Asia.


C6578. -- A2396. McDiarmid, E. W. "Reichenbach and Beyond," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 2 (1957), 34-43.

A detailed examination of the theories advanced by Sherlockian scholars on the Reichenbach Incident and the Great Hiatus.


C6579. -- A2397. Nelson, James. "Sherlock and the Sherpas," BSJ, 7, No. 3 (July 1957), 161-164.

The author suggests that "while Holmes was on absence without leave, in the 1890's, he met in those Himalayan peaks a woman who was more of a challenge than Irene Adler--that he met the Abominable Snow-woman. Natural law and common sense assume that it is their descendants who are today making Holmesian footprints in the snows of time." This takes the prize for the most fanciful of all Sherlockian conjectures!


C6580. -- A2398. Robertson, Allen. "Baker Street, Beecher and Borden," BSJ, 3, No. 1 (January 1953), 44-47.

"Perhaps, as a souvenir of his experience in Fall River, Holmes wanted to have a little reminder, for his room in Baker Street. Hence the unframed picture of Henry Ward Beecher, who was responsible for his grandfather [the Rev. S. Holmes] being in New Bedford, and therefore for his own opportunity to work on the Lizzie Borden case."


C6581. -- A2399. Shields, Gilbert. "The Mysterious Return of Sherlock Holmes," The Marquette Journal [Marquette University] (Winter 1951), 9-13.

Another refutation of Mr. Boucher's theory that the later Holmes was an imposter.


C6582. -- A2400. Simpson, A. Carson. Sherlock Holmes's Wanderjahre. Philadelphia: Privately Printed by International Printing Co., 1953-1956. 4 v. (20, 27, 23, 25 p.) maps. (Simpson's Sherlockian Studies, Vols. 1-4)

Limited to 221b copies.

Contents: Pt. 1. Fanget An! -- Pt. 2. Post Huc nec ergo Propter Huc Gabetque. -- Pt. 3. In fernem Land, unnahbar euren Schritten. -- The Himalayan Leech. -- On to Lhasa. -- The Abominable Snowman. -- Buddhistic Studies. -- Sigerson's Explorations. -- Mount Everest. -- Appendix. -- Pt. 4. Auf der Erde Rücken rührt' ich mich viel. -- His Homeward Trip. -- His Trip Eastward. -- Preparations for the Trip. -- From Florence to Tibet.


C6583. -- A2401. Sisson, Jon. Borden. "Dr. Handy's Wild-Eyed Man," BSJ, 20, No. 3 (September 1970), 170-179.

A document purportedly written in 1892 by Dr. Benjamin Handy of Fall River, Massachusetts, describes Holmes's acquaintance with Lizzie Borden and his investigation of the murders of her father and stepmother. Handy concludes that Holmes may have committed the murders himself. An introduction to Handy's document summarizes the theory that Holmes was the father of the detective Nero Wolfe, and an addendum offers evidence that Wolfe's mother was Lizzie Borden.


C6584. -- A2402. Smith, Edgar W. "Sherlock Holmes and the Great Hiatus," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 3 (July 1946), 277-285.

----------. ----------, Baker Street and Beyond: Together with Some Trifling Monographs. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1957. [unpaged]

A whimsy dealing with the good fortune enjoyed by the murderer of Andrew J. Borden and Abby Durfee Borden in consequence of the Master's fettering.


C6585. -- A2403. Wilson, Evan M. "The Trip That Was, or Sherlock Holmes in the Middle East," BSJ, 20, No. 2 (June 1970), 67-73.

The author's association, extending over thirty years, with the Middle East has led him to conclude that it would have been impossible for Holmes to have made the journey he described to Watson. Mr. Wilson does believe, however, that Holmes could have visited Persia and the Holy Land.


C6586. -- A2404. Wincor, Richard. Sherlock Holmes in Tibet. New York: Weybright and Talley, [1968]. 137 p.

"Being an astonishing account of Holmes' hitherto unknown years, now revealed in a most extraordinary narrative from his own notebook." (Jacket)

Also contains extracts from the works of Bishop Berkeley and The Tibetan Book of the Dead.

Reviews: BSP, Nos. 52-53 (October-November 1969),5 (Glenn S. Holland); SOS, 4, No. 1 (January 1970), 4-6 (Thomas Drucker); Startling Mystery Stories, 2, No. 5 (Winter 1968/69), 124-127 (Robert A. W. Lowndes).


C6587. -- B984. Bensky, Jerold M. "`Sigerson' -- What Is in a Name?" BSJ, 23, No. 1 (March 1973), 28-31.

This article investigates Holmes's use of the name "Sigerson" as a code or cipher to inform Mycroft of the location where he was hiding or seeking seclusion. The major considerations concern a dual substitution code and the possible messages implied. An additional consideration concerns whether one can hold that the article attributed to Sigerson was necessarily about Tibet.


C6588. -- B985. Blakeney, T. S. "Disjecta Membra," BSJ, 25, No. 3 (September 1975), 142-143.

Sax Rohmer's Brood of the Witch Queen, 1918, may have been influenced by Doyle's short story, "Lot 249," 1884.

During the Great Hiatus, Holmes most likely entered Tibet from the northwest, not from the direction of either India or China. His exit from Lhasa was probably through Rudok on his way westward to visit Persia.


C6589. -- B986. Blakeney, T. S. "To and From Lhasa," SHJ, 10, No. 4 (Summer 1972), 114-115.


C6590. -- B987. Carlson, Ron. "`A High-at-us,'" FFTN, 5, No, 2 (April 1975), 5.

Sherlock, assisted by Mycroft, negotiated with the High Lama of Tibet to grow a certain "`highly' relaxing product" that was to have been marketed by Moriarty.


C6591. -- B988. Chambers, Robert S. "The Journey to a Lost Horizon," BSJ, 26, No. 4 (December 1976), 229-230.

Where was Sherlock during the Great Hiatus? He discovered the tranquil Tibetan civilization of Shangri-La, first described in a fictionalized narrative by James Hilton. Knowing this, some of the Master's more inexplicable characteristics after his return can be explained, including his secret of longevity.


C6592. -- B989. Dodd, Patricia. "Communicating in Code," SMuse, 3, No. 2 (Summer 1977), 6-8, 11.

During his three-year absence, Holmes continued to keep in touch with both Mycroft and Watson through an intricate network of coded messages. Watson's messages from Mycroft to Sherlock, who was disguised as a fledgling member of Moran's gang, were cleverly inserted in the cases known as The Adventures and The Memoirs.


C6593. -- B990. Drazen, Patrick E. "The Greater Vehicle: Holmes in Tibet," BSJ, 26, No. 4 (December 1976), 220-226.

The author maintains that Holmes spent two post-Reichenbach years in Tibet pursuing Tibetan Buddhism to rid himself of the cocaine habit, and that the mystical nature of Tibetan Buddhism would appeal to his dramatic sensibilities. Drazen also parallels Reichenbach, the Hiatus, and Empt with the first three bardos (levels) described in The Tibetan Book of the Dead.


C6594. -- B991. Ernstson, Stefan. "Den återvändne Sherlock Holmes," Recip Reflex [Stockholm], 5, No. 3 (March 1972), 35-40. illus.

----------. "The Counterfeit Sherlock Holmes Unmasked," BSCL, No. 10 (1972), 6-9.

Accepting the theory that Watson and Mycroft murdered Holmes at the Reichenbach (DA2425 and DA2439), Dr. Ernstson suggests that the post-Reichenbach Holmes was none other than the Master's sister, who came forth to revenge her brother's death.

A refutation by Claesgöran Lögfren and reply by Dr. Ernstson appear in Recip Reflex, No. 5 (1972) and are reprinted in Swedish in BSCL, No. 10 (1972), 9-12.


C6595. -- B992. Farrell, John. "Sherlock Holmes -- Explorer," SM, 6, No. 1 (February 15, 1978), 18-23.

Like the famous British explorers Col. Thomas Edward Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Capt. Sir Richard Francis Burton, Sherlock Holmes was a great adventurer-explorer and deserves to be remembered as such.


C6596. -- B993. Foss, T. Frederick. "But That Is Another Story," BSJ, 25, No. 2 (June 1975), 68-70.

Holmes's exploration of the Himalayas, as Sigerson the Norwegian, was a cover for his activities in attempting to find out what the Russians were up to in that part of the world. The Indian Government reluctantly agreed to his presence there, but arranged for Kipling's policeman, Strickland, to keep an eye on him. Strickland was selected because both he and Holmes were out of the same stable: individualists with a contempt for officialdom and all stultifying paper work.


C6597. -- B994. Halén, Harry. "Sherlock Holmes Venäjällä" ["Sherlock Holmes in Russia"], Bibliophilos [Helsinki], No. 2 (1973), 57-61.

The author's main thesis is that the vanishing trick of the century was performed by Holmes in 1891-1893 and after. In Tibet he underwent a "tantric materialization ritual" that resulted in Sherlock Holmes II, a live copy of the detective -- a phantom body with almost all the intellectual and physical faculties of the original. In the company of his newly-born identical brother, the real Holmes, in the guise of a tobacco merchant named Anaxagoras Gurr, arrived in Russia at the invitation of Anton Chekhov. The two Holmeses parted in Riga: the phantom Holmes returned to London and the real Holmes began working in Russia, first in the Baltic provinces. Halén cites several Estonian-language titles of books telling about Holmes's exploits. These books belong to the apocryphal literature on Holmes.


C6598. -- B995. Keller, Robert. "Sherlock Holmes: A Spectra?" BSJ, 25, No. 3 (September 1975), 160-161, 167.

The Master did indeed die in the fall at Reichenbach and then returned in a spiritual, resurrected form. His later adventures were actually those of "the world's first consulting ghost." Primary references are true cases collected by Elliot O'Donnell and Hans Holzer, giving authoritative commentary on the subject.


C6599. -- B996. Krejci-Graf, Karl. "Giant Rats and the Road to Lhasa; Containing Experiences of a Traveller in Republican China," SHJ, 10, No. 3 (Winter 1971), 78-81. illus.


C6600. -- B997. McQueen, Ian. "Sigerson's Disciple?" SHJ, 12, No. 3-4 (Summer 1976), 88.

The Swedish explorer Sven Hedin may have followed in the footsteps of a Norwegian named Sigerson!


C6601. -- B998. Olding, Alan. "Holmes in Terra Australis lncognita -- Incognito," SHJ, 13, No. 2 (Summer 1977), 42-43.

Holmes gained his knowledge of the Australian criminal class by spending part of his hiatus in Australia. In fact, he may have had relatives there. The Earl of Maynooth, Governor of one of the Australian Colonies, placed his son Ronald Adair in Holmes's charge during Adair's stay in London.


C6602. -- B999. Pollock, Donald. "Notes on a Journey to Lhassa and Mecca," BSJ, 25, No. 2 (June 1975), 71-73.

The possibility of Holmes having made the purported journeys to Lhassa and Mecca is examined. Evidence is cited to counter earlier claims that the account is fictitious. Additionally, certain similarities are noted between Holmes and the explorer Sir Richard F. Burton.


C6603. -- B5937. Redmond, Donald A. "Double `L' -- Why in the Empty House?" BSR, 1, No. 3 (April 1979), 5-6.

Holmes conducted his coal-tar research in Montpellier (France), not Montpelier (Vermont), as spelled by Watson.


C6604. -- B1000. Reyom, Bob. "The Great Hiatus, or Locked in the Music Room Without My Cello," FFTN, 5, No. 2 (April 1975), 4-5.

The Master's three-year hiatus was spent studying the motets of Orlando di Lasso.


C6605. -- B1001. Schwalb, Joseph 0. "The Great Pretender," BSJ, 23, No. 2 (June 1973), 106-112.

A collection of letters and documents alluding to the Great Hiatus of Sherlock Holmes in Tibet from 1891 to 1893. Besides the letters, there are journals and an interview between the Dalai Lama and Sigerson, attesting to the intellect and observations of the Master.

Review: BSJ, 23, No. 3 (September 1973), 190 (Jack Tracy).


C6606. Anderson, Poul. "Sherlock Holmes, Explorer," BCA (December 1984), 2-4.

It is argued that Holmes's travels during the Hiatus were a working out of a lifelong wish to be an explorer, although his activities in Tibet also involved counteracting the machinations of the Russian agent Dorijev.


C6607. Batory, Dana Martin. "Hiatus in Paradise," Megavore: The Journal of Popular Fiction, No. 11 (October 1, 1980), 29-33. illus.

The essay theorizes that during the "Great Hiatus" Holmes and the Norwegian explorer Sigerson journeyed to Tibet to investigate the disappearance of strange cargo caravans in the Himalayas. Both found themselves "guests" at the lamasery of Shangri-La. Sigerson was never allowed to leave. Holmes was sent back into the world to finish his work. Batory states there is a possibility that The Origin of Tree Worship was privately printed on Shangri-La presses.


C6608. Batory, Dana Martin. "Tut, Tut, Sherlock!" BSM, No. 31 (Autumn 1982), 2'(-'-24, 32.

This essay examines the possibility that the mysterious Egyptian "detective" Abu Tabah of Sax Rohmer's Tales of Secret Egypt (1918) was in actuality Sherlock Holmes. The author also theorizes that Holmes spent part of his Great Hiatus in Egypt disrupting the hashish trade on behalf of the British government. Holmes successfully assumed the role of a Moslem imam, or holy man.

Review: BSM, No. 32 (Winter 1982), 26-27 (Robert E. Briney).


C6609. Bengtsson, Hans-Uno. "En norrman vid namn Sigerson," Folk som flög. Lund, Sweden: Ellerströms, 1985. p. 121-131.

----------. "A Norwegian Named Sigerson," BSJ, 37, No. 3 (September 1987), 148-152.

When the thirteenth Dalai Lama came of age in 1895, the retired Regent plotted His death, using as his instrument, a pair of cursed slippers. The plot was discovered through some remarkable detective work, and the Dalai Lama lived to proclaim His country a free nation. It is argued that Holmes, during his sojourn in Tibet, had an audience with the Dalai Lama and instructed His Holiness in the art of detection, making possible the fortunate outcome of `The Case of the Cursed Shoes' and hence maybe ultimately deciding the fate of the Tibetan nation.


C6610. Brown, David. "The Italian Connection," NFTD, 5, No. 1 (March 1984), 1-4.

An account of the extensive preparations made by Holmes and Brother Mycroft, enabling the detective to stage his disappearance at Reichenbach and pick up a P. and O. ship at Naples, his reasons for doing so, and his later movements.


C6611. Caplan, Richard M. "Why Coal-Tar Derivatives at Montpellier?" BSJ, 39, No. 1 (March 1989), 29-33.

This essay elaborates the chemical nature of coal-tar derivatives, which Holmes said he studied at Montpellier during the Great Hiatus. Especially important are the many substances manufactured from the derivative called aniline, many of which have color that makes them useful in the manufacture of inks, dyes, and other pigmented materials. Holmes's attraction likely lay in the prospect of identifying and tracing for forensic purposes the origins of such substances. The University of Montpellier served as an appropriate place for such study for reasons of seclusion, safety, family, and long-standing anti-German sentiment.


C6612. Cohen, Montague. "Holmes's Missing Years: Science Fiction Reversed," CH, 9, No. 1 (Autumn 1985), 17-19.

Michael Hardwick's novel, Sherlock Holmes: My Life and Crimes, reveals the true story of Holmes's "missing years," 1891-1894. Holmes and Moriarty jointly undertake a secret mission in Germany on behalf of the British Government, seeking information on the newly-discovered radio waves and their possible use for echo-location of warships. This article describes the collaboration between a scientist and a novelist to devise a credible plot, set in a defined historical period, and discusses the pitfalls and constraints of "science fiction in reverse." The moral: science must often wait for technology to catch up.


C6613. Collins, William P. "It Is Time That I Should Turn to Other Memories: Sherlock Holmes and Persia, 1893," BSJ, 31, No. 4 (December 1981), 213-223.

Evidence strongly suggests that Holmes indeed spent at least two months in Persia where he observed the activities of the Russians; assessed the effects of the activities of Siyyid Jamálu'd-Dín "al-Afqhání" and Mírzá Malkam Khán on British interests; and made a number of recommendations on British policy to Her Majesty's representatives. Holmes had already familiarized himself with the Bábí-Bahá'i religion, members of which he met on his journey, and in which he may have found a spiritual home.

Review: Nineteen Day Feast Bulletin & Review [Baha'i Center, Jersey City., N.J.] (April 8, 1982), 1-2.


C6614. Duval, James O., ed. Meanwhile Back in London ... Illustrated by Troy Taylor. Penacook, N.H.: Privately Printed, [November 1993]. iii, 41 p.

Limited to 100 numbered copies.

"The focus of this chapbook is to take a look at how six members of Holmes's inner circle fared during his three-year absence from the London crime-fighting scene. Glimpses into the lives of Mrs. Hudson, Wiggins, Dr. Watson and his wife Mary, Mycroft, and Lestrade show us how the departure of one man can so affect the lives of others."

Contents: Introduction by James O. Duval. -- Mrs. Hudson's Empty House, by Rosemary Michaud. -- A Brief Reprint from the Reminiscences of Henry Wiggins, by Charles A. Meyer. -- Mycroft, by Thomas J. Francis. -- The Empty House: Addendum, by Alan S. Mosier. -- Mary Watson née Morstan, by Joanne Zahorsky. -- How I Spent My Hiatus, by John H. Watson, [I.D., aka Warren Randall].


C6615. Fage-Pedersen, Anders. A Case of Identity. Tr. by Bjarne Nielsen. [Copenhagen]: Antikvariat Pinkerton, 1981. 16 p.

Limited to 500 copies.

First published in Danish in a supplement to Sherlockiana, 1963 (DA2389).


C6616. Gejrot, Tomas. "Var Sherlock Holmes patient hos Sigmund Freud?" ["Was Sherlock Holmes a Patient of Sigmund Freud's?"], Observanda Medica Ferrosan [Malmö, Sweden], Nr. 2 (1988), 61.

According to the author, Holmes spent his Hiatus in Vienna being treated for his addiction to cocaine.


C6617. Green, Richard Lancelyn. "On Tour with Sigerson," SHJ, 14, No. 1 (Spring 1979), 24-26.

The only logical place where Holmes could have gone into hiding and, at the same time, maintain contact with the criminal world was in London. He returned to live at 221b, venturing forth in disguise, and only Mrs. Hudson, Mycroft, and Lestrade were in his confidence.


C6618. Holly, Raymond L. "Europeans in Lhasa in 1891," BSJ, 30, No. 3 (September 1980), 151-157.

H. Rider Haggard attributes his tales She and Ayesha to Ludwig Horace Holly, who claims to have been in Tibet with his adopted son in 1891. They were saved from execution by a friendly Chinese official, who, in reality, was Holmes in disguise, working as a secret operative for Her Majesty's Government.


C6619. Holly, Raymond L. "A Laboratory at Montpelier," CHJ, 6, No. 6 (June 1984), 2.

Did Holmes research coal-tar derivatives at Montpelier in England or in Montpellier "in the south of France"?


C6620. Holly, Raymond L. "Two Chronological Notes on the Hiatus," CHJ, 5, No. 5 (May 1983), 2-3.

Contents: 1. Seven Months in the South of France. -- 2. The Brothers Communicate.


C6621. Huddleston, Jeffrey R. "The Ballad of Sigerson in Tibet," Calabash, No. 1 (March 1982), 27-29.

----------. ----------, WW, 5, No. 1 (May 1982), 18-22.

In four parts and nineteen stanzas, with four drawings by the author.

"An Englishman did stand alone / on Lhassa's ice carved peaks, / looking down upon an alien world / with wisdom few did seek."


C6622. Johnson, C. Arnold. "An East Wind," BSJ, 31, No. 1 (March 1981), 10-13.

Moriarty survived Reichenbach and pursued Holmes to Tibet, where, to gain control of the wealth and resources of the Orient, he disguised himself as a Prince of the Manchus. In his madness, fiction became reality and eventually he emerged as Dr. Fu Manchu.


C6623. Jordan, Anne. "I looked in at Mecca." Bingley, West Yorkshire: The Musgrave Ritual, 1993. 1 v. illus. (Musgrave Monograph No. 4)

Investigates Holmes's claim to have visited Mecca. In researching this publication, the author made some interesting discoveries concerning Holmes, his early life, and the influence of Sir Richard Burton.


C6624. Keefauver, Brad. "The Frightened Years," AC, No. 2 (April 1986), 3; No. 3 (June 1986), 4; No. 4 (August 1986), 2. (Thesis No. 3)

With rebuttals by Michael H. Kean and Margaret E. Whitmer.


C6625. Keefauver, Brad. "So You Think Coal-Tar Derivatives Are Boring? Not So!" CHJ, 8, No. 6 (June 1986), 2-3.

Holmes, who had considerable knowledge of perfumes, may have devoted the last months of his Great Hiatus in Montpelier researching synthetic perfumes derived from coal tar.


C6626. Lewis, Lou. "Did Holmes Languish in Lhasa?" BSM, No. 66 (Summer 1991), 24-25.

"He travelled two years in Tibet / A journey we won't soon forget / Sometime twixt '91 and '94 / While the world mourned `Nevermore?' / Holmes languished in Lhasa?"


C6627. MacArthur, James. "Notes of a Bookman," BSJ, 35, No. 2 (June 1985), 94-98. (Incunabulum)

The appearance of the first instalment of Houn was an excuse to concoct paragraphs from newspapers reporting Holmes's return.

Reprinted from Harper's Weekly, August 31, 1901 (DA2393).


C6628. Moorman, Ed. "A Short But Interesting Visit," BSJ, 43, No. 1 (March 1993), 16-19.

The article explains why Holmes would have visited Khartoum to see the Khalifa, who was the murderer of Watson's hero, General Gordon, and how his visit affected England's involvement in world affairs well into the 20th century.


C6629. Russell, Amanda. "The Tibetan Adventures of Sherlock Holmes," Tibetan Review [New Delhi], 17, No. 8 (August 1982), 16-18.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 5, No. 4 (December 1982), 519.

Examines and compares two of the more interesting accounts by William S. Baring-Gould and Winifred M. Christie of Holmes's Tibetan adventures. The author believes Christie's is a more believable one for two reasons: first, that Holmes was not in Tibet as a British agent, and, second, that the Abominable Snowman is not given as much emphasis.


C6630. Speck, Gordon R. "`... And a Week Later I Was in Florence,'" BSM, No. 38 (Summer 1984), 25-28.

Holmes spent the first weeks and the final weeks of the Great Hiatus in Cremona collecting samples from the Stradivari's workshop and in Montpelier analyzing them. Joseph Nagyvary, biochemist, recently disclosed part of the secret. He and Holmes will display the world's finest violins when Holmes makes enough bee-wing varnish.


C6631. Speck, Gordon R. "Holmes, Heroics, Hiatus: A Man to Match the Swiss Mountains," CHJ, 7, No. 5 (May 1985), 2-3.

For answers to questions raised by Empt, one must look to Fina.


C6632. Thornton, John P., and Susan M. "The Adventure of the Elusive Boundry Line: An Account of the Master's Encounter with Destiny in Central Asia," LBCCSJ, No. 3 (1987), 1-12. illus.

"Holmes was not the casual wanderer that he made himself out to be, but the Foreign Office's master agent who masterminded much of the Empire's success in Central Asia at the turn of the century. In character with his adventures as described in the Canon, he provided the steppingstones for many others to rise to fame while he remained in the shadows."


C6633. Wagner, Kim. "The Great Hiatus," Sherlockiana, 37, Nr. 1 (1992), 4-6. illus.

Text in Danish.


C6634. Witlam, Carol. "Researching the Coal-Tar Derivatives," MPapers, No. 1 (1988), 30-33.

Speculates on the compounds Holmes may have researched in Montpelier in 1894.


 The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb


C6635. -- A2405. Austin, Bliss. "Furor Teutonicus," BSJ, 5, No. 1 (January 1955), 19-24.

A tale in verse.


C6636. -- A2406. Austin, Bliss. "Thumbing His Way to Fame," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 4 (October 1946), 424-432. illus.

Although a great case when compared with the work of other detective-author teams, it cannot be ranked as one of Holmes's and Watson's best efforts.


C6637. -- A2407. Christ, Jay Finley. "Thumbs Up: Thumbs Down?" SHJ, 2, No. 1 (July 1954), 41-42.

An observation on Victor Hatherley's missing thumb.


C6638. -- A2408. Clark, Benjamin S. "Was There More to Watson Than Met the Private Eye?" BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 216-219.

The patent absurdities in this adventure are found to be Watson's revenge and examples of his pawky vein of humor.


C6639. -- A2409. "The Engineer's Thumb Symposium," SHJ, 5, No. 4 (Summer 1962), 107-112.

Contents: Introduction, by Lord Donegall. -- An Engineer's Thoughts on "The Engineer's Thumb," by Ian McNeil. -- The Case of the Engineer's Hand, by Frank Allen.


C6640. -- A2410. Gillies, Joseph H. "Where Is Eyford? (Of The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb)," BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 213-215. illus.

The adventure took place in Twyford, Berks, which Watson disguised as Eyford. The evidence in Bradshaw is elementary and conclusive.


C6641. -- A2411. Rabe, W. T. "An Engineer's Tom Thumb," BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 220-221.

The dimensions of the hydraulic-press room show that Victor Hatherley was only three-and-a-half feet tall!


C6642. -- B1002. Bohnenberger, William. "Thumb Notes," HP, 1, No. 2 (April 1977), 15-20.

Evidence that Victor Hatherley lost his left thumb.


C6643. -- B1003. Flaherty, Susan. "From A Sherlockian Alphabet," NCTM, 1, No. 3 (Summer 1975), 7.

"E is for Engineer, called out one night, late. / He went to see a press, and came back epollicate."


C6644. -- B1004. Lauterbach, Edward. "A Lexicanical Limerick," BSM, No. 5 (March 1976), 11.

"From events in a concatenation, / Victor's hand suffered dilacreation, / And the engineer's thumb / Became very numb, / From sanguineous extenteration!"


C6645. Austin, Bliss. "Thumbing His Way to Fame," PP, 2, No. 4 (1979), 13-30.

Reprinted from BSJ [OS], November 1946 (DA2406).


C6646. Brody, Howard. "Notes from the Malpractice Trial of John H. Watson, M.D.," BSJ, 33, No. 4 (December 1983), 229-232.

"Case is now before jury. Full particulars from our legal correspondent, Mr. Howard Brody." (Subtitle)

This newspaper account summarizes the trial of Hatherley v. Watson, with the plaintiff charging the defendant with negligence in treating his thumb wound, exposing him to mental excitement, undue exertion, and dubious companionship when he should have been recovering peacefully in bed. The defendant, however, is not without witnesses in his behalf; and an interesting decision is awaited from the jury.


C6647. Crelling, Jack. "The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb," DC, 6, No. 2 (April 1993), 3-10. illus.

"Thumbing through Victorian engineering." (Subtitle)


C6648. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb,'" NS, No. 11 (June 15, 1982), 10-13.

A brief summary of the author's research on Engr. The adventure occurred on August 14, 1889.


C6649. Haines, Edward P. A Pressing Matter. [Philadelphia: Privately Produced, December 1978.] [5] p.

"A thumb-nose view of a Canonical fantasy," the salient points being (1) the probable site of Eyford; (2) medical aspects of the case; (3) the ten-ton press located on the third floor; (4) the holocaust; (5) Hatherley's clairvoyance; and (6) five more unanswered questions.


C6650. Johnson, Karen L. "Hatherley, Hawthorne, and Poe," CNFB, No. 3 (May 1984), 4-5.

Similarities between Victor Hatherley and Goodman Brown ("Young Goodman Brown," by Nathaniel Hawthorne) and between the house to which Lysander Stark takes Victor Hatherley and the house of Roderick Usher ("The Fall of the House of Usher," by Edgar Allan Poe).


C6651. Lauterbach, Edward. "A Pressing Engagement," Client's Case-Notes. Edited by Brian R. MacDonald. Indianapolis: The Illustrious Clients, 1983. p. 10-11.

"The ceiling pushes downward, ever down, / To force away my futile, outstretched hand, / With creaking, and a hollow, grinding sound, / A force that sinew never can withstand. ..."


C6652. McClure, Susan G. "The Adventure of the Engineer's Thumb: Thumbs Up?" DC, 6, No. 2 (April 1993), 1-2.

Considers the three deductions made by Holmes in this case and also the problem of exactly how Hatherley was hanging from the sill so as to make it possible for Col. Stark to cut off his thumb.


C6653. Rabe, W. T. "The Adventure of the Engineer Tom Thumb," Illustrated by Everett Hoffman. The Woods-Runner, No. 46 (January 1984), 40-41.

Ponders the height of Victor Hatherley and includes a bibliography on Engr prepared for an SLA meeting, October 14, 1968.

See also DA2411.


C6654. Rochette, Edward C. "A Case from Sherlock Holmes," Making Money. [Frederick, Colo.]: Renaissance House, [1986]. p. 6-7.

A brief discussion of the Hatherley case and the hydraulic stamping machine that Holmes deduced was used by coiners "to form the amalgam which has taken the place of silver."


C6655. Rochette, Edward C. "The Case of the Counterfeit Coins," Vindicator [Youngstown] (July 18, 1982). illus.

----------. ----------, ND (September 1982), 4.

----------. "Sherlock Holmes Solves Counterfeit Coin Case," Collector's News (July 1982).

According to E.G.V. Newman, Managing Director of the London-based Bureau for the Suppression of Counterfeit Coins, the half-crowns of 1889 were frequently counterfeited, thus substantiating Inspector Bradstreet's remark that "a gang had been turning out half-crowns by the thousands."


C6656. Schweikert, William. "Thumb Thing Strange!" PP, 2, No. 1 (1979), 12-15.

Although Engr was written by a medical man (Watson, of course), it is difficult to reconcile the medical inconsistencies and unprofessional practices in this case.


C6657. Thomalen, Robert E. "The Best Laid Plans," PP, 2, No. 3 (1979), 6-8.

Notes that the original statement, "Very weary and blushing hotly," quoted by Bill Schweikert in "Thumb Thing Strange!" was changed to "very weary and pale looking" in The Complete Sherlock Holmes (Doubleday).


C6658. Weller, Philip. "All Change Change at Reading?" Disjecta Memoranda III (1993), 1-4.

An examination, with map, of the Reading railway connections in Engr.

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