Article Databases and Indexes

Academic or Scholarly Articles Subject Indexes

Iter is a bibliography of over 230,000 articles and reviews drawn from over 475 medieval and renaissance journal titles.

Catalogs and Bibliographies


This project sets out to establish a German national bibliography of 17th-century imprints printed or published in the German-speaking countries of that century. Broadsheets are listed, but musical notations and maps are excluded.
The main contributing libraries are the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Berlin State Library), the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Bavarian State Library Munich) and the Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel (Duke August Library Wolfenbüttel).
The collection is projected to include some 300,000 imprints.

General Reference Sources


A six-volume survey of European history from 1450, the beginning of the print revolution, to 1789 and the French Revolution. Presents over 1,000 alphabetically arranged entries covering the period's most significant personalities and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration, and warfare. For students, scholars, and general readers.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation is a definitive source for information about the entire range of religious and social changes that altered the face of Europe in the sixteenth century, encompassing not only issues of church polity and theology but also developments in politics, economics, demographics, art and literature. This broadly cast, interdisciplinary definition allows for a comprehensive social and intellectual history of early modern Europe.

General Reference Works

Major correspondence centred on the "long 18th century," supporting critical apparatus, and additional research carried out by EE.

This resource brings together 100 language and subject dictionaries and reference works - containing well over 60,000 pages - into a single cross-searchable resource.

Internet Resources

Electronic Texts

Chiefly through the archives of the East India Company and the United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, the British Online Archives has a wealth of primary material relating to Britain's global presence from the eighteenth century onwards in countries such as colonial America, South America, India, parts of Africa, Australia and New Zealand. In particular relating to India, the British Online Archives has records with regard to British rule between the mid-eighteenth century until the turn of the twentieth. In addition, there is a strong emphasis on slavery which includes the infamous Triangular Trade.

Every book, pamphlet, serial, and other printed work of significance published in America 1639 - 1800 with 36,000 items and 2.4 million page images when complete. Based on Charles Evans, American Bibliography with additions from Roger Bristol's Supplement.

Early European Books (EEB) provides full-text access to digital facsimiles of books printed in the Early Modern period (i.e., before 1700). The great majority of books in this collection are in languages other than English.
A detailed guide to using EEB is in process. Contact Gordon Anderson ( for assistance.

From the first book printed in English by William Caxton, through the age of Spenser and Shakespeare and the tumult of the English Civil War, Early English Books Online (EEBO) contains over 125,000 titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640), Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700), and the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661). Among the thousands of titles featured in EEBO are works by Malory, Bacon, More, Erasmus, Boyle, Newton, Galileo; musical exercises by Henry Purcell and novels by Aphra Behn; prayer books, pamphlets, and proclamations; almanacs, calendars, and many other primary sources.

Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership (EEBO TCP) contains searchable, marked-up text for over 60,000 titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640), Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700), and the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661). EEBO TCP covers a subset of the titles available in Early English Books Online (Page Images).

MEMSO is a digital library of books and other primary sources for the study of medieval and early modern Britain and Ireland. Some of the resources, like the Calendar of State Papers can be quite useful for the study of other regions of the world during these periods.

Gateways & Megasites

The gateway to the world's library web sites.
"Over 8000 pages from libraries in 146 countries," LibWeb enables you to search library home pages and in this case identify their open-access digital collections.

Open Access Resources

ANNO is the virtual reading room of the Austrian National Library.
This archive is not full-text searchable; one can search by newspaper title and/or by a specific date, and page through the particular newspaper title and issues. Coverage begins in the middle of the 16th century, but unfortunately the 17th century has scarcely been scanned and digitized.

An open-access service of the Biblioteca Nacional de España, with access to the full digital images of books, manuscripts, journals, engravings, maps, and many other formats of primary sources. The BDH features some 13,000 digitized books from 1450-1750, almost 2,000 published between 1450 and 1550.

The gateway to the Italian National Central Library in Florence's digital portal. Very much a work in progress, this site already has several sites available, including Galileo e l'Universo de suoi libri and Manoscritti in rete [Manuscripts on the Web] from the Library's collections. Searching is possible only in Italian.

A collection of six million digital images of paintings, music, films and books from Europe's galleries, libraries, archives and museums. Included are images, texts, sounds and videos.
Note: Searching this site can be tedious.

A digital library of important European royal collections of documents from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance that are representative of the political, cultural and artistic history of Europe.
Some 900 manuscripts are brought to this site from the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF), the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich (BSB), the Universitat de València Biblioteca Històrica (BHUV), the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbuttel (HAB) and the Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België / Bibliothèque royale de Belgique (KBR).

"mille trésors de la Bibliothèque nationale de France" The BnF's digital archive features high-resolution digital images of manuscripts, documents, books, art works and other graphics, photos of physical objects from antiquity to the early 20th century, and audio-visual files.

Italy's open-access gateway to over 8 million digital files of books, manuscripts, maps, and other documents across many centuries. The resources come from over eighty partner libraries throughout Italy.
Searching – so far only in Italian – can be done by collection, across collections, and within a collection.

This JSTOR archive is the digital version of the Kraus Reprint edition of the Philosophical Transactions. These issues document the wealth of world-wide scientific discovery and discourse in the 18th century.
Note: Since 2011 JSTOR has made portions of its journal archive - journal issues from the late 19th century and earlier - freely available on the web.
Go to or to for access to Philosophical Transactions> for the 17th and 18th century.

Multimedia Materials

Image Resources

ARTstor is a cross-disciplinary digital archive containing some 300,000 art images and descriptive information covering art, architecture and archeology. ARTstor's accompanying software tools support a range of research uses including viewing and analyzing by zooming and panning, saving groups of images online for personal or shared uses, and creating and delivering presentations both online and offline.

Historical digital map images from the University of Minnesota James Ford Bell Library.

Primary Source Materials

Archival Materials

ArchiveGrid is an important resource for identifying the location(s) of archives and other collections of historical documents, personal papers, family histories, and archival materials on a given topic or topics. ArchiveGrid is not a full-text digital archive, but it provides sophisticated search functions to identify, locate, and contact these institutions.

Contains the original full text of works by 1,482 authors and including over 100,000 pages of letters, diaries, journals, maps, memoirs and accounts of early encounters.

The database has five sections offering approximately 60,000 images of original documents linked to essays by leading scholars in the field of Empire Studies. The sections cover Cultural Contacts, 1492-1969; Empire Writing and the Literature of Empire; The Visible Empire ; Religion and Empire; and Race, Class and Colonialism, c1783-1969. The ten contributing libraries are located in Britain, India, and Australia.

A print archive in the University of Minnesota Libraries' Special Collections and Rare Books (SCRB) division. English History of the 17th Century contains thousands of items -- broadsides, pamphlets, newsletters, and books -- providing detailed accounts of the struggles between Parliament and Crown, the Civil War and the Restoration. The collection documents the religious controversies through the century, as well as innumerable matters of the changing social and cultural scene. Most of these items are accessible through the Libraries' catalog, MNCAT.

The Georgian Papers Programme is a partnership between the Royal Archives, Royal Library and King's College London.
By 2020 the collection will document the entire Hanoverian Dynasty (1714-1837). Forthcoming additions will include the papers of George I, George II and William IV, the official papers (or calendar) of George III, additional selections of George IV's bills and account books (or mensils) showing supplies of food and household goods to royal residences in the Georgian period.

Provides full-text and full-page-image access to books from the 1460-1850 period, and pre-1906 serials. It focuses on economics interpreted in the widest sense, including political science, history, sociology, and special collections on banking, finance, transportation and manufacturing. It combines the strengths of two pre-eminent collections--the Goldsmiths' Library of Economic Literature at the University of London Library and the Kress Library of Business and Economics at the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration--along with supplementary materials from the Seligman Collection in the Butler Library at Columbia University and from the libraries of Yale University.

Government Documents

State Papers Online, 1509-1714 is a collection of English government documents originating from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries--when the King or Queen acted as Prime Minister as well as Monarch. The papers feature the office archives and correspondence of the secretaries of state serving the Monarch as facsimile manuscript documents accessed directly or via the fully searchable Calendar entries (abstracts or transcriptions). This collection contains information on every facet of English government, including social and economic affairs, law and order, religious policy, crown possessions and intelligence gathering as well as Britain's international relations and foreign policy.

Encompasses all areas of social, political, economic and foreign policy, showing how issues were explored and legislation was formed. Includes House of Commons sessional papers from 1715 to the present, with supplementary material back to 1688. Includes Records of proceedings, the Debates (Hansard), and the House of Commons journal; Sessional papers providing information to parliament on matters of policy and administration: Bills, House papers, and Command papers. Also includes those Papers of the House of Lords presented to the Commons, such as reports prepared by Lords Select Committees.

Historical Documents

The series includes archival materials such as journals, correspondence, official records and personal papers over a two hundred year period, all related to British involvement in the Atlantic region, including both Africa and the Americas. It brings together a wealth of collections about Britain's colonization, commercial, missionary and even literary relations with Africa and the Americas. Alongside the records of Liverpool merchants involved in the infamous Triangular Trade, there are those of slave plantation owners, of early Anglican missionaries, of naval and customs officials, and of a group of nobodies from Lancashire, who maintained a lengthy correspondence over many years with the father of American poetry.

Colonial State Papers provides access to thousands of papers concerning English activities in the American, Canadian, and West Indian colonies between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. Colonial State Papers integrates two important research tools as one service: Collection CO 1 from The National Archives (full name: Privy Council and related bodies: America and West Indies, Colonial Papers); and Calendar of State Papers, Colonial: North America and the West Indies 1574-1739. All of the documents from CO 1 have been reproduced as full-colour, high quality images. Users can limit their searches to records that include scanned documents or can search all documents recorded in the Calendar.

Primary Sources is a full-text searchable archive, including constitutional conventions and compilations (reports, journals, proceedings, and debates, and supplementary documents published by the conventions including, manuals, rules of order, and information for the use of delegates); city charters (the texts of enacted and proposed charters and ordinances in American jurisdictions); law dictionaries; early U.S. state codes; and colonial records. Includes Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources Part I (1620-1926) and Part II (1763-1979).

The Making of Modern Law: Trials, 1600-1926 contains unofficially published accounts of trials; official trial documents, briefs and arguments reprinted or bound as separate publications; and official, separately published records of legislative proceedings, administrative proceedings, and arbitration cases. The focus is on America, England, and the British Empire.

Library Information

Wilson Library

309 19th Ave. S.
West Bank, Minneapolis Campus
Service Desk: 612-624-3321

Wilson Library

309 19th Ave. S.
West Bank, Minneapolis Campus
Service Desk: 612-624-3321