Selected Resources for: Music Education

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Subject Librarian:

Timothy Maloney

Music education and instruction.

Article Databases and Indexes

* Premier Resources *

An index to articles in over 350 international music journals, plus the New York Times and the Washington Post. Covers all types of music, from historical to the 21st century. Strong on popular genres and contemporary art-music. Coverage also includes CD & concert reviews, letters, and editorials.

This database provides indexing and abstracts for more than 260 international periodicals, plus full text for more than 100 of the indexed journals. The database currently includes half a million records, the majority from the most recent ten years of each journal. IIPA covers a broad spectrum of the arts and entertainment industry - including dance, drama, theater, stagecraft, musical theater, circus performance, opera, pantomime, puppetry, magic, performance art, film, television and more.

Find full text articles in academic journals or books on the arts, humanities, social sciences, and sciences. JSTOR provides articles from the date of each journal's initial publication to recent issues. In some cases the latest several years may not be available.

Bibliographic citations from more than 690 international music periodicals covering a broad range of subjects, including music history, forms and types of music, musical instruments from ancient to modern, and electro-acoustic and computer-produced music. Book reviews, reviews of music recordings, tapes, and performances, first performances, and obituaries are also indexed.

Index to full-text collection of journals in literary theory, classics, history and cultural studies, philosophy, film, theater and performing arts, political science, and mathematics. From Johns Hopkins University Press. The full text of a limited number of individual monographs is also available for titles that the Libraries have purchased. Users can limit their search results to include only the full text content that the University of Minnesota has access to.

RILM indexes scholarly writings on music and related disciplines, including historical musicology, ethnomusicology, instruments and voice, dance, music therapy, music librarianship, the physics of music, and other fields as they relate to music.

International Index to Nineteenth-Century Music Periodicals

RISM (the International Inventory of Music Sources) is a database of musical sources, such as manuscripts & printed music, works of music theory, and opera libretti which are preserved in libraries, archives, monasteries, schools, and private collections around the world.

Academic or Scholarly Articles Subject Indexes

The world's largest academic multi-disciplinary database. Includes full text access to over 4,000 scholarly (peer-reviewed) publications back to 1975. A great place to start your research on any topic. Find search tips on their help page.

AHCI covers arts, humanities, and area studies scholarship. Titles of foreign-language works are translated into English, and abstracts are given in English, thereby simplifying and standardizing searching across languages.

United States and Other Countries: For Education Topics use ERIC CSA for Find It access to U of M e-journals; ERIC is the Education Resources Information Center. It provides access to education-related journal and non-journal literature. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education, it provides full citations and abstracts for journal articles, books, curricula, government documents, dissertations, reports, and other educational materials.

Humanities & Social Sciences Retrospective searches nearly 1200 of the most important journals in these subject areas. Updated, uniform subject headings facilitate your search, with the original subject headings also provided. Subjects Covered Include: Addiction Studies, Anthropology, Archaeology, Area Studies, Art, Classical Studies, Communications, Community Health & Medical Care, Corrections, Criminal Justice, Criminology, Dance, Economics, Environmental Studies, Ethics, Family Studies, Film, Folklore, Gender Studies, Geography, Gerontology, History, International Relations, Journalism, Law, Linguistics, Literary & Social Criticism Literature, Minority Studies, Music, Performing Arts, Philosophy, Planning & Public Administration, Policy Sciences, Political Science, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public Welfare, Religion and Theology, Social Work, Sociology, Urban Studies.

This resource is licensed by the MINITEX Library Information Network with state appropriations from the Minnesota Higher Education Services Office (MHESO) and the Minnesota Department of Education.
MasterFILE Premier provides full text for more than 2,000 general magazines covering a broad range of disciplines. It includes Magill Book Reviews, reference and travel books, biographies, full text primary source documents, American Heritage Dictionary and an Image Collection of 107,135 photos, maps and flags.

General Indexes to Magazine, Journal & Newspaper Articles

LexisNexis Academic is a full text databases of business, legal, news, magazines, and wire services. It includes sources for accounting, environmental studies, health and medical care, government and politics, people, and consumer information. Legal publications include law journals, federal and state statutes, codes, cases, agency rules & regulations, patents and legal reference materials.

African American newspapers that are included in the Proquest Historical Newspaper collection: Atlanta Daily World (1931-2003) Chicago Defender (1905 - 1975) Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005) New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993) Pittsburgh Courier (1911-2002)

A collection of fully digitized newspapers that are produced from microfilm and can be browsed remotely. Content becomes available several months after the print issue. Proquest Digital Microfilm is for browsing only and cannot be searched by keyword. The library subscribes to the following titles:

  • New York Times 2008-2015
  • St. Paul Pioneer Press 2009-2015
  • Star Tribune (Minneapolis) 2009-2015
  • USA Today 2009-2015
  • Wall Street Journal 2008-2015
  • Washington Post 2008-2015

Search all the Proquest Historical Newspapers currently available at the University of Minnesota Libraries, or click on "Publications" to customize your search.

  • Atlanta Daily World (1931-2003)‎
  • Chicago Defender (1910-1975)
  • Chicago Tribune (1849-1991)‎
  • Christian Science Monitor (1908-2001)‎
  • Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005)
  • Los Angeles Times (1881-1991)
  • New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993)
  • New York Times (1851-2011)
  • Pittsburgh Courier: (1911-2002)
  • Wall Street Journal (1889-1997)‎
  • Washington Post (1877-1998)‎

ProQuest Newspapers provides indexing and full text access to 1,270 newspapers and wire feeds. Full-text titles include major U.S. daily newspapers such as the New York Times, USA Today, Wall Street Journal and Washington Post.

Indexes, Other

This site indexes information on the World Wide Web that relates to the fields of Folk Music, Bluegrass and Old-Time Music, Acoustic Blues, Fingerstyle Acoustic Guitar, and Harp Players. There's not much for interior design of this site but it contains very useful information.

IPM is a database created to facilitate on-line searching for individual pieces of music published in standard scholarly editions. IPM will eventually contain detailed information on all music listed in "Collected Editions, Historical Series & Sets & Monuments of Music: A Bibliography," by George R. Hill and Norris L. Stephens. Additional titles will be added, as appropriate. IPM is searchable by composer, title, and series name and number.

Catalogs and Bibliographies


Music Education: A Guide to Information Sources

Music in American Higher Education: An Annotated Bibliography

By Vincent H. Duckles & Ida Reed. 5th Ed. New York: Schirmer Books, 1997. Widely considered one of the most important resources for music research, this guide provides an excellent starting point for any research in the field of music.

Oxford Bibliographies offers exclusive, authoritative research guides. Combining the best features of an annotated bibliography and a high-level encyclopedia, this resource guides researchers to the best available scholarship across a wide variety of subjects.

An introductory reference source of varied information, largely bibliographical, pertaining to research in the field of music. An invaluable reference tool for guiding the researcher through the vast proliferation of music resource materials.


Search with MNCAT to find books, journals, etc. owned by the library. Search by keyword, subject, title, or author for materials on your topic.

General Reference Sources

Biographical Sources

This biographical reference includes more than 550 entries focusing on artists active from 1990-2003. Individual artists and groups in all popular styles are covered, including those in rock, rhythm and blues, rap, country, electronica, jazz, vocal and crossover classical. Features include select discographies, bibliographies, a glossary of music terms, a table of best-selling music since 1990 and more.

International who's who in music and musicians' direct


Classical Music Reference Library unites in a single on-line database over 30,000 pages of basic reference materials spanning the history of Western classical music. This database makes available for the first time in electronic form such reference titles as Baker's Dictionary of Music, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, and Baker's Student Encyclopedia of Music.

Available in print and online versions.

A gateway that offers users the ability to access and cross-search the resources of Oxford's music reference in one location. The cornerstone of Oxford Music Online, Grove Music Online, has been redesigned with a number of functional enhancements and new content. Also features Colin Larkin's landmark Encyclopedia of Popular Music.


International Directory of Approved Music Education Doctoral Dissertations in progress.

Musical America: directory issue.

Dissertations and Theses

Dissertations and theses from over 1000 universities. Doctoral dissertations are indexed for almost all North American graduate schools and many European universities. Masters theses from selected schools only. Provides bibliographic citations for older titles. Abstracts are included for dissertations since 1980 and for masters theses since 1988. Some dissertations, beginning with 1997 publication dates, are available digitally. These include the University of Minnesota and other CIC member universities.

1861 - present (Doctoral dissertations)
1962 - present (Masters theses). Description: Dissertations and theses from over 1000 universities. Doctoral dissertations are indexed for almost all North American graduate schools and many European universities. Masters theses from selected schools only. Provides bibliographic citations for older titles. Abstracts are included for dissertations since 1980 and for masters theses since 1988.

Some dissertations, beginning with 1997 publication dates, are available digitally.

A comprehensive bibliographic listing of dissertations and theses, most with abstracts, accepted for higher degrees by universities in the United Kingdom and Ireland.


Available online & in print. Featuring a broad musical scope covering popular music of all genres and periods from 1900 to the present day, including jazz, country, folk, rap, reggae, techno, musicals, and world music, the Encyclopedia also offers thousands of additional entries covering popular music genres, trends, styles, record labels, venues, and music festivals. Key dates, biographies, and further reading are provided for artists covered, along with complete discographies that include record labels, release dates, and a 5-star album rating system.

This 8 volume encyclopedia, published in 1998 provides broad coverage of popular music: v. 1. A Band of angels-Burnel, Jean Jacques -- v. 2. Burnett, Carol-Dusty, Slim -- v. 3. Dutch swing college band-Heptones -- v. 4. Herbal mixture-Louvin brothers -- v. 5. Louvin, Charlie-Paul, Clarence -- v. 6. Paul, Emmmanuel-Smith, Larry -- v. 7. Smith, Leo-Wildchild -- v. 8. Wilde, Kim-ZZ top.

The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music Online contains over 9,000 pages of material, the full text of the 10-volume print encyclopedia (more than 700 articles) with links to associated audio examples, musical illustrations, photographs, and drawings; song texts and score examples; and charts and maps of world regions.

Covers Indian music through 2,000 years of history. Entries cover forms of music from classical to film-originated, as well as dance styles, technical terms, instruments, and biographies of vocalists, musicologists, saint poets, gurus, composers, and instrumentalists. With 5,000 entries by approximately 100 contributors, the work spans all regions of India, and also covers the music of the Subcontinent, including Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

General Reference Works

Music in American Education

The classic repertoire reference work used by conductors, orchestras, musicians, and musicologists throughout the world. Based on the critically acclaimed fourth edition of the printed reference work Orchestral Music: A Handbook, it provides greater and easier access to information on more than 6700 works by some 900 composers.


Enter in the due date for your research project (paper, speech, video, poster, lab report) and get a suggested time-line for completing your project on time plus links to the resources on campus that will help you succeed in each step.

Create a sensible timeline for research projects with Research Project Calculator.

Handbooks and Manuals

Internet Resources

Electronic Texts

Offers access to e-books covering subjects from all disciplines across science, technology, and medicine, as well as humanities and social sciences.

A single search of international charting albums and singles under exclusive academic license from Billboard, the Official Charts Company. Sophisticated tools allow you to interpret, graph, analyze, compare and contrast musical trends and interactions at the touch of a button. Listen to audio samples for each track and album quickly and easily.

An extensive survey of the traditions of western music, beginning with the invention of musical notation more than a thousand years ago. This work combines an emphasis on structure and form with a discussion of relevant theoretical concepts in each age, illustrating how the music itself works and how contemporaries heard and understood it. Also describes how the context of each stylistic period – key cultural, historical, social, economic, and scientific events – influenced and directed compositional practices.

Collection of monographs covering a broad range of music scholarship, including musicology and music history, ethnomusicology, and music theory. Includes classic works, fundamental texts, and recently published titles.

Rock reviews, articles and interviews from the late 1950s to the present day.

Internet Directory

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) transcriptions and literal translations of opera arias and art song texts.

Search Engines

Music recognition database let's you search Themes in instrumental music.

Web Sites

Web sites of scholarly music societies around the world compiled by the University of Waterloo.

This comprehensive web site by the University of Washington has links to over 200 sites covering Institutions and Research Centers, Periodicals, Recordings, Dance, and Demographic listings on the topics of Enthnomusicology, Folk Music, and World Music.

Web Links of potential interest to music researchers compiled by the American Musicological Society.

This is an interactive web site that offers information on rhythm and percussion based music including jazz, reggae, African pop, samba, and more. Contents can be explored by culture or by type of instrument. Also, this site offers sound files called Rhythmweb Radio.

This is a searchable web site of composer biographies, a time line, and guides to musical instruments, forms, and structures. There are quizzes, surveys, discussion boards, and sound files. This is a good introductory resource for students.

Web Links of interest to music researchers compiled by the Yale University Music Library.

Multimedia Materials

Audio Resources

American Song is a history database that contains ~12,00 tracks that allow people to hear and feel the music from America's past. The database includes songs by and about American Indians, miners, immigrants, slaves, children, pioneers, and cowboys. Included in the database are the songs of Civil Rights, political campaigns, Prohibition, the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, anti-war protests, and more. This release includes 763 albums, equaling 12,542 tracks.

Classical Music Library is an extensive collection of recordings with a supplementary reference database that users may search and listen to music delivered to their desktop. Classical Music Library is cross-referenced to a database of supplementary information and features fully licensed recordings, thousands of program notes and composer biographies, advanced searching, and hundreds of recommended play lists themed by genres.

The Database of Recorded American Music (DRAM) is a collaboration between New World Records and New York University. DRAM facilitates research in American music by offering on-demand access to audio-streaming files of complete works by American composers. The 7,500 compositions currently in DRAM are drawn from the catalogues of the New World, CRI, Albany, innova, Cedille, XI, Pogus, Deep Listening, and Mutable record labels. Ranging from folk to opera, native American to jazz, 19th-century "classical" to early rock, and musical theater to contemporary, electronic, and more, DRAM's goal is to make available for educational use and scholarly research the widest possible spectrum of recorded American music.

Alongside the high-quality music streams, complete liner notes, scholarly essays, bibliographies, and discographies are available for viewing on the Database. Playlists can be created by faculty to address specific curriculum needs.

Jazz (formerly Jazz Music Library) is a Web-based resource that streams over a half-million audio tracks from about 45,000 albums issued by such major labels as Verve, Impulse, Jazzology, Black Swan, Circle Records, Paramount, Concord, Fantasy, Milestone, Monterey Jazz Festival Records, Original Jazz Classics, Pablo, Peak, Prestige, Riverside, Stretch Records, and Original Jazz Classics.* The list of artists ranges from Buddy Guy, Charlie Parker, Chuck Mangione, Dinah Washington, Diana Krall, Ella Fitzgerald, Etta James, Grover Washington, Jr., Les Paul, Louis Armstrong, Nina Simone, and Peggy Lee, to Quincy Jones, Ramsey Lewis, Sarah Vaughan, Stan Getz, Bill Evans, Billie Holliday, Thelonius Monk, Tony Bennett, and many others.

Music Online: Smithsonian Global Sound for Libraries, produced in partnership with Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, is a Web-based resource containing about 44,000 audio tracks from over 3,000 albums of music from cultures all over the world.

The Naxos Music Library is an online collection of recorded music in streaming audio-- primarily classical music, plus smaller collections of world music and jazz.

Naxos Music Library Jazz is one of the most comprehensive collection of Jazz music available online. It offers close to 22,600* tracks of jazz from over 2,300* albums. Over 500* jazz artists are represented. You will need to download the FreeHand Solero viewer at Note: Firefox 2.x not currently supported.

World Music is a Web-based resource that streams over 1.5 million audio tracks from about 130,000 albums, plus 22 videos. The content ranges from reggae, worldbeat, neo-traditional, world fusion, Balkanic jazz, African film, Bollywood, Arab swing and jazz, and other genres such as traditional music - Indian classical, fado, flamenco, klezmer, zydeco, gospel, gagaku, and more.

Image Resources

A database of public-domain score images to over 16,000 choral and vocal works by over 2000 composers. Also includes texts, translations, and other info.

Scores from both in-copyright and public domain editions. The major composers output is represented, as well as many lesser known composers and works. Includes works spanning time periods from the Renaissance to the 21st century. Coverage of score types is comprehensive, with full scores, study scores, piano and vocal scores, and piano reductions.

A database of images of nearly a quarter-million scores of public-domain music.

This web site is sponsored by the Music Divison of the Library of Congress. It consists of over 47,000 pieces of sheet music registered for copyright during the years 1870-1885.

A database of music scores and sheet music available for free download. These are based on editions in the public domain, and include works by Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Handel, Mozart, and many others. Also included are a growing number of modern editions, arrangements, and new music. The respective editors, arrangers and composers have chosen to make these works freely available.

Over 45,000 sheet music titles in all classical genres, spanning music from Medieval to the 21st century and composers from Bach to Arvo Part. You will need to download the FreeHand Solero viewer at

Treasures of the American Performing Arts 1875-1923 looks at music in several ways: through sheet music, early sound recordings of opera, and a close-up of an American classical composer, Charles Griffes (d. 1920), shown in manuscripts, music scores, programs, and photographs.

The Sheet Music Consortium is a group of libraries working toward the goal of building an open collection of digitized sheet music. The SMC provides tools and services that promote access to and use of online sheet music collections by scholars, students, and the general public. It provides cross-collection searching to 22 sheet music collections and a total of over a quarter-million items.

Over 20,000 public-domain scores and books held by the Sibley Music Library at the Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester (NY). Many items are unique to the this collection.

Videos and Films

Searchable database containing streaming video files of dance productions and documentaries by influential performers and companies of the 20th century. Selections cover ballet, tap, jazz, contemporary, experimental, and improvisational dance, as well as forerunners of the forms and the pioneers of modern concert dance. Videos can be browsed by people, role, ensemble, genre, and venue. Material types include documentaries, editorials, instructional, interviews, and performances. Database users may create their own custom playlists and video clips. offers high-definition webcasts and streaming videos from leading music festivals, including Aix-en-Provence, Saint-Denis, Aspen, Glyndebourne, and Lucerne, as well as from such music venues as the Opéra National de Paris, Auditorium du Louvre, Cité de la Musique, and Salle Pleyel in Paris, and Milan's La Scala. It also offers a video archive of performances by great musicians of the past, including Maria Callas, Herbert von Karajan, Leonard Bernstein, David Oistrakh, Mstislav Rostropovich, and many others. Documentaries on performers and composers, educational programs, and master classes are also included.

Contains about 300 of the most important opera performances, captured on video through staged productions, interviews, and documentaries. Selections represent the world’s best performers, conductors, and opera houses and selections are based on each work’s importance to the operatic canon. The collection presents an overview of the most commonly studied operas in music history, opera literature, and performance classes. Multiple performances and worldwide stagings of the major operas allow for analysis of stage design, vocal techniques, roles, and musical interpretation across time periods, opera houses, and conductors.

A performing arts video library with hundreds of operas, ballets, documentaries, live concerts, and musical tours of historic places. It includes the Naxos DVD label, Opus Arte, Arthaus, Dacapo, EuroArts, among others and is continuously updated to offer the best selection of performing arts videos.

Primary Source Materials

Archival Materials

The Performing Arts Archives was established by the University of Minnesota Libraries for the preservation and study of the records relating to the history of theatre, music, dance, and associated organizations in Minnesota. Its goal is to document as fully as possible the activities of individuals and groups in both professional and amateur performing arts throughout the state. The collections include the most important companies in each of the major arts fields.

Historical Documents

African American Music Reference aims to offer comprehensive coverage of blues, jazz, spirituals, civil rights songs, slave songs, minstrelsy, rhythm and blues, gospel, and other forms of black American musical expression by bringing together materials from reference works, biographies, chronologies, sheet music, images, lyrics, liner notes, and discographies to chronicle the diverse history and culture of the African American experience through music. The first release of African American Music Reference includes over 3,900 pages of reference, including a comprehensive set of biographies on the top 185 African American composers, edited by Samuel Floyd, Jr., as well as 5,000 pages of liner notes from Document Records. Other materials in this release include African American iconography, collections of spirituals and slave lyrics, and reference on important ensembles and musicians such as the Fisk Jubilee Singers,Jelly Roll Morton, Wynton Marsalis, Stevie Wonder, and more. As the database grows, this material will be supplemented with other reference titles covering the histories of jazz, blues, bebop, hip hop, ragtime, gospel, and rhythm and blues, as well as a detailed chronology of African American events in music, links to Web resources, searchable sheet music, and new reference titles such as Mingus: A Critical Biography (Brian Priestley), Billie Holiday: Wishing on the Moon (Donald Clarke), Jazzwomen: Conversations with 21 Musicians (Indiana University Press), Celebrating Bird: The Triumph of Charlie Parker (Gary Giddens), The Holy Profane: Religion in Black Popular Music (Theresa L. Reed), Jazz in the Bittersweet Blues of Life (Wynton Marsalis), and more.

Societies, Agencies, and Organizations

Official Agency & Organization Websites

International links and source materials relating to the history of music teaching and learning.

Serving music educators and promoting music education world-wide.

Style Manuals and Writing Guides

Bibliography Software

RefWorks is a web-based citation manager that allows you to create your own databases of citations by importing references from MNCAT and other databases, and then in seconds automatically generate bibliographies in all major styles (MLA, APA, Turabian, Chicago, etc.).

Free web-based bibliographic citation software developed for Firefox browsers that is useful for organizing your research sources, creating bibliographies and sharing sources with others. Zotero will capture bibliographic information and links to documents found on websites or library databases. See the brief tutorials for Getting Started. or view the library workshop Zotero Basics.

Research Guides

Style Manuals

Writing Guides

University of Minnesota

Related U of M Web Sites

Library Information

Music Library

70 Ferguson Hall
West Bank, Minneapolis Campus

Wilson Library

309 19th Ave. S.
West Bank, Minneapolis Campus
Service Desk: 612-624-3321

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