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Subject Librarian:

Shanda Hunt

This subject covers: the study of disease as it affects people, including incidence and prevalence of disease.

Article Databases and Indexes

* Premier Resources *

This is the primary source of journal article for the health sciences. You can search MEDLINE and preMEDLINE databases with full text access to all MEDLINE e-journals subscribed to by the University of Minnesota TC Libraries. MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database/article index that contains over 17 million references to journal articles. Coverage is from 1949 to the present. Over 5200 journals worldwide in over 37 languages are accessible.

Academic or Scholarly Articles Subject Indexes

Search MEDLINE databases for journal articles in the health sciences. MEDLINE is the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database/article index that contains over 17 million references to journal articles. Coverage is from 1949 to the present. Over 5200 journals worldwide in over 37 languages are indexed.

Covers the most of the sciences, including veterinary medicine and zoology. Provides bibliographic citations, plus author abstracts "for approximately 70% of the articles in the database." Each citation also includes a list of references cited in the source article. In addition, it is possible to retrieve a list of works that have cited a specific author or a specific earlier work. Indexes articles, reviews, letters, etc. from over "8,850 major journals across 150 scientific disciplines." Impact factors for many journals is also available. Basic truncation symbol is the asterisk: *.

General Indexes to Magazine, Journal & Newspaper Articles

The world's largest academic multi-disciplinary database. Includes full text access to over 4,000 scholarly (peer-reviewed) publications back to 1975. A great place to start your research on any topic. Find search tips on their help page.

Indexes, Other

Contains information on hazards related to many occupations, whether due to chemicals, diseases, or other associated risk factors.

Catalogs and Bibliographies


Search for books, conference proceedings, journals, maps, videos, and other items in our collection.

General Reference Sources




Epidemiology: a foundation of public health / Ross C. Brownson and Christine M. Hoehner -- Public health surveillance / Stephen B. Thacker and Donna F. Stroup -- Outbreak and cluster investigations / Ross C. Brownson -- Systematic reviews in public health / Melissa L. McPheeters ... [et al.] -- Epidemiology and risk assessment / Jonathan M. Samet, Ronald H. White, and Thomas A. Burke -- Epidemiologic issues in community intervention / Adrian Bauman and Thomas D. Koepsell -- Outcomes research / Diana b. Petitti -- Measuring the quality of health care / Andy Amster, Greg Zeisler, and Diana B. Petitti -- Epidemiology and health policy / Ross c. Brownson -- Epidemiology and the law / Richard A. Goodman, Sana Loue, and Frederic E. Shaw -- Communicating epidemiologic information / Patrick L. Remington and David Nelson.

Introduction -- Abnormality -- Diagnosis -- Frequency -- Risk: looking forward -- Risk: looking backward -- Prognosis -- Treatment -- Prevention -- Chance -- Cause -- Systematic reviews -- Knowledge management.

Sect. I. The epidemiologic approach to disease and intervention. 1. Introduction -- 2. The dynamics of disease transmission -- 3. Measuring the occurrence of disease: I. Morbidity -- 4. Measuring the occurrence of disease: II. Mortality -- 5. Assessing the validity and reliability of diagnostic and screening tests -- 6. The natural history of disease: ways of expressing prognosis -- 7. Assessing the efficacy of preventive and therapeutic measures: randomized trials -- 8. Randomized trials: some further issues -- Sect. II. Using epidemiology to identify the cause of disease. 9. Cohort studies --10. Case-control studies and other study designs -- 11. Estimating risk: is there an association? -- 12. More on risk: estimating the potential for prevention -- 13. A pause for review: comparing cohort and case-control studies -- 14. From association to causation: deriving inferences from epidemiologic studies -- 15. More on causal inferences: bias, confounding, and interaction -- 16. Identifying the roles of genetic and environmental factors in disease causation -- Sect. III. Applying epidemiology to evaluation and policy. 17. Using epidemiology to evaluate health services -- 18. The epidemiologic approach to evaluating screening programs -- 19. Epidemiology and public policy -- 20. Ethical and professional issues in epidemiology.

History, philosophy, and uses of epidemiology -- Epidemiologic measurements used to describe disease occurrence -- Data and additional measures of disease occurrence -- Descriptive epidemiology : patterns of disease-person, place, time -- Associations and causality -- Analytic epidemiology : types of study designs -- Epidemiology and the policy arena -- Infectious diseases and outbreak investigation -- Social and behavioral epidemiology -- Special epidemiologic applications.

Epidemiology for public health practice

History and scope of epidemiology. Introduction -- Epidemiology defined -- Foundations of epidemiology -- Historical antecedents of epidemiology -- Recent applications of epidemiology -- Conclusion -- Practical applications of epidemiology. Introduction -- Applications for the assessment of the health status of poulations and delivery of health services -- Applications relevant to disease etiology -- Conclusion -- Appendix 2 - Leading causes of death and rates for those causes in 1900 and 2003 -- Measures of morbidity and mortality used in epidemiology. Introduction -- Definitions of count, ratio, proportion, and rate -- Risk versus rate -- Interrelationship between prevalence and incidence -- Applications of incidence data -- Crude rates -- Specific rates -- Adjusted rates -- Conclusion -- Appendix 3 - data for study questions 2-4 -- Descriptive epidemiology: person, place, time. Introduction -- Characteristics of persons -- Characteristics of place -- Characteristics of time -- Conclusion -- Appendix 4 - project: descriptive epidemiology of a selected health problem -- Sources of data for use in epidemiology. Introduction -- Criteria for the quality and utility of epidemiologic data -- Computerized bibliographic databases -- Confidentiality, sharing of data, and record linkage -- Statistics derived from the vital registration system -- Reportable disease statistics -- Screening surveys -- Disease registries -- Morbidity surveys of the general population -- Insurance data -- Hospital data -- Diseases treated in special clinics and hospitals -- Data from physicians' practices -- Absenteeism data -- School health programs -- Morbidity in the armed forces: data on active personnel and veterans -- Other sources of data relevant to epidemiologic studies -- Conclusion -- Study designs: ecologic, cross-sectional, case-control. Introduction -- Observational versus experimental approaches in epidemiology -- Overview of study designs used in epidemiology -- Ecologic studies -- Cross-sectional studies -- Case-control studies -- Conclusion -- Study designs: cohort studies. Introduction -- Cohort studies defined -- Sampling and cohort formation options -- Sampling and cohort formation options -- Temporal differences in cohort designs -- Practical considerations -- Measures of interpretation and examples -- Summary of cohort studies -- Comparisons of observational designs -- Conclusion -- Experimental study designs. Introduction -- Hierarchy of study designs -- Intervention studies -- Clinical trials -- Community trials -- Conclusion -- Measures of effect. Introduction -- Absolute effects -- Relative effects -- Statistical measures of effect -- Evaluating epidemiologic associations -- Models of causal relationships -- Conclusion -- Appendix 9 - Cohort study data for coffee use and anxiety -- Data interpretation issues. Introduction -- Validity of study designs -- Sources of error in epidemiologic research -- Techniques to reduce bias -- Methods to control confounding -- Bias in analysis and publication -- Conclusion -- Screening for disease in the community. Introduction -- Screening for disease -- Appropriate situations for screening tests and programs -- Characteristics of a good screening test -- Evaluation of screening tests -- Sources of unreliability and invalidity -- Measures of the validity of screening tests -- Effects of prevalence of disease on screening test results -- Relationship between sensitivity and specificity -- Evaluation of screening programs -- Issues in the classification of morbidity and morality -- Conclusion -- Appendix 11 - Data for problem 6 -- Epidemiology of infectious diseases. Introduction -- Agents of infectious disease -- Characteristics of infectious disease agents -- Hosts -- The environment -- Means of transmission: directly or indirectly from reservoir -- Measures of disease outbreaks -- Procedures used in the investigation of infectious disease outbreaks 00 Epidemiologically significant infectious diseases in the community -- Conclusion -- Appendix 12 - Data from a foodborne illness outbreak in a college cafeteria -- Epidemiologic aspects of work and the environment. Introduction -- Health effects associated with environmental hazards -- Study designs used in environmental epidemiology -- Toxicologic concepts related to environmental epidemiology -- Types of agents -- Environmental hazards found in the work setting -- Noteworthy community environmental health hazards -- Conclusion -- Molecular and genetic epidemiology. Introduction -- Definitions and distinctions: molecular versus genetic epidemiology -- Epidemiologic evidence for genetic factors -- Causes of familial aggregation -- Shared family environment and familial aggregation -- Gene mapping: Segregation and linkage analysis -- Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) -- Linkage disequilibrium revisited: haplotypes -- Application of genes in epidemiologic designs -- Genetics and public health -- Conclusion -- Psychologic, behavioral, and social epidemiology. Introduction -- Research designs used in psychologic, behavioral, and social epidemiology -- The social context of health -- Independent variables -- Moderating factors in the stress-illness relationship -- Outcome variables: physical health, mental health, affective states -- Conclusion -- Epidemiology as a profession. Introduction -- Specializations within epidemiology -- Career roles for epidemiologists -- Epidemiology associations and journals -- Competencies required of epidemiologists -- Resources for education and employment -- Professional ethics in epidemiology -- Conclusion -- Appendix A - Guide to the critical appraisal of an epidemiologic/public health research article -- Appendix B - Answers to selected study questions.

Foundations of epidemiology -- Historic developments in epidemiology -- Practical disease concepts in epidemiology -- Design strategies and statistical methods used in descriptive epidemiology -- Descriptive epidemiology according to person, place, and time -- General health and population indicators -- Design strategies and statistical methods used in analytic epidemiology -- Experimental studies in epidemiology -- Causal inference -- Field epidemiology -- Chronic disease epidemiology -- Clinical epidemiology.

Internet Resources

Electronic Texts

Sect. I. Basic concepts. Causation and casual inference / Kenneth J. Rothman ... [et al.] -- Measures of occurrence / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Measures of effect and measures of association / Sander Greenland, Kenneth J. Rothman, and Timothy L. Lash -- Concepts of interaction / Sander Greenland, Timothy L. Lash, and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Sect. II. Study design and conduct. Types of epidemiologic studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Cohort studies / Kenneth J. Rothman and Sander Greenland -- Case-control studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland -- Validity in epidemiologic studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Precision and statistics in epidemiologic studies / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Design strategies to improve study accuracy / Kenneth J. Rothman, Sander Greenland, and Timothy L. Lash -- Casual diagrams / M. Maria Glymour and Sander Greenland -- Sect. III. Data analysis. Fundamentals of epidemiologic data analysis /Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Introduction to categorical statistics / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Introduction to stratified analysis / Sander Greenland and Kenneth J. Rothman -- Applications of stratified analysis methods / Sander Greenland -- Analysis of polytomous exposures and outcomes / Sander Greenland -- Bias analysis / Sander Greenland and Timothy L. Lash -- Introduction to regression models / Sander Greenland -- Introduction to regression modeling / Sander Greenland -- Sect. IV. Special topics. Surveillance / James W. Buehler -- Using secondary data / Jørn Olsen -- Field methods in epidemiology / Patricia Hartge and Jack Cahill -- Ecologic studies / Hal Morgenstern -- Social epidemiology / Jay S. Kaufman -- Infectious disease epidemiology / D. Robert Horsburgh, Jr., and Barbara E. Mahon -- Genetic and molecular epidemiology / Muin J. Khoury, Robert Millikan, and Marta Gwinn -- Nutritional epidemiology / Walter C. Willett -- Environmental epidemiology / Irva Herz-Picciotto -- Methodologic issues in reproductive epidemiology / Clarice R. Weinberg and Allen J. Wilcox -- Clinical epidemiology / Noel S. Weiss -- Meta-analysis / Sander Greenland and Keith O'Rourke.

Web Sites

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the 13 major operating components of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), which is the principal agency in the United States government for protecting the health and safety of all Americans and for providing essential human services, especially for those people who are least able to help themselves.

The National Cancer Institute coordinates the National Cancer Program, which conducts and supports research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs.

Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce is a collaboration of U.S. government agencies, public health organizations, and health sciences libraries which provides timely, convenient access to selected public health resources on the Internet.

Public Health Information and Data Tutorial provides instruction for members of the public health workforce on issues related to information access and management. This tutorial is based on Public Health Information and Data: A Training Manual. There are no copyright restrictions on the contents of this tutorial or the training manual, and users are free to adapt or duplicate any portion.

The statistical summary of notifiable diseases in the United States is published to accompany each volume of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333.

-- A variety of census information availble fromthe federal govenment. Epecially noteworthy are the people and geography sections.

-- This database from WHO (World Health Organization), provides cancer mortality data by country.

Style Manuals and Writing Guides

Bibliography Software

Citation managers are software packages used to create personalized databases of citation information and notes. They allow you to: import and organize citation information from article indexes and other sources save links to pdfs and other documents, and in some cases save the document itself format citations for your papers and bibliographies using APA and many other styles include your own notes

Style Manuals

Writing Guides

The book helps scientists write papers for scientific journals. Using the key parts of typical scientific papers (Title, Abstract, Introduction, Visuals, Structure, and Conclusions), it shows through numerous examples, how to achieve the essential qualities required in scientific writing, namely being clear, concise, convincing, fluid, interesting, and organized.

Library Information

Bio-Medical Library

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