Introduction to The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 1 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 2 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 3 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 4 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes



C9647. -- A3393. Brodie, Robert N. and Janet B. "Dr. Watson's Finances -- An Enquiry," BSJ, 18, No. 2 (June 1968), 104-106.

"His pension, his practice and his writing, combined with a modest capital, seem to comprise the financial framework of Watson's life. Apparently they permitted him considerable latitude, and no serious crises intervened to drain his resources."


C9648. -- A3394. McLaren, R. M. "Doctor Watson--Punter or Speculator?" SHJ, 1, No. 1 (May 1952), 8-10.

"He spent half his wound pension on gambling -- not on the Turf but on the Stock Exchange."


C9649. -- A3395. Williams, H. B. "The Unknown Watson," BSJ, 13, No. 1 (March 1963), 43-45.

Speculation on his private life and source of income up to the time he met Holmes.


C9650. Coleman, Peter. "Watson's Expenses," MPapers, No. 3 (1990), 18-21.

"The finances of Dr. John H. Watson."


C9651. Friedenthal, Martin. "The Case of the Deadly Doctor?" BSM, No. 69 (Spring 1992), 32-33.

Watson was in need of money to support his wife Mary Morstan, and two of his best stories could not be published because the women involved were still living. He therefore may have been responsible for the deaths of both Irene Adler and Helen Stoner.


C9652. Keefauver, Brad. "On the Curious Matter of Permission and Pension," Q£$, 5, No. 4 (November 1984), 49-51.

Discusses the problem of Watson's income at the time of Stud, examining just how much of it was his pension and how much came from other sources.


C9653. Lauria, Steven. "On the Partners' Partnership," BSM, No. 19 (September 1979), 11-14.

In all probability Holmes and Watson were business partners from May 1894 to September 1902. Watson derived substantial sums from his collaboration with the detective and from the sale of his practice to Verner, who bought it at Holmes's suggestion and with Holmes's money.


C9654. Randall, Warren. "The Battered Cox Box, or Double Charing Cross," Q£$, 9, No. 1 (February 1988), 12-15; 9, No. 2 (May 1988), 32-34; 9, No. 3 (August 1988), 56-59.

Correspondence from Robert Moriarty (Clerk at the Office of the Income Tax Commission), Watson, Sherlock Holmes, James Moriarty, and Conan Doyle concerning Watson's unpaid income taxes on alleged royalties from the sale of his publications about Sherlock Holmes.


 Medical Practice


See also Medicine


C9655. -- A3396. Allen, John F. "Min käre Watson" ["My Dear Watson"], Puls (1965).

----------. ----------, BSCL, No. 5 (1966), 6-11.

An analysis of Watson, the medical man.


C9656. -- A3397. Graham, R. P. "Doctor Watson, I Presume?" The American Journal of Surgery, 71, No. 4 (April 1946), 574.

----------. ----------, Illustrious Client's Third Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1953.] p. 72-73.

"Even if Watson's medical degree was not what it might have been, he earned, many times over, a doctorate of letters.


C9657. -- A3398. [Katzen, Olga.] "Doctor ... ?" by Sagittarius [pseud.] The London Mystery Magazine (April-May 1950), 4-5.

"But there's something queer in his medical career, / For he never had a single case."


C9658. -- A3399. Meaker, Samuel R. "Watson Medicus," The Third Cab. [Boston: The Speckled Band, 1960.] p. 26-37.

"Being a survey of the practice of medicine by gaslight, together with some reflections upon the professional capacities of Dr. John H. Watson." (Subtitle)


C9659. -- A3400. "Medicine Has a Vital Role in Armchair Adventure," The Medical Tribune [New York], 5, No. 102 (September 26-27, 1964).

----------, CPBook, 1, No. 2 (Fall 1964), 38-39.

An interesting account of Watson and his medical practice.


C9660. -- A3401. [Pelz, Bruce.] "Petrie Letter," Nyet Vremia 68 (February 3, 1966), 1.

----------. ----------, The SHsf Fanthology One. Edited by Ruth Berman. The Professor Challenger Society, 1967. p. 31-32.

----------. ----------, The Rohmer Review, No. 3 (August 1969), 16-17.

A letter dated April 1, 1898, from Dr. Flinders Petrie of Fu-Manchu fame criticizing his predecessor, Dr. Watson, for letting his practice deteriorate in order to keep company with a strange detective.


C9661. -- A3402. Pennell, Vernon. "A Resumé of the Medical Life of John H. Watson, M. D., Late of the Army Medical Department, with an Appendix of the London University Regulations for Medical Degrees for the Year 1875," SHJ, 3, No. 2 (Winter 1956), 6-11.


C9662. -- A3403. Simpson, Helen. "Medical Career and Capacities of Dr. J. H. Watson," Baker Street Studies. Edited by H. W. Bell. London: Constable & Co., [1934]. p. 35-61.

"Watson the medical man could, despite his brilliant beginnings, never have aspired to any position of world-wide consequence; Watson the biographer is second only to the greatest names.


C9663. -- A3404. Van Liere, Edward J. "Doctor Watson, General Practitioner." West Virginia Medical Journal, 55 (October 1959), 364-367.

----------. ----------, A Doctor Enjoys Sherlock Holmes. New York: Vantage Press, [1959]. p. 135-141.

"We may think of the faithful Dr. Watson answering a call, perhaps late at night, his stethoscope concealed in his hat, and his trusty medical bag filled with the acceptable drugs. We can picture him further, riding along in his hansom--the lights of which shine dimly through the fog--rattling over the cobblestones of the old London streets, carrying on the tradition of his noble profession."


C9664. -- B1553. Brody, Howard. "Quick, Watson -- the Ether," Orifice: Student Newspaper of the College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, 4, No. 5 (March-April 1974), 6, 8.

Examines Watson's use (Lady) and other doctors' use of ether.


C9665. -- B1554. Fish, Robert L. "Watson Was a Doctor!" BSJ, 24, No. 2 (June 1974), 120-121.

For those who have long wondered as to John H. Watson's true profession, the author of the Schlock Homes parodies offers strangely convincing evidence that Watson, despite all previous theories, was, in reality, a medical man!


C9666. -- B1555. Grubstein, Bernard. "Dr. John H. Watson: Physician Extraordinarius," The Fourth Cab. Boston: Stoke Moran Publishers, 1976. p. 37-38.

"His choice of ether as a `do or die' means to save the life of Lady Frances (fully realizing that ether may further potentiate the toxic pharmacological action of chloroform), shows a side of him that has not been presented to the reader in any previous adventure -- that of a quick-witted and highly competent physician who deserves greater acclaim."


C9667. -- B1556. [Miller, Olga Katzin.] "Doctor ...?" by Sagittarius [pseud.] The Unicorn Mystery, Book Club News, 4, No. 2 (September 1951), 14-15. illus.

Reprinted from The London Mystery Magazine, April-May 1950 (DA3398).


C9668. -- B1557. Otten, Eric H. "Dr. John H. Watson, the Third Most Dangerous Man in London," BSJ, 25, No. 3 (September 1975), 162-163.

Watson may have been "the worst doctor in London," but if he had had more patients, there would be fewer of Holmes's cases in print.


C9669. Heiselberg, G. L. "A Simpler Solution," BSJ, 33, No. 1 (March 1983), 17-18.

When Watson twice said he had "returned to civil practice" (Scan and Engr), he was not implying that he had been in civil practice before. He was saying that he had returned to the practice of medicine, this time civil. The emphasis is not on "returned," but on "civil." In addition to explaining his puzzling "returned" comments, this simpler solution has another advantage. It brings us back into the Canon for our answers (where we should be).


C9670. Katz, Robert S. "Doctor Watson -- A Man of Mediocre Qualifications?" BSJ, 30, No. 2 (June 1980), 75-76.

----------. ----------, A Touch of the Class. Edited by Michael H. Kean. Wilmette, Ill.: The Pondicherry Press, 1981. p. 37-41.

In order to have received the M.D. degree from the University of London, Watson must have submitted a doctoral thesis. His familiarity with diseases of the nervous system and avid interest in pathology suggests that he was one of the early students of neuropathology, and probably wrote his dissertation on that aspect of medicine.


C9671. Katz, Robert S. "John H. Watson, M.D.: Pioneer Neuropathologist," BSJ, 32, No. 2 (September 1982), 150-152.

In a detailed and intriguing description of Jack Ferguson's spinal problem (Suss), Watson suggests that the boy was suffering from diastematomyelia, a rare neurologic disorder. Watson must have been involved in advanced neuropathologic research in order to have made this sophisticated diagnosis.


C9672. Katz, Robert S. "John H. Watson, M.D.: The Non-Surgical Surgeon," BSJ, 38, No. 4 (December 1988), 223-225.

Watson's wound at Maiwand damaged the brachial plexus, causing him to lose some fine motor control in his left hand. As a result, in spite of his prior surgical training, he was unable to perform surgery during his subsequent medical career.


C9673. Katz, Robert S. "Whatever Happened to Watson?" BSJ, 42, No. 2 (June 1992), 100-101.

The author suggests that Watson spent World War I serving in the army, performing pre-induction physicals. He would have been quite expert at identifying malingerers who were attempting to evade the military service. Watson had the opportunity in Dyin to learn firsthand about malingering from Holmes, one of the first students of the subject.


C9674. Kirkby, Patrick. "Hospital That Was Fit for the Queen," SHG, No. 3 (November 1991-February 1992), 8-9. illus.

A brief history of the Netley Hospital where Watson took the course that was prescribed for Army surgeons.


C9675. Redmond, Chris. "The Very Limited Experience of Dr. John H. Watson," BSJ, 38, No. 4 (December 1988), 226-228.

Why did Holmes not consult Watson when he needed a doctor? Several instances make clear that he looked elsewhere when he needed medical assistance; friendship had replaced the doctor-patient relationship.


C9676. Skornickel, George R., Jr. "The Doctor Is Out at the Moment," SP, 2, No. 3 (April 1980), 12-13.

An examination of Watson's three practices, from 1888 to 1902, suggests that he intentionally purchased practices that were slack to enable him to accompany Holmes at will.


C9677. Suszynski, James. "`Don't Call Us, We'll Call You,'" BSM, No. 54 (Summer 1988), 13-15.

"Watson's medical background is poor. His knowledge of first aid, optometry, surgery, diseases, heart conditions, poisons, sedatives and spinal injuries is nil. His ability to help his friend as well as his patients was lacking. It is no wonder that Watson could leave his practice at a minute's notice. His patients used the old saying, `Don't call us, we'll call you.'"


C9678. Tolins, Stephen H. "Dr. Watson's Materia Medica," CH, 13, No. 1 (Autumn 1989), 3-6.

The facts of Watson's medical studies are recounted and the paucity of training in practical pharmacology is noted. The history of alcoholic beverages from earliest times is given and the use of wine and brandy as a prescribed medicine is described. Also described are the many cases where Watson and even Holmes (undoubtedly as a result of Watson's tutelage) gave brandy, even pouring it down the throat of an unconscious person.


Physical Condition


C9679. Brady, Jane. "Watsonian Fitness," With an Editor's Note. SR, No. 11 (Winter Term 1993), 6-8.

The purpose of this article is to argue that Watson was more than just a fairly fit man: he was a man in active training, and quotations from the Canon are used to substantiate this claim.,




C9680. -- A3313. Christ, Jay Finley. John H. Watson Never Went to China. [Privately Produced]: March 1949. 4 p.

An argument against John Dickson Carr's conclusion (Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, p. 46) that Dr. James Watson was the original of John H. Watson. The honor was more likely bestowed upon another of Doyle's contemporaries--Patrick Heron Watson.


C9681. -- B1558. Christ, Jay Finley. "John Never Went to China," BSM, 1975), 9-12.

Privately produced in March 1949.


C9682. -- A3346. Mende, Fred. "Will the Real Watson Please Stand, or The Case for Surgeon-Major Preston," BSJ, 21, No. 1 (March 1971), 33-37. illus.

Attention is called to the career of a medical officer in the British Army who conceivably could have been the original of Dr. Watson. The salient facts supporting this theory are that Alexander Francis Preston participated in the Afghan Campaign of 1878-80 and was twice wounded with at least one (and possibly both) of the wounds being received in the Battle of Maiwand while serving with the Berkshire Regiment.


C9683. -- A3350. Redmond, Donald A. "Is the Real Watson Number One, Two, Or --?" BSJ, 21, No. 3 (September 1971), 158-162.

He is identified as Surgeon George Watson, M. B., of the Bengal Medical Dept. Illustrated with a center-spread sketch of the action at Maiwand, July 26, 1880.


C9684. -- B1559. Mende, Fred. "Dr. John H. Watson and Surgeon-Major Alexander Francis Preston: Third Time Around," BSJ, 28, No. 1 (March 1978), 16-21.

This article is a continuation of the Watson-Preston prototype theory based upon new evidence taken from a narrative written in 1880 by Preston regarding his participation in the Battle of Maiwand. The narrative strongly suggests that he received more than one wound in the battle. In addition, it describes his rescue from the Ghazi hordes, a rescue that is somewhat reminiscent of the one related by Watson in Stud.


C9685. -- B1560. Mende, Fred. "Some Observations and Speculations Upon the Segregation of the Real Watson," BSJ, 22, No. 4 (December 1972), 204-206, 218.

Acknowledging the possibility that the "real" Watson stems from a composite rather than from a single prototype, the author discusses the likelihood that Doyle could just as well have used the surname of Dr. James Watson as that of Redmond's candidate, Surgeon George Watson (DA3350). The claim that Surgeon-Major Alexander Preston was not Watsonian in appearance is also defended.


C9686. -- B1561. Renshaw, Charles, Jr. "There Was a Dr. Watson," Illustrated by Charles Binger. The American Weekly (March 20, 1949), 4.

Concerns John Dickson Carr's discovery (reported in The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle) that Dr. James Watson, a local practitioner and contemporary of Doyle's, was the model for John H. Watson.


C9687. -- B1562. "Some Fictional Prototypes: Dr. Watson," Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 122, No. 3 (July 1976), 114-116.

An editorial on Mende's theory that Alexander Francis Preston (No. 6081 in Drew's Roll) may have been the original of Watson.


C9688. "`Dr. Watson' Lives; Is Artist in Chicago," The New York Times (July 2, 1932).

Painter Dr. William Henry Watson, who was a college chum of Doyle's at Edinburgh University, tells how Doyle first conceived the idea for his Sherlock Holmes stories and how he then used his friend's name for Holmes's companion. "Conan always called me Dr. Watson."


C9689. Lellenberg, Jon L., and W. O. G. Lofts. "John H(eron) Watson, M.D.," BSJ, 30, No. 2 (June 1980), 83-85.

Further information and speculation about Dr. Patrick Heron Watson of Edinburgh University, who, according to Jay Finley Christ (DA3313, DB1558) may well have been the model for Dr. John H. Watson. Also noted is the interesting fact that Patrick Watson and Joseph Bell, the man who was Doyle's inspiration for Holmes, were friends and professional associates for many years.


Watson -- Relationship with Holmes

See Holmes -- Relationship with Watson




C9690. -- A3407. Akers, Arthur K. "Who Was Mrs. Watson's First Husband?" BSJ, 10, No. 1 (January 1960), 35-36.

"Since Watson's name was indisputably John, why should his wife refer to him as `James'? In reason and in logic, this could only have been the Freudian inadvertence ascribable to there once having been a James."


C9691. -- A3408. Andrew, Clifton R. "What Happened to Dr. Watson's Married Life After June 14, 1889?" BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 3 (1958), 42-44.

A commentary on the treatment accorded Mrs. Watson by her husband in deference to Holmes's cajolery in Twis.


C9692. -- A3409. Austin, Bliss. "Sonnet: On the Second Mrs. Watson at Her Needle Work," BSJ, 3, No. 2 (April 1953), 98.

"Yet Sherlock is the one you did belie, / So, if he doesn't care--no more do I."


C9693. -- A3410. Baring-Gould, William S. "`Now, Watson, the Fair Sex Is Your Department,'" The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, [1967]. Vol. 1, chap. 22, p. 325-330.

A discussion of his three marriages and wives.


C9694. -- A3411. Blakeney, T. S. "Watson's Second Marriage," Sherlock Holmes: Fact or Fiction? London: John Murray, [1932]. p. 113-114.

A refutation of S. C. Roberts's claim that Miss Violet de Merville was the second Mrs. Watson.


C9695. -- A3412. Douglass, Ruth. "The Camberwell Poisoner," EQMM, 9, No. 39 (February 1947), 57-63.

The author offers her own explanation of the Mrs. Watson problem, in reply to Rex Stout and Kurt Steel.


C9696. -- A3413. Hall, Trevor H. "Dr. Watson's Marriages," The Late Mr. Sherlock Holmes & Other Literary Studies. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., [1971]. Chap. 3, p. 40-63.

"Watson was married five times: to Constance Adams in 1884 or 1885, to a Miss X, with both a mother and aunt in 1886, to the mother-less and aunt-less Mary Morstan in 1888 or 1889, to a Miss Y in 1896 and to a Miss Z in 1902."


C9697. -- A3414. Haynes, George. "The Last Mrs. Watson," SHJ, 6, No. 2 (Spring 1963), 53-54.

A confirmation of Christopher Morley's contention that Lady Frances Carfax was the third and last Mrs. Watson.


C9698. -- A3415. Hoff, Ebbe Curtis. "The Adventure of John and Mary," BSJ, 9, No. 3 (July 1959), 136-152.

An excellent article on the wedded life of John and Mary Watson in which the author discusses Watson's early life and talents, his first meeting with Mary, the date of their marriage, the wedding, their married life, and Mary's illness and death.


C9699. -- A3416. Hunt, T. B., and H. W. Starr. "What Happened to Mary Morstan," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 3 (July 1947), 237-246.

"Mary Morstan did not cast off her husband [as first suggested by H. W. Starr (DA3431)]; she fought courageously--and with the Doctor's self-sacrificing help--against the inroads of insanity. Again and again his love and medical skill pulled her back from the shadows of the asylum: to her he gave the closing years of his life, attending her in seclusion, saving her from the final horror of institutional care."


C9700. -- A3417. Lauterbach, Charles E. "The Bachelor," by John Habakkuk Watson. Baker Street Ballads. [Culver City, Calif.: Luther Norris, March 1971.] p. 14.

"I'd not exchange for bachelorhood / My own domestic blister; / I'm glad when Mary looked demure / I up and kister!


C9701. -- A3418. Leavitt, Robert Keith. "The Fourth Conanical Toast: Proposed at the B.S.I. Dinner on January 9, 1953," BSJ, 3, No. 2 (April 1953), 83.

"I give you that mysterious daisy-- / Dr. Watson's Second Wife!"


C9702. -- A3419. MacGregor, Marilyn. "Moriarty, the Apaches, and the First Mrs. Watson," VH, 2, No. 2 (April 1968), 2-3.

"The young woman Watson met and courted in San Francisco, Alice Whiting, became the Alice Watson in London on November 1, 1886." See also DA885.


C9703. -- A3420. McCleary, George F. "When Did Watson First Meet His First Wife?" BSJ [OS], 2, No. 2 (January 1947), 50-53.

The author believes that July, not September as claimed by H. W. Bell, was the month when Watson and Mary Morstan were married. They agree the event took place in 1887.


C9704. -- A3421. Moriarty, Daniel L. "The Woman Who Beat Sherlock Holmes," BSJ, 9, No. 2 (April 1959), 69-82.

"When Sherlock Holmes made the statement to John Openshaw that he had been beaten once by a woman, most observers believed that he was speaking of Miss Irene Adler. There can be no doubt that Holmes had in mind the woman who took Watson away from him. However, as cunning and as resourceful as Mary Watson was, it took her sixteen years to beat him decisively."

Winner of the 2nd annual Morley-Montgomery Award for the best contribution to BSJ in 1959.


C9705. -- A3422. Morley, Christopher. "Dr. Watson's Secret," The Saturday Review of Literature, 11, No. 22 (December 15, 1934), 371. (The Bowling Green)

----------. ----------, Streamlines. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1936. p. 66-74.

----------. ----------, ----------. London: Faber & Faber Ltd., [1937]. p. 66-74.

----------. ----------, by Jane Nightwork [pseud.] 221b: Studies in Sherlock Holmes. Edited by Vincent Starrett. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1940. p. 46-53.

By accepting the hypothesis that Watson and Mary Morstan were secretly married in the spring of 1887 but pretended it did not happen until autumn, other chronological reconciliations are possible.


C9706. -- A3423. [Morley, Christopher.] "Watson à la Mode," by Jane Nightwork. BSJ [OS], 1, No. 1 (January 1946), 15-20.

----------. ----------, The Ironing Board. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1949. p. 159-165.

----------. ----------, ----------. London: Faber and Faber Ltd., [1950]. p. 159-165.

"Watson's so called second marriage was when he and Mary decided to resume mutual bed and board. So Watson's second wife was actually his first; and there never was a third."


C9707. -- A3424. Rabe, W. T. "Variations on a Casual Remark," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 3 (1958), 61-62.

"From Baker Street to church, he went, / A groom at any cost. / Watson deserted me for a wife."


C9708. -- A3425. Sayers, Dorothy L. "Dr. Watson, Widower," Unpopular Opinions. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1946. p. 152-168.

----------. ----------, ----------. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., [1947]. p. 189-209.

----------. ----------, MacKill's Mystery Magazine, 3, No. 5 (January 1954), 77-92.

----------. ----------, The Incunabular Sherlock Holmes. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1958. p. 143-159.

"Is it not perhaps less extravagant to suppose a trifling lapsus calami on the part of a man like Watson, who in so many instances has been proved guilty of similar inaccuracies, than to drag in a wholly hypothetical marriage, unrecorded, and lasting less than twelve months, with the sole purpose of explaining Watson's temporary absence from Baker Street?"


C9709. -- A3426. Seemann, Verner. "Dr. Watson udi AEgteskab" ["Dr. Watson in Marriage"], Sherlock Holmes Årbog II (1966), 31-38.


C9710. -- A3427. Simpson, A. Carson. "It Must Have Been Two Other Fellows," Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Narberth, Pa.: Livingston Pub. Co., 1959. p. 41-53.

"Who, then, was James? If Elmer Davis could evoke a daughter of Mrs. Forrester to provide a third wife for Watson, may we not suggest that there was a Forrester son? ... it was James Forrester, then, and not James Watson, of whom his mother spoke. In the light of this, the problem of `John or James' vanishes."


C9711. -- A3429. Smith, Francis. "`The Only Selfish Action I Can Recall,'" SHJ, 9, No. 4 (Summer 1970), 134-135.

A close examination of Holmes's telling remark to Watson reveals that "the Casanova of many nations and three continents" did not marry a second time, as many commentators believe, but, instead, was having an affaire with a married woman!


C9712. -- A3430. Solovay, Jacob C. "Watson Takes a Wife," BSJ Christmas Annual, No. 2 (1957), 44.

"So, Watson, you are shortly taking leave / You much prefer the husband to the sleuth."


C9713. -- A3431. Starr, H. W. "Some New Light on Watson," BSJ [OS], 1, No. 1 (January 1946), 55-63.

His marriages did not involve new brides, but were reconciliations with Mary, who had been driven into separation by the doctor's extra-professional engagements.


C9714. -- A3432. Wigglesworth, Belden. "`Many Nations and Three Separate Continents': An Inquiry into One Aspect of the Life of John H. Watson, M.D.," BSJ [OS], 2, No. 3 (July 1947), 273-278.

A discussion of his three marriages and two wounds.


C9715. -- A3433. Williams, Stephen. "An Unsung Heroine," Punch, 226 (January 6, 1954), 68-69.

"Tribute to Mrs. Watson on the occasion of Sherlock Holmes's hundredth anniversary." (Subtitle)


C9716. -- A3434. Williamson, J. N. "`The Latest Treatise Upon Pathology,'" BSJ, 6, No. 4 (October 1956), 208-214.

"Mary Watson, tired of her husband's disinterest, his frequent journeys with Holmes, and his admitted visits to the widow Norton, divorced Watson in 1901 and, in the summer of 1902, Watson took Irene as his lawful wife, much to the chagrin of Sherlock Holmes who was fond of Mary and still rather irked by Watson's betrayal of their friendship."


C9717. -- A3435. Williamson, J. N. "The Wiles of Mary Morstan," Illustrious Client's Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1948.] p. 21-25.

"To Doctor Watson, she is always the woman."


C9718. -- A3428. Yuhasova, Helene. "Sonnet: Mary Morstan to J. H. Watson," Profile by Gaslight. Edited by Edgar W. Smith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944. p. 187.

----------. ----------, A Lauriston Garden of Verses, by Helene Yuhasova. Summit, N. J.: The Pamplet House, 1946. p. [17].

----------. ----------, Baker Street and Beyond: Together with Some Trifling Monographs. Morristown, N.J.: The Baker Street Irregulars, 1957. [unpaged]

"I'll hold you, John,/ Or James, as close and fondly disciplined / As ever woman held the man upon / Whose faith her hopes are fixed."


C9719. -- B1566. Andrew, C. R. "What Happened to Dr. Watson's Married Life After June 14, 1889?" The Kanawha News [Elizabeth, W. Va.] (April 3, 1951), 1. illus.

First appearance of DA3408.


C9720. -- B1567. Clark, Benjamin S. "A Dog and a Dish, or Mary Morstan Is Alive and Well," BSJ, 22, No. 4 (December 1972), 219-221.

Holmes not only got rid of the bull pup, but also was responsible for Mary leaving Watson.


C9721. -- B1568. Ellis, H. F. "Passion in Baker Street," Punch, 204 (April 28, 1943), 346, 348.

Retells one of "the great love-stories of literature," the whirlwind courtship of Watson and Mary Morstan.


C9722. -- B5980. Fage-Pedersen, Anders. "Der var kun een Mrs. Watson," Sherlockiana, 24, Nr. 1 (1979), 3-7. illus.


C9723. -- B1569. Katz, Robert S. "Mary Morstan Moriarty," BSJ, 27, No. 1 (March 1977), 22-23.

Mary Morstan Watson, in referring to her husband as "James," had committed a slip of the tongue and was really thinking of James Moriarty. The professor, perhaps Mary's lover, foisted her upon Watson so that she could spy on Holmes.


C9724. -- B1570. Marshall, Arthur. "The Singular Affair of Watson's Wife," The English Digest, 29, No. 4 (February 1949), 31-34.

"Miss Mary Morstan's futile struggle against the wiles of Sherlock Holmes." Condensed from The New Statesman and Nation, September 25, 1948 (DA3345).


C9725. -- B1571. [Maurice, Arthur Bartlett.] "An Editorial Crisis," The Bookman, 16 (December 1902), 307-308.

The junior and senior editors consider the question of what Holmes gave Watson for a wedding present.


C9726. Adams, Charles. "To the Second Mrs. Watson," PP, 4, No. 2 (June 1982), 23-24.

"While Sherlock smoked and fiddled / Back in old 2-2-1-B, / Watson, Mary diddled / In Victorian ecstasy.

"Here's to the second lady / Who shared the doctor's quarters. / There is no doubt when they made out / They followed doctor's orders."


C9727. Brandin, Poul. "Den Anden Mrs. Watson," Sherlockiana, 24, Nr. 2-3 (1979), 10-12. illus.


C9728. Cleary, Jim. "To the Many Mrs. Watsons," PP, 4, No. 2 (June 1982), 32.

"(Ladies and) Gentlemen, I give / you, All the Mrs. Watsons."


C9729. Fink, Joseph J. "The Marital Hoax of John H. Watson," BSJ, 42, No. 2 (June 1992), 102-105.

This article proves, conclusively, that Watson never married Mary Morstan. In pursuing Jonathan Small across the Thames, Watson was struck by Tonga's drug-tipped dart. Piercing his earlobe, it induced a rare form of brain fever known as "delusional divorce syndrome." This condition temporarily afflicts married men, causing them to be granted a sense of freedom and suffering from the delusion that they are free to marry again.

After recovering from the disease, Watson perpetuated the unintentional hoax in subsequent stories by referring to his "wife," but never mentioning her by name.


C9730. Hall, John. "Pips, Pearls and Scandal," SIB, 3 (August 1993), 35-39.

"Notes on the dates of Five, Scan and Sign."


C9731. Hammer, David L. "A Second Case of Identity," BSM, No. 43 (Autumn 1985), 21-24.

The second Mrs. Watson is identified as Violet Hunter (Copp).

Letter: BSM, No. 45 (Spring 1986), 43-44 (Grant Healy).


C9732. Hart, Lynne. "A Toast!" SM, 11, No. 1 (1986), 13.

"To the memory of Mary Morstan Watson."


C9733. Haunert, William C. "A Reciprocal Porlock," VDH, 2, No. 1 (January 1980), 6-79 10. illus.

"Mary Morstan was a spy for Moriarty, a feminine Porlock, working not for Holmes but against him. Second only to Holmes in Canonical histrionic ability, Mary successfully beguiled Watson from the time of their meeting to the time of her death -- and, with the connivance of Holmes and certain Scotland Yard associates, forever after."


C9734. Holly, Raymond L. "San Francisco and Two Marriages," CHJ, 14, No. 8 (August 1992), 2-3.

Watson could have been consulted when Hatty Doran Moulton was taken to half the doctors in 'Frisco. He may have been present when she later was to marry the noble bachelor.


C9735. Hollyer, Cameron. "Murk IV Meets Watson the Benedict," CH, 7, No. 1 (Autumn 1983), 5-11.

An utterly delightful, humorous, and refreshing examination of the problems of Watson's marital history. The author, in the person of Whitsend, calls on Lomax, a computer expert at the British Museum, to help him find out how many women Watson wed.


C9736. Joyce, Thomas J. "A Toast to Dr. Watson's Second Wife," GMG, 3, No. 4 (Independence Day 1984), 4-5.

"Presented to the Baker Street Irregulars at their Golden Anniversary Dinner, January 6, 1984."


C9737. Katz, Robert S. "To the Second Mrs. Watson," BSJ, 40, No. 2 (June 1990), 108-110.

A "non-toast" and a traditional toast delivered at the BSI Annual Dinner in 1989 and 1990, respectively.


C9738. Keefauver, Brad. "He Must Have Been Lucky at Cards: One More Look at Watson's Wives," WW, 10, No. 2 (September 1987), 5-14.

A combination of chronology and wild theorizing traces the three marriages of Watson: Mary Morstan, an un-named Moriarty agent, and ... Kitty Winter?


C9739. Keefauver, Brad, and Kathy Carter Keefauver. "Alias James and Agatha (Being Phillimores' Sidelights on Sherlock)," P&D, No. 59 (August 1983), 4-5; No. 60 (September 1983), 4-5.

Contents: John H. Watson: Model Husband, by Brad Keefauver. -- John H. Watson: Mary's Trial, by Kathy Carter Keefauver.


C9740. Lane, Andrew. "The Five Marriages of Dr. John H. Watson," 221b, No. 2 (October 1989), 17-24.

There is evidence to suggest that Watson was married three, not five times as thought by Baring-Gould. He was married to Constance Adams between November 1886 and December 1887 (Angels of Darkness), to Mary Morstan between 1889 and 1892 (Sign), and to an unnamed woman from October 1902 to his death.


C9741. Lima, Joel. "The Strange Truth About Mary Watson," CH, 15, No. 1 (Autumn 1991), 23, 26-32.

On the nymphomaniac's extramarital relations with Jackson and Anstruther, the doctors who looked after Watson's practice and wife while he was away; James Moriarty; Colonel Moran; and Sherlock Holmes.

With two original drawings of Mrs. Watson by Dayna Nuhn McCausland.


C9742. Lohmann, Charles P. III. "The Doctor and Doc," Holmeswork, 11 (January 1985), 5-8.

Watson married Constance Adams, a 27 year old from Marietta, Ohio, who was visiting relatives in San Francisco where Watson maintained a practice between January 1884 and August 1886. The Watsons separated and were divorced by late summer in 1884. Their as yet unborn son was Charles John Watson, better known as "Doc" Watson (January 30, 1885-December 30, 1949), who grew up to become a major league pitcher.


C9743. McGregor, Robert C. "The Curious Affair of Watson's Wives," BSJ, 30, No. 1 (March 1980), 26-30.

The author examines the problems of reconstructing Sherlockian chronology while depending upon Watson's truthfulness regarding his marriage(s). Maintaining the only evidence admissible is that which can be confirmed from two independent sources, it is demonstrated that only the dates of publication of the stories may be relied upon completely. Noting that Watson was at first a struggling author in a hopelessly romantic era, it is postulated that the marriage in Sign was a fiction added to sell the story to a reluctant publisher. This was a fiction Watson was forced to retain, leading to all manner of anomaly in subsequent stories. Watson's marriage therefore cannot be relied upon as a criterion for establishing the absolute chronology of the Canon.


C9744. Michaud, Rosemary. "Another Case of Identity," P&D, No. 144 (September 1990), 3, 7.

The woman who came to see Holmes was not Mary Morstan; she was the daughter of Mrs. Cecil Forrester. Holmes knew who she was, since he had dealt with her mother some time before, but could not bring himself to tell the love-smitten Watson.


C9745. Mortimore, Roger. "Rex vs. Watson," BSN, 1, No. 1 (1984), 1-2.

Justice Dingleberry sums up the case against Watson, who is accused of murdering his wife, Mary Morstan.


C9746. Pollack, Dorothy Belle. "Now, Watson, the Fair Sex Is Your Department," SMuse, 6, No. 3 (Winter 1983), inside front cover.

"Just how many times did Watson propose? / Just how many dames prepared their trousseaux? / And Morstan -- was she / number one, two, or three? / Alas! Quien sabe? Now only God knows."


C9747. Redmond, Chris. "A Remarkable Tribute to Somebody's Wife," CH, 12, No. 3 (Spring 1989), 32.

A toast to the memory of Mrs. Watson.


C9748. [Ruyle, John.] Going to the Dogs: A Watsonian Gambado, by Douglas Norman [pseud.] Berkeley: The Iron Dyke Company, 1987. 1 folded sheet.

"Hand-set in Cheltenham Old Style & 100 copies printed July 1987 at The Hangdog Press."

"Doctor Watson used to boast / He'd f....d his way from coast to coast."


C9749. Sayers, Dorothy L. "Dr. Watson, Widower," MacKill's Mystery Magazine, 3, No. 5 (March 1954), 77-92.

Also published in MacKill's Mystery Magazine, 3, No. 5 (January 1954), with a different cover illustration and date (DA3425).


C9750. Singleton, Paul. "The Case of the Nervous Detective," PP (NS), No. 16 (December 1992), 10-13.

An examination of the aspects of Watson's marital status that created a certain degree of disquietude in Holmes.


C9751. Sutherland-Bruce, Douglas. "Doctor Watson's Wives, or The Henry VIII of Baker Street," WF, 4, No. 1 (Winter 1986), 5-7.

"Watson had but one wife, the saintly Mary Morstan, and he remained true to her and her memory after her tragically early death."


C9752. Thomalen, Robert E. ["Such Vigor"], PP, 1, No. 3 (August 1978), 18. (Poet's Page)

"One day Dr. Watson did thunder / `My wife's virtue someone did plunder.' / Mary smiled and recalled / How much she'd been enthraled / It was Vigor, the Hammersmith Wonder."


C9753. Thomalen, Robert E. ["To Dr. Watson's First Wife"], PP, 1, No. 5 (1979), 8. (Poet's Page)

"Here's to a lady quite dainty, / Here's to a lady quite pure. / Over Watson she held suzerainty, / Even though she was shy and demure."


C9754. Tolins, Steve. "A Toast to Dr. Watson's First Wife a la Garrideb," PP (NS), No. 14 (June 1992), 4.

"Over three separate continents and in many nations / I've known the ladies of high and low stations. / But then in walked Mary, my Mary, / Small, dainty and blonde, a veritable fairy."


C9755. Vatza, Edward J. "Mary Moran Watson," CF, 1, No. 2 (May 1983), 1-2.

The first Mrs. Watson was the daughter of Col. Moran, who married Watson in order to infiltrate the Holmes household.




See also Rhetoric and Style


C9756. -- A3463. Adams, Robert Winthrop. "John H. Watson, M. D., Characterologist," BSJ, 4, No. 2 (April 1954), 81-92.

An excellent discussion of Watson's mastery of characterization, with examples, and the books he must have consulted to assist him in his descriptions of people. Holmes's traits are also described and enumerated.


C9757. -- A3436. Balfour, R. E. "New Light on Dr. Watson's Early Works," The Cambridge Review, 56 (November 2, 1934), 65-67.

The many discrepancies in Sign and Scan have convinced the author that these two tales are spurious episodes--the first having been written by some unknown journalist and the second by Mrs. Hudson--and are not part of the "genuine Saga" as recorded by Watson.


C9758. -- A3437. Ball, John. "The Second Collaboration," BSJ, 4, No. 2 (April 1954), 69-74.

"Of the many mysteries of the Canon, perhaps the most perplexing is the exact role played by the Literary Agent in making Watson's priceless manuscripts available to a profoundly grateful posterity."


C9759. -- A3438. Bengis, Nathan L. "Thanks to Dr. Watson: A Study in Conanical Plagiarism," Illustrious Client's Third Case-Book. Edited by J. N. Williamson and H. B. Williams. [Indianapolis, Ind.: The Illustrious Clients, 1953.] p. 5-14.

Similarities between nine tales by Watson and five short stories by Doyle.


C9760. -- A3439. Bristowe, W. S. "A Note on the Watson-Doyle Partnership," BSJ, 3, No. 3 (Autumn 1957), 4-5.

Speculations on the literary partnership between the two doctors.


C9761. -- A3440. C[ochran], G. L. "A Note on the Authenticity of the Writings of John H. Watson, M.D.," DCC, 2, No. 2 (December 1965), 2-3.

"An attempt to introduce a probable argument showing that the position of Sherlockian scholars regarding the authenticity of the tales and the authorship of John H. Watson is not only reasonable, but eminently tenable."


C9762. -- A3441. Dakin, D. Martin. "The Problem of the Case-Book," SHJ, 1, No. 3 (June 1953), 29-34.

An inquiry into the claims of the stories in the Case Book to inclusion in the Watsonian canon reveals that some are undoubtedly genuine but that others are forgeries, either in whole or in part.


C9763. -- A3442. Dakin, D. Martin. "Second Thoughts on the Case-Book," SHJ, 3, No. 1 (Summer 1956), 8-9.

An elaboration of the theory advanced by the author in his previous article on the Case Book.


C9764. -- A3443. Doyle, Adrian Conan. "Dr. Watson's Creator," New York Herald Tribune (April 12, 1952).

----------. ----------, CPBook, 1, No. 1 (Summer 1964), 8.

A letter to Art Buchwald (see also DA4711) in which the son of Sir Arthur tries to set the record straight as to who was the actual author of the Sherlock Holmes stories. Was there ever any doubt?


C9765. -- A3444. Gibson, Theodore W. "Notes on Dr. Watson's Notes," BSJ, 7, No. 2 (April 1957), 105-108.

The chronicler of the Canon is taken to task for relying too heavily on his memory and for supplying details he had not accurately observed.


C9766. -- A3445. Grazebrook, O. F. The Author of the Case Book. [London: Privately Printed, 1949.] 32 p. (Studies in Sherlock Holmes, No. 4)

"A strong case is advanced for a deteriorated, or even a deutero Watson, with chapter and verse cited." (Edgar W. Smith)


C9767. -- A3446. Hall, W. S. "Don't Blame Watson," BSJ, 3, No. 2 (April 1953), 84-86.

While acting as Watson's literary agent, Sir Arthur deliberately touched up each new adventure in order to puzzle the more avid readers.


C9768. -- A3447. Hand, Herbert T. "Letter from Porlock," The Second Cab. Edited by James Keddie. [Boston: The Speckled Band, 1947.] p. 82-85.

Holmes urges Watson to be even more obscure in his writings to avoid international complications and personal libel suits.


C9769. -- A3448. Harbottle, S. T. L. "The Case-Book Cipher Unveiled," SHJ, 3, No. 4 (Summer 1958), 9-10.

By an ingenious method of treating certain key sentences in the Case-Book as anagrams, Harbottle has made the incredible discovery that Inspector Lestrade is the real author of this work.


C9770. -- A3449. Heldenbrand, Page. "The Adventures of the Dead Detective," Leaves from the Copper Beeches. Narberth, Pa.: Livingston Pub. Co., 1959. p. 33-34.

"It can only be that the needy Watson, equipped with battered tin dispatch-box, sought out once more his astute editor and fiscal alchemist, and it was decided that Holmes should resume business at the same old stand--dealing in updated cases--with Conan Doyle fabricating the story of his rebirth."


C9771. -- A3450. Helling, Cornelis. "About a Much Despised Book--The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes," SHJ, 6, No. 1 (Winter 1962), 24-26.

The author takes exception to those scholars who maintain that the Case Book contains only apocryphal stories, and explains why he thinks they are "all well-written and thrilling narratives" and "that some are equal to the best of the others, in varying degrees."


C9772. -- A3451. Helling, Cornelis. "The Third Person," BSJ, 6, No. 4 (October 1956), 203.

Watson actually wrote Last and Maza, but in the third person.


C9773. -- A3452. Helling, Cornelis. "The True Author of Last and Maza," SHJ, 7, No. 4 (Spring 1966), 123-124.

An examination of a facsimile of the opening words to Vall adds even more proof that these two tales could only have been written by Watson.


C9774. -- A4334. Hill, Pope R. "The Substructure Theory," BSJ, 4, No. 1 (January 1954), 52-53.

"Sir Arthur Conan Doyle did not publish the Sherlock Holmes stories as originally conceived and written. He wrote each story twice, and published his second version, which is not the real story."


C9775. -- A3453. Kennedy, Bruce. "The Watson Myth," VH, 1, No. 3 (September 1967), 6-7.

Kennedy has arrived at the startling conclusion that Holmes was the true author of the Sacred Writings and that Watson was merely a figment of Holmes's imagination.


C9776. -- A3454. Kennedy, Bruce. "Why Doyle?" SOS, 1, No. 4 (April 1967), 12.

He agreed to act as the literary agent and to take credit for the authorship of the sixty tales so that Watson's medical practice would not be adversely affected.


C9777. -- A3455. Ketcham, George G. "The Case of the Mendacious Medico," BSJ, 15, No. 4 (December 1965), 227-228.

Watson is not a "bumbling boob" but only seems to be because of his gallant effort to confuse fact with fiction in order to deceive Moriarty. (If the Professor is still alive, as some writers maintain, then Sherlockians could be doing Holmes a great disservice in their endless attempts to correct Watson's intentional errors and misstatements!)


C9778. -- A3456. Kirtz, Frank Groom. "The Strange Case of John H. Watson, M.D., Late Indian Army--A Study of the Reliability of Witnesses," The St. Louis Bar Journal, 9, No. 5 (March 1961), 13-24.

A discussion of some discrepancies and inaccuracies in the reminiscences of "one of history's greatest witnesses, Dr. John H. Watson."


C9779. -- A3457. Mingey, Edward J. "A Case of Mistaken Identity," BSJ, 12, No. 3 (September 1962), 146-149.

An unsuccessful attempt to prove that the literary agent, not Watson, was the chronicler of Holmes's adventures.


C9780. -- A3458. Montgomery, James. "It Pays to Advertise," Shots from the Canon. [Philadelphia: Privately Printed, 1953.] p. 6.

An advertisement for "The Doyle Literary Agency" that appears on page 31 of Collier's Weekly for October 31, 1903, should settle for all time the Doyle-Watson controversy!


C9781. -- A3459. Sellars, Crighton. "When, How and Why?" BSJ, 1, No. 3 (July 1951), 104-105.

"But where appeared the Agent? Tell me that! / And why did Watson seek him for the job?"


C9782. -- A3460. Smith, Edgar W. "On the Authorship of the Tales-Within-the-Tales," The Third Cab. [Boston: The Speckled Band, 1960.] p. 42-47.

"It seems that we must enlarge our roster of those who contributed to the Canon from the four who have until now held that high distinction [Watson, Holmes, Mycroft, and Doyle] to a considerably greater number. They all did their best -- the Pinkertons and the Armitages and the Fergusons and the rest -- and what they did was sometimes good."


C9783. -- A3461. Smith, Edgar W. "The Other Giant," BSJ, 1, No. 3 (July 1951), 81-82. (The Editor's Gas-Lamp)

"Dr. John H. Watson was fortunate in having as his literary agent so fast a friend and so fine a writer as Dr. A. Conan Doyle."


C9784. -- A3462. Tomashefsky, Steven. "Canon and Conan," BSJ, 18, No. 4 (December 1968), 224-228.

A number of inconsistencies in certain of the tales are cited to show that such errors came from the pen of Doyle who, in addition to acting as Watson's literary agent, collaborated with him whenever Watson's practice made it necessary for him to devote more time to his patients and less to his chronicles.


C9785. -- B1572. Herbert, Paul D. "Canonical References and the Literary Agent," BSJ, 24, No. 2 (June 1974), 99-104.

"Correlative speculations plus disjecta membra; being a prologomonous disquisition on the authenticity of certain prefatory passages in the Sacred Writings." (Subtitle)

In the tales included in the Adventures and Memoirs, there are numerous references to other published cases of the Canon. This practice becomes greatly reduced, however, in the cases that appeared in print following Holmes's return from the Reichenbach. Speculations are presented attributing this phenomenon to the pen of Doyle, either as an attempt to enhance his own literary reputation or because he felt Watson's narratives needed a few extra trimmings.


C9786. -- B1573. Klinefelter, Walter. "Holmes as Critic of His Biographer," BSJ, 25, No. 2 (June 1975), 84-89.

Gives Holmes's opinion, often in his own words, of Watson's literary endeavours, which were too sensational for Holmes. The detective believed that they should deal only with his analytical and ratiocinative talents. The article condemns neither Watson for his frequent and oft-cited inaccuracies, nor Holmes for his criticisms. It treats both the Master and his Boswell fairly, and points out that, in at least one instance, Holmes lashed out at Watson when not in the best of moods, and often made up for his criticisms with small compliments. The article is based solely on the Canon, not the writings about the Writings or personal conjecture.


C9787. -- B1574. Maxfield, David K. "Watson: Medical Author," Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 63, No. 3 (July 1975), 345-346.

An ingenious sketch of Watson's medical career, based on an examination of his articles and books (listed in Index Medicus and the Surgeon General's Catalog), including nineteen references.


C9788. -- B1575. Maxfield, David K. "Watson's Secular Writings," BSJ, 26, No. 4 (December 1976), 203-205.

This far from trifling monograph utilizes Watson's newly-discovered non-Sacred Writings to suggest how, in actuality, he was Sherlock's resident physician, or alienist, at 221b, as well as to outline the notable independent career Watson was able to build after escaping from Holmes's destructive influence.


C9789. -- B1576. Maynard, Julie. "Pawky Humour, Literary Agents, and Yet Another Biography of Conan Doyle," Afghanistanzas, 2, No. 3 (December 30, 1977), 9-10.

A tirade brought on by the perusal of Ronald Pearsall's Conan Doyle: A Biographical Solution, which perpetrates the myth that Doyle, not Watson, was responsible for the Holmesian Saga.


C9790. -- B1578. Puhl, Gayle Lange. "A Letter from Doctor Watson," BSJ, 21, No. 4 (December 1971), 232-234, 237.

Watson stopped writing the adventures of Sherlock Holmes after April 1927 because of poor health and because his notes, which had been turned over to his literary agent, were destroyed by thieves soon after the agent's death.


C9791. -- B1580. Williams, Lucy Chase. "My Good Name," BSJ, 23, No. 1 (March 1973), 18.

Holmes reproves Watson for allowing the Literary Agent to publish Watson's writings under Doyle's name.


C9792. Barzun, Jacques. "La Mano Nera in the Canon," BSJ, 36, No. 1 (March 1986), 36.

Errors in Watson's prose may be due to a misguided copy editor.


C9793. Bennett, Martin S. "The Casebook Revisited," BSN, 2, No. 3 (Michaelmas Term 1985), 3.

"Attempts to restore the reputation of this fascinating book and dispose of some of the main objections to its authenticity."


C9794. Betzner, Ray. "Dr. Watson's Journal: A Question of Accuracy," BSJ, 42, No. 4 (December 1992), 224-226.

How reliable are the notes that Watson kept in his journal? Could delays in making the journal entries be responsible for the errors that populate his published accounts? The author draws parallels with James Boswell's journals to show that Watson might have waited hours or even days to record the events that became the heart of the Canon.


C9795. Cantor, Murray A. "Some Thoughts on a New Axiom," BSJ, 31, No. 1 (March 1981), 46-47.

Responding to a previous paper claiming Holmes's co-authorship of the Canon to be axiomatic (DB2390), the current essay cites internal evidence demonstrating the falsity of such an assumption; and further internal evidence indicating that there might be some validity after all. Conclusion: too rigid an interpretation is inappropriate.


C9796. Caplan, Richard M. "The Circumstance of the Missing Biographer, or Why Watson Didn't Narrate These Four Sherlock Holmes Stories," Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 6 (1982), 1112-1114.

----------. ----------, CPBook, 6, No. 2 (June 1983), 561-562.

----------. ----------, [Revised] BSJ, 34, No. 3 (September 1984), 136-138.

Dr. Caplan provides arguments to explain why Maza, Last, Blan, and Lion were not written by Watson. The arguments relate to logical demands of the plot in the cases of the two stories told by an unidentified narrator. The two told by Holmes seem to demand Watson's absence because the final elucidation requires skill in cutaneous diagnosis; the presence of a medical man would have, or should have, relieved the dramatic tension of the mystery too soon.


C9797. Eckrich, Joseph J. "Last Is Not Always Least," P&D, No. 105 (June 1987), 3, 5-6. (Sherlockian Byways)

In defense of the quality of the stories in His Last Bow and The Case Book.


C9798. Harrington, Hugh T. "The Battle Between Sherlock Holmes and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle," WW, 13, No. 1 (May 1990), 16-17.

Discusses the author's personal problems in reconciling the genius of Sir Arthur and the "reality" of Sherlock Holmes.


C9799. Kamil, Irving. "An Interview with Dr. Watson," PP (NS), No. 5 (March 1990), 11-15.

The practice of The Paris Review of interviewing authors it could not afford to pay yields an unexpected dividend of a previously un-remarked document.


C9800. Kamil, Irving. "Watson and Holmes: Writer and Critic," BSJ, 31, No. 1 (March 1981), 48-50.

John H. Watson was many things, but to Sherlockians he was first and foremost a writer. Without his writings we would never know of the exploits of Sherlock Holmes. His severest critic was the detective himself, who belittled his colleague's work on many occasions. As time passed, Holmes's criticism mellowed and he finally stated, "I suppose, Watson, we must look upon you as a man of letters." Indeed we must, as we must look upon Holmes as his harshest critic.


C9801. [Keefauver, Brad.] "The Frustrations of Dr. Watson," by Aminius C. Detweiller [pseud.] WW, 8, No. 1 (May 1985), 5-9.

Although it is plain that the life and career of Holmes found their ultimate fulfilment in the destruction of Moriarty, did Watson's life ever reach such a point of satisfaction? Watson's accomplishments in the areas of offspring, medicine, and writing are explored in the hope of finding an answer.


C9802. Keefauver, Brad. "No, Virginia, There Is Not A. Conan Doyle," P&D, No. 144 (September 1990), 4-5. (The Dissecting Room)

A well-reasoned article refuting claims that Doyle, not Watson, was the author of the Canonical tales. Except for the covers (and title pages), none of them contain Doyle's name. And "You can't judge a book by its cover."


C9803. Levin, Alfred A. "Oh Come Now -- My Dear Watson," SIN, 3 (August 1993), 73-77.

The author suggests two theses: 1. Watson was in error in his list of Sherlock Holmes's Limitations; 2. Holmes did, in fact, die at Reichenbach, and Watson created all of the subsequent adventures in order to supplement his income.


C9804. McCallister, David R. "The Case of the Doctored Documents?" Q£$, 10, No. 3 (August 1989), 50-51.

----------. ----------, P&D, No. 151 (April 1991), 2, 6.

The initials and phonetics of the inscription on Watson's tin dispatch-box, as described in Thor, "Late Indian Army" spell out "LIAR," a possible clue to Watson's attitude toward the later adventures.


C9805. Narita, Kei-ichi. "Identifying the Author of `His Last Bow': Toward a Computational Analysis of the Canon," SNSHC, 1, No. 2 (December 15, 1990), 65-97.

Text in Japanese.

----------. ----------, SIB, 3 (1993), 80-96.

Abridged and translated into English.

"This paper is an attempt to identify the controversial figure who wrote `His Last Bow,' which, unlike other Canonical stories, is narrated in the third person. Through the method of statistical stylistics, `His Last Bow' and some other Canonical and non-Canonical writings are analyzed with the aid of computers."


C9806. Naugrette, Jean-Pierre. "Énigme et Spectacle chez Conan Doyle." [Enigma and Spectacle in Conan Doyle"], Études Anglaises, 34, No. 4 (1981), 448-453.

"Watson as the uncomprehending narrator is essential to the stories. While the reader does not want to find out the truth too soon, he wants to be assured -- as Holmes assures him -- that he will know it in the end. Since Watson can make nothing of the facts in a case, he has to transfer his scrutiny to Holmes, who thus becomes both enigma and soothsayer, producing tricks and conundrums to keep Watson and the reader amused until the solution is revealed. Holmes sets out to impress the reader, like his clients, `with a sense of power.' It is for this reason that the interest of the stories is not exhausted by the disclosure of the criminal."


C9807. Prestige, Cohn. "John H. Watson, M.D.," BSM, No. 49 Spring 1987), 11.

A note on Watson's greatness as a writer.


C9808. Robinson, Robert E. "Fifty-Six Plus Fifty-Six Equal One Hundred Twelve," BSJ, 43, No. 1 (March 1993), 38-43.

A certain logic has led scholars to conclude that Christopher Morley actually wrote all the plays which long were attributed to William Shakespeare. Further application of this very same logic now has led to the inevitable conclusion that none other than Dr. John H. Watson was the true author of the plays hitherto ascribed to the late George Bernard Shaw! Various illustrations, implications and ramifications of this remarkable discovery are disclosed, described and discussed.


C9809. "A Scientific Dissection of Sherlock Holmes," WF, 4, No. 4 (Autumn 1990), 4-8.

An examination of Watson's writings reveals that he had some serious shortcomings as a diarist. "... it is one of those tragedies of Western History that all our knowledge of the life and work of Sherlock Holmes comes to us by way of so inaccurate a reporter. However, let us remember that, if it were not for Watson, many -- perhaps most -- of us might never have heard of Holmes at all. So let us be grateful for what Watson gave us, and let us in Australia be proud of having nurtured his early childhood; and, of course, of having provided him with one-third of his experience of women."


C9810. Speck, Gordon R. "Watson Accused: Guilty as Charged," WW, 10, No. 3 (January 1988), 11-12.

Watson admits to Holmes's charge that he narrates the sensational rather than the ratiocinative elements of cases.


C9811. Weller, Philip. "Then I Am Your Man," The Sparking Plug. 1990. p. 47-50.

An investigation of the authorship of Last, concluding that the author was Watson.

Introduction to The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 1 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 2 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 3 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes
Volume 4 of The Universal Sherlock Holmes