Albert Einsteing
"The year 2005 marks the centenary of Einstein's annus mirabilis of 1905 and of the 50th anniversary of his death in 1955. The miracle year saw the publication of path-breaking papers on the light quantum hypothesis, Brownian motion and special relativity, including the introduction of his famous formula E=mc2."*

All of these papers were published by the 26-year-old Einstein in the Annalen der Physik, one of the major physics journals of the time. Taken together these papers revolutionized physics and influenced the course of science, technology, politics, and culture in the 20th century and beyond.


The Four Papers

Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristishen Gesichtspunkt
Annalen der Physik, 17: 132-148, submitted March 17, 1905.

Die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen.
Annalen der Physik, 17: 549-560, submitted May 11, 1905.

Elektrodynamic bewegter Körper.
Annalen der Physik, 17: 891-921, submitted June 30, 1905.

Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieeinhalt abhängig?
Annalen der Physik, 18: 639-641, submitted September 27, 1905.

These papers have recently been reprinted in Annalen der Physik, 2005 Supplement has reprints of the four papers plus contemporary commentary.


  • Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955.
    The collected papers of Albert Einstein / Anna Beck, translator ; Peter Havas, consultant.
    Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1987-<2002> Walter Sci/Eng Library Books (Level F) QC16.E5 A2 1987a
    Link to MNCat Record
  • The expanded quotable Einstein / collected and edited by Alice Calaprice ; with a foreword by Freeman Dyson.
    Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2000.
    Sci/Eng Library Reference (Rm 206) QC16.E5 A25 2000 Non-Circulating
    Link to MNCat Record
  • Clark, Ronald William
    Einstein: the life and times
    New York, World Pub. Co. [1971]
    Sci/Eng Library Books (Level F) QC16.E5 C5 Regular Loan
    Link to MNCat Record