Citation Management Tools

Citation managers are software packages used to create personalized databases of citation information and notes. They allow you to:

  • import and organize citation information from article indexes and other sources
  • save links to pdfs and other documents, and in some cases save the document itself
  • format citations for your papers and bibliographies using APA and many other styles
  • include your own notes

What to expect from your citation manager

Format a reference using FindIt

Format a reference using EbscoHost databases e.g. Academic Search Premier

Format a reference using Google Cite

Citation Managers

The most common products used at the University of Minnesota are RefWorks, Zotero, EndNote, and EndNote Basic. Check out the comparison tools chart or find out about special features of particular citation tools with the Guide to Using Citation Tools to help you make a selection.

On this page



Connect   Learn more about RefWorks

RefWorks is a web-based citation manager provided by the Libraries for all U of M Twin Cities' faculty, students, and staff. If you are no longer affiliated with the University of Minnesota but had an account while you were a student or faculty member, you can continue using RefWorks through the RefWorks Alumni Program. If you are off-campus, you may need the U of M Group Code to log into your RefWorks account.



Download Zotero   Learn more about Zotero

Zotero is a free Mozilla Firefox plug-in that provides full citation manager functionality.



To Purchase EndNote (U of M educational discount)
Learn more about EndNote

EndNote is a citation manager that you must purchase and download onto your personal computer. EndNote is available for academic pricing through the University Bookstore.

EndNote Basic

Sign up for an account
Learn More about EndNote Basic (free for U of M students, staff and faculty)

EndNote Basic is a lightweight web-based version of EndNote that is available for free to U of M Twin Cities' faculty, students, and staff


Download Mendeley   Learn more about Mendeley

Mendeley is a freely available citation manager that has the power to help you manage your PDF collections.


Download BibTeX  Learn more about BibTeX

BibTeX is a system requiring some programming expertise, and is often used in conjunction with the typesetting system LaTeX.

Other citation managers

Papers for Mac and PC - low cost program that excels at organizing papers on your hard drive

Find comparisons of a more comprehensive list of citation managers at Wikipedia's Comparison of reference management software 

Citation Management Tools


Jody Kempf
Jim Beattie


Sign up for a workshop on citation managers


Find tutorials on organizing and citing research