Introduction to The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 1 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 2 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 3 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 4 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes

The Adventure of the Speckled Band


C7868. -- A2733. Baring-Gould, William S. "The Problem of the Speckled Band," BSJ, 15, No. 3 (September 1965), 167-173.

----------. "`It Is ... the Deadliest Snake in India,'" The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, [1967]. Vol. 1, chap. 18, p. 263-266.

A review of the literature on Dr. Roylott's messenger of death.


C7869. -- A2734. Bengis, Nathan L. "A Scandal in Baker Street," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 2 (April 1947), 145-157; 2, No. 3 (July 1947), 311-321.

Contents: 1. A Case of Mistaken Identity. -- 2. The Curious Affair of the First Stain.

"Being an exegesis upon the langue d'oyle of the apocryphal play entitled The Speckled Band as compared with the langue d'oc of the canonical story of the same name, with a consideration of a new angle on the private life of Dr. John H. Watson."


C7870. -- A2735. Boswell, Rolfe. "Dr. Roylott's Wily Fillip: With a Proem on Veneration of Vipers," [Illustrated by W. S. Hall]. BSJ [OS], 1, No. 3 (July 1946), 307-311.


C7871. -- A2736. Bryan-Brown, F. D. "Some Thoughts on `The Speckled Band,'" SHJ, 10, No. 3 (Winter 1971), 89-92.

Contents: The chronology of the story. -- A few notes on India in Roylott's time. -- The ages of the Dramatis Personas. -- A few problems about Grimesby Roylott. -- The strange story of Helen Stoner. -- The strange conduct of Sherlock Holmes.


C7872. -- A2737. Chorley, Jennifer. "An Amazing Epistle--Fact or Forgery?" BSJ, 15, No. 3 (September 1965), 165-166.

A remarkable discovery of a letter to Sherlock Holmes, dated June 1889, in which Helen Stoner Armitage confesses to a triple killing--her Mama, twin sister Julia, and stepfather Dr. Grimesby Roylott. If true, the Master was outwitted by a second woman!


C7873. -- A2738. Klauber, Lawrence M. "The Truth About the Speckled Band," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 2 (April 1948), 149-157.

The causative agent in the deaths of Julia Stoner and Dr. Roylott was not a snake, as reported by the fallible Watson, but a skink, a smooth-scaled lizard of the family Scincidae.


C7874. -- A2739. Lawson, Douglas. "The Speckled Band--What Is It?" BSJ, 4, No. 1 (January 1954), 12-20.

----------. ----------, The Third Cab. [Boston: The Speckled Band, 1960.] p. 5-11.

"The Speckled Band, which supposedly brought about the deaths of Julia Stoner and Dr. Grimesby Roylott, was truly a Tic Polonga or Russell's Viper."


C7875. -- A2740. Nash, Ogden. "Just Holmes and Me, and Mnemosyne, Makes Three," The New Yorker, 41, No. 9 (April 17, 1965), 42.

----------. ----------, There's Always Another Windmill. With Decorations by John Alcorn. Boston; Toronto: Little, Brown and Co. [1968]. p. 15-16.

"Well, whatever caused Holmes' error and Miss Stoner's overlooking it, / I have this reflection to cheer me ... / Great minds forget alike."


C7876. -- A2741. Rhode, Franklin. "`Palmer and Pritchard Were Among the Heads of Their Profession,'" BSJ, 17, No. 2 (June 1967), 7074; 18, No. 1 (March 1968), 39-43.

Contents: Pt. 1. William Palmer, the Sporting Surgeon of Rugeley. -- Pt. 2. Edward Pritchard, the Satyr of Sauchiehall Street.


C7877. -- A2742. Smith, Edgar W. "Saved by the Bell-Rope," A Baker Street Quartette. New York: The Baker Street Irregulars, [1950]. p. 21-28.

----------. ----------, Baker Street and Beyond: Together with Some Trifling Monographs. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1957. [unpaged]

----------. ----------, CPBook, 3, No. 13 (Summer 1967), 246-248.

A tale in verse.


C7878. -- A2743. "De Vergissing van Sherlock Holmes" ["Sherlock Holmes's Error"], Panorama [Amsterdam], Nr. 51 (December 12-18, 1970), 52-53. illus.

A detailed discussion of Carl Gans's discovery (Scientific American, June 1970) that a morass adder or Russell's viper is incapable of concertina movement and therefore could not have climbed the bell rope in Julia Stoner's bedroom. Only members of the species of constrictors or choke snakes could have done that, but they are not poisonous!


C7879. -- B1202. Cone, Edward T. "Three Ways of Reading a Detective Story -- or a Brahms Intermezzo," The Georgia Review, 31, No. 3 (Fall 1977), 554-574.

An analysis of Spec on the first, second, and third readings.


C7880. -- B1203. Deschamps, Peter. "Another Look to the Lady," PP, 1, No. 2 (July 1978), 42-45.

Helen Stoner was the first Mrs. Watson. It was not until after the wedding that Holmes came to realize that Helen, not Roylott, murdered Julia. She also murdered her father and perhaps even her mother. After informing Watson of these facts, the duo succeeded in killing Helen and hiding her body.


C7881. -- B1204. Edminston, Susan. "The Nine Most Devilish Murders," Esquire, 84, No. 2 (August 1975), 66, 136. illus.

Among those included are Spec and A Taste for Honey.


C7882. -- B1205. Foss, T. F., and J. M. Linsenmeyer. "Look to the Lady," BSJ, 27, No. 2 (June 1977), 79-85.

Describes what sort of world the unfortunate Mrs. Roylott must have lived in, surrounded by a mass of scandal-mongering memsahibs in Calcutta in the 1880's, together with a possible explanation of what may have happened at Stoke Moran the night Dr. Roylott got his just desserts.


C7883. -- B1206. Foster, R. W. "The Curious Incident of the Snake in the Night Time," More Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Lititz, Pa.: Sutter House, 1976. p. 59-62.

Examines the problem of the "dog whip" used to manipulate the snake and the complications involved in its use in conjunction with the safe.


C7884. -- B1207. Göller, Karl Heinz. "The Speckled Band," Die englische Kurzgeschichte. Herausgegeben von Karl Heinz Göller und Gerhard Hoffmann. Düsseldorf: August Bagel Verlag, [1973]. p. 70-79.


C7885. -- B1208. Lauterbach, Edward. "The Ghost of Julia Stoner," BSJ, 23, No. 4 (December 1973), 207.

"The ventilator that is not, / A bell-rope newly bought, / Beware the cunning, venomed plot / Of Doctor Roylott!"


C7886. -- B1209. Lebowitz, Mo. A Small Segment from "The Complete Sherlock Holmes" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. [North Bellmore, N.Y.: The Antique Press, 1967.]

A handsomely printed and illustrated brochure with quotations from Spec and a commentary.


C7887. -- B1210. Lynch, James J., and Bertrand Evans. High School English Textbooks: A Critical Examination. Boston; Toronto: Little, Brown and Co., [1963]. xviii, 526 p.

"An Atlantic Monthly Press Book."

Two examples from Spec are used to illustrate how literary texts, unfortunately, are abbreviated and altered for easy comprehension by students (p. 42-43).


C7888. -- B1211. [Nabokov, Vladimir.] "Holmes Is Where the Heart Is, or Tooth-Tooth, Tootsie," by Vivian Darkbloom [pseud.] BSM, No. 6 (June 1976), 9-14.

"A somewhat revisionist analysis of The Adventure of the Speckled Band." (Subtitle)


C7889. -- B1212. Nevers, Kevin. "Considering the Speckled Band," NNCC, 1, No. 1 (1976), 2-3.

Dr. Grimesby Roylott's "Indian swamp adder" is identified as the Russel's Viper. Also considered are the problems of the snake's hearing and shape, and the rapidity of Julia Stoner's death.


C7890. -- B1213. Posnansky, Daniel. "Mr. Sherlock Holmes," The Fourth Cab. Boston: Stoke Moran Publishers, 1976. p. 35.

"A knock... a rap ... the step of Roylott's boot, / Brief fleeting thought of Devon's lonely bog, / Now hear! Come Watson, quick! The game's afoot!"


C7891. -- B1214. Swift, Wayne B. "On the Sinister Affair of the Darkbloom Paper," BSM, No. 8 (December 1976), 1-4.

A refutation of the theory set forth by "Vivian Darkbloom" (DB1211); namely, that the death of Dr. Roylott was a murder arranged by Holmes to clear the way for an illicit liaison with Helen Stoner. Roylott's death is shown to be, in fact, a murder-for-hire job by Moriarty that was published in a vain attempt to discredit the Master.


C7892. -- B1215. Waggoner, Larry. "The Final Solution," DCC, 14, No. 4 5 (October 1978), 3-6.

A positive identification of Roylott's deadly "pet" as the Indian banded krait supports the view that the rest of the recorded adventure is complete and authentic. "There is no duping of Watson, and no sinister plot by Holmes."


C7893. Allen, L. David. "Sherlock Holmes in The Adventure of the Speckled Band," Detective in Fiction, by L. David Allen; consulting editor, James L. Roberts. Lincoln, Neb.: Cliffs Notes, [1978]. p. 30-34.


C7894. Aramata, Hiroshi."The Adventure of the Speckled Band," EQ:EQMM, No. 72 (November 1989), 19-21. (The Detective of Iconolog, No. 12)

Text in Japanese.

A study on the source of the swamp adder from the viewpoint of natural history.

Also contains: Holmes and Footprints, by Hirotaka Ueda. (EQ Sherlockiana)


C7895. Buddle, Judy. "The Remarkable Snake, VA, No. 1 (January 1991), 35-36.

----------. ----------, MSB, 14, No. 2 (Mid-Summer 1991), 3.

"'Tis a truly remarkable snake we discuss -- / A worm that's to science unknown. / 'Twas the Stoner twins' dreaded incubus / That came in the dark quite alone."


C7896. Chambers, Patrick T. "The Strangest Snake in the World," WW, 10, No. 3 (January 1988), 25-28.

A criticism of Holmes's theory of how Roylott "trained" a poisonous snake by the use of a whistle noise and milk. The article indicates that snakes are untrainable due to their low intelligence, are not capable of recognizing or obeying an owner, have little ear structure with which to hear a whistle noise, and that it is an untrue old wives' tale that snakes like to drink milk.


C7897. Cochran, William R. "Helen Stoner: Detective," CHJ, 12, No. 11 (November 1990), 2-3.

After reading Hugh T. Harrington's article in the November P&D concerning the detective work of Anna Coram (Gold), Cochran decided to re-examine the narrative of Spec and observe the actions of Helen Stoner. "The result was the discovery that she was a skilled detective, and that it is this skill, and not the actions of Dr. Roylott, that must have attracted Sherlock Holmes's attention and caused him to take the case. Dr. Roylott's antics only served to confirm Helen Stoner's conclusions."


C7898. Conger, Wally. "A One-Minute `Adventure of the Speckled Band,'" WW, 9, No. 2 (September 1986), 17.

"Watson's dragged out of bed / Helen Stoner's sibling's dead / Whistles heard in the night / Did the poor girl die of fright?"


C7899. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Adventure of the Speckled Band,'" NS, No. 14 (March 14, 1983), 10-12.

A brief summary of the author's research on Spec. The most probable date for the case is April 2, 1883.


C7900. Duval, James O. Some Researches Upon the Researches of The Adventure of the Speckled Band. [Penacook, N.H.: Unpublished typescript, 1992.] 11 p.

Celebrating the 100th anniversary of Spec, the author looks into the publishing history of this tale and the high popularity it has enjoyed through the years by both the reading public and the author. He also examines several inconsistencies in the story, some unearthed upon researching the adventure and some put forth as original.


C7901. Edwards, Owen Dudley. "The Speckled Band: Arthur Conan Doyle's Greatest Tragedy?" MPapers, No. 4 (1991), 38-53.

Illustration by Catherine Bates.

"The Speckled Band is a great short story of detective, mystery and horror content, but its greatest hold on its public lay in its hidden allusions, subconsciously recognised by readers, to one of the oldest and foulest evils among human relationships [incestuous rape]. In its strength of style and atmosphere, literary derivation and scientific elaboration, it gives itself the means to confront, necessarily obliquely, the realities behind male assertion of female possession. It reaches the heart of human darkness. It is Conan Doyle's answer to Wagner's tarnished Ring, another Speckled Band."


C7902. Harris, Bruce. "You Can Teach a Speckled Band New Tricks," BSJ, 33, No. 2 (June 1983), 95-96.

Laboratory experiments with snakes conducted by the psychologist Paul Kleinginna demonstrate how Roylott could have trained his snake to climb up the bell-rope.


C7903. Hockensmith, Steve. "Medieval Romantic Influences in The Speckled Band," SHR, 1, No. 2 (1987), 42-43, 58.

It is important to view Spec in the light of Doyle's other Sherlock Holmes stories. When compared closely, the differences make it clear that Doyle was making a deliberate departure from his standard style. His use of symbolic figures, exaggerated characterization, and a histrionic tone is evidence of his intention to update the ideas and ideals of Romantic myths to modern literature.


C7904. Hoffer, Phil. "Julia Stoner as the First `Woman,'" BSJ, 29, No. 2 (June 1979), 106-107.

Holmes's suspicious waiting all night in Helen Stoner's darkened room for Roylott's swamp adder as well as other inconsistencies in Spec are explained in the light of the Master's earlier involvement with Julia. Watson's Freudian clues lead the way.


C7905. Huff, Thomas A. "The Failing of Sherlock Holmes," 5th Annual Reptile Symposium on Captive Propagation & Husbandry, Oklahoma City Zoo, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, June 11-14, 1981. p. 11-14.

"`The Danger of Interbreeding Subspecies': A Panel Discussion."


C7906. Jenkins, William D. "Hunting Down The Speckled Band," BSJ, 41, No. 1 (March 1991), 37-38.

One of the most obscure short stories by Charles Dickens, "Hunted Down," may well have been the inspiration for Spec. There are many plot analogies between the two stories. The very name of the murderer in the Dickens story recalls a comment on fictional names made by Doyle.


C7907. Jones, Kelvin I. "A Very Old Mansion," WW, 6, No. 3 (January 1984), 11-15.

An examination of the origins of "Stoke Moran" and its possible contenders, together with some observations on the old South Western Railway and Holmes's excursions into the rural lanes of Surrey in the 1880's.


C7908. Lai, Rick. "Dr. Roylott's Correspondent," WW, 7, No. 2 (September 1984), 19-25.

The swamp adder of India is a sacred serpent bred secretly by the cult of Thuggee. Sax Rohmer's Fu Manchu gained control of Thuggee in 1880 through his intimacy with Miss Warrender from Doyle's "Uncle Jeremy's Household." She had described the snake to Hugh Lawrence, who communicated this information to his Baker Street neighbour, Holmes. Together with a cheetah and an Abyssinian baboon, Fu Manchu dispatched the adder to his English correspondent, Dr. Roylott.


C7909. Lebowitz, Mo. The Adventure of the Speckled Band: A Small Segment from "The Complete Sherlock Holmes" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. [North Bellmore, N.Y.]: The Antique Press, [n.d.] 2 folded sheets (11 x 11 in.) illus.

"This ornate report is published by The Antique Press & Mo Lebowitz, Prop., in the best interests of The Baker Street Irregulars and as a means of commemorating the Proprietor and his quixotic Holmesamania."


C7910. May, Charles E. "From Small Beginnings: Why Did Detective Fiction Make Its Debut in the Short Story Format?" The Armchair Detective, 20, No. 1 (Winter 1987), 77-81.

Includes a discussion of Spec -- a Paradigm of the classic detective story formula that has been widely imitated.


C7911. McClure, Michael W. "A Snaky Suspicion or a SPECtacular Coincidence," DC, 3, No. 1 (January 1990), 6-7.

The five-panel cartoon "A Snake Story" by René (The Strand Magazine, January 1892) is examined for its possible influence on Doyle's Spec.


C7912. Meyer, Charles A. "That Freudian Adventure at Stoke Moran: Sexual Symbolism in `The Speckled Band,'" NS, No. 29 (October 3, 1992), 21-25.

Spec is not only one of the best loved tales in the Canon, but it is also the most rife in sexual references. Phallic symbolism, poker, cigars, and the snake itself are a continuous Freudian thread running through the account. It is herein viewed as a chronicle of incestuous sexuality.


C7913. Moran, Joseph. "The Speckled Plumber," PP (NS), No. 3 (September 1989), 19-20.

A suggested method by which Roylott could achieve his aims without suffering his well-known fate, wherein he contrives to make Miss Stoner feel she is not worthy of Mr. Armitage and plots to have the blame placed on a man named Escott. The earlier tragedy of Julia is also cleared up.

Third prize winner in the 2nd Annual Crime Contest conducted by the 1st Bangalore Pioneers.


C7914. Mortimore, Roger. "Hiss!" BSN, 2, No. 1 (1985), 2-3.

The swamp adder is a cross between the green mamba and the puff adder and was bred specifically for this crime, combining the necessary climbing abilities of the mamba with the less dangerously vicious temper of the puff adder.


C7915. Needleman, Lionel. "Unravelling The Speckled Band," BSJ, 34, No. 3 (September 1984), 139-149.

In this article it is argued that Holmes misinterpreted the evidence in the case, and that Dr. Roylott was innocent of Julia Stoner's death and of attempting to kill Helen Stoner. A much more plausible explanation of the doctor's suspicious behavior, which is consistent with all the facts on which Holmes based his conclusions, is that Dr. Roylott was a voyeur who derived sexual gratification from spying on his stepdaughters through the `ventilator.'


C7916. Olding, Alan C. "An Alternative Conclusion for `The Speckled Band,'" PP (NS), No. 3 (September 1989), 13-14.

----------. ----------, NFTD, 11, No. 2 (June 1990), 1-2.

A suggested method by which Roylott could achieve his aims without suffering his well-known fate, wherein Miss Stoner is done in by the cheetah.

Winner of the first prize, the Sebastian Moran Order of the Black Ribbon, in the 2nd Annual Crime Contest conducted by the 1st Bangalore Pioneers.


C7917. Pasley, Robert S. "The Truth About Doctors' Commons," CH, 13, No. 4 (Summer 1990), 20-22.

A brief essay on Doctors' Commons, where Holmes examined the will of Helen Stoner's mother.


C7918. Peller, Rivkah. "Of the Drinking Habits of Snakes," VA, No. 1 (January 1991), 31-34.

"Doctor Roylott's Indian correspondent (or the original owner of the snake) could very well have been a Naga worshipper. All information regarding the care of the snake must have come from the correspondent, thus explaining the saucer of milk."


C7919. Randall, Warren. "The Adventure of the Wedding Banned," as set down by Col. Sebastian Moran (Ret.), Late of the Indian Army, as his personal Reminiscence of Dr. Grimesby Roylott and uncovered by Warren Randall. PP (NS), No. 3 (September 1989), 15-18.

A suggested method by which Roylott could achieve his aims without suffering his well-known fate, wherein he learns impersonation from his wine seller and woos Miss Stoner. The earlier tragedy of Julia is also cleared up.

Second prize winner in the 2nd Annual Crime Contest conducted by the 1st Bangalore Pioneers.


C7920. Randall, Warren. "Leapin' Lizards: An Irregular and Unnatural History of the Speckled Band," PP (NS), No. 3 (September 1989), 25-29.

Reports on an article from the Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (Vol. 109, p. 1-238) entitled "The Gila Monster and Its Allies," by Charles Bogert and Rafael Martin del Campo, in which the species is organized and a new genus, Sampoderma, is named. Citing Lawrence M. Klauber (DA2738), the authors offer proof that Sampoderma is the Speckled Band; with illustration on cover.


C7921. Redmond, Donald A. "Sherlockian Plotnotes: VIII. Vipera Lactivora Again," BSM, No. 60 (Winter 1989), 26-29.

Contemporary sources for the allegation that Roylott's snake drank milk are noted.


C7922. Reed, Linda J. "The Speckled Band(s): The Death of Julia Stoner," WW, 12, No. 1 (May 1989), 18-21.

Julia did not die from a snake bite but from pure nervous shock. If she had been in bed, she would have had to reach over the snake for matches and a candle. She sat up as Holmes did. The sight of the snake was enough to kill her. It was not an adder. On Roylott's second try, he used a new snake. And his faulty reasoning and carelessness were the result of some disease.


C7923. Rodin, Alvin E., and Jack D. Key. "`The Speckled Band': Poisonous Snakes and Evil Doctors," The Baker Street Dozen. Edited by Pj Doyle and E.W. McDiarmid. New York: Congdon & Weed, [1987]. p. 22-27.

An analysis and discussion of the nature and effects of snake venom, and a comparison of Roylott with other murderous physicians.


C7924. Scarlett, E. P. "The Medica Murderer," [Source and date unknown].

----------. ----------, BC, 5, No. 10 (January 1989).

A discussion of the murdering doctors, William Palmer (1824-1856) and Edward William Pritchard (1825-1865), mentioned by Holmes in Spec.


C7925. Shreffler, Philip A. "Classic Themes in `The Speckled Band,'" CNFB, No. 2 (November 1983), 3-5.

The story may be viewed from both a psychological point of view (both Freudian and Jungian) as well as from the standpoint of its being an archetypal fairy-tale.


C7926. Simpson, Tom. "The Speckled Band," by "Tom McMurdo." WW, 7, No. 1 (May 1984), 23.

"From the diary of Helen Stoner -- retrieved from the battered brass dispatch box of Scion VV341 by Tom Simpson."

"I see above me a speckled band, / Afloat up in the air. / I seek to cry out if I can, / For to move I do not dare."


C7927. Speck, Gordon R. "In Mitigation of Dr. Grimesby Roylott," Q£$ (November 1986), 60-62.

Evidence from two medical doctors, one of them Doyle, indicates that Roylott was epileptic and unable to control his behavior.


C7928. Stephenson, John. "From the Bottom of the Bag," MB (NS), No. 3 (Summer 1992), 1, 4.

Explains how Julia Stoner and Roylott died so quickly from the bite of Russell's Viper when its victims usually take at least 15 minutes to die.


C7929. Thomalen, Robert E. ["The Speckled Band"], PP, 1, No. 4 (September 1978), 12. (Poet's Page)

"When the Stoner girls wanted to wed, / Their stepfather wanted them dead."


C7930. Walwyn, Brett. "The Snake at the Heart," CH, 14, No. 3 (Spring 1991), 20-21.

"The speckled band of the serpent has numerous mythological and literary associations that stand behind it and help to give the story a curious power. These connotations in western culture are easily summarized, but have implications for the story that may be less obvious."


 The Stockbroker's Clerk

C7931. -- A2744. Goslin, Vernon. "The Singular Stockbroker's Clerk," SHJ, 8, No. 3 (Winter 1967), 90-93.

An examination of this singular case shows that Holmes, not Hall Pycroft, was the "confounded fool."


C7932. -- B1216. Fusco, Andrew G. "`Or Some Written Memorandum Thereof...'" BSJ, 22, No. 2 (June 1972), 114-119.

Holmes asserted that "there was no earthly business reason" why Hall Pycroft should have been required to sign a memorandum of his employment contract with "Arthur Pinner" and the Franco-Midland Hardware Co., Ltd. It is Fusco's contention, though, that the British Statute of Frauds was a very sound business reason for requiring the signed memorandum. He goes on to argue that perhaps the Master's legal prowess has been grossly overstated through the years. Fusco points out, however, that it is probably an even greater tribute to Holmes that his great mind required as much or more proof than the Victorian Courts, though his knowledge of the law itself was far from complete.


C7933. Belcher, Kathy M. "The Adventure of the Stockbroker's Clerk," DC, 5, No. 4 (October 1992), 4-5.

"Taking stock of questions." (Subtitle)


C7934. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Stockbroker's Clerk,'" NS, No. 19 (June 26, 1984), 12-15.

A brief summary of the author's research on Stoc. The case is dated June 22, 1889.


C7935. Dvorak, Bob. "Something's Wrong at Mawson & Williams, or Holmes Must Have Had a Bad Day," NS, No. 19 (June 26, 1984), 17-19.

Examples of why the author believes Stoc marks a low point in both the detective career of Holmes and the writing career of Watson.


C7936. Eckrich, Joseph H. "The Stockbroker's Clerk," The Parallelogram, 1, No. 6 (September 19-92), 44-45.

An introduction to the Higher Criticism by the Commissionaire of PCofSTL.


C7937. Holly, Raymond L. "Hiram Abiff and Hall Pycroft: Freemasonry in `The Stockbroker's Clerk,'" WW, 10, No. 1 (May 1987), 5-11.

Literary dependence on the ritual of Freemasonry seems to be apparent in Stoc, as is a passing reference to the Orange Order.


C7938. Holly, Joy. "The Adventure of the Stockbroker's Clerk," DC, 5, No. 4 (October 1992), 5-8.

"The foolish clerk, the forger, and the fraternal frontsman." (Subtitle)


C7939. Pinckney, Kay. "The Venezuelan Loan Exposed!" CC, No. 5 (August 1983), 3-4, 10, 20.

"Why and when Coxon & Woodhouse came a cropper and Hall Pycroft ended up at the Franco-Midland Hardware Company!"


C7940. Robinson, Robert E. "The Beddington Plot," BSM, No. 44 (Winter 1985), 25-29.

One of the Beddington brothers used a preposterous ruse to transplant Pycroft to Birmingham so that a felony could be perpetrated in London (Stoc). Holmes, also taken in, accompanied him. When Clay (RedH) and later Evans (3Gar) borrowed this devise, Holmes was not fooled. He then used it himself in Illu and Reti. Watson never once recognized the plot, and faithfully continued to report it as fresh material. This suggests that the Nigel Bruce depiction of Watson may have been fairly accurate after all.


C7941. Shemilt, Leslie W. "The Stockbroker's Clerk -- A Singular Fellow in a Singular Story Indeed," CH, 4, No. 4 (Summer 1981), 3-7.

Originally entitled, "From Shallow Singularities to Unifying Comprehension; or, Beyond Watson's Ken -- Again; or, Some Musing on The Stockbroker's Clerk," this paper won the True Davidson Memorial Award for 1978.


 A Study in Scarlet


C7942. -- A2745. Andrew, C. R. "A Difficulty in A Study in Scarlet," BSJ [OS] 3, No. 1 (January 1948), 13-14.

"A close analysis of Sherlock Holmes's technique in trapping the killer, Jefferson Hope, as set forth in A Study in Scarlet, leads one to believe that Holmes either put a great deal of faith in his luck or else that he had mentally catalogued Hope as being a downright idiot."


C7943. -- A2746. Arenfalk, Poul. "Mormon-Mysteriet og andre mysterier i En Studie i rødt," Sherlockiana, 3, Nr. 1-2 (1958), 2-5.

----------. "The Mormon Mystery and Other Mysteries in A Study in Scarlet," SHJ, 4, No. 4 (Spring 1960), 128-132.

C7944. -- A2747. Bengis, Nathan L. "The Woman," VH, 3, No. 2 (April 1969), 8-9.

A tribute to Mrs. Mary Jean Hickling (Gwynne) Bettany Kernahan, who recommended A Study in Scarlet to Ward, Lock & Company for publication in Beeton's Christmas Annual.

C7945. -- A2748. Cameron, Mary S. "Mr. and Mrs. Beeton's Christmas Annual," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 2 (1957), 5-8.

Information on the Beetons, their Christmas Annual, and the publishing firm of Ward, Lock & Company.


C7946. -- A2749. Christ, Jay Finley. "Sherlock and the Canons," BSJ, 3, No. 1 (January 1953), 5-12.

A Study in Scarlet violates the principles of the canons of the detective story, as widely accepted. In spite of this, it is an amusing and absorbing tale."

C7947. -- A2750. Clarkson, Steve. "Another Case of Identity," BSJ, 22, No. 2 (June 1972), 84-86.

The unnamed accomplice who recovered the gold wedding band for Jefferson Hope is identified as Irene Adler, the only member of the fair sex who ever got the best of Sherlock Holmes--twice."

C7948. -- A2751. Donegall, Lord. "`"I Should Like to Meet Him," I said,' -- Dr. J. H. Watson," The New Strand, 1, No. 5 (April 1962), 548-550. (Baker Street and Beyond, No. 5)

A summary and discussion of the adventure "from which all blessings flow."


C7949. -- A2752. Fusco, Andrew G. "The Final Outrage of Enoch J. Drebber," BSJ, 20, No. 3 (September 1970), 150-153.

The author has built a substantial case against Enoch Drebber, alleging that he was even more of a rogue than Watson painted him. Simply, Fusco reasons from the excessive emotion displayed by the Charpentier women that Drebber had attempted illicit advances toward young Alice--and probably succeeded. This, coupled with Inspector Gregson's reference to "the babe unborn," appears to support a contention that Alice was, in fact, pregnant as a result of the former Mormon's advances, and this would seem a more credible cause of the extreme discomfiture which had overcome the women.

C7950. -- A2753. Griffith, Adrian. "Some Observations on Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson at Barts," St. Bartholomew's Hospital Journal, 55, No. 12 (December 1951), 270-275.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 2, No. 7-8 (Winter-Spring 1966), 142-147.

Intimate and fascinating speculations on the associations of both partners with this place of their meeting." (Edgar W. Smith)

C7951. -- A2754. Hall, Trevor H. "The Reminiscences of John H. Watson, M.D.," Sherlock Holmes: Ten Literary Studies. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., [1969]. Chap. 1, p. 11-17.

"New light on the Ur-Watson, of which Stud in Beeton's (1887) was a `reprint': --evidence for the existence of a Strand Magazine prior to 1887 and, therefore, some 14 years before the 1st issue of Messrs. Newnes' The Strand Magazine, on January 1st, 1891." (Lord Donegall)

C7952. -- A2755. Hall, William S. "An Enquiry into the Nature of a Certain Nineteenth Century Beeton's Christmas Annual," BSJ, 13, No. 2 (June 1963), 112-114.

Points of difference between the BSI facsimile of Beeton's and the original.

C7953. -- A2756. Hammersgaard, Erik. Mormon-Mysteriet--endnu en gang. [The Mormon Mystery--Once Again.] Bilag til [Supplement to] Sherlockiana, 6, Nr. 4 (1961). 3 p.


C7954. -- A2757. Harrison, Michael. "Conan Doyle and the St. Luke's Mystery," Illustrated by Buster. The London Mystery Selection, No. 38 (September 1958), 76-82.

----------. Rev. and enl. with title: "A Study in Surmise," EQMM, 57, No. 2 (February 1971), 58-79.

A major contribution to Sherlockian documentation showing how Stud was inspired by events arising from the disappearance on November 12, 1881, of Urban Napoleon Stanger, a case referred to in the newspapers as "The St. Luke's Mystery." Mr. Harrison also traces the origin of Sherlock Holmes to Wendel Schemer, the private consulting detective who was called in to help locate the missing Stanger, and points out possible sources for "Baker" in Baker Street, and the inspiration for the names of Dr. Watson and the Baker Street Irregulars.

C7955. -- A2758. Harrison, Michael. "A Study in Suburbia," In the Footsteps of Sherlock Holmes. London: Cassell & Co., 1958. p. 112-115.


C7956. -- A2759. Henrickson, J. Raymond. "De Re Pharmaca," Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Narberth, Pa.: Livingston Pub. Co., 1959. p. 11-14.

The pill used by Jefferson Hope to kill Joseph Stangerson contained nicotine, one of the swiftest and most deadly poisons known.


C7957. -- A2760. Holroyd, James E. "Dr. Watson at the Criterion," SHJ, 2, No. 2 (December 1954), 26.

He frequented this establishment because it was a center for horse-racing men.


C7958. -- A2761. Koelle, John B. "Go West, Young Man," BSJ, 19, No. 4 (December 1969), 222-223.

A brief examination of one of Watson's more glaring errors--placing the Wasatch Mountains to the west of Salt Lake City rather than to the east.


C7959. -- A2762. Marshall, Margaret. "Alkali Dust in Your Eyes," The American Scholar, 37, No. 4 (Autumn 1968), 650-654. (Reappraisals: I)

----------. ----------, CPBook, 5, No. 18 (Spring 1969), 352-356.

An excellent summary of the great alkali plain episode in which the author, a former Utahan and ex-Mormon, takes Sir Arthur to task for his erroneous topographic descriptions of the area.


C7960. -- A2763. McCluskey, Judy. "The Cleveland Cop Who Saved Sherlock: Holmesian Detective Here Traces Down Supt. Schmitt's Great Deed Despite Rampant Local Crime," The Plain Dealer Sunday Magazine [Cleveland] (December 7, 1969), 16-17.

A review and discussion of the following article; with a photograph of Schmitt and a full-page photograph of Ralph R. Mendelson by Andrew Cifranic.


C7961. -- A2764. Mendelson, Ralph. "Hero Neglected: A True Account," BSJ, 19, No. 3 (September 1969), 166-171.

A fine tribute to Jacob W. Schmitt, Superintendent of Police in Cleveland from 1871 to 1893, who was not only an outstanding police chief, but is also credited with having helped Holmes by sending him information on Enoch J. Drebber, a former Clevelander who was found dead at No. 3 Lauriston Gardens.


C7962. -- A2765. Morgan, Robert S. Spotlight on a Simple Case, or Wiggins, Who Was That Horse I Saw with You Last Night. Decorations by Edgar W. Smith. Frontispiece by Arthur Josephson. Illustrations of presidential campaign items from the author's collection of Political Americana. Wilmington, Del.: Privately Printed by The Cedar Tree Press, [1959]. 51 p.

Limited to 500 numbered copies.

An interesting assessment of Holmes's first recorded case and visit to the U.S. in 1876.


C7963. -- A2766. Pattrick, Robert R. "Genesis," BSJ, 2, No. 4 (October 1952), 196-197.

An additional clue overlooked by Edgar W. Smith (DA2806) helps confirm the true date of the beginning as 1882.


C7964. -- A2767. Randall, David A. "Bibliographical Notes," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 1 (January 1947), 104-105.

Comments on the first and later editions of Stud.


C7965. -- A2768. Randall, David A. "A Study of A Study in Scarlet, London: Ward, Lock & Co., 1888; or, A Scandal in Bibliography," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 1 (January 1946), 102-106. (Bibliographical Notes)

An illuminating discussion and description of the two issues (or editions) of a book that is not only much rarer than the Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887, but is also one of the rarest books of modern times.


C7966. -- A2769. Redmond, Donald A. "The Masons and the Mormons," BSJ, 18, No. 4 (December 1968), 229-231.

Enoch J. Drebber was a member of a secret or irregular lodge and wore a gold Masonic ring as a cover "to lend respectability and possibly to provide an entrée to genuine lodges in his travels."


C7967. -- A2770. Ritunnano, Jeanne. "Mark Twain vs. Arthur Conan Doyle on Detective Fiction," The Mark Twain Journal, 16, No. 1 (Winter 1971-1972), 10-14.

An analysis and comparison of A Double-Barreled Detective Story with Stud.


C7968. -- A2771. Schutz, Robert H. A List of References to Date of A Study in Scarlet. Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Arnsworth Castle Business Index, February 1964. 1 p.


C7969. -- A2772. [Smith, Edgar W.] "Christmas in 1887," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 5 (1960), 315-316. (The Editor's Gas-Lamp)

It is fitting that Mr. Smith's last editorial should be concerned with Watson's A Study in Scarlet which first appeared in his Reminiscences (a book that is regrettably lost to the world) and was then reprinted in Beeton's.

C7970. -- A2773. Smith, Edgar W. "Publishers' Note," Beeton's Christmas Annual, No. 28 (1887). [Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1960.] p. [169-172].

A bibliographical commentary on Beeton's and the facsimile edition.


C7971. -- A2774. [Smith, Edgar W.] "To Mrs. Beeton," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 1 (1956), 3-4. (The Editor's Gas-Lamp)

It was she, or whoever she stood for, who had the courage and the vision to give to mankind A Study in Scarlet--and with it Sherlock Holmes."

C7972. -- A2775. Solovay, Jacob C. "Watson Searches for Quarters," BSJ, 1, No. 1 (January 1951), 3.

----------. ----------, Last stanza tr. into Danish by A. D. Henriksen. Sagen om Baker Street. København: [Grafisk Cirkel], 1958. p. 10. Reprinted in Sherlockiana, 3, Nr. 3-4 (1958), 10.

Yes, Stamford, I could use a partner now / To share some lodgings at a modest price."

C7973. -- A2776. Stone, Ridley. "What's Yours?" A commentary by Ridley Stone, with verse by Carolyn Stone. VH, 5, No. 1 (January 1971), 2-6.

A consideration of the circumstances surrounding that fateful day at the Criterion Bar leads to the questions: "What did Watson and Stamford drink at the Criterion that put them in such a mellow mood that they had lunch together--at Watson's expense? Not only how much but, primarily, WHAT?"

C7974. -- A2777. "A Study in Scarlet," Cyclopedia of Literary Characters. Edited by Frank N. Magill. New York: Harper & Row, [1963]. p. 1092-1093.

A brief note on each of the principal characters.


C7975. -- A2778. "A Study in Scarlet," Masterpieces of World Literature in Digest Form. First Series. Edited by Frank N. Magill. New York: Harper & Row, [1952]. p. 938-941.

----------, Masterplots. Combined Edition. Edited by Frank N. Magill. New York: Salem Press, [1960]. Vol. 6, p. 3005-3007.

----------, ----------. English Fiction Series. New York: Salem Press, [1964]. p. 813-815.

----------, ----------. Comprehensive Library Edition. New York: Salem Press, [1968]. Vol. 7, p. 5036-5038.

A critique and synopsis of the story.

C7976. -- A2779. Tracy, Jack. Conan Doyle and the Latter-day Saints. [Frankfort, Ind.: Privately Produced, 1971.] 27 p. illus.

The author compares the Mormon culture in Utah during 1846-1860 with the descriptions in "The Country of the Saints," and concludes (members of the LDS Church will be happy to know) that the Mormon section of Stud is a wholly fictional work written by Doyle.


C7977. -- A2780. Von Krebs, Maria. "`Rache' Is the German for `Revenge,'" BSJ, 10, No. 1 (January 1960), 121-14.

A scene in Stud is based on one in Mark Twain's A Tramp Abroad, published seven years earlier. The common device, Rache marked on a wall, is illustrated in both books.


C7978. -- A2781. Williams, H. B. "Späte Rache," BSJ, 14, No. 3 (September 1964), 158-160.

A bibliographic description of a paperback entitled Späte Rache (DA1224). Includes a reproduction of the cover and two illustrations.


C7979. -- A2782. Williamson, J. N. "The Sad Case of Young Stamford," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 4 (October 1948), 449-451.

The "Young Stamford" who is remembered for having introduced Watson to Holmes may also have been "Archie Stamford, the forger" in Soli, a helper of John Clay known as "Archie" in RedH, and the Stamford in Houn.


C7980. -- A2783. Wood, Cal. "Stamford: A Closer Look," BSP, No. 32 (February 1968), 1-2.

Young Stamford knew too much about Holmes to have acquired such knowledge from an occasional encounter with him in the chemical laboratory at Bart's. He was his roommate!


C7981. -- A2784. Wrigley, Robert L. "Geographical and Historical Errata in A Study in Scarlet," BSJ, 15, No. 3 (September 1965), 159-164.

An examination of some questionable statements in Jefferson Hope's narrative.


C7982. -- A2785. Zeisler, Ernest Bloomfield. "A Chronological Study in Scarlet," BSJ, 7, No. 3 (July 1957), 133-140.

"All in all, we can conclude that there is no essential inconsistency in Watson's chronicle, and that, as in the case of the work of another great writer [William Shakespeare], all apparent difficulties can be resolved."


C7983. -- B1217. Austin, Bliss. "A Study in Lauriston Gardens," BSCS, No. 20 (1974),1-4.

Illustrated with a map and photograph of Lauriston Gardens -- located in Edinburgh, not London.


C7984. -- B1218. "A Baker Street Correspondence," St. Bartholomew's Hospital Journal, 56, No. 1 (January 1952), 299-300; 56, No. 3 (March 1952), 351-352.

Letters from Gillian France, Maurice Campbell, Elsie Hudson, Zeta, Pat Coulson, and Fiat Justitia concerning Adrian Griffith's article (DA2753).


C7985. -- B1219. Ballman, Leonard H. "A Visit from Tobias Gregson," BSJ, 22, No. 3 (September 1972), 172-173.

Inspector Gregson presents the author, a Sergeant of the St. Louis Police Department, with the official police report of how he and Lestrade arrested Jefferson Hope. In it Holmes is referred to as "a usually reliable source."


C7986. -- B1220. Beckner, Jean. "Arthur Conan Doyle and Joaquin Miller," The Mystery & Detection Annual. [Edited by Donald K. Adams.] Beverly Hills, Calif.: Donald Adams, 1972. p. 256-258.

"Conan Doyle (perhaps through Bret Harte) at least knew about Miller, possibly had met him, and probably was aware of his play, The Danites. The depiction there of the Danite Band -- the Mormon secret police or `Avenging Angels' -- may well have remained in Doyle's memory, to be reawakened several years later with Stevenson's The Dynamiter [1885]."


C7987. -- B1221. Clarkson, Steve. "Scotland Yard Outfoxed??!!" The Garroter, 1, No. 1 (March 1972), 2-6.

An exchange of confidential communications between Sir Leslie Oakshott and Inspectors MacDonald, Gregson, and Lestrade concerning events surrounding the Drebber-Stangerson murders.


C7988. -- B1223. Curjel, H. E. B. "A Day in the Life of Young Stamford," SHJ, 11, No. 4 (Autumn 1974), 131-133.

----------. "Young Doctor Stamford of Barts," MB, 2, No. 3 (September 1976), 3-6. illus.

A reconstruction of Dr. Stamford's life suggests that he was a member of the teaching staff in the Anatomy Department.


C7989. -- B1224. Dillon, Richard H. "Stephen Long's Great American Desert," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 3, No. 2 (April 1967), 93-95.

Includes a description from Stud of The Great Alkali Plains.


C7990. -- B1225. Eaton, Herb. "The H.M.S. Troopship `Orontes,'" VH, 6, No. 1 (January 1972), 2-6, 8. illus.

A fascinating history of the ship that carried Watson from Bombay to Portsmouth.


C7991. -- B1226. Fadac, Fredrick. "Lucy," COTS Annual, No. 2 (1978), 8.

"She was the pride of her Pa / The Flower of Utah / The Mormons told her to Wed / She replied she'd rather be Dead."


C7992. -- B1227. [Hahn, Robert W.] "Hail Orontes," DCC, 8, No. 2 (February 1972), 2-3.

More about the troopship and illustration of same discovered by Franklin Rhode and reproduced on the cover of DCC.


C7993. -- B5947. Hardenbrook, Don. The Ballad of Lucy Ferrier, by Gaston Huret III. Tr. by Don Hardenbrook. [Long Beach, Calif.: Privately Produced, 1978.] [3] p.

"For those who feel guilty about skipping Chapters 1-5 of Part II of A Study in Scarlet." (Subtitle)

"Oh, here's to Lucy Ferrier, / That dandy little terrier; / Of whose adventures I dare say there could be nothing hairier."


C7994. -- B1228. Hoffmann, Frank A. "Another Trip Down the Road from Maiwand," CN (NS), 1, No. 3 (September 1978), 3-6.

A careful examination of Edgar W. Smith's essay, "The Long Road from Maiwand," disproves his contention that Stud took place in 1882. Most chronologists now agree that the year was 1881.


C7995. -- B1229. Malec, Andrew. "Jefferson Hope: Another Rare Actor," BSM, No. 15 (September 1978), 27-30.

Holmes may not have been the only great Canonical actor of his day. Hope also had the makings of a fine actor. "His appearance and manner were such as to command attention, he had a dramatic flair, he probably had some familiarity with the art of disguise, and he was able to essay a role on a moment's notice. ... He had the singular distinction to play the antagonist in one of the most famous of all canonical tales. As such, Jefferson Hope has achieved an immortality that few actors can hope to match."


C7996. -- B1230. Morley, Christopher. "An American Gentleman," The Saturday Review of Literature, 30, No. 38 (September 20, 1947), 16-17.

"Sherlock Holmes was born out of the ribs of Robert Louis and Fanny Stevenson [The Dynamiter]."


C7997. -- B5948. Skornickel, George R., Jr. "Who Was the Mysterious Mrs. Sawyer?" SP, 1, No. 1 (October 1978), 5-6.

Jefferson Hope's accomplice is identified as the unnamed messenger described by John Ferrier as "his acquaintance who was bound for the Nevada Mountains."


C7998. -- B1231. "A Study in Scarlet: A Sherlock Holmes Society Evening: A Report of the Panel Discussion," SHJ, 11, No. 1 (Winter 1972), 7-15.

Contents: Notes on A Study in Scarlet, by Anthony R. Pratt. -- A Study in Scarlet in the Utah Territory, by Louise Shaler. -- A Study in Scarlet: Random Sweepings, by F. D. Bryan-Brown.


C7999. -- B1232. Tracy, Jack. "`Old Woman Be Damned!' A Partial Identification of Jefferson Hope's Accomplice," BSJ, 24, No. 2 (June 1974), 105-108, 125.

This is an intricate and scholarly non-Canonical analysis of the "Mrs. Sawyer" incident in Stud. Citing the story's internal chronology, the Scotland Yard regulations governing the licensing of cab drivers, and the ways in which these regulations commonly were circumvented, the author weaves a credible theory of "Mrs. Sawyer's" general identity out of Jefferson Hope's own contradictory statements about his activities in London.


C8000. -- B1233. Wurl, Otto. "The Jefferson Hope Aneurism," BSJ, 25, No. 4 (December 1975), 218-219.

Watson skilfully and accurately diagnosed the presence of thoracic aneurism in Hope and prognosticated its lethal course.


C8001. -- B1234. Wynne, Nancy. "A Study in Slander," MB, 3, No. 2 (June 1977), 1-3.

A reprise and criticism of "The Country of the Saints."


C8002. Anderson, L. M. "Jefferson Hope as Tragic Revenger," BSJ, 39, No. 3 (September 1989), 135-143.

"Although Dr. John H. Watson's account of Jefferson Hope's quest for revenge, A Study in Scarlet, was published in 1887, it contains a surprising number of elements found in a genre popular three centuries earlier, the Elizabethan revenge tragedy. The long delay before the revenge is accomplished, the use of poison, and revenger's trust in Providence, the ghosts of those whose deaths Hope is avenging, the revenger's apparent madness and his joy at accomplishing his task, even the nosebleed that provides Sherlock Holmes with a clue to Hope's appearance, are all conventions found in plays written and staged between 1587 and 1642. The persistence or reappearance of such conventions in English popular literature is interesting in and of itself; perhaps even more interesting is Watson's reaction to the story he recounts, which closely parallels the reactions of Elizabethan audiences to the revenge tragedies of their age."


C8003. Axelrad, Arthur M. "An Early Draft of A Study in Scarlet?" DB, 5 (May 22, 1983), 4.

A puzzling but revealing early manuscript of Stud.


C8004. Bedell, Jeanne F. "Borges' Study in Scarlet: `Death and the Compass' as Detective Fiction and Literary Criticism," Clues: A Journal of Detection, 6, No. 2 (Fall-Winter 1985), 109-122.

Analyzes "La muerte y la brüjula" (Death and the Compass) and points out similarities between this story and Stud.


C8005. Benton, John L. "Who Was Dr. Watson's `Good Authority'?" SM, 9, No. 4 (December 1981), 23-24.

Holmes was the authority quoted by the newspaperman in Echo and the source for the background information Watson used in preparing Part Two of Stud. Holmes acquired this information while visiting Salt Lake City.


C8006. Blau, Peter E. "Prolegomenon to a Census of Beeton's Christmas Annual," BSM, No. 52 (Winter 1987), 16-19.

A preliminary census reveals that there are twenty-four known copies of Beeton's, and there may be many more extant copies.


C8007. Blau, Peter E. "The Souvenir Edition: A Study in Scarlet," BSM, No. 50 (Summer 1987), 8-17. illus.

A bibliographic discussion of the Souvenir Edition that was first published by George Newnes in 1901 to capitalize on the British premiere of Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes.


C8008. Brody, Howard. "The Placebo in A Study in Scarlet," BSJ, 40, No. 3 (September 1990), 156-157.

Despite recent intensive research into the medical career of Doyle, no one seems to know where he derived the idea for the two outwardly identical pills in Stud. Jefferson Hope's use of the two pills constitutes a sort of novel application of the double-blind controlled clinical trial -- a modality little used in medical research until after 1945. it is possible that it was not mere chance that Drebber selected the poisoned pill and died. If the dosage had been miscalculated, Hope himself might have eaten the poisoned pill without fatal effects, while Drebber died of the overwhelming shock.


C8009. Brody, Howard. "Young Stamford," BSM, No. 49 (Spring 1987), 17.

"Young Stamford rivals Murray both in the crucial role that he plays in the Canon and in the rapidity of his appearance and disappearance."


C8010. Caplan, Richard M. "More About Young Stamford: A Further Contribution to the Holmesian Corpus," The Pharos [Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society], 44, No. 2 (Spring 1981), 16-20. illus.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 6, No. 4 (December 1983), 619-621.

A newly discovered and published letter written by young Stamford prompts a mysterious letter from Stamford's granddaughter. Included with it is another letter written by her grandfather that tells more of Stamford's life after his introduction of Watson to Holmes. It also casts new light on several persons in medical history.


C8011. Caplan, Richard M. "Whatever Became of Young Stamford? A Contribution to the Holmesian Corpus," The Pharos [Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society], 42, No. 4 (Fall 1979), 27-30. illus.

A newly discovered letter clearly written by young Stamford, found in an old medical journal, helps answer the question asked by Christopher Morley regarding the young physician who first introduced Watson to Holmes. A surprise appears concerning Stamford's feelings toward Watson and Holmes, and his motivation in putting them together.


C8012. Carroll, Lenore. "Exploring `The Country of the Saints': Arthur Conan Doyle as Western Writer," BSM, No. 51 (Autumn 1987), 1-5. illus. (A Study in Scarlet: A Symposium on Its Origins, No. 2)

"Like Harte, Twain, and the dime novels that preceded it, and the genre Westerns that followed, "The Country of the Saints" chapters of A Study in Scarlet continued and amplified the myths of the American West."


C8013. Chapman, Edgar L. "A Toast to Jefferson Hope: The First Murderer in the Canon," WW, 5, No. 1 (May 1982), 26-29.

Reasons behind the author's fondness for Jefferson Hope, "the best human being among the (Canonical) murderers," from Stud being his favorite tale to Hope being from Missouri. Hence, "Jefferson Hope" was Chapman's choice for his Canonical name upon being invested into The Hansoms of John Clayton.


C8014. Cole, James. "The Curious Incident of Holmes's Doing Little in the Daytime," BSJ, 30, No. 3 (September 1980), 170-173.

Holmes's early case reveals a man good at theory but inexperienced in the practicalities of on-the-scene investigation. He examines Drebber's body (missing the wedding ring) and then leaves the room. It is up to Lestrade to ferret out the important clues that are to be found a little further into the room. Holmes ungraciously sneers at the Scotland Yard detective's discoveries but accepts them nevertheless and makes use of them.


C8015. Cooperman, Earl M. "Marfan's Syndrome and Sherlock Holmes," Canadian Medical Association Journal, 112, No. 4 (February 22, 1975), 423.

Letters: CMAJ, 113, No. 1 (July 12, 1975), (Donald A. Redmond); 113 (November 8, 1975), 815 (Hampton R. Bates); 113 (December 13, 1975) (Earl M. Copperman).

----------. ----------, BC, 8, No. 5 (August 1991), 18-19.

A series of letters regarding the underlying causes of Jefferson Hope's death.


C8016. Crelling, Jack. "The Investigation into the Narrative of Jefferson Hope," BCA (1987), 27-31.

"The story of Jefferson Hope agrees very well with the known historical facts, and the incidents described seem plausible. As a story about the Mormon experience, it also probably attracted wide popular interest. If we keep in mind the fact that Stud was the first of the Canonical stories published, it clearly set a strong precedent for both a detailed agreement with the times and involving a subject of wide popular interest."


C8017. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of A Study in Scarlet," NS, No. 29 (October 3, 1992), 2-8.

A summary of the author's research on Stud. The case occurred during March 26-29, 1881.


C8018. Cummings, Carey. "A Tangled Skein Untangled," NS, No. 23 (July 16, 1985), 6-7.

Similarities between Albany de Grenier Fonblaque's novel and Stud.


C8019. Davidson, True. "Seven Drops of Water About Canada's Holmes," CH, 11, No. 1 (Autumn 1987), 3-10.

Deduces from Stud the history and character of Holmes and his relationship with Watson and others.


C8020. De Freitas, Wilfrid. "Something Special About the Murray Family," CH, 12, No. 2 (Winter 1988), 21-22.

A toast to Private Richard Murray, Watson's orderly in the Afghan campaign, whose uncle was John Murray, the well-known publisher.


C8021. Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan. "Notes for A Study in Scarlet," BSM, No. 49 (Spring 1987), 18.


C8022. Dunn, Dave. "Limber Limericks," CH, 11, No. 3 (Spring 1988), 12.

"In a recent Canadian Holmes / Dorothy Pollack in one of her poems / Asked for advice / As to where was that nice / Chap, Stamford, now making his home."


C8023. Eckrich, Joseph J. "Are Limitation Statements Too Limited?" P&D, No. 111 (December 1987), 3, 5-6, 8. (Sherlockian Byways)

Not all is as it seems with the BSI facsimile of Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887.


C8024. Evans, Dorothyanne. "A Study in Scotland," The Ritual, No. 11 (Spring 1993), 3-5. illus.

The true location of 3 Lauriston Gardens is in Edinburgh, not London.


C8025. Feldberg, Robert. "A History of Mystery: Picking the Top 10 Whodunits," The Record [Bergen/ Passaic/Hudson Counties, N.J.] (April 19, 1979), B-1, B-8, B-11. illus.

The first is A Study in Scarlet.


C8026. Flynn, Patricia Dodd. "A Study in Scarlet and Nevada," SMuse, 5, No. 1 (Winter 1980), 10-13.

"`The Country of the Saints' is a melodrama concocted mainly by Watson to `tinge with romanticism' his first case as Holmes' Boswell."


C8027. Foss, T. F. "`Observation with Me Is Second Nature,'" BSJ, 32, No. 4 (December 1982), 231. (Letters to Baker Street)

Examples of Holmes's brilliant deductions make it difficult to understand why he failed to observe that the decrepit old woman who visited him was actually a sprightly male actor.


C8028. Foster, Richard. "A Weekend in a `single, large, airy sitting room,'" SHJ, 20, No. 2 (Summer 1991), 64-65.

A chronological account of the events during March 4-5, from a discussion of the "Brixton Mystery" to the capture and death of Jefferson Hope.


C8029. Frank, Jerome P. "Brisk Sales and Good Traffic Highlight Antiquarian Book Fair," Publishers Weekly, 223, No. 24 (June 17, 1983), 57-59.

A report on the 23rd Antiquarian Book Fair, New York City, in which it is noted that Serendipity sold a copy of Beeton's Christmas Annual, 1887, for $18,000.


C8030. Friedman, Mickey. "Murder by Auction," San Francisco Examiner (December 14, 1981), E3.

Among the more than 7,000 volumes of mystery and detective fiction amassed by the late Adrian Goldstone of Mill Valley was the first separate edition of Stud, purchased by a local dealer named Warren Howell for $15,000 at the California Book Auction Galleries.


C8031. Galerstein, David. "A Sherlockian Reminisce," PP, 3, No. 1 (1980), 4-6.

The fight with Jefferson Hope in the crowded 221b sitting room raises several interesting and unanswered questions.


C8032. Green, Richard Lancelyn. The Centenary of Sherlock Holmes: A Study in Scarlet, 1887-1987. 1 card.

"With the compliments of the season from Richard Lancelyn Green."

"Privately printed in 1986 for Richard Lancelyn Green, for his friends, fellow Baker Street Irregulars, and members of The Sherlock Holmes Society of London, to celebrate the centenary of Sherlock Holmes."

Commentary on and reproductions of a letter of rejection from James Payn, the editor of Cornhill Magazine in May 1886; a note by Doyle that he began the story in March and finished it in April 1886 and that it was sent to Arrowsmith in May and returned unread in July, and then sent to Fred Warner & Co. in August and to Ward, Lock & Co. in September; two letters of acceptance from Ward, Lock & Co. dated October 30 and November 2; and the payment receipt in the amount of £25 dated November 20.


C8033. Green, Richard Lancelyn. Lever Bros., Limited: `A Detective and a Love Plot.' London: Privately printed, December 1991. 1 card. illus.

A Christmas card with comments on the Lever Brothers' Sunlight Library edition of Stud and "Burger's Secret" ("The New Catacomb") and with a cover portrait of Doyle on a "soap card" advertising Royal Dry Soap.


C8034. Harrison,. Michael. "Um estudo em conjecturas," Mistério Magazine de Ellery Queen [Pôrto Alegre, Brasil], No. 268 (November 1971), 48-68.

Tr. of "A Study in Surmise," EQMM, February 1971 (DA2757).


C8035. Hershey, Dave M. Celebrating 100 Years of the York College 1887-1987. [York, Pa.: Privately Printed, 1987.] [8] p. illus.

With a cover photograph of Holmes in stained glass, commissioned by Hershey in 1986.

Limited to 100 numbered copies.

"The actual site of Jefferson Hope's employment at York Collegiate Institute, or York College as stated in Stud, may finally have, after one hundred years, been located in York College of Pennsylvania."


C8036. Holly, Raymond L. "A Sitcom of 1888," BCA (1987), 11-18.

A popular book by Marietta Holley, My Wayward Pardner, published in the U.S. in 1888, shows a similar attitude toward Mormonism as Stud does, published a year earlier. Neither story would have attracted much attention if published a very few years later, after the disavowal of polygamy by the Later-day Saints in 1890.


C8037. "Holmes Book Brings $15,000 at Auction," Worcester Telegram (December 2, 1981).

----------, CPBook, 5, No. 2 (June 1982), 465.


C8038. Hutton, Lloyd A. "Sherlock Holmes and the Resident Doctor," BSJ, 41, No. 2 (June 1991), 77-81.

Through an analysis of their first encounter, the author explains why the ordinarily reclusive Holmes eagerly accepted Watson, a total stranger, into the extraordinarily close personal relationship that followed. The Great Detective's observations, reasoning, and infallible deductions concerning their initial meeting provide the answer.


C8039. Keefauver, Brad. "The Hundred-Year-Old Mystery of Mrs. Sawyer Solved," WW, 10, No. 3 (January 1988), 18-20.

The accomplice who came to retrieve Hope's wedding ring from Holmes was Lucy Ferrier-Drebber ("Mrs. Sawyer").


C8040. Keefauver, Brad. "Some Personalia About Miss Lucy Ferrier," CHJ, 10, No. 1 (January 1988), 2-3.

Lucy Ferrier was originally from Southern Illinois. Her true last name was Bender-Ferrier; her father, Mr. Bender was a member of the Ferrier wagon party and the first to die when the party became lost on the Great Alkali Plain.


C8041. Keefauver, Brad. "Watson's First Critics," Q£$, 8, No. 4 (November 1987), 52-55.

Another tin dispatch-box discovery produces a collection of Watson's rejection notices on Stud.


C8042. Kennedy, Bruce. "The Youngest Girl in the Canon," SP , 4, No. 3 (April 1982), 16.

"Lucy with a broken heart just slowly pined away / But Hope avenged her death in a land so far away ... "


C8043. Kraus, W. Keith. "Mark Twain's `A Double-Barreled Detective Story': A Source for the Solitary Oesophagus," Mark Twain Journal, 16, No. 2 (Summer 1972), 10-12.

"A Study in Scarlet served as the basis for Twain's overall satire, and in turn, part of the failure of A Double-Barreled Detective Story might be traced to Doyle's intricate structure which Twain tried to mimic."


C8044. Lai, Rick. "The Hansoms of John Clay," WW, 6, No. 3 (January 1984), 5-8.

While searching for John Clayton of Houn among hansom cab drivers, his cousin John Clay of RedH befriended Jefferson Hope and posed as the old woman who retrieved Lucy Ferrier's ring from Holmes.


C8045. Lauterbach, Edward. "The Adventure of the Purloined Red Herring," The Poisoned Pen, 3, No. 5 (October 1930), 3-8.

Despite Martha Wirt Davis's effort to create a clever and eccentric detective in the person of Professor Pedro José María Guadeloupe O'Reilly y Apodaca, The Professor Knits a Shroud (New York: Crime Club/Doubleday, 1951) remains an ordinary detective novel. Its only interest lies in the use of elements from Stud. This is perhaps one of the few times when the same esoteric device -- the word "rache" -- is used as a red herring in almost the same way in two murder mysteries. The Professor Knits a Shroud remains today something of a Sherlockian curiosity, relying heavily on the misdirection used by Doyle in the first published adventure of the Master Detective.


C8046. Lauterbach, Edward. "The Meeting," BSM, No. 50 (Summer 1987), 5.

"What was your purpose, awful Force, that wrought, / That brought the two men face to face across / a Simple test tube and a drop of blood?"


C8047. Lawrence, William. "The Case of the Missing Jackets," SHR, 2, No. 2 (1989), 73-77. illus.

An history of dust jackets for early editions of Stud.


C8048. Lehman, John. "Enoch J. Drebber," BSM, No. 52 (Winter 1987), 14-15.

A commentary on the "steadfast disciple of the one true religion!" With a drawing by Henry Lauritzen.


C8049. Lithner, Klas. "In the Country of the Saints," Sherlockiana, 28, Nr. 2-3 (1983), 11-12.

Text in Danish.


C8050. Lohmann, Charles P., III. "A Few Particulars on Jefferson Hope," Holmeswork, 9, No. 1 (January 1982), 5-11.


C8051. McClure, Michael W. "Making a Study of the Sources for Stud," DC, 2, No. 4 (October 1989), 5-9.

A survey of the real events and people that provided the possible inspiration for Doyle's novel.


C8052. Melander, Wayne. "Sierra Blanco -- Found" BSJ, 31, No. 2 (June 1981), 83-89. illus.

Analysis of the account of the rescue of John and Lucy Ferrier shows that they were rescued by a group of Mormons known as the Pilgrim Band. >From a comparison of the account in Stud with diaries and other records of the Pilgrim Band, the rescue site and date are identified as Oregon Buttes near South Pass, Wyoming, and June 24, 1847, respectively. The rescue was not recorded by the Mormons; this is probably due to the occurrence of other highly significant events on that day. Misleading references to various landmarks reflect contemporaneous understanding of the geography of the region.


C8053. Meyer, Charles A. "A Computer Analysis of Authorship in A Study in Scarlet," NS, No. 16, (September 28, 1983) 3-6.

As a result of a statistical analysis of Stud, the author has concluded that there is a strong probability that the two separate sections were written by two people, that Watson wrote both the first section of Stud and Adventures, and that the frequency of various words, particularly "upon," indicates that Doyle wrote the second section titled "The Country of the Saints."


C8054. Moore, Richard and Helen. "The Gallant Murray: Fiction or Fact?" WW, 10, No. 3 (January 1988), 29-33.

Intensive research of Doyle's characterizations, Victorian military history, casualty rolls, and the Registry of the Victorian Cross led to the discovery of a plausible `Gallant Murray.' The authors hypothesize that Lance Corporal James Murray of the 94th Regiment, recipient of the Victorian Cross awarded for performance in the Battle of Elandsfontein, South Africa, January 16, 1881, fills the description in terms of deed, age, and time frame.


C8055. Moore, Richard and Helen. "Toast to the Gallant Murray," WW, 12, No. 3 (January 1990), 15.

"You, Gallant Murray -- Hero / most sublime, brought Watson out / To pen most treasured lore / -- the Master's facts."


C8056. Morgan, Robert S. Spotlight on a Simple Case, or Wiggins, Who Was That Horse I Saw with You Last Night. Decorations by Edgar W. Smith. Frontispiece by Arthur Josephson. Illustrations of presidential campaign items from the author's collection of Political Americana. [New York: Magico Magazine, n.d., 1984.] 51 p.

Reprint of the 1959 edition (DA2765).

Review: BSM, No. 43 (Autumn 1985), 39-40 (Jon L. Lellenberg).


C8057. Pollack, Dorothy Belle. "Missing Person," CH, 10, No. 4 (Summer 1987), 21.

Limericks concerning Stamford.


C8058. Pond, Walter. "A Study in Beeton's (Or, Those Never Passed the Philadelphia Mint)," CH, 13, No. 2 (Winter 1989), 4-6.

A note on Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887 and the two facsimile editions published in 1960 and 1987.


C8059. Ranild, Svend. "Lad os kalde ham X," Sherlockiana, 32, Nr. 2-3 (1987), 15-20.

Text in Danish.


C8060. "Rare Sherlock," Star-News [Burbank, Calif.] (August 28, 1987), C-3.

Photograph of John Mitchell holding a copy of Beeton's Christmas Annual for 1887 that was purchased from a Pasadena collector by Otto Penzler for $15,000.


C8061. Redmond, Chris. "A Study in A Study in Scarlet," CH, 14, No. 2 (Winter 1990), 23-27.

Remarks by the author at a meeting of a new mystery society in London, Ontario, on October 24, 1990.


C8062. Rogers, Marakay J. "`I See,' He Said, `You Are the Mormons,'" GOI, No. 1 (1981), 10-15.

This article concerns the murders of Enoch Drebber and Joseph Stangerson, and Holmes and Jefferson Hope's accounts of Mormonism that made Hope feel his actions were justifiable.


C8063. Rosenblatt, Albert M. "Stangerson Unmasked, or Truth Is Strang-er Than Fiction," BSJ, 42, No. 4 (December 1992), 210-212.

The author reveals the inspiration for the villain Joseph Stangerson and takes issue with earlier writers who connect Stangerson with Urban Napoleon Stanger, the German baker in London's St. Luke's Mystery of 1881. Rosenblatt submits that the source for Stangerson is found in Mormon history, in the person of James Jesse Strang, who established the Order of Enoch in Wisconsin in 1846 and met his death that year. Like Stangerson, he was stalked and assassinated.


C8064. Ruyle, John. The Bull Pup: Studies in A Study. Berkeley: Gregson, Lestrade & Co., 1991. 35 p.

Limited to 76 copies, of which 50 are numbered and 26 hardbound, lettered A to Z, and signed.

Twenty-seven "remarkable paraphrastic quartets" based on quotations from Stud, and a poem written by Holmes himself.


C8065. Shelangoskie, Mary. "Madame Charpentier Explains," SP, 4, No. 3 (April 1982), 12.

"Some gentlemen offered me / double the rental, / For that's what they wanted to pay; / I've never been callous to Alice, / In spite of what others might say!"


C8066. Shreffler, Philip A. "Jefferson Hope," BSM, No. 52 (Winter 1987), 32-33.

A profile of "the first Sherlockian criminal ... evolved as a character rather like Sherlock Holmes," with a drawing by Henry Lauritzen.


C8067. Shreffler, Philip A. "Jefferson Hope in Missouri -- 1869," CNFB, No. 1 (May 1983), 2-5.

In his quest for Drebber and Stangerson, Hope travelled to Jackson County, Missouri, where he certainly met members of the celebrated Jesse James gang.


C8068. Shreffler, Philip A. "The Truth About Jefferson Hope," BSJ, 34, No. 3 (September 1984), 133-135.

Jefferson Hope is identified as Captain Jefferson Hunt, who was hired by the San Joachin Company to lead a party of Mormon emigrants by a southern route across the Old Spanish Trail to San Bernardino in 1849. The story is told in a booklet entitled Death Valley National Monument Museum Text (Death Valley Natural History Association, 1981).


C8069. Skornickel, George R., Jr. "Who Was the Mysterious Mrs. Sawyer?" BSJ, 29, No. 2 (June 1979), 105.

First published in SP, October 1978 (DB5948).


C8070. Speck, Gordon R. "The Proper Study," CHJ, 9, No. 12 (December 1987), 2-3.

Young Stamford sets Watson on the course that creates the Canon. Watson quotes, "The proper study of mankind is man," and Stamford tells him that he must study Holmes.


C8071. Speck, Gordon R. "The Tangled Skein: Robert C. Burr, Dorothy L. Sayers, John H. Watson," WW, 9, No. 3 (January 1987), 11-12.

Burr provides information that, combined with Sayers's conclusion about Watson's middle name and Holmes's repeated use of a phrase, adds both support for Sayer's classic argument and plausible inferential detail to life at 221b.


C8072. Stetak, Ruthann H. "Jefferson Hope: A Fairly Good Dispenser," BSJ, 39, No. 3 (September 1989), 144-147.

Considers the poison used in Stud from a pharmacist's point of view. By using the techniques available and reviewing the pharmaceutical literature available, it is determined that physostigmine, the West African ordeal poison, was the poison in Jefferson Hope's pills.


C8073. A Study in Scarlet Centenary Special, 1887-1987. Edited by Nicholas Utechin and Heather Owen. The Sherlock Holmes Journal/The Sherlock Holmes Society of London, 1987. 64 p. illus.

Supplement to SHJ, 18, No. 3, Winter 1987.

Contents: Introduction by Nicholas Utechin. -- Doctor Doyle's Busy Year, by Geoffrey Stavert. -- The Book of Genesis, by Bernard Davies. -- Saints and Sinners: An Appraisal of "The Country of the Saints," by Peter Horrocks. -- A Study in Scarlet: A Bibliographical Survey, by Richard Lancelyn Green. -- A Study in the Media, by Roger Johnson.


C8074. "A Study in Scarlet: The Early Critics," BSM, No. 52 (Winter 1987), 1-5.

Reprints of thirteen reviews (undated) of Stud in Beeton's Christmas Annual.


C8075. Todd, Christopher. "A Short History of Early Mormonism," CNFB, No. 1 (May 1983), 5-7.

An overview of Mormonism, with observations on Drebber and Stangerson's tenuous relationship with the Saints.


C8076. Tracy, Jack. Conan Doyle and the Latter-day Saints. Bloomington, Ind.: Gaslight Publications, 1979. 69 p.

A revised and expanded edition of the author's previous monograph (DA2779), with several illustrations and an introduction to the Sherlock Holmes Monograph Series by John Bennett Shaw.

Reviews: BSM, No. 20 (December 1979), 30 (Milton F. Perry); SHJ, 15, No. 1 (Winter 1980), 28 (Nicholas Utechin).


C8077. Umansky, Harlan L. "An Adventure in `Wild Surmise,'" BSJ, 32, No. 1 (March 1982), 25-29.

----------. ----------, PP (NS), No. 1 (March 1989), 24-28.

Demonstrates by references to Doyle's play Angels of Darkness, to incidents in the Canon, and to citations of the British fascination with Mormonism in the 1880's, that Doyle, not Watson, wrote the American retrospective in Stud. Hints that the American retrospective about the Scowrers of Vermissa Valley in Vall was also written by Doyle.


C8078. Ward, Lock & Co. ["Letters"], BSM, No. 52 (Winter 1987), 8, 20, 34.

Reproductions of three letters dated October 30, November 2, and November 20, 1886, offering Doyle £25 for the copyright to Stud.


C8079. Warga, Wayne. "Record Prices: They dunit at a Whodunit Book Auction," Los Angeles Times (December 15, 1981), V, 1, 6, 8. illus.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 5, No. 2 (June 1982), 462-464.

"A Study in Scarlet, first chronicle of Sherlock Holmes' adventures, brought $15,000 at San Francisco auction of Adrian Goldstone book collection." With photographs of Stud, Ted Schulz, and Warren Howell.


C8080. Warner, Dick. "The Packhorse," BSM, No. 52 (Winter 1987), 6-7.

A toast to the packhorse that transported Watson away from the carnage to safety, with a drawing of a statue "erected in memory of the packhorse" by Henry Lauritzen.


C8081. Williams, H. B. "Dr. Watson's Pamphlet," Client's Case-Notes. Edited by Brian R. MacDonald. Indianapolis: The Illustrious Clients, 1983. p. 12-13.

A shorter version of Stud first appeared in a privately published pamphlet by Watson that must also have contained a brief account of Watson's boyhood, schooling, and army life. "The Country of the Saints" was added to Watson's story by an editor or staff writer of Beeton's Annual in order that the story would be long enough to include in the Annual.


C8082. Williams, Newton M. "The Very Few Variations in the Text of A Study in Scarlet," CHJ, 6, No. 4 (April 1984), 2-3.

The author and his wife were surprised to find very few variations in the texts of their many editions of Stud. This is in sharp contrast to the more than five-hundred variations to be found in their editions of Sign.


 Battle of Maiwand and Dr. Watson's Wound(s)


C8083. -- A2786. Ball, John. "The Jezail Bullet," Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Narberth, Pa.: Livingston Pub. Co., 1959. p. 121-126.

A tightly reasoned essay in which the author examines the statements in the Canon and the various theories advanced by students as to the location of Watson's wound; and arrives, by a process of elimination, at the "definitive" conclusion that he was wounded on the left buttock but relocated his wound in a more satisfactory and mentionable region.


C8084. -- A2787. Baring-Gould, William S. "`Your Hand Stole Towards Your Old Wound...,'" BSJ, 16, No. 3 (September 1966), 131-134.

----------. ----------, The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, [1967]. Vol. 1, chap. 34, p. 606-609.

A review of the literature on Watson's wound(s)--two, according to the author.


C8085. -- A2788. Bell, H. W. "Note on Dr. Watson's Wound," Baker Street Studies. Edited by H.W. Bell. London: Constable & Co., [1934]. p. 220-223.

"Watson was wounded both in the heel and in the left shoulder; and it is evident that the inaccuracy, or worse, with which, in this connection, he has been charged, is due to his native reticence."


C8086. -- A2789. Brain, Peter. "Dr. Watson's War Wounds," The Lancet, No. 7634 (December 20, 1969), 1354-1355.

An explanation of how his leg and shoulder wounds could have been caused by the same bullet.


C8087. -- A2790. Brend, Gavin. "From Maiwand to Marylebone," SHJ, 1, No. 3 (June 1953), 40-44.

Another tracing of Watson's activities between July 27 and March 4 suggests that Stud took place in 1881 rather than 1882, the year assigned by Edgar W. Smith (DA2806).


C8088. -- A2791. Chorley, Jennifer. "No Bar for Maiwand," SHJ, 7, No. 2 (Spring 1965), 54.

Describes a specimen of an old campaign medal that may have been awarded to Asst. Surgeon J. H. Watson for his part in the Maiwand battle.


C8089. -- A2792. Cumings, Thayer. "On an Unheralded Hero," Seven on Sherlock. [New York]: Privately Printed, 1968. p. 39.

"Had Murray not heard his master's moans / We might never have ever heard of Holmes. / For the murderous Ghazis would have gored him for sure / And Watson would never have reached Peshawur."


C8090. -- A2793. Dardess, John. "The Maiwand-Criterion Hiatus," BSJ [OS], 4, No. 1 (January 1949), 115-117.

A further argument in favor of Edgar W. Smith's position that Watson was wounded twice at Maiwand.


C8091. -- A2794. Donegall, Lord. "Dr. Watson's Picture-Story," SHJ, 8, No. 2 (Spring 1967), 63.

Six photographs, with captions, of the Battle of Maiwand.


C8092. -- A2795. Folsom, Henry T. "Seventeen Out of Twenty-Three," BSJ, 14, No. 1 (March 1964), 24-26.

Watson acquired his other wound during a second hitch in the Army, from the summer of 1881 to early 1883. "At that time, while apparently encountering some Ghazi guerrilla in a border incident, he caught a second Jezail, this time in the leg."


C8093. -- A2796. Hammond, Roland. "The Surgeon Probes Doctor Watson's Wound," The Second Cab. Edited by James Keddie. [Boston: The Speckled Band, 1947.] p. 28-31.

Watson's wound may have been located nearer to the base of the neck than in the shoulder region."


C8094. -- A2797. Hartman, Harry. "Afghan A'Gley," BSJ, 13, No. 1 (March 1963), 50-52, 54.

----------. ----------, The Holy Quire. [Culver City, Calif.: Luther Norris, December 1970.] p. 20-23.

One man's story of Watson at the Battle of Maiwand, with speculations on what might have been if Orderly Murray had not been on the job.


C8095. -- A2798. Hepburn, W. B. "The Jezail Bullet," The Practitioner, 197 (July 1966), 100-101.

----------. ----------, SHJ, 8, No. 1 (Winter 1966), 18-19.

Contents: A Mediocre General Practitioner. -- Intracranial Injury Theory. -- The `Two Bullet Theory'. -- The Real Explanation.


C8096. -- A2799. Howard, Samuel F. "More About Maiwand," BSJ, 7, No. 1 (January 1957), 20-25.

Watson was not wounded at the Battle of Maiwand on July 27, 1880, but in the campaign of Maiwand earlier in the month and did not, as Dr. Zeisler contends, remain at Kandahar until September 10.


C8097. -- A2800. Keddie, James, Sr. "The Mystery of the Second Wound," Profile by Gaslight. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944. p. 173-177.

"The hinterlands of the Assistant-Surgeon Watson was the billet for the second jezail bullet."


C8098. -- A2801. Lesh, Richard D. "Watson, Come Here; I Want You: In Afghanistan," BSJ, 14, No. 3 (September 1964), 136-138.

On the Afghan travels of the biographer of Mr. Sherlock Holmes."


C8099. -- A2802. Metcalfe, N. Percy. "The Date of The Study in Scarlet," SHJ, 4, No. 2 (Spring 1959), 37-40.

Another argument supporting the English view that this case took place in 1881 and not in 1882 as the Americans contend.


C8100. -- A2803. Schutz, Robert H. A Bibliography of the Writings on Watson's Wound(s). Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Arnsworth Castle Business Index, June 1960. 1 p.

----------. Revised with title: "Dr. Watson's Wound(s): A Selected Bibliography," BSJ, 16, No. 3 (September 1966), 136-137.


C8101. -- A2804. Sellars, Crighton. "Ballistics," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 2 (April 1946), 162.

----------. ----------, BSP, No. 26 (August 1967), 1.

Surely no Afghan slug from a jezail / Ever hit male / More queerly!"


C8102. -- A2805. Slovak, Richard. "Re-Dating A Study in Scarlet, or The Very Long Road from Maiwand," HO, 1, No. 1 (March 1971),19-28.

A careful study of the entire Canonical chronology shows that this adventure occurred between March 4 and 7, 1884.


C8103. -- A2806. Smith, Edgar W. The Long Road from Maiwand. [New York: The Pamphlet House], 1940. [4] p.

----------. ----------, Profile by Gaslight. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944. p. 195-201.

----------. ----------, Baker Street and Beyond: Together with Some Trifling Monographs. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1957. [unpaged]

"An examination of the evidence bearing upon the dating of a certain encounter in the chemical laboratory at St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London." (Subtitle)

Mr. Smith argues that too much had occurred after the Battle of Maiwand for Watson to have sailed from Bombay before April 1880, which would place Stud in March 1882 instead of March 1881.


C8104. -- A2807. Smith, William. "`You Have Been in Gettysburg, I Perceive,'" BSJ, 13, No. 2 (June 1963), 77-85.

Watson was wounded both at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 and the Battle of Maiwand in 1880.


C8105. -- A2808. [Sovine, J. W.] "The Singular Bullet," by Dr. Hill Barton [pseud.] BSJ, 9, No. 1 (January 1959), 28-32.

"Dr. Watson was struck in the left shoulder by a jezail bullet, and this was his one and only military wound. All the commotion and puzzlement among the many commentators followed simply because that jezail bullet, after entering Watson's body, took an Irregular course."


C8106. -- A2809. Van Liere, Edward J. "Dr. John H. Watson and the Subclavian Steal," Archives of Internal Medicine, 118, No. 3 (September 1966), 245-248.

----------. ----------, Medical and Other Essays. Morgantown: West Virginia University Library, 1966. p. 160-166.

His forgetfulness or slight mental confusion can be attributed to an impaired blood supply to the brain, the result of a circulatory disturbance caused by an obstruction in the injured subclavian artery.


C8107. -- A2810. Welch, G. W. "`No Mention of That Local Hunt, Watson,'" SHJ, 5, No. 3 (Winter 1961), 82-83.

Watson gave up hunting because of the wound he received at the Battle of Maiwand.


C8108. -- A2811. Williamson, J. N. "Solution of the Second Wound," Illustrious Client's Third Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1953.] p. 191.

----------. ----------, BSJ, 16, No. 3 (September 1966), 135.

"We take our cue, we're not to blame; / Holmes simply missed a `V. R.' aim / And hit poor Watson (what a shame!), / Which made the doctor slightly lame."


C8109. -- A2812. Zeisler, Ernest Bloomfield. "A Final Word About Maiwand," BSJ, 9, No. 2 (April 1959), 103-110.

A critical examination of the literature on the Battle of Maiwand.


C8110. -- A2813. Zeisler, Ernest Bloomfield. "The Road from Maiwand," BSJ, 5, No. 4 (October 1955), 220-225.

A further substantiation of the position held by Edgar Smith, John Dardess, and Gavin Brend that the meeting between Holmes and Watson took place in March 1882 and not March 1881.


C8111. -- B1235. Adams, Karin Laflin. "The Truth About Watson's Jez-Ailment," MSB, 2, No. 2 (March 1978), 5.

"The only possible explanation of how Watson's leg was wounded is that it was done by Sherlock Holmes himself, who kept constantly and remorselessly pulling it."


C8112. -- B1236. Bates, Hampton R. "Dr. Watson and the Jezail Bullet," Virginia Medical, 103, No. 11 (November 1976), 828-829. illus.

"Wherein mysteries of a stiff shoulder and a barometric leg, souvenirs of the battlefield, are explored in a Holmesian manner."


C8113. -- B1237. Fonaroff, L. Schuyler. "Kabul Cabal, or New Light on the Location of Dr. Watson's Sub-clavian Arterial Wounding and Subsequent Bone Destruction," BSJ, 27, No. 4 (December 1977), 219-222.

Three problems are posed and tentatively resolved. The first addresses the nature of the evidence used by Holmes in concluding that Watson had been in the tropics. The second concerns options available to Sherlockian cartographers for locating the Maiwand battle site. The third discusses the circumstances surrounding Watson's subclavian battle wound.


C8114. -- B1238. Harrison, Michael. "Dr. Watson Goes to Reading," PD (NS), 3, No. 2 (1977), 6-10. (The Master's Corner)

Speculation on Watson and Richard Holmes's alleged visit to the Berkshire town of Reading on December 15, 1886, to witness the unveiling of a memorial to the men killed during the Afghan War of 1879-1880.


C8115. -- B1239. Harrison, Michael. "That `Path Lab' Meeting: Was Holmes Expecting Watson ... ?" SHJ, 13, No. 3 (Spring 1978), 69-72.

"Mr. Holmes had heard of Dr. Watson, and (though possibly not on that day; and not introduced by `young Stamford') expected him to call, with details of an astonishing story that both men decided afterwards to leave untold."


C8116. -- B1240. Hepburn, W. B. "The Jezail Bullet," MB, 1, No. 4 (December 1975), 8.

Reprinted from The Practitioner, July 1966 (DA2798).


C8117. -- B1241. Holroyd, James Edward. "McGonall on Maiwand," SHJ, 13, No. 3 (Spring 1978), 86.

An introduction, followed by extracts from William McGonall's ode "The Last Berkshire Eleven: The Heroes of Maiwand," reprinted as a centenary tribute.


C8118. -- B1242. Propp, Bill. "O! Where Is Watson's Wandering Wound Tonight?" The Woods-Runner [Lake Superior State College, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.], 4, No. 14 (Fall 1974), 41-42.

He was shot in the shoulder, and the bullet travelled through the circulatory system to his leg!


C8119. -- B1243. Shannon, D. C. "Poor Devil," The Pharos [Alpha Omega Alpha -- Honor Medical Society, Palo Alto, Calif.], 41, No. 4 (October 1978), 5-9. illus.

The reader is lead from Maugham to Watson, from Afghanistan to Baker Street, from the subclavian artery to the posterior tibial, and from theory to medical facts.


C8120. -- B1244. Wagley, Philip Franklin. "A Reconsideration of Dr. John H. Watson's Encounter with a Jezail Bullet," Maryland State Medical Journal, 25, No. 12 (December 1976), 35-37. illus.

With a Sherlockian cover illustration by Claude Brooks.

----------. ----------, MB, 3, No. 2 (June 1977), 4-6.

There is no contradiction in the Canon about Watson's injury at Maiwand. The Jezail bullet ricocheted off the clavicle bone, then reentered the medial aspect of the thigh. The mechanics and pathophysiology are described.


C8121. -- B1245. Woods, Carol Paul. "The Structure Threatened, or Are the Machinations of Moriarty's Minions Still Being Made Manifest?" BSJ, 25, No. 2 (June 1975), 98-100.

At Maiwand a jezail bullet sent Watson to his historic association with Holmes. But Maiwand is disappearing from the maps of the world, and the encyclopedia references are sharply declining. This may denote a sinister plot to undermine, ultimately, the entire Holmes edifice.


C8122. Axelrad, Arthur M. "Berkshire Bobbie's Last Bark," DL, 1 (Fall 1984), 10-17.

The history of Berkshire Bobbie and Frank Feller's painting, The Stand of the Last Eleven, may have been sources for the Maiwand passage in Stud.


C8123. Bates, Hampton R. "Dr. Watson and the Jezail Bullet," BC, 9, No. 1 (February 1992), 6-7.

First published in the Virginia Medical, November 1976 (DB1236).


C8124. Black, Stephen M. "Was Watson, Watson?" BSJ, 30, No. 2 (June 1980), 86-93. illus.

The author contends that Dr. John H. Watson was killed, not wounded, at Maiwand. Murray, his "faithful orderly," switched identities with the dead Watson. "Murray" was actually Pvt. Henry Murrell, Serial #1555, Rifleman, 66th Berkshires, who acted as a medical orderly. This Murrell is the man we all know as the real chronicler of Holmes's exploits. The author includes a casualty roll from the London war office to support his argument.


C8125. Brody, Howard. "Maiwand, July 27, 1880," BSJ, 30, No. 2 (June 1980), 68.

A map of the Battle of Maiwand, published in the John H. Watson Commemorative Issue of The Baker Street Journal.


C8126. Christner, Richard S. "The Second Afghanistan War: The Military Career of Assistant Surgeon John H. Watson," TW, 2, No. 2 (1980), 13-15.

"Watson's military career, one that lasted only a single military campaign, was both short-lived and unhappy. In Watson's words: `The campaign brought honours and promotion to many, but for me it had nothing but misfortune and disaster.' On the other hand, Watson's misfortune eventually allowed the world to share the adventures of perhaps the greatest detective in modern history."


C8127. Cochran, William R. "Murray," WW, 14, No. 1 (May 1991), 33.

"For if Murray had failed to save Watson that night, / who'd have written of Holmes and kept up the fight? / So as we sing Sherlock's praises, remember the day / Murray saved `Good old Watson.' Hip-hip-horray!"


C8128. Dandrew, Thomas A. "The Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers," NS, No. 7 (March 31, 1981), 11

"A Kipling/Watson parallel."


C8129. Dandrew, Thomas A. "Watson's Second Wound: Yet Another Speculation," NS, No. 7 (March 31, 1981), 11-14. illus.

Watson's other wound may not have been the result of a Jezail bullet but of a comrade's bullet in a "hot-weather shooting case," mentioned by C. E. Carrington in The Life of Rudyard Kipling.


C8130. Geyer, Jackie. "Memories of Maiwand," Edited and illustrated by Jackie Geyer. BSM, No. 22 (Summer 1980), 10-12.

"From the unpublished reminiscences of John H. Watson, M.D., late of the Army Medical Department." (Subtitle)


C8131. Hammer, David L. "Of Watsons, Wars and Wounds," SHJ, 17, No. 4 (Summer 1987), 116-117.

Watson was never in Afghanistan with the Army and was not wounded.

Letter: SHJ, 18, No. 1 (Winter 1987), 32-33 (G.R.C.D. Gibson).


C8132. "A Hundred Years Ago Watson and Comrades Fought in Afghanistan," CH, 3, No. 4 (St. Jean Baptiste Day 1980), 3-5. illus.

A short, un-attributed history of the Battle of Maiwand on July, 27, 1880, which was the first major battle of the Second Afghan War.


C8133. Jones, Bob. "Report from Peshawar," BSJ, 31, No. 4 (December 1981), 231-233.

A report of a journey to India and Afghanistan in 1980, retracing the footsteps of Holmes and Watson. The guide was Jahmad, known as Johnny, whose great-grandfather was an army surgeon with the British force in 1880. His name was John H. Watson!


C8134. Katz, Robert S. "Watson's Wound Revisited," PITP, No. 2 (February 17, 1987), 1-4.

"He resorted to the use of euphemism in order to describe his wound. Rather than think about his injured shoulder, he called it his 'leg'. Any means of avoiding mention of the site of his discomfort might spare him another attack."


C8135. Lesh, Richard D. "Watson, Come Here; I Want You: In Afghanistan," NZI, 2, No. 1 (August 1992), 76-79.

Reprinted from BSJ, September 1964 (DA2801).


C8136. Levitt, Mark. "John H. Watson, M.D., Late of the Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers," PP, 4, No. 4 (December 1982), 30-35.

A brief history of the regiment and the reasons why Watson chose to join it; e.g., its reputation for a ready pawky wit and its history, dating back to 1674 when it was called "Lord Clare's Irish Regiment." Much to Watson's sorrow and our dismay, the old regiment became part of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers in 1968.


C8137. McCabe, John C. "Nail That `Jezail,'" Illustration by William Dickinson. The Woods-Runner, No. 46 (January 1984), back cover.

On the correct pronunciation of "jezail." According to a verse by Rudyard Kipling, quoted therein, "jezail" rhymes with "defile," not "nail" as is commonly assumed by Sherlockians.


C8138. McCabe, John C. "Pronouncing `Jezail,' or Have We Been Kippled All of These Years?" AC, No. 1 (February 1986), 4; No. 2 (April 1986), 5; No. 3 (June 1986), 4-5. (Thesis No. 1)

With rebuttals by William D. Jenkins, Robert W. Hahn, Richard D. Lesh, and John C. McCabe.


C8139. Moore, Helen and Richard. "In Search of the Gallant Murray," CH, 16, No. 3 (Spring 1993), 3-8.

A search of The Register of the Victoria Cross reveals that Watson's orderly was Lance-Corporal James Murray.


C8140. Myatt, Frederick. The Royal Berkshire Regiment (The 49th/66th Regiment of Foot). London: Hamish Hamilton, [1968]. 136 p. illus. (Famous Regiments. Edited by Lt.-General Sir Brian Horrocks)

A history of the Regiment, with mention of Watson at Maiwand (p. 65). The 66th Regiment of Foot fought in the battle on July 27, 1880, and in July 1881 the 66th became the 2nd Batallion of the Berkshires.


C8141. Parker, Pierson. "Jezail, Jezail," BSJ, 30, No. 2 (June 1980), 70-74.

"According to the Canonical facts contradicting Stud, Watson had a second period in India and Afghanistan where, attached to the Indian Army, he served longer than the first time, camped in various places, had some fun, did a spot of hunting, had little direct experience of battle, but did unhappily get struck in the leg by an Afghan's Jezail bullet."


C8142. Pratte, Pierre. "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and the Bull Pup," WW, 13, No. 3 (January 1991), 13-17.

A discussion of Watson's PTSD. Watson warns Holmes that he had a bull-pup (a bad temper), one of the symptoms he suffered as a result of the Afghan War.


C8143. Propp, Bill. "Doctor Watson's Wandering Wound," AC, No. 9 (June 1987), 5-8. (Thesis No. 11)

First published in The Woods-Runner, Fall 1973 (DB1242).


C8144. Purdon, Charles J. "The Curious Matter of Watson's Rank," CH, 14, No. 3 (Spring 1991), 13-14.

A survey of the ranks of commissioned officers in the Army Medical Department reveals that Watson's rank was that of a Surgeon rather than an Assistant Surgeon, as incorrectly changed by Doyle in Watson's manuscript.


C8145. Smith, Denis. "From Afghanistan to Newport Pagnell," The Sherlockian, 2, No. 1 (1988), 12-15.

An account of the author's discovery of an old military photograph of the "Orontes," the British troopship on which Watson returned to England. The photograph and accompanying description are reproduced in the article.


C8146. Stavert, Geoffrey. "A Three-Paragraph Problem: Dr. Watson's Military Service," SHJ, 14, Nos. 3-4 (Summer 1980), 99-103. illus.

An attempt to resolve some of the uncertainties present in Watson's account of his military career, which he condensed into the first three paragraphs of Stud.


C8147. Thompson, J. "Watson's Uniform," The Ritual, No. 7 (Spring 1991), 5-6. illus.

"How Watson may have looked in his campaign kit and in the full dress uniform of the Army Medical Department."


C8148. Thornton, John P. "John H. Watson, M.D., and the Battle of Maiwand," LBCCSJ, No. 1 (February 1986), 1-6.

An informative account of the Maiwand Battle and the part Watson played in it.


 The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire


C8149. -- A2814. Baker, Kate. "Re: Vampires," BSP, No. 41 (November 1968), 1-2.

Though seldom as colourful as their fictional counterparts, living vampires do exist and can be cured. The suspected Sussex vampire proved to be nothing of the sort; still, had it been otherwise, Sherlock Holmes would have found a highly intriguing case."


C8150. -- B1246. Batory, Dana Martin. "The Conan Doyle Syndrome and The Sussex Vampire," BSJ, 26, No. 4 (December 1976), 227-228, 230.

Further evidence of what Samuel Rosenberg terms "the Conan Doyle Syndrome;" namely, when the written word, in any form, is accompanied by allusions to forbidden sexual behavior and subsequent severe punishment. The sexual pathology of vampirism and cannibalism, and the effeminacy of villain Jack Ferguson are all explored. "It is a distorted love," says Holmes, "a maniacal exaggerated love (Jack has) for you. ..."


C8151. -- B1247. O'Toole, L. M. "Analytic and Synthetic Approaches to Narrative Structure: Sherlock Holmes and `The Sussex Vampire,'" Style and Structure in Literature: Essays in the New Stylistics. Edited by Roger Fowler. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, [1975]. Chap. 5, p. 143-176.

Analysis of Suss reveals a narrative structure and language so stylized as to be almost a self-parody of the Canon. Two chronologies (the detective's and the client's) intersect to produce the unravelling sequence of the plot (with essential causality suppressed until the end). Watson provides the usual limited point of view.

Recent Russian research aims to generate the whole "Text" from a deep "Theme" via universal "Expression Devices." The triumph of reason over the irrational" (theme) is here realized by an oxymoron structure at levels of plot, character, and language.


C8152. -- B1248. Scheideman, J. W. "The Tension Between Fact and Fancy," VH, 8, No. 2 (April 1974), 2-3.

"Re: A letter to Sherlock Holmes from Morrison, Morrison & Dodd." (Subtitle)


C8153. Brodie, Robert N. "A Prospect of Mincing Lane," WW, 13, No. 2 (September 1990), 15-16.

A brief history of the London street on which the tea-brokers Ferguson & Muirhead were located.


C8154. Brusic, Robert. "Explorers's Reading Group Summary of `The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire,'" Explorations, No. 20 (December 1992), 3-4.

Summary of a discussion by The Norwegian Explorers of Minnesota.


C8155. Niver, Harold E. "The Dracula Legend and `The Sussex Vampire,'" Calabash, No. 4 (September 1983), 1-14.

The author, being both a Dracula devotee and a Sherlockian, has attempted to put forth the theory that Dracula did not die at the end of the Dracula story. By combining this premise with a new interpretation of Suss, new possibilities present themselves. Two of them are that Holmes was Van Helsing and Dracula was Moriarty.


C8156. Redmond, Chris. "Jacky Identified," SHJ, 16, No. 3 (Winter 1983), 96. (Wigmore Street Postbag)

Doyle, who told "a gruesome Sherlock Holmes tale" to Jacky Coogan during a visit to the Hollywood film studios on May 25, 1923, used the young actor's name for the "remarkable lad" in Suss: Jacky Ferguson.


C8157. Redmond, Chris. "Mr. Dodd's Client and Mr. Dodd," BSJ, 35, No. 2 (June 1985), 99-101.

A very early story by Doyle, "Selecting a Ghost" (London Society, December 1883), shows similarities to Watson's Suss.


C8158. Speck, Gordon R. "The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire: Hoax, Jokes, and Hubris," BSM, No. 32 (Winter 1982), 7-9, 24.

The author reviews the commentaries of other writers and then propounds a theory of his own: in Suss, Holmes and the Literary Agent were having a bit of fun at Watson's expense.


C8159. Wood, Peter H. "V Is for Vampire and Other Bloody Notes," CH, 9, No. 2 (Winter 1985), 21-22.

Two sections comprise this note: the first provides an explanation of Holmes's indexing system as exemplified in Suss, by suggesting the entries were "see" and "see also" headings or possibly a keyword-in-context (KWIC) system; the second suggests three possible sources for Holmes's references to vampires, available from English publications or from Arminius Vambery.


 The Adventure of Thor Bridge


C8160. -- A2815. De La Torre, Lillian. "The Problem of A.M. on Thor Bridge," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 4 (October 1948), 497-500.

An account of this case was first written up not by Watson but by Dr. Hans Gross in his System der Kriminalistik, published in 1893. Dr. Gross's distorted version of the story is included in Miss de la Torre's article.


C8161. -- A2816. Tinning, Herbert P. "A Reassessment of the Dating of `The Problem of Thor Bridge,'" DCC, 6, No. 4 (June 1970), 3-4.

----------. Rev. and enl. with title: "On the Dating of `The Problem of Thor Bridge,'" HO, 1, No. 1 (March 1971), 15-17.

An analysis of the chronology for this tale suggests that it began on Monday, October 4, 1886.


C8162. -- B1249. Dudley, W. E. "Who Was Neil Gibson?" BSJ, 25, No. 3 (September 1975), 173-176.

When we meet "the Gold King" in Thor we are reminded of other Canonical people such as Dr. Grimesby Roylott, Dr. Leon Sterndale, Dr. James Mortimer, and, finally, the arch villain himself, Professor James Moriarty. Roylott, Sterndale, et al, were but Moriarty in one of his disguises of the moment. Why then did the Master let him escape in the form of Neil Gibson? To save the Empire, of course. "The story is yet to be told of how Moriarty's financial genius prepared Britain for war and made the final victory possible."


C8163. -- B1250. Flaherty, Susan. "Thor Bridge -- The True Story?" NCTM, 1, No. 2 (Spring 1975), 7-8.

Mrs. Gibson (formerly Grace Dunbar!) reveals how she fooled Holmes into believing that Maria died by suicide rather than by murder.


C8164. -- B1251. Hahn, Robert W. "Recount, Please, Mr. Holmes," BSJ, 26, No. 4 (December 1976), 209-212.

The detective not only was outwitted by Irene Adler but also by Grace Dunbar. Two telling statements by Miss Dunbar and a reconstruction of the crime demonstrate that she murdered the wife of J. Neil Gibson and then arranged the evidence in such a way that Holmes would deduce the fake suicide as she had planned. This deception alters Holmes's admission to John Openshaw (Five) that he had been beaten four times -- "three times by men and once by a woman."


C8165. Batory, Dana Martin. "The Syndromic Problem of `Thor Bridge,'" SHJ, 14, No. 1 (Spring 1979), 12-14.

The essay analyzes what Samuel Rosenberg defines as the "Conan Doyle Syndrome"; namely, when the printed word, in any form, is accompanied by allusions to forbidden sexual behavior and subsequent severe punishment. The distorted sexual elements underlying the "love triangle" of Maria Gibson, Neil Gibson, and Grace Dunbar are examined. "I do not think," says Holmes, "that in our adventures we have ever come across a stranger example of what perverted love can bring about."

Letter: SHJ, 14, No. 2 (Winter 1979), 66 (J. B. Tatum).


C8166. Blau, Peter E. "It Is an Old Manuscript: The Adventure of the Second Chip," BSM, No. 26 (Summer 1981), 8-10.

A commentary on the sale of the manuscript The Problem of Thor Bridge at the auction house of Christie, Manson & Woods Ltd., of London on April 29, 1981. The successful bidder was the London dealer Bernard Quaritch, who, acting for an unidentified non-Sherlockian American collector, paid £13,000 plus a 10% premium to the auction house, or about $31,000. Reproduced is a description of the MS from Christie's catalog and the title page which shows three cancelled titles: (?) Box, The Adventure of the Second Chip, and The Problem of Rushmere Bridge.


C8167. Cantor, Murray A. "Another Problem of Thor Bridge," PP (NS) (December 1988), 15-16.

We see here one of the Master's most brilliant deductions. Notwithstanding, he is most negative in his self-assessment. Something is bothering him. As clues, we note a number of references to science, medicine and, most specifically, dentistry. Conclusion: Holmes has had his missing canine tooth poorly replaced and is suffering from a thor bridge.


C8168. Dandrew, Thomas A. "The Varied Sexual Appetites of Mr. J. Neil Gibson," NS, No. 31 (June 5, 1993), 9-11.

Gibson's sexual conquests in this story included Maria Pinto, Marlow Bates, and Grace Dunbar!


C8169. Flynn, Patricia Dodd. "Gold King & Silver King," SMuse, 5, No. 3 (Winter 1981), 15-18.

Interesting similarities between J. Neil Gibson and another giant of America's mining camps, James G. Fair, one of the developers of Nevada's Comstock Lode. It is possible that Watson had heard of Fair's life and characters and in order to disguise the Gold King's real identity, he fell back on some of the attributes of the Silver King.


C8170. Lachtman, Howard L. "The Love-Song of J. Neil Gibson," Gaslight Publications, Catalogue No. 1 (Winter-Spring 1981), 3.

"Gibson's the name -- J.N. to you -- / though folks all call me Gold King. / I have merely to reach out my hand / and take what I want of anything."


C8171. Leonard, Patrick J., Sr. "Thor Bridge: A Mystery Remains," PP (NS), No. 11 (September 1991), 16-20.

Referring to an Austrian case reported in a German language "Handbook for the Criminal Investigator" by Hans Gross, with events similar to those in Thor. Leonard conjectures that Holmes had Thor solved before he left Baker Street because he may have had an active part in solving the earlier case.


C8172. Maginn, Dianne. "Suicide Disguised as Murder: A Munchausen-Related Event at Thor Bridge," BSJ, 39, No. 1 (March 1989), 13-15.

Maria Gibson, who took her own life and tried to get rid of her rival by attempting to disguise her crime and fasten a charge of murder upon Grace Dunbar, may have been a victim of Munchausen's Syndrome. Munchausen's behavior is characterized by deception, grandiosity, lying, hostility, and dependency.


C8173. McClure, Michael W. "No Problem with Thor Bridge," CHJ, 12, No. 2 (February 1990), 2-3.

Supports Doyle's creation of this tale during his spiritualistic years. His interest (in 1921) regarding the unsolved Luard death in 1908 provides an important clue to Thor being written during that period most Sherlockians claim he had no time to write of Holmes. Many claim that these later cases are inferior in quality and were probably rejected tales Doyle resurrected to fund his new religion. His use of the Phillimore name to honor the Secretary of the London Spiritualistic Alliance provides the final proof to a later date for this excellent mystery which shows both men in good form.


C8174. Morrison, G. Arthur. "Some Shallow Thoughts on the Deep Problem of Thor Bridge," WW, 11, No. 1 (May 1988), 13-15.

This article raises objections to the Canonical interpretations of the mark on the balustrade and other clues, and presents an alternate plot for Thor. Calculations of impact effects and trajectory are given, suggesting that Watson concealed the truth: a romance between Bates and Miss Dunbar and a resulting violent confrontation.


C8175. Schweickert, William P. "Doyle's Problem at Thor Bridge," PP, 3, No. 3 (1981), 21-24.

Points out some interesting similarities between the love triangle of Neil Gibson, his wife Maria, and the governess Grace Dunbar, and the relationship between Doyle, his wife Louise (known as Touie), and Jean Leckie, his second wife.


C8176. Silverstein, Albert, ed. "The Cornish Horrors Descend on Thor Bridge," BSJ, 30, No. 3 (September 1980), 136-140.

Three alternate solutions to the peculiar death of Mrs. J. Neil Gibson, by Jack Kavanagh, Jack Miller, and Robert L. Fish.


C8177. Speck, Gordon R. "A Question of Failure: Thor Bridge," CHJ, 7, No. 7 (July 1985), 3.

"If all men failed only as Holmes fails, mankind would sparkle like the Hope diamond."


C8178. Weller, Philip. "Over the Alps with Holmes," The Tri-Metallic Questions. 1991. p. 50-52. illus.

An examination of possible railway routes used in Thor.


 The Adventure of the Three Gables


C8179. -- A2817. Holland, Glenn. "A Left-Handed Defense of `The Three Gables,'" BSP, No. 45 (March 1969), 2-4.

An incredible suggestion that Holmes's uncharacteristic behavior in this story can be attributed to an inebriated condition.


C8180. -- A2818. Rhode, Franklin. "Langdale Pike and Steve Dixie: Two Cases of Identity," BSJ, 20, No. 1 (March 1970), 17-20.

Langdale Pike, a journalistic friend and confidant of Holmes, is identified as George R. Sims; and Steve Dixie, the Negro bruiser, as an acquaintance of Sims.


C8181. -- B1252. Lapinskas, Barbara A. "The Worst Story in the Canon," BSJ, 27, No. 3 (September 1977), 147.

Holmes's contemptuous treatment of Steve Dixie and Susan Stockdale and his deference toward Isadore Klein are embarrassments to all loyal Sherlockians.

Winner of the short essay contest on the worst story in the Canon.


C8182. -- B1253. [Lowndes, Robert A. W.] "Mr. Dakin's `Spurious Cases': No. 1. The Three Gables" SS, 2, No. 4 (October 1976), 4-6.

"Langdale Pike" defends 3Gab against the criticisms of D. Martin Dakin in A Sherlock Holmes Commentary.


C8183. -- B1254. Pond, Walter. "A Plea for Respect for the Canon: With Some Observations on The Three Gables," BSJ, 28, No. 1 (March 1978), 41-42.

The author deplores the tendency of some commentators to reject stories in the Canon as spurious on the basis of their own notions of ethics or plausibility. The reasons are generally without merit. As an example, he examines in detail the attacks upon 3Gab, shows them to be baseless, and concludes that the story is an authentic account by Watson.


C8184. Cantor, Murray A. "The Eternal Feminine Rides Again," BSM, No. 70 (Summer 1992), 25-27.

In two tales -- 3Gab and Seco -- Holmes not only compounds a felony, but may be making future misdeeds possible. Women provide the motive in both. Further, in 3Gab he tells Isadora Klein just the opposite of what he really means. An explanation is suggested.


C8185. Doyle, Michael. "La Belle Dame Sans Merci," CH, 15, No. 4 (Summer 1992), 9-13.

Compares women antagonists in "The Parasite" (1894) and 3Gab (1926).


C8186. Lachtman, Howard L. "Isadora, Duchess of Lomond," BSJ, 32, No. 3 (September 1982), 178.

A poem in seven stanzas.

"Isadora received her beaux in exotic half-dark / (Not one of those Three Gables was a Clark). / She gave up sultry Pernambuco / To drive Dashing Doug cuckoo / And even gave cold Holmes a spark."


C8187. McClure, Michael W. "Inquiring Minds Want to Know," CHJ, 12, No. 10 (October 1990), 2-3.

A review of the various sources of information available to Holmes, and to what extent he revealed such data to Langdale Pike. It is suggested that by gleaning facts from the "agony columns" and other sources, Holmes used Pike as his unofficial agent, allowing Pike to reap the rewards while "blowing the whistle" on illicit endeavour that would otherwise fall beneath the attention of the official police force.


C8188. Pollack, Dorothy Belle. "The Plight of Isadora," SMuse, 11, No. 1 (Autumn 1992), inside front and back covers.

"I'm from South American shores, / Descended from Conquistadors, / And I married the Sugar King Klein."


C8189. Pollack, Dorothy Belle. "Reflections on Langdale Pike," SMuse, 10, No. 3 (Spring 1992), inside front cover.

"This chap can handle / All matters relating / To `social scandal.' / He's the `human book / of reference'. In re / The London life, / He's nonpareil."


C8190. Rosenberg, Edgar S. "It Started with a Bang," BSJ, 33, No. 2 (June 1983), 83-85.

A tale in verse.


 The Adventure of the Three Garridebs


C8191. -- A2819. McLauchlin, Russell. "Apocryphal?" BSJ [OS], 1, No. 4 (October 1946), 475-476.

3Gar is primarily a rewriting of RedH and, therefore, should be included in the Apocrypha rather than the Canon.


C8192. -- A2820. Redmond, Chris. "Thoughts on The Three Garridebs," BSP, No. 24 (June 1967), 4.

"`It may have been a comedy, it may have been a tragedy.'"


C8193. -- A2821. Rosenberger, Edgar S. "Bats in His Belfry," BSJ, 9, No. 1 (January 1959), 38-40.

A tale in verse.


C8194. -- B1255. Nash, Ogden. "Never Mind the Overcoat, Button Up That Lip," The New Yorker, 30, No. 23 (July 24, 1954), 18.

----------. ----------, You Can't Get There from Here. Drawings by Maurice Sendak. Boston; Toronto: Little, Brown and Co., [1957]. p. 105-106.

Hardcover and paperback edition.

----------. ----------, Verses from 1929 On. Boston, Toronto: Little, Brown and Co., [1959]. p. 496-497.

----------. ----------, ----------. New York: The Modern Library, [c. 1959]. p. 496-497.

"I have better things to talk about than fortune hunters who harry debs; / The causerie in my coterie is of how come Sir Arthur rewrote `The Red-headed League' under the title of `The Adventure of the Three Garridebs.'"


C8195. -- B1256. Shaw, John Bennett. "Musings on `The Adventure of the Three Garridebs,'" HO, 2, No. 1 (January 1972), 6-7.


C8196. The Annotated Casey at the Bat: A Collection of Ballads About the Mighty Casey. With an introduction and notes by Martin Gardner. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, [1967]. xiii, 206 p. illus.

----------. 2nd ed. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, [1984]. xiii, 219 p. illus.

Includes a reference to Moorville (p. 177; 2nd ed., p. 179) and to James Winter, an alias of "Killer" Evans' (p. 182; 2nd ed., p. 184).


C8197. DeStefano, Jim. "A Letter to Sherlock Holmes," PP, 4, No. 2 (June 1982), 14-16.

A letter dated October 27, 1924 from "Lysander Starr II," uncovered by DeStefano, in which he explains that there really was a Dr. Lysander Starr of Topeka, Kansas.


C8198. Frick, Willis G. "An Interview with Nathan Garrideb," The Telegraph, 2, No. 1 (October 1992), 7-12.

The antiquarian sets the record straight on the case that Holmes investigated for him.


C8199. Groves, Derham. "Nathan Garrideb and Mechanics' Institutes," YS, No. 7 (March 1980), 3-4.

----------. ----------, GOI, No. 1 (1981), 2-5.

Nathan Garrideb probably was a member of the Manchester Mechanics' Institute. Perhaps he grew up in Manchester, and when he was five or six years old, he knew Mary Barton's surrogate grandfather, Job Legh (Mary Barton, by Elizabeth Gaskell).


C8200. Haddon-MacRoberts, M. "The Mystery of the Third Plaster Skull," SHJ, 16, No. 4 (Summer 1984), 113.

Watson described three plaster skulls in Nathan Garrideb's rooms in 1902. He said they were Neanderthal, Heidelberg, and Cro-Magnon. However, Heidelberg was not discovered until 1907. The three skulls were probably Java Man, Neanderthal, and Cro-Magnon.


C8201. Higgins, W. W. "Some Further Notes on the Garridebs," P&D, No. 154 (July 1991), 4-5.

This is an examination of some possible origins for the name of Garrideb that tend to explain the lack of persons of that name outside the Canonical tales. It also includes the author's facetious illustrations of three putative Garridebs.


C8202. Holly, Raymond L. "Acknowledging the Unacknowledged," DT, No. 8 (Summer 1990), 4-10.

A comparison between Watson's Nathan Garrideb and Doyle's Brigadier Gerard.


C8203. Holly, Raymond L. "A Garrideb Chronology," CHJ, 4, No. 9 (September 1982), 2.

Begins with the birth of Étienne Gerard in 1782 and ends with the publication of the adventure in Collier's on October 25, 1924.


C8204. Holly, Raymond L. "The Three Real Garridebs," BSM, No. 50 (Summer 1987), 23-26.

Nathan Garrideb and his brother were the legitimate children of the illegitimate son of Brigadier Gerard. These three were the only male descendants of the gallant Brigadier.


C8205. Rothman, Steven. "How Come a Bull Ring? A Brief Investigation," BSJ, 35, No. 3 (September 1985), 170-171 .

Explores the question posed by Christopher Morley about why Manchester has a Bull Ring. Attributes it to the ancient sport of bull baiting.


C8206. Schweickert, William. ("Lysander Starr"), PP, 2, No. 2 (1979), 9. (Poet's Page)

"Twinkle twinkle Lysander Starr / How we wonder who you are. / Doctor, Mayor of Topeka, Kan. / Are you just a mythical man?"


C8207. Schweickert, William. "Twinkle, Twinkle Lysander Starr, How I Wonder Who You Are," Q£$, 7, No. 3 (August 1986), 41-43.

Notes the remarkable similarity between the names of Dr. Lysander Starr (3Gar) and Col. Lysander Stark (Engr), both of whom must have been named after Dr. Leander Starr Jameson.


C8208. Speck, Gordon R. "A Note on the American Man of Affairs," WW, 11, No. 2 (September 1988), 5-6.

The American man of affairs is satirized through the character of John Garrideb, alias "Killer" Evans, as stupid, dangerous, seedy, and scheming.


C8209. Thomalen, Robert E. "The Case of the Missing Year," PP, 1, No. 5 (October 1978), 14-17.

An exegetical work showing how Watson miscalculated the number of years covered in 3Gar.


 The Adventure of the Three Students


C8210. -- A2822. Bristowe, W. S. "The Three Students in Limelight, Electric Light and Daylight," SHJ, 3, No. 2 (Winter 1956), 2-5.

An examination of some unsolved problems in this tale, including recollections of the author's bit part in the 1923 film version.


C8211. -- A2823. Hall, Trevor H. "Sherlock Holmes and Andrew Lang," The Late Mr. Sherlock Holmes & Other Literary Studies. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., [1971]. Chap. 4, p. 64-79.

On the Lang-Rendall controversy re Lang's essay in 1904 and Rendall's almost identical arguments in 1917 concerning The Three Students.


C8212. -- A2824. Lang, Andrew. "At the Sign of the Ship," Longman's Magazine, 44 (July 1904), 269-271.

Holmes and Watson were the victims of an elaborate hoax perpetrated by Hilton Soames and Gilchrist.


C8213. -- A2825. Rendall, Vernon. "Belsize as a Commentator: Sherlock Holmes," The London Nights of Belsize. London: John Lane; New York: John Lane Co., 1917. Chap. 8, p. 135-157.

----------. ----------, The Incunabular Sherlock Holmes. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1958. p. 75-92.

A commentary dealing with some of the alleged flaws in this adventure.


C8214. -- A2826. Schwartz, Richard S. "Three Students in Search of a Scholar," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 2 (1957), 45-49.

An essay on some Greek scholars, with special attention to Thucydides, who played an important role in 3Stu.


C8215. -- A2827. Smith, Edgar W. "`He Stoppeth One of Three...,'" BSJ, 1, No. 1 (January 1951), 15-17.

----------. ----------, Illustrious Client's Third Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1953.1 p. 16-19.

----------, Baker Street and Beyond: Together with Some Trifling Monographs. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1957. [unpaged]

A tale in verse.


C8216. -- B1257. [Lowndes, Robert A. W.] "Dr. Watson, Winner!" SS, 2, No. 4 (October 1976), 7-8.

Because Watson was so successful in fictionalizing this case, it is doubtful that the locale will ever be known. While not among the best of the cases, 3Stu is still a charming story.


C8217. Heap, James L. "Almost a Zen Master, Master Detective Was, as This Story Shows," CH, 5, No. 1 (Autumn 1981), 8-14.

"The teachings of Sherlock Holmes: reading the Canon [3Stu] as moral education." (Subtitle)

Winner of the Mostly Mysteries Award for the best paper in CH during 1981.


C8218. Meyer, Charles A. "An Analysis of `The Adventure of the Three Students,'" NS, No. 31 (June 5, 1993), 5-8.

A Knoxian analysis of 3Stu indicates that this tale is a Watsonian attempt at a fictional detective story, complete with a guilty butler, a "least-likely suspect" who turns out to be guilty, and a stagey exposure of the culprit.


C8219. Redmond, Chris, and Ursula Moran. "Second Thoughts on `The Three Students,'" SHJ, 16, No. 4 (Summer 1984), 106-109.

The authors go back to the source and examine an original Doyle manuscript in the Houghton Library at Harvard University.


C8220. Redmond, Katherine Karlson. "St. Luke's and Beyond," WW, 3, No. 3 (January 1981), 5-7.

"Some thoughts on young Gilchrist in later life." (Subtitle)


C8221. Speck, Gordon R. "Holmes and Hamlet: The Case Within the Case," WW, 8, No. 2 (September 1985), 24-25.

An "arras," a Polonius-Laertes relationship, a play-within-the-play (court) scene, and a Holmes reluctant to pursue the case provide parallels between 3Stu and Hamlet.


 The Man with the Twisted Lip


C8222. -- A2828. Arenfalk, Poul. "Mysteries in `The Man with the Twisted Lip,'" IR, 2, No. 5 (March 1962), 1-4.

After drawing attention to all the improbable events and contradictory explanations in this adventure, the author concludes that it is an imaginative story concocted by Watson.


C8223. -- A2829. Beierle, John D. "The Curious Incident of the Drive Through Middlesex and Surrey," BSJ, 7, No. 4 (October 1957), 216-219.

Because of certain curious features in the text, Beierle believes that the literary agent, not Watson, was the author of "this work of pure fiction."


C8224. -- A2830. Davies, Bernard. "Holmes and the Halls," SHJ, 7, No. 3 (Winter 1965), 68-73.

The author advances the interesting thesis that Holmes and Neville St. Clair were old friends and first became acquainted while performing as protean actors in the London music halls.


C8225. -- A2831. Harris, Robert G. "It's Not Always 1957," BSJ, 8, No. 1 (January 1958), 29-32.

"Far from involving a lengthy circumnavigation of the Home Counties as Beierle would have it, the text details succinctly an accurate itinerary barely seven miles in length commencing in Stepney in Middlesex, continuing through Surrey and concluding at the Cedars in Kent precisely as Mr. Holmes described it."


C8226. -- A2832. Jaffee, Irving L. "`The Man with the Twisted Lip,'" Double-Action Detective and Mystery Stories, No. 9 (Winter 1957-1958), 99-104.

----------. ----------, Elementary My Dear Watson. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Theo. Gaus' Sons, [1965]. p. 39-46.

A consideration of this tale from the standpoint of the three classic criteria of all good mystery stories--plot, atmosphere, and character delineation.


C8227. -- A2833. Mather, Philip. "The Man with the Twisted Lip," BSJ, 19, No. 3 (September 1969), 131.

A tale in verse.


C8228. -- A2834. Moore, John Robert. "Sherlock Holmes Borrows a Plot," Modern Language Quarterly, 8, No. 1 (March 1947), 85-90.

A commentary on the similarities in plot between Thackeray's "Miss Shum's Husband" in The Yellowplush Papers and Twis.


C8229. -- A2835. Playfair, Giles. "John and James," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 3 (July 1946), 271-276.

In order to protect himself against a libel suit in his account of the tale, Watson attempted to disguise the authorship by changing his Christian name from John to James. Perhaps out of vanity, he then committed the unpardonable offense of attaching his real name to another character, thus falsifying the name of the actual hero.


C8230. -- A2836. Townsend, C. E. C. "The Bar of Gold," SHJ, 2, No. 1 (July 1954), 25-28.

"The vilest murder-trap on the whole riverside" was located on Wapping High Street rather than in Upper Swandam Lane.


C8231. -- A2837. Wilson, Alan. "Where Was the `Bar of Gold?'" SHJ, 6, No. 3 (Winter 1963), 84-85.

An argument in support of No. 22 Upper Thames Street at the corner of the block bounded by Paul's Pier Wharf and Castle Baynard Wharf.


C8232. Aig, Marlene R. "The Neville St. Clair Tradition," WW, 13, No. 1 (May 1990), 14-15.

Examples of other panhandlers who have made a profitable career as professional beggars.


C8233. Ballew, William. "The Not So Rascally Lascar," P&D, No. 143 (August 1990), 7.

"The rascally Lascar was a man / Vital to the beggar's plan."


C8234. Cochran, William R. "A Remarkable Woman," DC, 3, No. 4 (October 1990), 4-6.

A careful reading and interpretation of passages in Twis suggest that Mrs. Neville St. Clair was Holmes's sister.


C8235. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Man with the Twisted Lip,'" NS, No. 10 (March 16, 1982), 3-5.

A summary of the author's research on Twis. The case is dated August 9, 1889.


C8236. Dandrew, Thomas A. "Fooling Around at the Cedars, or Some Queer Goings-on in the Night-Time?" NS, No. 11 (June 15, 1982), 17-19.

Following in the footsteps of Samuel Rosenberg, Dandrew offers a humorous, hopefully tongue-in-cheek sexual interpretation of Twis.


C8237. Dandrew, Thomas A. "Watson: A Christ-Figure in `The Man with the Twisted Lip'?" NS, No. 12 (September 28, 1982), 3-5.

The author draws a parallel between the Master's "Boswell" and the figure of Jesus Christ by placing side by side selected incidents in Twis and then their religious equivalents in the Bible. The most significant piece of evidence is Isa Whitney's fitting acknowledgment of Watson's dual role in this adventure, spoken when Whitney first sees Watson in the Bar of Gold: "My God! It's Watson."


C8238. De Camara, Mary Philip. "Canonicalimerick," BSJ, 32, No. 4 (December 1982), 213.

"A twisted-lipp'd beggar named Boone, / Found that begging could prove opportune. / But Holmes smoked three pipes, / With a sponge tool, two wipes, / And the villain reformed very soon."


C8239. Eckrich, Joseph J. "A Twisted Tale," DC, 3, No. 4 (October 1990), 7-8.

Comments on the strange events in Twis, which is "as crooked and twisted a story as any with which Watson has presented us."


C8240. Fleissner, Robert F. "A New Twist on Drood and Hugh Boone," CH, 11, No. 1 (Autumn 1987), 15-18.

A follow-up to J. Warren Scheideman's award-winning essay, which deals with the influence of Drood upon Twis. More indebtedness to Drood is adduced along with some to Oliver Twist.


C8241. Jones, Kelvin I. A Study in Street Names. [Rochester, Kent: Privately Produced, 1982.] [8] p. illus.

Limited to 100 numbered and signed copies.

This study into the geography of Twis offers an intimate guide to the London suburb of Blackheath as it relates to Doyle's story. Based on Jones's extensive research into local records, and illustrated with photographs and a map of the area, it enables the Holmes enthusiast to visit the environs of the story "in the footsteps of Sherlock Holmes," besides uncovering some original insights into Sir Arthur's association with the Leckie family and his own knowledge of the area.


C8242. Kantoh, Shin-ichi. "An Originator of the Beggarly Hobby," SNSHC, 2, No. 1 (May 4, 1991), 72-84.

Text in Japanese.

A comparison between Kuroiwa Ruikoh's Kon-in (Marriage) (July 1890), Thackeray's The Yellowplush Papers (1838-1839), and Doyle's "The Man with the Twisted Lip" (1891). The title of the first Japanese translation of Twis was Kojiki-douraku (The Beggarly Hobby). "The `common ancestor' of Ruikoh/Matuo and Doyle/St. Clair is probably Thackery/Altamont, and the originator of `The Man of the Beggarly Hobby' was unexpectedly the scavenger [Altamont], not a beggar."


C8243. Keefauver, Brad. "Domesticity in Disguise," P&D, No. 147 (December 1990), 4-5, 7. (The Dissecting Room)

A provocative theory that Neville St. Clair and Mrs. Neville St. Clair were not husband and wife but brother and sister and that she was really the wife of Sherlock Holmes.


C8244. Lachtman, Howard. "The siren of `The Cedars' (A Song of Sherlock Holmes," VDH, 2, No. 2 (December 1980), 1.

"It was not for the sake of Neville St. Clair / that I puffed a pipe at the `Bar of Gold.' / Nor was there only one woman / in my life, if the truth were told."


C8245. "A Night in an Opium Den," by the author of "A Dead Man's Diary," SHR, 2, No. 2 (1989), 68-72.

"It is almost certain that `The Bar of Gold' in Upper Swandam Lane is directly descended from the establishment found in this reprint from The Strand Magazine [June 1891]."


C8246. Parssinen, Terry M. Secret Passions, Secret Remedies: Narcotic Drugs in British Society, 1820-1930. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, [1983]. xii, 243 p.

Contains a synopsis of Twis, "one of Doyle's best-known short stories which has as its theme the double life of respectability and degeneracy." (p. 63-64).


C8247. Pearson, Roberta. "A Scandal in Kent," SMuse, 6, No. 1 (Summer 1981), 4-12.

The article addresses three scholarly puzzles presented by Twis: why did Holmes ask Watson to accompany him to the Cedars; why did Holmes not conduct the case from Baker Street; and why did Holmes take so long to realize that Neville St. Clair and Hugh Boone were the same person. The one theory that explains all these puzzles is that Holmes was enjoying an illicit liaison with Mrs. St. Clair. The author bolsters this hypothesis with textual exegesis, empirical evidence, and lurid speculation.


C8248. Scheideman, J. Warren. "Hugh Boone's Twists on Victorian Society," CH, 9, No. 4 (Summer 1986), 5-12.

Hugh Boone's twisted lip is the dominant image of distortion in a narrative that is less about crime and detection than it is a cautionary moral tale about the dangers of social disorder and economic instability. In Twis, Doyle twists plot, characterization, and setting in order to portray a hypocritical society where people have double lives, where nothing is as it seems, where life is twisted.

Winner of the Derrick Murdoch Memorial Award for the best article in CH during 1986.


C8249. Thomas, William C. "The Bar of Gold," PPP, 3, No. 1 (Spring 1983), 5.

----------. ----------, EQMM, 82, No. 3 (August 1983), inside back cover. (Detectiverse)

"In the ancient City of London, / down Upper Swandam Lane, / there's a low and loathsome hovel -- / the `Bar of Gold' by name."


C8250. Thomas, William C. "The Beggar," EQMM, 86, No. 3 (September 1985), 125. (Detectiverse)

"In bustling old Threadneedle Street / A beggar plies his trade. / Beside some vestas in a cup / His greasy cap is laid. / A jagged scar curls up his lip / And tugs upon his eye -- /The sight of him is pitiful / To all the passersby."


C8251. Williams, Newton M. "`The Man with the Twisted Lip,'" CHJ, 7, No. 1 (January 1985), 2-3. illus.

Questions and comments about the many improbable events and impossible dates in this tale.


 The Valley of Fear


C8252. -- A2838. Austin, Bliss. [The Valley of Fear.] Pittsburgh, Pa.: Hydraulic Press, 1970. [3] p. (A Baker Street Christmas Stocking)

Remarks on the serialization of this story in the Associated Sunday Magazines from September 20 to November 22, 1914. Includes a colored photoprint of the cover design depicting the characters in Vall by M. C. Perly for the September 13 issue of the Boston Sunday Post Sunday Magazine.


C8253. -- A2839. Benjamin, Philip. "They Never Sleep: Pinkerton's `Private Eyes' Have Been on Duty for More Than a Hundred Years," The New York Times Magazine (August 27, 1961), 40-44.

----------. ----------, BSJ, 14, No. 1 (March 1964), 8-13.

An article on Pinkerton's National Detective Agency, the oldest agency of its kind in the world.


C8254. -- A2840. Boucher, Anthony. "Introduction," The Final Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. New York: The Limited Editions Club, 1952. Vol. 1, p. v-xviii.

----------. ----------, Introducing Mr. Sherlock Holmes. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1959. [unpaged]

"If the resultant fusion is not quite satisfactory novelistically, it at least provides us with plentiful opportunity within one volume to observe Sherlock Holmes at his best. Like the superb episodes from the memoirs of Étienne Gerard, the story manages at once to be deftly amusing and intensely exciting; and, whatever our feelings concerning the dates or the intrusion of Moriarty, we can only be deeply grateful to Dr. Watson for having served it up so magnificently."


C8255. -- A2841. Boucher, Anthony. "A Note on Scowrers," VH [OS], 1, No. 1 (Spring 1962), 3-4.

----------. "On `Scowrer,'" West by One and by One. San Francisco: Privately Printed, 1965. p. 3-4.

A brief essay on the etymology of the word scowrer.


C8256. -- A2842. Broehl, Wayne G. The Molly Maguires. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1964. vi, 409 p.

Doyle met William Pinkerton during a transatlantic crossing shortly after the turn of the century, became intrigued with Allan Pinkerton's account of the Mollies, and constructed the American portion of Valley of Fear as almost a paraphrase of the actual story.


C8257. -- A2843. Dardess, John. "On the Dating of The Valley of Fear," BSJ [OS], 3, No. 4 (October 1948), 481-482. (Letters to Baker Street)

"No--Watson did not forget that he once knew Moriarty; he simply forgot that he once denied knowing him."


C8258. -- A2844. Dickensheet, Dean W. "The Molly Maguires," VH [OS], 1, No. 2 (Fall 1962), 4-5.

A discussion and quotation of an account of the Maguires, as printed in the Chicago Tribune in 1876.


C8259. -- A2845. Dickensheet, Dean W. "`Two Good Men,'" West by One and by One. San Francisco: Privately Printed, 1965. p. 145-151.

"Being an analysis of the chronology of The Valley of Fear based on recently discovered collateral evidence combined with heretofore unconsidered Canonical data." (Subtitle)


C8260. -- A2846. Gibson, Theodore W. "The Birlstone Masquerade," BSJ, 6, No. 3 (July 1956), 168-169.

"What Watson could not appreciate, with his intensely British outlook, is the fact that `Pinkerton's American Agency' simply could not afford to overlook one, let alone two, murderous attacks on one of its operatives because of his actions while on a case."


C8261. -- A2847. Liljegren, S. B. The Irish Element in The Valley of Fear. Uppsala: A.-B. Lundequistska; Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard, 1964. 47 p. (Irish Essays and Studies, No. 7)


C8262. -- A2848. Merriman, C. O. "A Case of Identity--No. 2," SHJ, 5, No. 3 (Winter 1961)" 83-86.

The author endeavors to show that Groombridge House is actually Birlstone Manor, and not just a model as claimed by Montgomery in the following monograph.


C8263. -- A2849. Montgomery, James. A Case of Identity. Philadelphia: International Printing Co., 1955. 12 p., 31 plates. (Montgomery's Christmas Annual, No. 6)

Limited to 300 copies.

"The fictional Birlstone Manor is not an accurate reproduction of the factual Groombridge Place. Therefore, Groombridge Place was the inspiration--not the model--for Birlstone Manor."


C8264. -- A2850. Montgomery, James. "Dear Me, Mr. Expert! Dear Me!" Shots from the Canon. [Philadelphia: Privately Printed, 1953.] p. 12-13.

The author reports his discovery of the serialization of Vall in the U.S.A. by the Associated Sunday Magazines.


C8265. -- A2851. Newton, G. B. "The Date of The Valley of Fear," SHJ, 2, No. 4 (Winter 1955), 38-42.

Evidence that the story took place in January 1890.


C8266. -- A2852. Parker, Hyman. "Birdy Edwards and the Scowrers Reconsidered," BSJ, 14, No. 1 (March 1964), 3-7.

"It is the purpose of this trifling monograph to examine the validity of the charges and conclusions contained in Watson's discussion of the Scowrers and their relationship to the mine and railroad owners as well as the Pinkertons."


C8267. -- A2853. Peck, Andrew Jay. "The Valley of Fear Revisited," BSJ, 20, No. 3 (September 1970), 142-149.

While the Scowrers and Molly Maguires engaged in unlawful deeds, they were not as bad as Doyle and other historians have depicted them. The Mollies arose because there was no union to fight for the rights of the Irish miners. Conditions in the mines were terrible, and the living conditions of the miners were just as bad. Although early historians castigated the Mollies for their excessive acts of violence, it has been shown that there were also acts of violence on the part of the mine owners. While this does not exonerate the Molly Maguires, modern historians have come to the conclusion they were not the gang of cutthroats that Doyle and others have portrayed them to be.


C8268. -- A2854. Prestige, Colin. "A Study in Fear or the Scarlet Valley," SHJ, 9, No. 2 (Summer 1969), 63-64; [Addendum], 9, No. 4 (Summer 1970), 142-143.

A brief discussion of Part 2 of Vall, written, according to Prestige, by Birdy Edwards himself.


C8269. -- A2855. Randall, David A. "The Valley of Fear Bibliographically Considered: With a Few Notes on Its Sources and Some Textual Problems," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 2 (April 1946), 232-237. (Bibliographical Notes)


C8270. -- A2856. Stephens, Charles B. "The Birlstone Hoax," BSJ [OS], 4, No. 1 (January 1949), 5-11.

"Whatever the reasons for its apparent lack of popularity, particularly among American readers, the fact remains that The Valley of Fear is a principal source of data on Fred Porlock, Professor Moriarty, and Jean-Baptiste Greuze; it gives Holmes his best opportunity to display his powers as a cryptanalyst; Billy the page makes one of his rare appearances; and it contains the classic exchange in which Holmes had to admit that his biographer had scored `A touch! A distinct touch!'"


C8271. -- A2857. [Wolff, Julian.] "Re Greuze," BSJ, 12, No. 4 (December 1962), 195-197. (The Editor's Gas-Lamp)

A possible identification of the two paintings by Jean-Baptiste Greuze mentioned in Vall. The first painting, Girl with Arms Folded, is reproduced on page 197; the second, L'Amitié (La Jeune Fille á l'Agneau?) on page 9 of the March 1966 issue.


C8272. -- A2858. Zeisler, Ernest B. "Concerning The Valley of Fear," BSJ, 4, No. 3 (July 1954), 144-147.

An argument favouring the year 1888 rather than 1897, the date proposed by Anthony Boucher (DA2840).


C8273. -- B5949. Baum, Christopher F. "The Problem of Porlock," BSJ, 28, No. 4 (December 1978), 220-221.

There are five candidates for the identity of Porlock: Mycroft Holmes, Professor Moriarty, Mrs. Hudson, Col. Moran, and Col. Moriarty. The first two are discounted, since Holmes knew their handwriting and Porlock's. He would have noticed any similarity. Mrs. Hudson would not have had time to be a housekeeper and an informant. Moran did not have the intelligence to keep both Holmes and Moriarty from learning his identity. This leaves Col. Moriarty as Porlock.


C8274. -- B1258. Bergman, Ted. 534 C2. [Lidingö: Privately Produced, November 1976.] 10 p. illus.

"The booklet [in Swedish] discusses the cipher message in The Valley of Fear and comments on the fact that part of Fred Porlock's cipher message, as reproduced in the British editions of the novel, obviously differs from that in the American editions. Furthermore, according to Frank Wiles' famous Holmes portrait, it would appear that the original letter gives yet another variant."


C8275. -- B1259. Broehl, Wayne G., Jr. The Molly Maguires. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, [1964]. vi, 409 p. illus.

----------. ----------. [New York]: A Vintage-Chelsea House Book, [1968]. vi, 409 p. illus.

In this excellent history, Broehl mentions Doyle's use of Allan Pinkerton's account of the Mollies when constructing the American portion of Vall.


C8276. -- B1260. Cox, David Talbott. "Poor Sherlock," BSJ, 24, No. 4 (December 1974), 210-214.

"Porlock" (PORLOCK) was a cover for Moriarty, devised to foil and mock Holmes.


C8277. -- B1261. Curjel, Harald. "Some Observations on the Eyesight of `Birdy' Edwards," MB, 3, No. 2 (June 1977), 8-11. illus.

"Jack McMurdo (alias `Birdy' Edwards of Pinkerton's), during his brave and dangerous exposure to the Scowrers, had normal eyesight but wore plain-lensed spectacles as a simple and effective disguise."


C8278. -- B1262. Dandrew, Thomas A. "The Porlock Puzzle: An Abbreviated Solution," BSJ, 26, No. 1 (March 1976), 6-8.

An analysis of certain abbreviations and terms in the pseudonym "Fred Porlock" reveals this individual to be Martha Hudson, the long-suffering landlady of 221b Baker Street.


C8279. -- B1263. Hanratty, Tom. "`Everything Comes in Circles -- Even Professor Moriarty,'" NNCC, 2, No. 2 (1977), 6-7.

"Jonathan Wild -- a brief biography." (Subtitle)


C8280. -- B1264. Horan, James D. The Pinkertons: The Detective Dynasty That Made History. New York: Crown Publishers, [1967]. xii, 564 p. illus.

The "definitive" work on the Pinkertons, containing information about the Molly Maguires and two references to Doyle's unauthorized use of the story of James McParlan's famous adventures in the Pennsylvania minefields (p. 236, 499).


C8281. -- B1265. Horan, James D., and Howard Swiggett. The Pinkerton Story. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, [1951]. xiii, 366 p. illus.

Additional background information on the Molly Maguires (chap. 5, p. 124-160).


C8282. -- B5950. Lauria, Steven. "Porlock, Coleridge and Holmes," BSM, No. 16 (December 1978), 5-8.

Holmes might have called his correspondent in Vall "Porlock" in order to draw the attention of readers to a parallel between himself and Samuel Taylor Coleridge: just as the poet wrote Kubla Khan while under the influence of opium, the detective may have gained insight into Moriarty's plans while using cocaine. In addition, the imagery of the poem tells us something about Holmes's attitude toward Moriarty.


C8283. -- B1266. Lewis, Arthur H. Lament for the Molly Maguires. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, [1964]. ix, 308 p.

----------. ----------. New York: Pocket Books, [September 1969]. 278 p.

A fascinating and well-documented history–to be used as background information for Vall.


C8284. -- B1267. McDermott, Russell. "Porlock, the Professor, and Colonel James," BSJ, 27, No. 1 (March 1977), 43.

Porlock was not Mrs. Hudson, the Literary Agent, or Prof. James Moriarty, but Col. James Moriarty. The colonel attempted to take over his brother's criminal empire, and perhaps even assumed his role after the Professor's demise at Reichenbach.


C8285. -- B1268. Malloy, Michael P. "On the Track of Moriarty: The Valley of Fear," BSJ, 27, No. 1 (March 1977), 24-26.

An examination of the famous chronological problem in Vall; i.e., in the narrative, which takes place during 1888, Watson listens to an extensive conversation about Moriarty, even though he claims in 1891 (Fina) never to have heard of the Professor. Through comparative literary analysis, it is concluded that the "Moriarty" passages were deliberately added to Vall in order to provide a complete narrative for Watson's readers.


C8286. -- B1270. Parker, Pierson. "R.I.P. Baldwin 1897, Moriarty 1902," BSJ, 28, No. 3 (September 1978), 168-173.

Repeated, insistent assertions about ages, lapses of time, and Holmes and Watson's own status, all point to 1897 as the date for the Birlstone case. Watson's phrase "the end of the `80's" refers not to Birlstone but to earlier cases. The Canon likewise contains many signs that Moriarty survived Reichenbach, and was active in 1897 and until 1902.


C8287. -- B1271. Pinkerton, Allan. The Mollie Maguires and the Detectives. With a new introduction by John M. Elliott. New York: Dover Publications, [1973]. 552 p. illus.

"An unabridged republication of the work originally published by G. W. Carleton & C.,, New York, in 1877, as Vol. VI of the series Allan Pinkerton's Detective Stories."

Source material for Vall.


C8288. -- B1272. Scheideman, J. W. "The Porlock Perplex," BSJ, 26, No. 1 (March 1976), 11, 20.

Fred Porlock's nom de plume could possibly have been adapted from Samuel Taylor Coleridge's preface to "Kubla Khan" as a mask for Doyle's designs against Holmes.


C8289. -- B5951. Shannon, Michael. "A Stray Thought on The Valley of Fear," HP, 1, No. 7 (March 1979), 14-15.

An explanation of why the Napoleon of crime allegedly devised such a clumsy scheme as sending Ted Baldwin to kill John Douglas.


C8290. -- B1273. Silk, Eric. "The Valley of Fear and the Pinkertons," BSJ, 27, No. 2 (June 1977), 71-78.

The many points of resemblance between Vall and The Mollie Maguires and the Detectives, by Allan Pinkerton, seem to leave no doubt that Vall was inspired by the Pinkerton experience. In fact, the story of the Mollie Maguires was told to Doyle by William Pinkerton on a transatlantic cruise. The article investigates the statement that William Pinkerton regarded Doyle's use of the story as improper.


C8291. -- B1274. Smedegaard, Paul B. "Porlock -- Piercing the Nom de Plume," BSJ, 25, No. 3 (September 1975), 164-165, 176.

Holmes did know the identity of Porlock but evaded Watson's question about Porlock's identity. It is propounded, using Canonical associations, that Porlock is Col. Sebastian Moran. A probable derivation of the nom de plume is described, in addition to the motivation for Porlock's letters -- to undermine Moriarty and take over the entire Moriarty organization.


C8292. -- B1275. Smedegaard, Paul B. "Prelude to Reichenbach," DCC, 12, No. 1 (November 1975), 3-5.

Why did the Master not do more to ensure the safety of John Douglas? The answer as described shows that Holmes stage-managed the disappearance and apparent death of Douglas to satisfy the Moriarty organization and the Scowrers in order to prevent further attempts on the life of Douglas. A logical construct and direct tie is made between Vall and Fina.


C8293. -- B1276. Swanson, Martin J. A Factual Reconsideration of the Mollie Maguires. [N.p.: Privately Produced, 1964.] 4 p.

A rebuttal of Hyman Parker's article, "Birdy Edwards and the Scowrers Reconsidered" (DA2852).


C8294. -- B1277. Tracy, Jack. "The Portalis Sale of 1865," BSJ, 26, No. 1 (March 1976), 29-33. illus.

The "Portalis sale" is identified as the Pourtalés sale in Paris; the history of the Comte de Pourtalés and his private gallery, which was auctioned, is given. The La Jeune Fille á l'Agneau mentioned by Holmes is shown to have been a copy of Greuze's Innocence, which was sold there and not discovered to be a copy until 1918.


C8295. -- B1278. Trudeau, Noah André. "Fred Porlock -- Probing `A Link in the Chain,'" BSJ, 26, No. 1 (March 1976), 9-10, 22.

Supports Cox's contention that Porlock was Moriarty -- "Moriarty's alter ego; an inferior `good' trapped in the body and mind of a superior `evil' .. a single figure cursed with the `poor luck' of being born not one man but two."


C8296. -- B1279. Tyler, Richard. "Cervantes in The Valley of Fear?" BSJ, 24, No. 4 (December 1974), 208-209, 214.

In some ways, notably the description of "Bodymaster" McGinty and his organization, Vall is much like Cervantes's "Rinconete y Cortadillo (Novelas ejemplares, 1613). Unlike McGinty, though, Cervantes's Monipodio always charges for his "capers" and avoids murder.


C8297. -- B1280. Williams, Newton M. "Who Wrote The Scowrers?" [Frankfort Heights, Ill.: Privately Produced], September 8, 1978. 3 p.


C8298. -- B1281. Zens, Paul. "A Case of Identity," BSJ, 25, No. 2 (June 1975), 91-93.

"Fred Porlock," Holmes's pseudonymous correspondent, is identified as the third Moriarty brother, "the station master in the west of England," and his fate recounted.


C8299. Brandebusemeyer, Jens. "Pinkerton's National Detective Agency und die Verbindung zu Holmes," SNOB, Nr. 3 (November 1989), 22-28.


C8300. Brennan, Mary Kathleen. "The Molly Maguires: Fact, Fiction, and Film," CN (NS), 2, No. 4 (December 1979), 2-10; 3, No. 1 (March 1980), 2-7, 12-13.

Contents: Introductory Notes. -- I. Who Were the Molly Maguires? -- II. Character Comparisons: 1. McPharlan vs. Edwards. 2. Scanlan. 3. McGinty. 4. Baldwin. -- III. The Valley of Fear in Fact, Fiction, and Film. -- IV. Epilogue.


C8301. Dalton, Stephen W. "The Valley of Fear: `A Scowrer by Any Other Name...Is Still a Molly,'" BC, 4, No. 3 (July 1991), 3-7.

A comparison between the historical events concerning the Irish secret society and those recorded by Watson.


C8302. Decker, Jennifer. "Piercing the Veil at Last," MB, 13, Nos. 2-3 (Summer-Fall 1987), 9-20.

----------. ----------, SHJ, 19, No. 3 (Winter 1989), 89-91.

In this article the author analyzes the clues provided by Doyle in the first chapter of Vall that guide the reader to the true source of the coded message in Porlock's letter. Beginning with the connection to Samuel Taylor Coleridge suggested by Porlock's name, the paper develops a logical sequence of disclosure, parallel to that used by Holmes, to reveal that "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" is the hidden source in whose alternative message is imbedded the solution to the Birlstone mystery.


C8303. DeTar, Yvonne M. "Porlock's Story," as related by Yvonne M. DeTar. SHR, 3, No. 4 (1992), 167-168.

A letter-from "Fred Porlock," "intimate associate of Moriarty, and informer to Sherlock Holmes."


C8304. "Fact and Fiction in The Valley of Fear," by "The Illustrious Client," ND (December 1982), 7.

Compares Doyle's tale of the Scowrers with the real life source of his information on the Mollie Maguires.


C8305. Galerstein, David H. "Some Textual Variations in Vall," P&D, No. 126 (March 1989), 3, 6.

Depending upon the edition one reads, Jacob Shafter is either a Swede or a German. Texts also differ in the rent McCurdo paid for his room. There are other minor textual differences in various editions. An explanation is given.


C8306. Holly, Raymond L. "Some Notes on The Valley of Fear," MM, No. 22 (December 1980), 9.

The author of Vall was Doyle, who based it upon the notes of Watson and conversations with him. "The Scowrers" is merely a fictionalized account of the Molly Maguires; Doyle and/or Watson concealed the real American antecedents of "The Tragedy of Birlstone."


C8307. "Jack Douglas' Secret," JCUN, 1, No. 2 (1981), 3.

"Dear Jack, as you sit hiding there / in Birlstone's safe deposit, / I wonder what you're using as / a substitute water closet."


C8308. "Jonathan Wild (The Prince of Robbers), Executed at Tyburn, May 24, 1725," DCC, 15, No. 1 (February 1989), 1-3; 15, No. 2 (May 1989), 3-4.

"From The Newgate Calendar, Vol. 1, 1811."

Wild was a central figure in London crime during the early part of the 18th century. Originally a buckle-maker, he became first a receiver of stolen goods and eventually controlled much of the London underworld before he was hanged. Holmes compared Moriarty to him in Vall.


C8309. Jones, Kelvin I. "VV 341," CHJ, 6, No. 7 (July 1984), 2-3. illus.

Ten items from "The Tragedy of Birlstone" reduced to clerihew-like verse.


C8310. Kennedy, Bruce. Stalking Birdy Edwards. [Mount Kisco, N.Y.: Privately Printed: 1980. [4] p. illus.

Limited to 221b numbered copies.

"Published to commemorate the 126th birthday of Mr. Sherlock Holmes, January 6, 1980."


C8311. Kennedy, Bruce, and Robert Watson Douty. In the Footsteps of Birdy Edwards. [Mount Kisco, N. Y.: Privately Produced], 1980. 32 p.

Contents: Foreword by Bliss Austin. -- Introduction by Robert Watson Douty. -- Introduction -- The Modern Valley of Fear, by Bruce Kennedy. -- Vermissa Valley Re-entered. -- The Origin of the Molly Maguires. -- The Principals. -- In Search of Vermissa. -- Conan Doyle's "Valley". -- Absolutely Eerie. -- Coincidence? -- The Vermissa Triangle. -- Postscript.

Reviews: BSM, No. 21 (Spring 1980), 28-29 (Dean W. Dickensheet); NFSL (June 1980), 3-4 (Marakay J. Rogers);


C8312. Lerppard, M. J. "When Sherlock Holmes Was Here," The Bulletin of the East Grinstead Society, No. 9 (May 1972), 5; No. 22 (September 1977), 11.

The small town visited by Holmes in Vall was East Grinstead, Rotherfield, or Groombridge.


C8313. Lewis, Arthur H. The Molly Maguires. [London]: New English Library, [September 1969]. 144 p. (NEL 2596)

Cover illustration of Sean Connery in a scene from the film.

An abridged edition of Lament for the Molly Maguires, 1964 (DB1266).


C8314. McVay, Pam. "Hibernians, Detectives, Mollies, and Doyle," SP, 2, No. 4 (July 1980), 8-10.

Speculates on what Doyle might have written about the Ancient order of Hibernians, detectives, and the Molly Maguires.


C8315. Miller, Richard H. "Whatever Happened to the Pinkertons?" SMuse, 11, No. 1 (Autumn 1992), 7-13.

A history of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, with mention of its Canonical connections in Vall and RedC and its BSI connections in the Titular Investitures of four Irregulars.


C8316. Mosier, Alan S. "The Valley of Truth," Q£$, 3, No. 3, (August 1982), 38-40. illus.

Doyle's half of Vall makes it abundantly clear that Watson's disguised name of John (Jack) Douglas-Birdy Edwards was really the Pinkerton detective James McParlan.


C8317. Olding, Alan C. "The Spy Who Stayed in the Warm," NFTD, Christmas Edition (1981), 3-4.

----------. ----------, SHJ, 16, No. 2 (Summer 1983), 42-43.

Analyzes a paragraph from Vall that encapsulates the whole tragic history of what was Holmes's greatest failure.


C8318. Payne, Malcolm. "The Case for `Groombridge Place,'" BSPB, No. 12 (October 1992), 30-32.

"Groombridge Place" on the Kent-Sussex border near Doyle's Crowborough home of "Windlesham," was the prime inspiration for "Birlstone Manor," where Holmes investigated the alleged murder of John Douglas.

Additional evidence is given by Philip Weller in "The Further Case for `Groombridge Place'" (p. 32-33).


C8319. Pollack, Dorothy Belle. "Introducing Porlock," SMuse, 12, No. 1 (Summer 1993), inside front cover.

"I'm known as a link in the chain of crime / To the greatest schemer of all time, / And Porlock's my nom-de-plume."


C8320. Redmond, Chris, and Kate Karlson. "A New Edition Found," CH, 5, No. 2 (Winter 1981), 22.

The authors relate their discovery of an unreported variant edition of Vall.


C8321. Redmond, Donald A. "The Valley of Fearful Verse," MSB, 11, No. 5 (October 1988), 5.

"Douglas Birlstone, coded numbers -- / Holmes and Watson, almanack-thumbers. / Enter policeman: `Look no further -- / Clearly it's a case of murther.'"


C8322. Reed, Linda J. "Moriarty and the Molly Maguires," WW, 13, No. 2 (September 1990), 26-28.

A closer look at the statements made by Cecil James Barker concerning the events at Birlstone Manor and his life with Douglas in America. Also advances the theory as to who might have been the one who advised the Americans to connect with Moriarty.


C8323. Rowan, Richard Wilmer. The Pinkertons: A Detective Dynasty. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1931. 350 p. illus.

----------. ----------. London: Hurst & Blackett, 1931. 285 p. illus.

A history of a family of famous sleuths, including an account of the Pinkertons' battle against the Mollie Maguires.


C8324. Ruyle, John. Bye Bye Birdy: Fear Quartets. Berkeley & Vermissa: The Iron Dyke Co., 1992. 33 p.

"The Tantalus Library of Sherlockian Studies. An approved text. The Quaker Street Irregulars."

Limited to 76 copies, of which 50 are numbered and 26 hardbound, lettered A to Z, and signed.

Twenty-five verses based on Canonical quotations from Vall. The quartets complete the author's "verse exegesis of the Long Stories."


C8325. Speck, Gordon R. "Fred Porlock's Identity," CNFB, No. 9 (August 1986), 7-8.

"Porlock" is Moriarty's nom-de-plume, which he used to hide his duplicity in ridding his organization of assertive or incompetent members. Holmes is not deceived, although he is the instrument of retribution.


C8326. Stephens, Charles B. "The Birlstone Hoax," SBPL [Supplement], 4, No. 6 (August 25, 1992), 1-4

First published in BSJ, 4, No. 1 (January 1949), 5-11 (DA2856).


C8327. Sturm, George H. "Doubleday's Code," BSJ, 43, No. 2 (June 1993), 115-117.

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday, when a captain of Artillery in the U.S. Army, was stationed at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C., at the outbreak of the Civil War in April 1861. Before the outbreak of hostilities, he designed a code to be used in letters and other communications to the North. The code was identical to that used twenty-seven years later by Holmes's informant Porlock when contacting Holmes at the beginning of the episode related in Vall. Apparently Porlock read Doubleday's book.


C8328. "That Edition of Valley: Experts Have Their Say," CH, 5, No. 3 (Spring 1982), 16-17.

Excerpts of letters from Andrew Malec and Newton M. Williams concerning the Doran/ Burt combined edition of Vall described by Chris Redmond and Kate Karlson.


C8329. Waxenberg, Michael. "Organized Thoughts on Organized Labor, or Labour's Libels Lost in The Valley of Fear," BSJ, 43, No. 2 (June 1993), 86-90.

The pro-labor attitude of Holmes is demonstrated, and fear of libel laws explains the delay of Holmes in overthrowing Professor Moriarty.


C8330. Weller, Philip. "The Further Case for `Groombridge Place,'" BSPB, No. 12 (October 1992), 32-33.

An account of connections between "Groombridge Place" in Kent and "Birlstone Manor" in Vall.


C8331. Williams, Newton M. "Who Wrote `The Scowrers?'" CHJ, 7, No. 9 (September 1985), 2-3.

Speculation on the authorship. Adapted from an earlier paper (DB1280).


 The Adventure of the Veiled Lodger


C8332. -- A2859. Potter, H. C. "The Veiled Lodger Revisited," BSJ, 22, No. 3 (September 1972), 158-165.

This tale has been castigated as no adventure at all, merely an overly delayed confession of a mystery in which Holmes played no part. The author blames these allegations on Watson's Victorian reticence and scrupulous care to protect "the honor ... of illustrious personages" -- in this case Holmes himself. He maintains that a careful restudy of Veil, in terms of his hypothesis, sheds revealing light on the long standing enigma of Holmes's misogyny.


C8333. -- B1282. Batory, Dana Martin. "The Conan Doyle Syndrome in `The Veiled Lodger,'" BSM, No. 9 (March 1977), 1-2.

The study further explores the existence of what Rosenberg calls "the Conan Doyle Syndrome" (when the written word is accompanied by allusions to perverse sexual behavior and subsequent punishment). The meanings of the various symbols put forth and their relation to the illicit love of Ronder and Leonardo are all examined; e.g., the lion, its teeth, and the hidden significance of the adventure's title. "The ways of fate are indeed hard to understand," says Holmes.


C8334. Ballinger, Jim. "The Veiled Lodger: A Song Paraphrase," CH, 6, No. 1 (Autumn 1982), 18-19.

"She was a woman, she was beautiful, Eugenia had the young men on a string; And when she married she was dutiful; Un -- happiness came with her wedding ring."


C8335. Holly, Raymond L. "Where Was Abbas Parva?" CHJ, 3, No. 4 (April 1981), 2.

The small village where the famous showman Ronder was murdered is tentatively identified as Little Warley, in Essex.


C8336. Redmond, Chris. "The Lady and the Tiger: Trained Beasts and `The Veiled Lodger,'" CN (NS), 4, No. 2 (July-December 1981), 11-19.

Parallels between Veil and Iden.


C8337. Williams, Lilian. "The Adventure of the Veiled Lodger," Illustrated by Frank Wiles. CHJ, 3, No. 4 (April 1981), insert (4 p.)

----------. ----------, CHJ, 10, No. 8 (August 1988), 2-4.

Reviews and finds fault with some of the theories about this case.


C8338. Whitlam, Carol. "Sherlock Holmes and the Lion," NBSPB, No. 15 (July 1993), 37.

"With sincere apologies to and in admiration of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Stanley Holloway OBE."

A poem in sixty-four lines based on events in Veil.


 The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge


C8339. -- B5952. Dudley, W. E. "The Best Shot of the Canon?" CC, No. 2 (December 1978), 5-6.

"The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge is the Canon at its best."


C8340. Benton, John L. "That Weird Kitchen at Wisteria Lodge," SM, 10, No. 3 (1985), 7-9.

The protagonists in this story were Brazilian, and "Don Murillo" was Dom Pedro, as suggested by Julian Wolff. A Colombian origin for "Don Murillo," as proposed by Don Redmond, is untenable. That the voodoo rites in Wist were of Brazilian rather than Haitian derivation was apparently lost on Holmes. It can nonetheless be assumed that "Eckermann" was, in all likelihood, actually Spencer St. John.


C8341. Bliss, John. "On the Timing of Wisteria Lodge, or The Singular Adventure of Mysteria Lodge." [Tempe, Ariz.: Unpublished paper, 1982.] 6 p.

Read at the Unhappy Birthday Party for Moriarty, November 4, 1982.


C8342. Brusic, Robert. "An Adjective Misapplied Is Like a Lodge

Without Wisteria," Explorations, No. 17 (March 1992), 13-14.

Holmes took Watson's definition of the word grotesque ("strange -- remarkable") at face value and failed to use it properly in two earlier cases -- RedH and Five -- which were far from being grotesque. Wist eventually becomes "grotesque" but not before the adjective is used.


C8343. Clark, Edward F., Jr. "Wisteria Lodge Revisited: A Model Cop, a Model Laundry Item, and a Not-So-Model Culinary Artist," BSJ, 31, No. 1 (March 1981), 24-31.

This story has received less attention than any of the other Canonical tales. It is an over-long short story in two parts, and its disjointed nature has caused it to be little read. Still it has some good Sherlockisms and is worth attention: the country San Pedro may be identified as El Salvador, and it may be deduced that the villainous cook introduced a sleeping potion into the bad meal he prepared for John Scott Eccles.

Letters: BSJ, 31, No. 3 (September 1981), 178 (Paul Brundage); 32, No. 1 (March 1982), 54 (Edward F. Clark, Jr.).


C8344. Conway, William H. "Sherlock Holmes and Inspector Baynes," ND (December 1992-January 1993), 8-10.

An examination of how Holmes and Baynes each handled Wist shows that the inspector did as good a job as Holmes. Perhaps the only reason Baynes appeared in but one case is that he did not require the services of a consulting detective.


C8345. Dandrew, Thomas A. "A Scandal in Wisteria," NS, No. 30 (March 20, 1993), 8-12.

A revelation of Miss Burnet's dual services -- governess and mistress -- for the notorious Don Murillo, and her outsmarting of Mr. Sherlock Holmes.


C8346. De Hay, Robert. "A Case of Mistaken Identity," CC, No. 5 (August 1983), 18, 21.

Reasons why Don Pedro II could not have been "The Tiger of San Pedro," as maintained by Julian Wolff in his Practical Handbook of Sherlockian Heraldry.


C8347. Dietz, Henry A. "Murillo and San Pedro: An Excursion in Identification," BSJ, 39, No. 3 (September 1989), 153-169.

This article offers a clue to the identity of the historical persona of Murillo and his country. The first part of the article examines identifications made in the past -- e.g., that Murillo was really the Emperor Don Pedro II of Brazil -- and finds them wanting in a variety of ways. The second part offers evidence that Murillo (referred to in the Canon as "the tiger of San Pedro") was in fact José Santos Zelaya (referred to during his life as "the lion of Central America") and that San Pedro was therefore Nicaragua. The article marshals a good deal of new evidence on the matter but, according to letters in BSJ, was not convincing to all who read it.


C8348. Drazen, Patrick. "That Old Black Magic," CHJ, 2 No. 3 (March 1980), 2-3.

Looks into a number of aspects of Voodooism as they are presented in this adventure.


C8349. Eckrich, Joseph J. "`Wisteria Lodge': Fact or Fiction?" CNFB, No. 10 (November 1986), 6-7.

What we know of Holmes comes from Watson. Therefore, if we see Holmes acting in a manner totally contrary to his nature, it is logical to question Watson's description. This tale, dated during the Great Hiatus, is spurious; an example of Watson's "pawky humor" in retaliation to Holmes's deception of Watson.


C8350. Fayne, Eric. "Grotesque, My Dear Watson!" Story Paper Collectors' Digest, 29, No. 341 (May 1975), 3-4.

On the use of the word grotesque by Holmes in Wist.


C8351. Fleissner, Robert F. "Flowery Facts," CH, 12, No. 3 (Spring 1989), 41.

A letter to the editor opposing Schweickert's article on there being homosexuality in the Wisteria Lodge adventure. Although his thesis helps to answer objections to the "usual" solution raised by Martin Dakin, and may be supported in other, circumstantial respects, the story's facts suggest no more than a Platonic male friendship at best.


C8352. The Franco-Midland Hardware Company. Annual Report 1992: The Wisteria Lodge Contract. Edited by Philip Weller. Fareham, Hampshire: Sherlock Publications, April 1992. 58 p.

Contents: 1. The Managing Director's Report, by Philip Weller. -- 2. Disappearances and Revolutionaries: Some Considerations of the Plot of Wist, by Chris Wills-Wood. -- 3. A Singular Set of People: The Characters in WIST, by Cathy Fraser. -- 4. Wisteria Mean Time: Some Chronological Considerations in WIST, by Jane Sayle. -- 5. Whither Wisteria? The Local Geography of WIST, by Philip Weller. -- 6. The Oxshott Mystery Quiz, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 7. Outward Appearances Can Be Deceptive, by Anne Jordan. -- 8. Inspector Baynes: The Career Man? by Martin Milburn. -- 9. This Excellent Inspector, by Alan Saunders. -- 10. A Wistful View, by Philip Weller. -- 11. Mulatto Matters, by George Welch. -- 12. An Excited Rustic, by John Hall. -- 13. The Oxshott Mystery Solution, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 14. Two Groups of Mysterious Persons, by Donald A. Redmond. -- 15. A Guide to Voodoos and Don'ts, by Andrew Butler. -- 16. The Location of San Pedro, by Cindy Stevens. -- 17. The Annual Report Prize Quiz 1992, by Alexandra Booth. -- 18. Conan Doyle and the Pevensey Ghosts, by Malcolm Payne. -- 19. Wisteria Lodge Cartoon, by Lionel Lane.

Drawings by Lionel Lane and Sidney Paget.


C8353. The Franco-Midland Hardware Company. Interim Report 1992: The Wisteria Lodge Contract Reviewed. Edited by Philip Weller. Foreham, Hampshire: Sherlock Publications, October 1992. 50 p.

Contents: 1. The Managing Director's Report, by Philip Weller. -- 2. Robert Louis Stevenson and WIST, by Jane Sayle. -- 3. IR Quiz: A Most Desirable Residence, Pt. 1, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 4. Wistful Locations, by Philip Weller. -- 5. Wisteria Lodge: When Wary Watson Wavered, by Cathy Fraser. -- 6. IR Quiz: A Most Desirable Residence, Pt.2, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 7. Tiger Papers: A Determination of the Year of WIST, by Alan Saunders. -- 8. The External Chronology of WIST, by John Hall. -- 9. IR Quiz: A Most Desirable Residence, Pt.3, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 10. Why Change It At All? A Consideration of the Granada Adaptation of WIST, by Mark Hunter-Purvis. -- 11. Hispanic Connections, by Antonio Iriarte. -- 12. IR Quiz: A Most Desirable Residence: The Answers, by Carl Hoskisson. -- 13. Some Thoughts on Inspector Baynes, by John Hall. -- 14. A Matter of Degree, by Anthony Richards. -- 15. Annual Report Prize Quiz 1992: The Answers, by Alexandra Booth. -- Alternative Paths: A Dialogue in Four Parts: An Introduction to the Dialogue. -- 16. Some Problems in Wist, by Matthew Booth. -- 17. Watson Stumbles Back, by Philip Weller. -- 18. Watson Back on the Block, by Matthew Booth. -- 19. Playing the Game, by Philip Weller. -- A Conclusion to the Dialogue. -- Cartoon: The Way Ahead -- Case Study 1993: BOSC, by Lionel Lane.


C8354. Jones, Kelvin I. "Mr. John Scott Eccles," WW, 8, No. 1 (May 1985), 10-13.

The first detailed survey of the geography of Wist since Michael Harrison's study, the article establishes the old Bear Inn, Esher, as the inn Holmes and Watson visited and makes reference to contemporary guidebooks of the period.


C8355. Kahnert, Stephen M. "The Real Wisteria Lodge: A Game Holmes Plays on a 64-Square Board," CH, 4, No. 1 (Autumn 1980), 1-3.

Attempts to show that this story is one of the first pastiches of the true Holmes cases and was actually written by Charles Dodgson, otherwise known as Lewis Carroll, author of Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass.


C8356. Lai, Rick. "The Tiger of Haiti," WW, 8, No. 3 (January 1986), 18-24.

Don Murillo, the Tiger of San Pedro, was Mayes, the renegade Englishman from Arthur Morrison's The Red Triangle (1903). Besides being the nemesis of sleuth Martin Hewitt, Mayes was the de facto ruler of Haiti during 1865-1876. In order to avoid offending the sensibilities of his readership, Watson transformed Mayes into a Spaniard. San Pedro was a disguised reference to San Pedro de Macoris, the Dominican seaport from which Mayes fled the Caribbean.


C8357. Lithner, Klas. "Vem var San Pedros tiger?" Sherlockiana, 26, Nr. 2-3 (1981), 8-11. illus.

----------. "San Pedro Revisited," BSM, No. 50 (Summer 1987), 27-30.

Guatemala was San Pedro and Don Pedro Murillo was based upon President Justo Rufino Barrios, possibly with some details added from the life or death of his nephew, but the real facts were concealed because of important trade connections between Great Britain and Central America during this period.


C8358. McClure, Michael W. "`Withholding a Tiger by Its Tale," USACON, 1, No. 2 (July 31, 1992), 5-8.

Advances the theory that the Mexican team of Manuel Gonzalez and Porfirio Diaz was the true "Tiger of San Pedro."


C8359. [Mensel, William.] "Declinatio Watsonis: The Great War Years," by Leopold Bloom [pseud.] PP (NS), No. 9 (March 1991), 11-16.

"A preliminary draft of the first part of subsection (i) of ch. 23/of the work-in-progress/Stamford Redivivus: The Hermeneutics of Illocutionary Acts in the Madhouse Diaries of John H. Watson, DDS." (Subtitle)

"Now we come to the War Years, and the vexed problem of Wisteria Lodge" to consider the fixations of a mad dentist on bad meals, mysterious messages, and the subtext of violence in Wist and certainly answer a lot of unasked questions.


C8360. Meyer, Charles A. "Some Wistful Thoughts Upon the Nature of the Grotesque," NS, No. 32 (September 18, 1993), 16-18.

Beginning with a discussion of the "negroid religions" of voodoo, obeah and macumba, it is obvious that Wist should be dated on St. Patrick's Day 1890.


C8361. Schweickert, William P. "More Light on Wisteria Lodge," CH, 12, No. 2 (Winter 1988), 19-20.

An exploration of the strange relationship, suggestive of homosexuality, between John Scott Eccles and Aloysius Garcia as supported by facts from the story.


C8362. Tusing, Holly. "Inspector Baynes," SP, 3, No. 2 (January 1981), 11-12.

Baynes, an official of the Surrey constabulary, outshone Holmes from beginning to end, and Holmes loved it.


C8363. Weller, Philip. "Whither Wisteria?" FMHC Annual Report (1992), 15-19.

A statement on some of the literary constraints acting on the identification of locations in this case.


C8364. Weller, Philip. "Wistful Locations," FMHC Annual Report (1992), 10-13.

Identifies possible candidates for the Surrey locations of Wist.


C8365. Weller, Philip. "A Wistful View," FMHC Annual Report (1992), 31.

A limerick.


 The Yellow Face


C8366. -- A2860. Schutz, Robert H. A Discussion of Some Problems Encountered in The Yellow Face. [Pittsburgh, Pa.]: The Arnsworth Castle Business Index, 1961. [4] p.

Limited to 12 copies.

----------. "Some Problems in The Yellow Face," BSJ, 12, No. 1 (March 1962), 31.

About John Hebron, a Negro lawyer from Atlanta and first husband of Effie.


C8367. -- A2861. Wellman, Manly Wade Hampton. "The Hebron Marriage," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 4 (October 1947), 422-424.

Part A of an essay entitled "Two Southern Exposures of Sherlock Holmes."


C8368. -- B5953. Drazen, Patrick E. "Next Stop, Norbury: Reflections on The Yellow Face," BSM, 29, No. 1 (March 1979), 16-20.

This article upholds Holmes's actions in Yell, which some have called uncharacteristic, and supports the notion that John and Effie Hebron could have begotten a black child, by posing the hypothesis that Effie herself was a mulatto.


C8369. -- B1284. Potter, Beverly Baer. "Thoughts on The Yellow Face," BSJ, 24, No. 3 (September 1974), 164-165, 167.

This adventure has had little critical attention, perhaps because of Holmes's ineptness in dealing with its problems. He failed to ask about the child's death certificate and missed the clue of Effie's photograph. Holmes made these errors because he was not really interested in the case but only in the fee -- "I was badly in need of a case."


C8370. -- B1285. Snyder, Eileen. "The Yellow Face -- A Problem in Genetics," BSJ, 24, No. 4 (December 1974), 232-236.

A genetic proof is offered that Effie Munro could not have been the natural mother of Lucy. Holmes would not have discovered the real solution of the case until 1913 when Charles B. Davenport published his pioneering investigations on the inheritance of human skin color.


C8371. -- B1286. Stix, Thomas L. "The Yellow Face," BSJ, 24, No. 3 (September 1974), 166-167.

Questions concerning three "dopes": Effie Munro, Grant Munro, and Sherlock Holmes.


C8372. Cochran, William R. "Sherlock Holmes, Arthur Conan Doyle, and `The Yellow Face': The Cryptic Holmes," BCA (1986), 11-21.

Contents: 1. The Political Background of England, 1886-1888. -- 2. The Yellow Face: 8 September -- 9 November 1888. -- 3. As in a Game of Chess, Protect the Queen. -- 4. The Holmes/ Ripper Chronology.


C8373. Cummings, Carey. "The Dating of `The Yellow Face,'" NS, No. 21 (December 18, 1984), 7-11.

A summary of Carey's research on Yell. The adventure occurred on March 10, 1883.


C8374. Destefano, James. "The Red Face," by Grant Munro, as overheard by James Destefano. PP (NS), No. 11 (September 1991), 5-7.

The client in Yell presents the handling of the case from the viewpoint of the client, without once whispering "Norbury" in anyone's ear!


C8375. Drazen, Patrick E. "Lucy Hebron Munro," in six fits and an envoi. SP, 4, No. 1 (October 1981), 12-13.

"She holds a rare Sherlockian place, / This child whom we but briefly view; / Smiling behind the yellow face / Is Lucy of the darker hue."

First prize winner in a poetry competition conducted by The Reigate Squires.


C8376. Dudley, W. E. "The Adventure of the Second Yellow Stain," CC, No. 3 (December 1979).

Watson himself links Seco and Yell and implies "failures" in these cases on the part of the Master. A careful examination of the Canon, however, proves that the two cases were really parts of one diabolical scheme by, of course, Moriarty. In his plot the Professor used puppets such as Jack Munro and John Mitton. Professor J. M. always did have a sense for the dramatic. Holmes saw through it all and the affair ended with J.M. "absolutely hampered" in his fiendish effort to destroy the British Empire.


C8377. Eckrich, Joseph J. "Yellow Face," The Parallelogram," 1, No. 5 (May 1992), 36.

An introduction to the Higher Criticism by the Commissionaire of PCofSTL.


C8378. The Jefferson Hopes of St. Louis. "`The Yellow Face': A Plot Beneath the Plot," by members of the Jefferson Hopes; arranged, edited and recorded by Philip A. Shreffler. CNFB, No. 3 (May 1984), 1-3.

Effie Munro lied in her explanation of the mystery to protect her husband from knowing that John Hebron was murdered by the Ku Klux Klan. But Holmes knew, and, remembering the John Openshaw case, swore to end Klan activities on English soil.

Letter: CNFB, No. 4 (November 1984), 6-7 (Clara St. Simon Hebron Lee).


C8379. McCallister, David R. "The Black Barrister Who Baffled Baker Street," WW, 14, No. 1 (May 1991), 28-33.

Identifies Aaron Alpeoria Bradley, an historical black lawyer involved in Reconstruction politics in Georgia, as the original of John Hebron.


C8380. Redmond, Donald A. "Norbury Again But Why Whisper?" MB, 11, No. 1 (Spring 1985), 5-8.

"Norbury" is a reference to John Toler, first Earl of Norbury (1745-1831), an outrageously stupid judge.


C8381. Skornickel, George R., Jr. "The Motives of Women Are So Inscrutable," SP, 2, No. 4 (July 1980), 11-12.

"Jack" was most likely a nick- or pet-name Effie used for her second husband Grant Munro to remind herself of her first husband John Hebron, for whom she had sacrificed so much.


C8382. Thomas, Helen. "Effie Munro: Some Thoughts on the Role of Women," WF, 4, No. 3 (Summer 1989), 17-20.

The story of Mrs. Munro, "who inspires admiration and respect as she places loyalty to her loved ones above the conventions of the day."


C8383. Williams, H. B. "Dating `The Yellow Face,'" Client's Case-Notes. Edited by Brian R. MacDonald. Indianapolis: The Illustrious Clients, 1983. p. 24-25.

A case is made for an 1886 date for this adventure.

Introduction to The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 1 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 2 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 3 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
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