The University of Minnesota Libraries support open access by providing information and support to individual authors, and publishing infrastructure to UMN-affiliated publications - but we also support open access in a number of other ways. The Libraries are members of a number of organizations working on various issues related to open access, providing support financially, through contributions of staff time and expertise, and in other collaborations. In a few cases, publishers provide programs in which our institutional membership fees are used to provide discounts on author publishing charges. Because membership models, especially for publisher programs, vary quite a bit over time, we don't list the specific author benefits of each membership. You can check in with your subject specialist librarian if you have questions about a particular partnership.